Hoe om gesond te wees en siektes te voorkom

Engels ookgeen Engels

Daar is baie dinge wat jy kan doen om gesond te bly. Lees wenke oor hoe om gesond te wees. Leer hoe om te verhoed dat die verspreiding van siektes en infeksies. Lees oor die belangrikheid van slaap en hoe om op te hou rook.

There are many things you can do to stay healthy. Read tips on how to be healthy. Learn how to prevent the spread of diseases and infections. Read about the importance of sleeping and how to stop smoking.

Hoe om gesond te wees

How to be healthy

Was jou hande

Wash your hands

Hande was is die belangrikste ding wat jy kan doen wat jy en jou gesin gesond te hou. Dit is omdat baie kieme wat siektes veroorsaak, versprei word deur die hand kontak.

Hand-washing is the most important thing you can do keep you and your family healthy. This is because many germs that cause illnesses are spread by hand contact.

Maak seker dat jy jou hande te was nadat jy nies of hoes, voor te berei voedsel, nadat jy die toilet gebruik, nadat jy raak 'n siek persoon, nadat jy hanteer vullis of fecale saak, en nadat jy 'n dier raak.

Make sure you wash your hands after you sneeze or cough, before preparing food, after you use the toilet, after you touch a sick person, after you handle garbage or fecal matter, and after you touch an animal.

Jy kan meer leer oor hoe om jou hande korrek was.

You can learn more about how to wash your hands correctly.

Sorg vir jou tande

Take care of your teeth

Die versorging van jou mond en tande is belangrik vir die voorkoms van gesondheidsprobleme. Dokters beveel aan dat jy jou tande borsel twee keer 'n dag en vlos een keer 'n dag. Jy moet ook 'n besoek die mondhygiënist by kantoor se jou tandarts elke ses maande jou tande te skoongemaak en nagegaan. Jy kan lees oor hoe om sorg vir jou mond en tande.

Taking care of your mouth and teeth is important for avoiding health problems. Doctors recommend that you brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day. You should also visit the dental hygienist at your dentist’s office every six months to have your teeth cleaned and checked. You can read about how to take care of your mouth and teeth.

Voorkom die verspreiding van verkoue en griep

Prevent the spread of colds and flu

sekere siektes, soos 'n verkoue of griep, maklik versprei tussen mense.

Certain illnesses, like a cold or flu, spread easily between people.

Daar is drie belangrike dinge wat jy kan doen om ander mense te beskerm teen vang jou verkoue of griep is:

There are three important things you can do to protect other people from catching your cold or flu are:

1) Wat jou neus wanneer jy nies

1) Covering your nose when you sneeze

2) Wat jou mond wanneer jy hoes
2) Covering your mouth when you cough
3) Jou hande elke keer as jy nies en hoes

3) Washing your hands every time you sneeze and cough

Die sentrums vir siektebeheer en voorkoming (CDC) is 'n regering Agentskap wat raad gee oor hoe om gesond te bly. Die CDC het inligting oor Hoe om te verhoed dat die verspreiding van die siekte Tuis, werk, skool, en in die openbaar.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is a government agency which gives advice about how to stay healthy. The CDC has information about how to prevent the spread of disease at home, work, school, and in public.

Kopluise

Head lice

Kopluise is klein foute wat leef op menslike koppe. Hulle oorleef deur die voeding op die bloed van die top van jou kop, veroorsaak 'n intens jeuk en geïrriteerd gevoel. Luise kan baie maklik versprei van persoon tot persoon en is 'n baie algemene probleem onder kinders. (Luise dikwels versprei waar daar groepe van kinders, byvoorbeeld by 'n skool.)

Head lice are tiny bugs that live on human heads. They survive by feeding on blood from the top of your head, causing an intensely itchy and irritated feeling. Lice can spread very easily from person to person and are a very common problem among children. (Lice frequently spread where there are groups of children, for example at a school.)

As jy of jou kind het luise, dit is nie 'n teken van swak higiëne. Maar, jy sal hê om sekere stappe te neem ten einde te verseker dat die probleem gaan weg. Leer meer oor hoof luise.

If you or your child have lice, it is not a sign of poor cleanliness. However, you will have to take certain steps in order to make sure the problem goes away. Learn more about head lice.

weeluise

Bedbugs

Soortgelyk aan luise, weeluise is klein foute wat mense byt, veroorsaak jeuk en erge irritasie op die vel rondom die byt. In teenstelling met luise, weeluise woon hoofsaaklik in meubels en klere.

Similar to lice, bedbugs are tiny bugs that bite humans, causing itchiness and severe irritation on the skin around the bite. Unlike lice, bedbugs live primarily in furniture and clothing.

Weeluise kan baie maklik versprei tussen mense, dus is dit belangrik om bewus te wees van hoe om dit te voorkom. Jy kan in baie tale leer oor die tekens van weeluise en hoe om die probleem te beheer. Die inligting is in baie tale.

Bedbugs can spread very easily between people, so it’s important to be aware of how to prevent them. You can learn in many languages about the signs of bedbugs and how to control the problem. The information is in many languages.

