Wat is die Amerikaanse waardes? Wat is belangrik om Amerikaners?

Engels ookgeen Engels

Amerikaanse waardes verstaan en leer oor wat is belangrik om Amerikaners. Lees hoekom Amerikaners waarde onafhanklikheid, gelykheid, en om betyds. Jy sal sien hoekom Amerikaners is direkte en informele en waarom kompetisie, werksetiek, en koop dinge is belangrik in die VSA.

Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.

Wat is die Amerikaanse waardes

What are American values

Wat is die Amerikaanse waardes?

What are American values?

In jou land, Jy het waarskynlik sterk tradisies en kultuur wat jy gewaardeer. In die Verenigde State, Daar is ook belangrike Amerikaanse waardes. Hierdie is die dinge wat is belangrikste Amerikaners.

In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.

onafhanklikheid

Independence

Een van die belangrikste waardes in die Verenigde State van Amerika is onafhanklikheid. Onafhanklikheid is soms na verwys as individualisme. Amerikaners is baie trots om selfstandig, of in staat is om te sorg vir hulself, en hulle is geneig om te dink ander moet sowel selfstandig wees. Wanneer iemand 'n doel bereik, wat tipies beskou as die gevolg van sy of haar eie harde werk. Dit is anders as in baie ander kulture wat meer kollektiewe is. Kollektiewe kulture is geneig om prestasies te sien as 'n weerspieëling van 'n hele gesin of gemeenskap.

One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.

Hier is 'n voorbeeld van hoe die Amerikaners waarde onafhanklikheid:

Here is an example of how Americans value independence:

  • Amerikaanse kinders is geneig om die huis vroeër verlaat as in ander kulture. Byvoorbeeld, ná sy studies hoërskool, baie kinders uit die huis gaan om te gaan na kollege of begin werk. As hulle het voortgegaan om te lewe by die huis, hulle kan gevra word om huur te betaal of by te dra tot die huis.
  • Amerikaners verwag iemand wat in staat is om te werk om dit te doen om hulself te ondersteun.
  • American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
  • Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.

privaatheid

Privacy

Amerikaners waarde privaatheid en hul eie ruimte. Terwyl in sommige kulture wil privaatheid kan gesien word as 'n slegte ding, baie Amerikaners graag alleen tyd en kan private oor sekere onderwerpe.

Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.

Hier is 'n paar situasies wat verband hou met die Amerikaanse waarde van privaatheid:

Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:

  • in gesprekke, baie Amerikaners is private oor sekere dinge en wil nie praat oor hulle, soos hul ouderdom, hoeveel geld hulle maak, of hul politieke, seksuele en godsdienstige sienings. Sommige mense hou nie daarvan praat oor hierdie vakke in die openbaar, want hulle is bekommerd dit sal veroorsaak dat mense om te argumenteer. Maar, As jy vrae het oor hierdie onderwerpe het, jy kan ons vra. Die meeste Amerikaners sal gelukkig wees om jou te leer oor hoe Amerikaners sien die wêreld.
  • Amerikaners gee dikwels mekaar meer ruimte in openbare situasies as mense in ander kulture. Hulle is geneig om met 'n bietjie van die ruimte tussen hulle om op te staan, tipies die afstand van 'n uitgestrekte arm.
  • Baie Amerikaners het heinings om hul huise te verseker hulle privaatheid. As jou kinders 'n bal verloor of ander speelgoed oor heining 'n buurman se, dit is oor die algemeen 'n slegte idee om te spring oor die heining en haal die speelgoed. In plaas daarvan, gaan na die voordeur en klop of lui die klokkie. As daar is geen antwoord los 'n nota op die deur, vra toestemming om die speelding 08:00-08:00 haal. Dit is beide respek en veilig, as 'n paar mense het waghonde of dalk baie beskermend teenoor hul privaatheid wees. Ouderlinge in die besonder tipies nodig meer rus en vrede en mag nie wil versteur. As jy 'n hek oop te maak, moet jy dit maak. Maar, As jy kom na 'n oop hek, laat dit oop.
  • Slaapkamers word gewoonlik beskou as private ruimtes. Bure en vriende vermaak in die kombuis, eetkamer of sitkamer. Ouers en kinders is geneig om hul eie slaapkamers het, en dikwels, Amerikaanse kinders het elk hul eie slaapkamers.
  • In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
  • Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
  • Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
  • Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.

Dit is net 'n paar voorbeelde van privaatheid wat anders in jou kultuur kan wees.

Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.

direktheid

Directness

Amerikaners is dikwels baie direkte. Dit beteken dat hulle dikwels vertel wat hulle dink en hulle sal selfgeldend oor wat hulle wil wees. Word selfgeldend is oor die algemeen beskou as 'n goeie ding in Amerika.

Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.

