Hoe om te ry in die VSA

Engels ookgeen Engels

Om te begin ry in Amerika, Jy moet leer hoe om te ry veilig en slaag 'n toets wys jy weet die VSA ry wette. Elke staat vereis dat jy 'n Bestuurder se lisensie kry as jy van plan op ry. As jy skuif na 'n ander staat, Jy moet jou ou lisensie vir 'n nuwe lisensie in daardie toestand ruil. Hier is 'n paar belangrike dinge om te weet oor hoe om te ry in die VSA.

To start driving in America, you must learn how to drive safely and pass a test showing you know the US driving laws. Every state requires you to get a driver’s license if you plan on driving. If you move to a different state, you must exchange your old license for a new license in that state. Here are some important things to know about how to drive in the USA.

How do learn to drive

How do learn to drive

Kry 'n Bestuurder se lisensie

Getting a driver’s license

Dit is onwettig om te ry sonder 'n ry lisensie. Elke staat in die VSA het 'n ander ry wette. Jy kan hierdie wette leer deur lees 'n U.S drywer se handleiding in baie tale. Jy sal ook moet lees die werklike drywer se handleidings vir jou toestand.

It is illegal to drive without a driving license. Each state in the US has different driving laws. You can learn these laws by reading a US driver’s manual in many languages. You will also need to read the actual driver’s manuals for your state.

Sodra jy gelees het en verstaan ​​die wette, Jy sal moet 'n skriftelike toets en 'n ry toets om jou lisensie te kry. Jy sal moet skeduleer hierdie toets soontoe. Jy kan aanlyn gaan besoek of bel die DMV office wat is die naaste aan jou huis. Jy het 'n fooi te neem jou toets en kry jou lisensie te betaal. Baie state laat jou toe om die toets te neem in jou moedertaal.

Once you have read and understood the laws, you will need to take both a written test and a driving test to get your license. You will need to schedule this test ahead of time. You can go online or visit or call the DMV office that is closest to your home. You have to pay a fee to take your test and get your license. Many states allow you to take the test in your native language.

Motor versekering

Car insurance

Motor versekering dek koste in die geval van 'n ongeluk of besering. Die Wet vereis basiese versekering op alle motors in die geval van die drywer iemand beskadig of skade wat iemand anders se eiendom. Jy kan ook versekering dek die koste van skade aan jou eie kar kry, en vir motor diefstal.

Car insurance covers costs in the event of an accident or injury. The law requires basic insurance on all cars in case the driver injures someone or damages someone else’s property. You can also get insurance to cover the cost of damage to your own car, and for car theft.

Jy moet ten minste basiese motor het versekering ten einde ry wettig. Selfs as jy ry motor 'n vriend se, Dit is jou verantwoordelikheid om seker te maak dat die motor wat jy ry is verseker. Die versekering dokument moet gehou word in die motor te wys as jy deur die polisie gestop is.

You must have at least basic car insurance in order to drive legally. Even if you are driving a friend’s car, it is your responsibility to make sure that the car you are driving is insured. The insurance document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Motor registrasie

Car registration

Motor registrasie is 'n belasting betaal elke jaar aan die staat. Dit laat jou toe om die motor op die pad neem en betaal vir jou lisensie plate. Dit is nie reg om te ry 'n motor wat nie geregistreer is. Die registrasie dokument moet gehou word in die motor te wys as jy deur die polisie gestop is.

Car registration is a tax paid every year to the state. It allows you to take the car on the road and pays for your license plates. It is not legal to drive a car that is not registered. The registration document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Veiligheid en ry wenke

Safety and driving tips

Die VSA het wette om jou te beskerm terwyl jy ry. Jy moet altyd volg hierdie wette. Hierdie wette mag anders as in jou eie land wees. Jy sal nodig hê om die spesifieke wette te leer vir jou toestand. Hier is 'n paar belangrike reëls veiligheid wat die meeste state vereis:

The USA has laws to protect you while you are driving. You must always follow these laws. These laws may be different than in your home country. You will need to learn the specific laws for your state. Here are some important safety rules that most states require:

• Motor sitplekke

• Car seats

Babas en kinders moet in kar sitplekke geskik is vir hul grootte wat stewig vasgegespe is in die motor ry. Die ouderdom kinders kan ophou met behulp van die motor sitplekke is afhanklik van die staat. As jy onseker is, Kontak jou plaaslike DMV kantoor. hou nooit 'n kind in jou skoot terwyl jy ry of ry in 'n voertuig; dit is beide gevaarlik en onwettig.

Infants and children must ride in car seats appropriate to their size that are strapped securely in the car. The age children can stop using car seats varies by state. If you are unsure, contact your local DMV office. Never hold a child in your lap while driving or riding in a vehicle; it is both dangerous and illegal.

• Seatbelts

• Seatbelts

Jy moet 'n veiligheidsgordel dra terwyl jy 'n motor bestuur of ry in 'n motor in die VSA. Almal in die voertuig moet 'n veiligheidsgordel dra, of ry of ry as 'n passasier. Die rede is dat, in 'n ongeluk, mense sonder seatbelts kon vlieg uit hul sitplekke, 'n kind te beseer hulself en ander.

You must wear a seatbelt while driving a car or riding in a car in the US. Everyone in the vehicle must wear a seatbelt, whether driving or riding as a passenger. The reason is that, in a crash, people without seatbelts could fly out of their seats, injuring themselves and others.