Slaapgewoontes

Sleeping habits

Kry 'n goeie nagrus is belangrik vir jou fisiese en geestelike gesondheid. Die meeste volwassenes moet 7 om 8 ure slaap 'n nag.

Getting a good night’s sleep is important for your physical and mental health. Most adults need 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night.

Die ontwikkeling van 'n gesonde slaapgewoontes

Developing healthy sleeping habits

Hier is 'n paar wenke vir 'n gesonde slaap:

Here are some tips for healthy sleeping:

  • Oefen elke dag.
  • Gaan slaap op dieselfde tyd elke aand.
  • Volg 'n bed tyd ritueel.
  • Vermy helder ligte in die nag tyd.
  • Vermy swaar kos in die nag tyd.
  • Lees 'n boek.
  • Skakel elektroniese toestelle soos jou selfoon en rekenaar 'n uur of twee voor jy gaan slaap.
  • Jy weet wat die beste werk vir jou, so volg jou eie leiding!
  • Exercise every day.
  • Go to bed at the same time every night.
  • Follow a bed time ritual.
  • Avoid bright lights at night time.
  • Avoid heavy food at night time.
  • Read a book.
  • Turn off electronic devices like your phone and computer an hour or two before going to bed.
  • You know what works best for you, so follow your own guidance!

Slaap vir kinders

Sleep for kids

Dit is veral belangrik vir kinders om 'n goeie nagrus kry. Kinders moet meer slaap as volwassenes. Dit is veral belangrik vir hul fisiese en geestelike ontwikkeling. Jy en jou kinders kan slaap wenke lees van die Nasionale Slaapfondasie. Wanneer jy seker maak jou kinders kry genoeg slaap, jy is die voorbereiding van hulle beter in die skool doen. Op dieselfde tyd wat jy hulle help om lewenslange gesonde gewoontes te ontwikkel.

It is particularly important for children to get a good night’s sleep. Children need more sleep than adults. It is particularly important for their physical and mental development. You and your children can read sleep tips from the National Sleep Foundation. When you make sure your kids get enough sleep, you are preparing them to do better in school. At the same time that you are helping them to develop life-long healthy habits.

Jy sal verbaas wees oor die verskil wat dit maak om genoeg slaap te kry! Moenie vergeet om die woord in jou gemeenskap versprei oor die voordele van slaap.

You will be surprised about the difference it makes to get enough sleep! Don’t forget to spread the word in your community about the benefits of sleeping.

Hoe om op te hou rook

How to stop smoking

Mense begin rook vir verskillende redes. Baie lande nie inligting verskaf oor die skadelike effek van rook en dus rook is 'n algemene praktyk. Wat ook al jou rede was vir die begin om te rook, ophou sal voordelig wees vir jou gesondheid. Rook lei tot kanker en ander ernstige siektes.

People start smoking for different reasons. Many countries don’t provide information on the harmful effect of smoking and therefore smoking is a common practice. Whatever your reason was for starting to smoke, quitting will be beneficial to your health. Smoking leads to cancer and other serious illnesses.

Rook nadelig byna elke orgaan van die liggaam. Dit is die grootste oorsaak van voorkombare dood. Rook verhoog jou risiko's aan die volgende voorwaardes te ontwikkel:

Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. It is the leading cause of preventable death. Smoking increases your risks to develop the following conditions:

  • Asma en tweedehandse rook
  • Kanker
  • tandvleissiekte
  • Suikersiekte
  • Risiko's tydens swangerskap
  • beroerte
  • Hartsiekte
  • longsiektes
  • Asthma and secondhand smoke
  • Cancer
  • Gum disease
  • Diabetes
  • Risks during pregnancy
  • Stroke
  • Heart disease
  • Lung diseases

Ophou rook is hard vir almal. Hoe langer jy gerook, hoe moeiliker is dit! Dit is omdat rook is verslawend. Jy hoef dit nie alleen te doen nie. Vertel jou dokter oor jou belangstelling in die ophou om hulp te kry, soos 'n pil of 'n pleister wat sal help om die proses makliker. Leer oor rook en hoe om op te hou van die CDC.

Quitting smoking is hard for everyone. The longer you have smoked, the harder it is! This is because smoking is addictive. You do not have to do it alone. Tell your doctor about your interest in quitting to get help, such as a pill or a patch that will help make the process easier. Learn about smoking and how to quit from the CDC.

Produkte om te help ophou rook sluit:

Products to help stop smoking include:

  • nikotien gom
  • nikotien patches
  • elektroniese sigarette
  • Nicotine gum
  • Nicotine patches
  • Electronic cigarettes

nota: As jy ingeskryf is in Medicaid dan iets wat jou help om op te hou rook sal gedek word onder jou versekering plan. Baie private planne sal ook hierdie hulpmiddels te dek.

Note: If you are enrolled in Medicaid then anything that helps you stop smoking will be covered under your insurance plan. Many private plans will also cover these aids.

Leer meer

Learn more

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