Hoe om aansoek te doen vir asiel

Engels ookgeen Engels

Hoe doen ek aansoek doen om asiel in die VSA? Hierdie bladsy bevat inligting oor watter asiel is en hoe om aansoek te doen vir asiel.

How do I apply for asylum in the USA? This page has information about what asylum is and how to apply for asylum.

Asiel aansoekers 2018
Foto: HECTOR Silva – doeane en grens beskerming
Asylum Applicants 2018
Photo: Hector Silva – Customs and Border Protection

Wat is asiel?

What is asylum?

Asiel is wanneer jy ontvang beskerming van die Verenigde State regering omdat jy nie veilig terug na jou huis land. Elke jaar mense kom na die VSA soek beskerming omdat hulle vervolging gely het of uit vrees dat hulle sal ly vervolging verskuldig om te: Ras, godsdiens, nasionaliteit, lidmaatskap in 'n bepaalde sosiale groep, of politieke mening.

Asylum is when you receive protection from the United States government because you cannot safely return to your home country. Every year people come to the USA seeking protection because they have suffered persecution or fear that they will suffer persecution due to: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

Hierdie bladsy is bedoel om jou te help verstaan meer oor asiel en om te help jy hulpbronne vind as jy moet aansoek doen om asiel. Hierdie bladsy is nie bedoel as regsadvies.

This page is meant to help you understand more about asylum and to help you find resources if you need to apply for asylum. This page is not intended as legal advice.

Hoe doen ek aansoek doen om asiel?

How do I apply for asylum?

Om aansoek te doen vir asiel, Jy moet in die Verenigde State wanneer jy aansoek doen. As jy aankom na die Verenigde State met 'n geldige visum of manier om te tik die Verenigde State, Jy kan Tik die Verenigde State en dan jou asiel aansoek voorlê. Meeste van die tyd, Jy moet aansoek doen om asiel binne een jaar van aankoms in die Verenigde State, Alhoewel jy kan vra vir 'n vrystelling.

To apply for asylum, you need to be in the United States when you apply. If you arrive to the United States with a valid visa or way to enter the United States, you can enter the United States and then submit your asylum application. Most of the time, you must apply for asylum within one year of arriving in the United States, although you can ask for an exemption.

Infographic van die assisproses in die VSA
Oorsig van die assitingsproses in die VSA-vergunning van menseregte eerste
Infographic of the asylum process in the USA
Overview of the asylum process in the USA courtesy of Human Rights First

Wat gebeur as ek op die US-Meksiko grens?

What if I am on the US-Mexico border?

Die Amerikaanse Administrasie is probeer om te verhoed dat meer mense soek asiel in die VSA. Asiel soekers word vasgehou in kampe of aanhouding sentrums. Kinders weg van hul ouers geneem is. Lees bywerkings vir asiel soekers op die VSA-grens.

The US administration is trying to prevent more people from seeking asylum in the USA. Asylum seekers are being held in camps or detention centers. Children have been taken away from their parents. Read updates for asylum seekers on the US border.

Met die oog op asiel in die VSA te kry,A Dit help om jou geval as jy bewyse het om te bewys dat jy vervolg of mishandel, en dat jou regering het jy nie beskerm. Hoe meer bewyse wat jy het, hoe beter kans het jy om jou asiel saak wen om in staat wees om te bly in die Verenigde State van Amerika. Maak seker dat jy altyd die waarheid vertel, anders sal jy kan dadelik het jou saak ontken. Jy moet ook baie spesifiek oor die besonderhede te wees. Dit is belangrik om tyd te spandeer om te onthou presies wat gebeur het, op die presiese datum. As jy 'n fout maak, die regering kan dink jy lê.

In order to get asylum in the US,A it helps your case if you have evidence to prove you were persecuted or abused, and that your government did not protect you. The more evidence you have the better chance you have to win your asylum case to be able to stay in the United States. Be sure to always tell the truth, otherwise you could immediately have your case denied. You also need to be very specific about the details. It is important to spend time remembering exactly what happened, on the exact date. If you make a mistake, the government may think you are lying.

