Wat is die vlakke in die Amerikaanse onderwys stelsel?

Engels ookgeen Engels

In die VSA, openbare skool begin tussen die ouderdom van 4 en 6 en duur voort tot 16 om 18 jaar oud. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

high school students

high school students

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. Jy kan find out the ages and number of years in your state.

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

The education system in US public schools

The education system in US public schools

Vroeë kinderjare onderwys

Early childhood education

Vroeë onderwys is 'n term wat gebruik word om te praat oor jong kinders blootgestel word aan onderwys. Selfs wanneer jou kind 'n baba, Dit is belangrik om te help aan hulle, sing saam met hulle en help hulle om te leer van beide jou eerste taal en Engels. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (arebillingual”) het meer voordele as kinders wat net een taal praat. Vroeë kinderjare onderwys sentrums en dagsorg sentrums is beskikbaar vir babas deur kinders die ouderdom van vier of vyf.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

voorskoolse

Preschool

Voorskoolse kinders help (ouderdomme drie en vier) ontwikkel. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. Een opsie vir voorskoolse genoem Head Start. -Voorskoolse ouderdom kinders van lae-inkomste gesinne kan Head Start programme by te woon. Head Start is 'n lae-koste voorskoolse gelei deur die regering. Jy kan soek vir 'n Head Start-program naby jou.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Laerskool

Elementary school

Kinders begin gewoonlik laerskool met kindertuin (K) op die ouderdom van vyf en voortgaan deur graad vyf of ses. Hulle verlaat die laerskool rondom die ouderdom van tien of elf. Kinders leer baie vakke van een onderwyser in 'n enkele klaskamer.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Middelskool (ook bekend as die junior hoërskool)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Midde-skool leer studente grade ses deur agt. Hulle is rondom ouderdomme tien tot 14. Middel van die skool studente oorskakel gewoonlik van klaskamer tot klaskamer. Hulle kan baie verskillende onderwysers in een skooldag. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Hoërskool

High school

Studente woon hoërskool tussen die ouderdomme van 14 en gewoonlik 17 of 18. Die klasse word gereël deur vakke. 'N Student mag baie onderwysers het op een dag. Sommige studente kan gevorderde klasse te neem. Sommige studente kan klasse wat hulle voor te berei vir die werk of vir die kollege neem. Hoërskole het klubs, aktiwiteite, sport, werkstudie reëlings, en ander aktiwiteite.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

School placement in the American education system

School placement in the American education system

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

Baie studente vlugteling dalk gemis skool terwyl hulle in die kamp of vlug hul land. Hulle mag wees op verskillende graadvlakke as 'n tipiese Amerikaanse student van dieselfde ouderdom. Sommige studente is dalk op 'n hoëgraadse vlak maar nog Engels praat nie. Diegene studente kan probleme in harder klasse het totdat hulle Engels beter te leer. Skole in die VSA soms plaas studente in die verkeerde grade.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

How will schools place my child?

How will schools place my child?

Studente kan 'n paar toetse te neem voor die aanvang van die skooljaar of aan die begin van die skooljaar. Die toetse kan geskryf word. Hulle kon 'n volwassene te lees vrae aan 'n student. Dit is anders vir elke skool distrik.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

As jy dink jou kind is geplaas in die verkeerde graad, jy kan die onderwyser praat, skoolhoof, of die skool personeel wat getoets en geplaas jou kind.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • Vra, "Wat was jou redenasie?"Die skool kan help om hul besluit te verstaan.
  • Verduidelik waarom jy dink die plasing verkeerd. Hulle mag in staat wees om die plasing te verander of hulle saamstem met jou redes.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. Dit is algemene redes:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • aanbevelings ouer / voog
  • Gestandaardiseerde toets tellings, soos toepaslik
  • Bereidwilligheid om uitdagende opdragte uit te voer
  • Student rente of motivering
  • Onderwyser of berader aanbeveling
  • Monsters van studentewerk
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Same grade, different level

Same grade, different level

Middel en hoërskole het klasse wat geleer word op verskillende vlakke in dieselfde graad. Sommige is harder en 'n paar is makliker. Die name van die kursusse soms beskryf die vlak van die probleme. Die woorde verander afhangende van die skool distrik.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

Name vir klasse wat makliker of gebruik makliker Engelse vlakke:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • insluiting
  • Basic skills
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

Name vir klasse by 'n tipiese vlak vir die graad:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • gereelde
  • Nie-honneurs
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

Name vir klasse by 'n hoër of gevorderde vlak:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • honneurs
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (jy)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

Leer meer

Learn more

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