Hier is 'n paar voorbeelde van die Amerikaanse-styl direktheid:

Here are some examples of American-style directness:

  • In sommige kulture, dit is onbeskof om 'n uitnodiging te weier - byvoorbeeld, As iemand jou vra vir middagete, jy kan sê ja, maar dan nie na middagete. In Amerika, Dit is byna altyd beter om te sê, “Geen, maar dankie” of, “Dankie, maar ek het 'n ander verbintenis.” As jy sê ja vir 'n uitnodiging, maar nie na die gebeurtenis, die persoon kan kry ontsteld.
  • in gesprek, As 'n Amerikaanse stem nie saam met jou mening, hulle kan jou vertel. Dit beteken nie dat hulle jou nie wil, net dat hulle 'n ander idee kan hê.
  • Die idee van “verloor gesig” is nie dieselfde in Amerika. Die vertaling vir “verloor gesig” sal wees “skaam,” wat minder ernstige. Amerikaners kan skaam wees as hulle gekritiseer of maak 'n fout, byvoorbeeld. So Amerikaners kan uitwys foute of kritiseer jou, eenvoudig voorneme dit as 'n regstelling of nuttige inligting.
  • in klasse, Amerikaners kan hul onderwysers te daag’ idees. In sommige kulture, dit is onbeskof om te verskil met jou onderwyser.
  • Dit is nooit onbeskof om hulp te vra. As 'n vriend of buurman jy vra as jy iets nodig het, hulle werklik wil help. Voel vry om te sê, “As jy gaan na die winkel en jy loop deur die lemoene, asseblief pick me up 'n sak, en ek sal jou betaal vir hulle.” of, As jy nodig het die winter klere byvoorbeeld, en jy nie seker is waar om dit te koop, Dit is OK om te vra, “Het jy enige voorstelle vir waar ek goedkoop rokke en skoene kan koop vir my kinders?” Die meeste Amerikaners is lief vir om te help, en moet baie min aanmoediging om goeie vriende en bure geword.
  • In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
  • In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
  • The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
  • In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
  • It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.

Oor die algemeen, dit is goed om te onthou dat dit wat onbeskof kan voorkom is nie bedoel dat die pad. Amerikaners is nie probeer om ongeskik te wees - hulle is net 'n direkte.

In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.

gelykheid

Equality

Die Amerikaanse Onafhanklikheidsverklaring verklaar, “Alle mense is gelyk gemaak.” in werklikheid, sommige mense in die Verenigde State van Amerika nie altyd alle burgers gelyk behandel, maar baie Amerikaners voel baie sterk oor die idee van gelykheid. Daar is baie voorbeelde in die Amerikaanse geskiedenis waar alle mense nie ewe so behandel soos slawerny van Afro-Amerikaanse (swart) burgers. Maar, Amerikaners graag die idee dat alle mense gelyke geleenthede moet hê glo. Hierdie idee is 'n deel van wat genoem word die “American Dream.” Baie vroeg immigrante na Amerika om die Amerikaanse droom te volg. Hulle het geglo dat as jy hard gewerk, jy kan beweeg in die samelewing.

The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.

Vandag meer en meer mense besef die Amerikaanse Droom is nie waar nie. Baie mense wat baie hard werk nie baie geld. Dikwels mense wat kom uit bevoorregte agtergronde het 'n makliker tyd te beweeg in die wêreld. Steeds, die idee van gelykheid is 'n belangrike deel van die Amerikaanse kultuur.

Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.

Hier is 'n paar voorbeelde van gelykheid in die Amerikaanse kultuur:

Here are some examples of equality in American culture:

• In wetlike situasies, alle Amerikaners moet gelyk behandel word en alle Amerikaners het 'n reg op verteenwoordiging deur 'n prokureur.

• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.

• In 'n klaskamer, alle studente moet gelyk behandel word deur hul onderwysers. Geen student word bevoordeel.

• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.

• Mans en vroue moet gelyk behandel word, en die mense is nie beskou as beter as vroue. in werklikheid, baie vroue steeds nie dieselfde status as mans in die Amerikaanse samelewing het, veral in terme van hoeveel geld hulle kan maak.

• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.

• In Amerika, daar is nie 'n sterk ingebed sosiale hiërargie of kastestelsel. Soms het mense wat jy kan verwag om jou te behandel met respek kan behandel soos jy as 'n gelyke. Byvoorbeeld, kinders kan 'n ouer volwassenes noem deur hul eerste naam. As dit gebeur, moet jy, Probeer om te onthou dat hulle nie onbeskof, maar hulle het 'n ander kulturele waarde.

• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.

• Soms Amerikaners sal jou vertel hoe hulle verkies moet word wanneer hulle hulself bekend te stel. As 'n onderwyser of 'n dokter stel haarself as “Lucy” of “dokter Lucy”, dit is hoe jy haar moet aanspreek. As sy stel haarself as dr. Wilson, dit is wat sy verkies om genoem te word.

• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.

Dit is nuttig om te weet dat daar nog mag wees onsigbare hiërargieë onder mense. Hierdie is geneig om meer op individuele sukses te gebaseer wees: byvoorbeeld, iemand se werk, rykdom, of onderwys.

It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.

informaliteit

Informality

Amerikaanse waardes
Amerikaanse kultuur is informele. Amerikaners dikwels dra selfs jeans kerk toe. Foto deur Amancay Maahs.
American values
American culture is informal. Americans often even wear jeans to church. Photo by Amancay Maahs.

Amerikaanse samelewing is dikwels informele en ontspanne.

American society is often informal and relaxed.

Hier is 'n paar voorbeelde van hoe die Verenigde State van Amerika is 'n informele kultuur:

Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:

• Amerikaners kan terloops aantrek, soos die dra van jeans of broeke selfs by die werk, skool, of kerk. Wanneer jy die eerste keer begin werk, dit is 'n goeie idee om meer formeel aantrek en dan te kies jou klere op grond van wat die mense rondom jou dra.

• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.

• Wanneer groet iemand, Amerikaners is geneig om te sê, “Hi” of, “Hello.” Jy gebruik dieselfde groet maak nie saak wie jy praat: jou seun of onderwyser jou seun se. Die langauge nie 'n formele en informele vorme van groet.

• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.

• Amerikaners is geneig om mekaar te roep deur hul voorname. In sommige gevalle, egter, dit is beter meer formele te wees en om laaste name gebruik totdat jy gevra word om 'n eerste naam gebruik - byvoorbeeld, in sake-situasies of by die skool.

• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.

Terwyl die informaliteit van die Amerikaanse kultuur wat jy kan verras, Dit is nie bedoel om ongeskik te wees. In werklikheid, As iemand groet jou informeel en doen 'n beroep jy deur jou naam, Dit beteken waarskynlik hulle dink aan jou in 'n vriendelike manier.

While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.

Kompetisie

Competition

Amerikaners kan kompeterend wees en dikwels werk hard om hul doelwitte te bereik. Kompetisie lei dikwels Amerikaners baie besig wees. Baie Amerikaners sien kompetisie is 'n goeie ding.

Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.

Hier is 'n paar voorbeelde van die Amerikaanse waarde van die kompetisie:

Here are some examples of the American value of competition:

• Mededinging in besigheid is te danke 'n groot deel van die kapitalistiese ekonomie. Amerika se sakemodel is om te kompeteer vir kliënte en vir die beste pryse.

• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.

• Amerikaners sal skeduleer baie aktiwiteite. Selfs jong kinders deelneem aan baie aktiwiteite buite skoolverband, soos sport, musieklesse, en vrywillige. Soms kan jy voel soos Amerikaners “gedruis rondom” met min tyd vir ontspanning. Maar baie Amerikaners hulle goed voel wanneer hulle 'n baie gedoen kry.

• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.

• Mededinging kan gesien word in die skool, in die werkplek, en in sport. Byvoorbeeld, studente kan hard werk om die beste grade bereik. Soms kompetisie behels groepe, soos 'n sokkerspan of 'n skool studiegroep.

• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.

• Amerikaners kan ook “kompeteer” met hulself. Baie Amerikaners werk hard om te hou die verbetering op wat hulle doen. Byvoorbeeld, hulle gebrek aan 'n wedloop vinniger te hardloop as wat hulle gedoen laaste keer of hulle wil dalk meer items te verkoop teen hul werk as wat hulle die jaar gedoen het voor.

• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.

algehele, die waarde geplaas op mededinging kan veroorsaak dat jy 'n paar kultuurskok voel, veral as jy kom uit 'n kultuur wat meer samewerkende as mededingende.

Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.

Tyd en doeltreffendheid

Time and efficiency

Amerikaners plaas 'n baie waarde aan hul tyd. Amerikaners kan gefrustreerd voel as hulle dink iemand of iets het hul tyd gemors. Sommige Amerikaners beplan om hul tyd noukeurig, gebruik van die daaglikse agenda vir beide hul persoonlike lewens en hul werk lewens. Daar is 'n gesegde in Amerika: tyd is geld. Dit beteken baie Amerikaners graag hul tyd gebruik “doeltreffend” - hulle wil die meeste gedoen kry in die kortste tyd.

Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.

Dit kan verskil van wat jy gewoond is om te wees. Wanneer 'n besigheid hanteer, jy kan tyd spandeer om na die ander persoon weet, Miskien terwyl die drink tee of koffie. In die Verenigde State, Dit is dikwels nie die geval.

This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.