Hier is 'n tipe van bewyse wat jy kan gebruik om jou asiel geval ondersteun:

Here are types of evidence that you can use to support your asylum case:

  • identiteitsdokumente (d.w.z. jou paspoort, geboortesertifikaat, student identifikasiekaart, huishoudelike register, nasionale identiteitskaart, of politieke party lidmaatskap kaart)
  • Identiteitsdokumente van familielede wat na die Verenigde State van Amerika gereis saam met jou
  • Huweliksertifikaat en geboortesertifikate vir kinders
  • akademiese rekords (d.w.z. skoolrekords, sertifikate, en diplomas)
  • Mediese rekords van hospitalisasie of behandeling as gevolg van mishandeling in die huis land
  • Tronk of die hof rekords
  • Enige konsep assitoedienings of verklarings wat jy dalk geskep het
  • Enige dokument wat ingedien is met enige deel van die Verenigde State regering
  • Enige ander dokumente wat jy dink belangrik kan wees
  • Identity documents (i.e. your passport, birth certificate, student identification card, household registry, national identity card, or political party membership card)
  • Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you
  • Marriage certificate and birth certificates for children
  • Academic records (i.e. school records, certificates, and diplomas)
  • Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
  • Jail or court records
  • Any draft asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
  • Any document that has been filed with any part of the United States government
  • Any other documents that you think might be important

As jy in staat is om hierdie dokumente saam te bring nie as jy gevlug jou eie land, dis oukei. Jy kan lees meer later op hierdie bladsy oor bewys jou asiel geval sonder dokumente.

If you were not able to bring these documents with you when you fled your home country, that is okay. You can read more later on this page about proving your asylum case without documents.

Meer hulpbronne op ons webwerf

More resources on our website

Is jy aan weerskante van die Verenigde State/Mexico grens en nie seker wat om volgende te doen? Is jy op soek na skuiling, wetlike ondersteuning, kos, en help met beweer asiel? Is jy onder 18? Hier is 'n paar organisasies wat in staat kan wees om jou te help voorsien van basiese noodsaaklikhede en advies vir jou geval.

Are you on either side of the United States/Mexico border and not sure what to do next? Are you looking for shelter, legal support, food, and help with claiming asylum? Are you under 18? Here are some organizations that may be able to help provide you with basic necessities and advice for your case.

Hulpbronne en inligting om jou te help ken jou regte by die grens en as 'n immigrant in die VSA.

Resources and information to help you know your rights at the border and as an immigrant in the USA.

Besoek ons wetlike hulpbronne bladsy om gratis of lae-koste wetlike hulp te vind.

Visit our legal resources page to find free or low-cost legal help.

Gebruik ons plaaslike hulpbronfinder om hulpbronne en dienste naby jou te vind. Voer eers jou taal in. Gee dan jou Stad. Kies dan “resetttlement en assia.”

Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. First enter your language. Then enter your city. Then choose “resetttlement and asylum.”

Ander hulpbronne om jou te help om aansoek te doen vir assi

Other resources to help you apply for asylum

'N maklik om te lees, stap-vir-stap verduideliking met 'n baie inligting oor die voorbereiding vir die asiel aansoek proses.

An easy to read, step-by-step explanation with a lot of information on preparing for the asylum application process.

Die asiel proses, verklaar word deur die Verenigde State van Amerika Burgerskap en Immigrasie Services. Kyk na die I-589 aansoek om asiel en Weerhouding van Die opheffing. Bestudeer die aansoek. Wat jy nodig het om dit binne 'n jaar vol van sy aankoms aan die Verenigde State van Amerika.

The asylum process, explained by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. View the I-589 Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Study the application. You need to fill it out within one year of arriving to the United States.

Jy kan baie vrae. Hier is 'n paar antwoorde vir vrae wat gevra word deur mense wat beskerming in die Verenigde State van Amerika.

You might have many questions. Here are some answers for questions asked by people seeking protection in the United States.

Die UNHCR bladsye oor hoe om aansoek te doen vir asiel is in Engels, Franse, Spaans en Arabies.

The UNHCR pages about how to apply for asylum are in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Hier is meer oor asiel, weerhouding van verwydering, die Verenigde Nasies se Konvensie teen marteling, die proses vir die toepassing vir asiel, hoe om asiel terwyl in immigrant aanhouding soek, spesiale immigrant jeugdige status, en tydelike beskermde status.

Learn more about asylum, withholding of removal, the United Nations Convention against torture, the process for applying for asylum, how to seek asylum while in immigrant detention, special immigrant juvenile status, and temporary protected status.

'N aanbieding oor hoe om dokumente saam te stel vir 'n assicase.

A presentation about how to put together documents for an asylum case.

Wat gebeur tydens die asiel onderhoud?

What happens during the asylum interview?

In hierdie video, 'n prokureur voorgee om 'n assioffisier te wees en vrae te vra wat normaalweg vir jou gevra sal word tydens 'n onderhoud. Dit sal jou help om jou eie antwoorde voor te berei om die vrae wat hulle sal jou vra.

In this video, a lawyer pretends to be an asylum officer and asks questions that would normally be asked to you during an interview. This will help you prepare your own answers to the questions they will ask you.

Hoe kan ek wen my asiel geval as ek bewys ek was benadeel het nie?

How can I win my asylum case if I don’t have proof I was harmed?

Hierdie video gaan oor hoe om 'n assicase te wen, selfs al het jy nie bewys dat jy benadeel is nie. Dit kan gedoen word as jy kan bewys dat daar 'n patroon of praktyk van skade in jou land.

This video is about how to win an asylum case even if you don’t have proof that you were harmed. It can be done if you can demonstrate that there is a pattern or practice of harm in your country.



Aansoek te doen om asiel - wen jou saak

Applying for asylum – winning your case

In hierdie video, die eerste immigrasie en naturalisasie Service prokureur Carl Shusterman praat oor hoe jy jou assicase kan wen deur middel van noukeurige voorbereiding.

In this video, former Immigration and Naturalization Service Attorney Carl Shusterman talks about how you can win your asylum case through careful preparation.



Verskeie maniere waarop assicase gemaak kan word in die VSA

Several ways an asylum case can be made in the USA

Hierdie video het meer inligting oor hoe jy kan aansoek doen en kwalifiseer vir assiin die Verenigde State van Amerika.

This video has more information about how you could apply and qualify for asylum in the United States.

Ken jou regte!

Know your rights!

Hierdie handleidings is bedoel om basiese inligting te verskaf om immigrante 'n begrip van hul regte onder U te gee. S. wetgewing gedurende die immigrasie verrigtinge of as hulle in hegtenis geneem en aangehou word deur die Departement van binnelandse veiligheid. Die inligting in hierdie handleidings moet nie oorweeg word nie regsadvies, en aangehou immigrante en hul geliefdes word aangemoedig om gekwalifiseerde wetlike advies van die Nasionale immigrant Justisie sentrum of 'n ander geloofwaardige organisasie te soek.

These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The information in these manuals should not be considered legal advice, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.

As jy nie 'n prokureur

If you do not have a lawyer

As daar 'n bevel uitgereik vir jou verwydering of deportasie, het jy nog 'n kans vir die toepassing van asiel, selfs al is jy nie 'n prokureur het.

If there has been an order issued for your removal or deportation, you still have a chance for applying for asylum, even if you do not have a lawyer.

Hier is 'n paar riglyne vir die indiening van asiel sonder 'n prokureur:

Here are some guidelines for filing for asylum without a lawyer:

Inligting vir die LGBTQ gemeenskap

Information for the LGBTQ community

Ken jou regte LGBTQ asielsoekers is 'n dokument vir mense wat bang is om terug te keer na hul huis lande omdat hulle lesbiese, gay, biseksuele of transgender (LGBT) en / of as gevolg van hul MIV-status. Jy kan ook lees die dokument in Spaans, Franse en Arabiese.

Know Your Rights LGBTQ Asylum Seekers is a document for people who are afraid to return to their home countries because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) and/or due to their HIV status. You can also read the document in Spanish, French and Arabic.

Jy kan 'n verdediging teen deportasie het as jy vrees jy sal benadeel of gemartel as jy na jou eie land is gedeporteer. Die Nasionale Immigrant Justisie Center is beskikbaar om regsverteenwoordiging te voorsien en bied wetlike verwysings. Jy kan kontak met die Nasionale Immigrant Justisie by sy tolvrye nommer: (312) 263-0901.

You may have a defense against deportation if you fear you will be harmed or tortured if you are deported to your home country. The National Immigrant Justice Center is available to provide legal counsel and provide legal referrals. You can contact the National Immigrant Justice Center at its toll free number: (312) 263-0901.

Aansoek te doen vir die status van vlugtelinge / politieke asiel in die Verenigde State van Amerika: prosesse en organisasies wat help

Applying for refugee status/political asylum in the United States: processes and organizations that help

Hier is 'n paar nuttige bronne vir inligting en hulp.