Hier is 'n paar situasies waarin jy dalk wil om bewus te wees van die tyd:

Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:

  • vergaderings, veral vir werk: Jy moet probeer om betyds te wees – waarskynlik selfs 5 minute vroeg.
  • aanstellings: As jy 'n dokter se aanstelling of 'n ander soort aanstelling, wat jy nodig het om betyds. Jy kan nog steeds moet wag vir die aanstelling. Maar, Dit is belangrik dat jy op tyd of jy mag hê om die aanstelling te herskeduleer.
  • Aktiwiteite saam met vriende uit: As jy word uitgenooi om iemand se huis vir aandete, Probeer om betyds te wees – jy kan wees 5 of 10 minute laat, maar as jy eers veel later as wat, moet jy waarskynlik bel en laat hulle weet.
  • partye: Vir 'n klein partytjie, kom binne 15 minute van die tyd gegee. Vir 'n groot partytjie met baie mense, jy kan wees 30 om 40 minute laat.
  • Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
  • Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
  • Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
  • Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.

'N Goeie reël is dat enige tyd gaan jy laat wees, jy moet bel en laat die persoon wat jy ontmoet weet jy sal laat wees. As jy nie kan noem, jy moet die persoon vertel jy is jammer vir die feit dat laat wanneer jy daar aankom.

A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.

soms, jy kan voel soos iemand wat baie vinnig verlaat of is in 'n haas om te gaan. Dit mag wees omdat hulle wil wees “betyds” vir hul volgende afspraak. Dit beteken nie dat hulle nie dat jy graag.

Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.

Om betyds en bewus te wees van die tyd is 'n kulturele verskil jy sal waarskynlik nodig het om aan te pas by, want as jy laat is, jy kan jou werk verloor, mis jou aanstellings, of iemand se gevoelens seermaak. As jy 'n harde tyd te pas by die Amerikaanse sin van tyd, wil jy dalk 'n horlosie of selfoon wat 'n alarm om jou te herinner aan die tyd het kry, veral vir die kry om te werk.

Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.

Werksetiek

Work ethic

Amerikaners kan baie gefokus op hul werk. Soms het mense uit ander kulture te dink Amerikaners “lewe-to-work” of is “workaholics.” Dit beteken dat hulle dink die Amerikaners werk te veel. Deel van die rede Amerikaners werk georiënteerde is omdat hy besig en aktief word dikwels gesien as 'n goeie ding. Mense is ook geneig om sterk identifiseer met hul werk. Byvoorbeeld, wanneer jy die eerste keer iemand ontmoet, een van die eerste vrae wat hulle mag vra is “Wat doen jy?” dit beteken, “Watter soort werk doen jy?”

Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”

Mans of vroue wat werk by die huis die versorging van die gesin noem hulself dikwels “huis-makers” en verdien respek vir hierdie beroep soveel as enige ander. Wanneer die invul van 'n aansoek van enige aard, Dit is OK om te skryf “tuisteskepper” as die besetting vir iemand wat nie 'n betalende werk buite die huis het nie.

Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.

verbruikerswese

Consumerism

As 'n nuweling in die Verenigde State van Amerika, jy mag soms dink Amerikaners lyk materialistiese - gefokus op die besit en die aankoop van dinge. Deel van die rede hiervoor is dat baie Amerikaners waarde kompetisie en werk. Omdat Amerikaners waarde kompetisie, hulle wil “hou” met diegene rondom hulle. Dit beteken, byvoorbeeld, As jou buurman het 'n nuwe motor, jy dalk wil 'n nuwe motor ook. Amerikaners noem dit “Hoogte te bly met die Joneses.”

As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”

Baie Amerikaners waarde werk en het 'n sterk werksetiek. Baie Amerikaners sien wesenlike items soos TV's of skoene as 'n manier om te wys hulle suksesvol by die werk is. Amerikaners mag dink materiaal items soos belonings vir hul harde werk en pogings.

Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.

Nog 'n rede Amerikaners mag wees objekgeoriënteerde is omdat baie Amerikaners waarde nuwigheid en innovasie. So selfs al het hulle 'n selfoon wat werk, Hulle kan 'n nuwe selfoon wil, want dit het 'n nuwe en opwindende funksies. Jy hoef nie te voel moet jy baie besittings moet gerespekteer. Jy moet gemaklik leef eenvoudig of enige manier wat jy verkies voel, Miskien spaar meer geld vir noodgevalle, onderwys en aftrede eerder as om op voorwerpe om ander te beïndruk.

Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.

Al die bogenoemde stellings is veralgemenings van Amerikaanse waardes. Veralgemenings is nie altyd waar nie, maar dinge wat dikwels ware. Die doel van USAHello is om veralgemenings te help om beter te kan verstaan waarom 'n Amerikaanse kan optree op 'n manier wat jy nie verstaan. onthou, nie weg is beter as die ander manier - net anders.

All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of USAHello is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.

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