Here are some helpful resources for information and assistance.

ASHN werk met gashere om skuiling en sosiale ondersteuning vir asielsoekers verskaf. Gashere sluit in 'n groep huis in Baltimore en individue wat 'n kamer in hul huise oop. Gashere en die groter ASHN gemeenskap te lewer sosiale ondersteuning aan kliënte.

ASHN works with hosts to provide shelter and social support for asylum seekers. Hosts include a group house in Baltimore and individuals who open a room in their homes. Hosts and the larger ASHN community provide social support to clients.

Tel: 443-850-0627. Bied 'n koesterende gemeenskap en baie dienste aan asielsoekers en asylees, insluitend gevallebestuur, opleiding indiensneming, Engelse klasse, welstand en voeding program Maandag-Donderdag. Daarbenewens, AWE bied oorgang behuising aan vroue wat asiel. bedieningsgebied: Baltimore

Tel: 443-850-0627. Provides a nurturing community and many services to asylum seekers and asylees, including case management, employment training, English classes, wellness and nutrition programming Monday-Thursday. Additionally, AWE provides transitional housing to women seeking asylum. Service area: Baltimore

Hul pro bono regsverteenwoordiging program wedstryde goeie prokureurs met asiel-soekers wat hulp nodig het en sal nie anders in staat wees om 'n hoë-gehalte regsverteenwoordiging kan bekostig.

Their pro bono legal representation program matches good lawyers with asylum-seekers who need help and would not otherwise be able to afford high-quality legal representation.

Tel: 410-230-2700. Nasionale organisasie vir migrerende en voorspraak vlugteling en programme wat werk met baie ander groepe in die VS. Hulle fokus op vlugtelinge hervestiging en gemeenskap integrasie, alternatiewe vir aanhouding vir asielsoekers, familie hereniging en pleegsorg vir onbegeleide migrerende jeug. bedieningsgebied: Nationwide.

Tel: 410-230-2700. National organization for migrant and refugee advocacy and programming that works with many other groups in the U.S. They focus on refugee resettlement and community integration, alternatives to detention for asylum seekers, family reunification and foster care for unaccompanied migrant youth. Service area: Nationwide.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 of teks "HELP" of "INFO" om BeFree (233733). 'n Nasionale, tolvrye noodlyn wat handel slagoffers verbind, professionele, en lede van die gemeenskap om inligting en verwysings, sowel as hulpbronne vir opleiding en tegniese bystand. bedieningsgebied: Nationwide.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 or text “HELP” or “INFO” to BeFree (233733). A national, toll-free hotline that connects trafficking victims, professionals, and community members to information and referrals, as well as resources for training and technical assistance. Service area: Nationwide.

Noordwes Immigrant regte Projek bied dienste in die gemeenskap onderwys, impak litigasie, direkte regsdienste, ondersteuning vir oorlewendes van huishoudelike geweld en ander misdade, asiel, familie dienste, ondersteuning vir kinders & jeug, burgerskap, uitgestelde aksie & INDIEN, en aanhouding en deportasie verdediging.

Northwest Immigrant Rights Project offers services in community education, impact litigation, direct legal services, support for survivors of domestic violence and other crimes, asylum, family services, support for children & youth, citizenship, Deferred Action & DACA, and detention and deportation defense.

Hierdie bladsy vertoon die gratis of verminder geprys regsdienste beskikbaar in lande regoor die wêreld. Kontroleer vir Regsdienste in jou land.

This page shows the free or reduced priced legal services available in countries all over the world. Check for legal services in your country.

Anti-bedrog waarskuwing

Anti-fraud warning

Lees hierdie inligting om jouself te beskerm teen mense wat nie ware prokureurs! Daar is mense wat sal voorgee om jou te help sodat hulle kan jou geld te hou. Hier is hoe om dit te erken en jouself te beskerm! Die Immigrant wetlike hulpbron Sentrum (ILRC) inligting te beskerm teen bedrog gemaak. Jy kan lees en laai die inligting in Engels. Of jy kan lees en laai die inligting in Spaans.

Read this information to protect yourself from people who are not real lawyers! There are people who will pretend to help you so they can keep your money. Learn how to recognize them and protect yourself! The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) made information to protect you from fraud. You can read and download the information in English. Or you can read and download the information in Spanish.

Leer meer

Learn more

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