• Ruimtepakke

• Helmets

As jy ry of ry 'n motorfiets, moet jy 'n valhelm dra. Byna elke staat in die VSA vereis motorcyclists dra ruimtepakke.

If you are riding or driving a motorcycle, you should wear a helmet. Almost every state in the USA requires motorcyclists to wear helmets.

• Drink

• Drinking

Jy word nie toegelaat om alkohol te drink voor of terwyl jy ry. Dit is baie belangrik, want jy jou lisensie kan verloor as jy drink en bestuur nie en verwag om groot boetes te betaal of selfs dien tyd in die tronk. Jy kan ook ernstig beseer of dood te maak iemand as jy drink en bestuur.

You are not allowed to drink alcohol before or while driving. This is very important because you can lose your license if you drink and drive and be required to pay huge fines or even serve time in jail. You could also seriously injure or kill someone if you drink and drive.

• Selfone en ander afleidings

• Cellphones and other distractions

Dit is onwettig om te praat op jou selfoon terwyl jy ry in sommige state in die VSA. SMS is verban in byna alle state. Selfone kan jy aflei uit die pad. As jy nodig het om jou selfoon te gebruik, jy moet trek oor. 'N groeiende aantal van ons stede is ander afleidings asook verbied, soos eet, drink koffie, of bywoning van troeteldiere.

It is illegal to talk on your phone while you are driving in some states in the US. Texting is banned in almost all states. Cell phones can distract you from the road. If you need to use your phone, you should pull over. A growing number of US cities are forbidding other distractions as well, such as eating, drinking coffee, or attending to pets.

• Kinders in voertuie

• Children in vehicles

Jy is oor die algemeen nie toegelaat word om jou kinders te laat in jou motor as jy nie in die motor. Byvoorbeeld, As jy in 'n Winkel gaan, Jy moet jou kinders met jou bring. As kinders verlaat alleen, hulle kan beseer probeer om uit te klim, vrylating van die rem of koppelaar, oorverhit of vries, sluit jy, of gaan ontbreek.

You are generally not allowed to leave your children in your car when you are not in the car. For example, if you go into a store, you must bring your children with you. If children are left alone, they could be injured trying to get out, release the brake or clutch, overheat or freeze, lock you out, or go missing.

• Ry wanneer moeg

• Driving when tired

Moenie ry as jy moeg is. As jy in jou motor en besef jy is te moeg om te ry, sein en trek oor na 'n veilige plek waar jy nie belemmer verkeer en jy is nie in gevaar. Op freeways daar is aangewese res gebiede. Sluit jou deure altyd terwyl jy nap.

Do not drive if you are tired. If you are in your car and realize you are too tired to drive, signal and pull over to a safe location where you are not obstructing traffic and you are not in danger. On freeways there are designated rest areas. Always lock your doors while you nap.

• Honking en ander geraas

• Honking and other noise

Vermy die gebruik van jou horing tensy daar is 'n bekommernis vir veiligheid. In sommige gebiede, Dit is onwettig om die horing onnodig of tydens sekere ure gebruik. Die gebruik van 'n harde radios is ook ontmoedig of onwettig in sommige gebiede.

Avoid using your horn unless there is a concern for safety. In some areas, it is illegal to use the horn unnecessarily or during certain hours. The use of loud radios is also discouraged or illegal in some areas.

• Slotte en sleutels

• Locks and keys

Voertuig diefstal en diefstal uit voertuie is 'n probleem in sommige gebiede. Dit is belangrik om jou kar deure sluit, selfs terwyl in jou motor, en neem jou sleutels wanneer jy verlaat. Verwyder waardevolle artikels uit die oog.

Vehicle theft and theft from vehicles is a problem in some areas. It is important to lock your car doors, even while in your car, and take your keys when you leave. Remove valuables from view.

• Troeteldiere in voertuie

• Pets in vehicles

As die weer baie warm of baie koud tipies bo 70° F of laer as 40° F, Dis 'n slegte idee om troeteldiere in die kar los selfs met die windows oop, want hulle kon sterf. Troeteldiere is bekend om te sluit 'n drywer van 'n motor, so hou altyd 'n sleutel op u.

If the weather is very hot or very cold typically above 70°F or below 40°F, it is a bad idea to leave pets in the car even with the windows open, because they could die. Pets have been known to lock a driver out of a car, so always keep a key on you.

ongelukke

Accidents

As jy in 'n ongeluk terwyl jy ry, jy moet ophou. Moenie die toneel van die ongeluk nie verlaat sonder om te stop. As jou motor is nog besig, probeer om af te trek van die pad. As iemand seerkry, jy moet bel 911 onmiddellik.

If you get in an accident while you are driving, you must stop. Do not leave the scene of the accident without stopping. If your car is still working, try to pull off of the road. If anyone is hurt, you should call 911 immediately.

As niemand seergekry, moet jy neerskryf die naam, telefoon nommer, adres, lisensienommer rybewys, kenteken nommer, en versekering inligting van die persoon met wie jy getref of wat getref jy. As daar was mense wat gesien het (gesien het) die ongeluk, moet jy ook versamel hul name en telefoonnommers. As jy 'n kamera, jy kan foto's van enige skade te neem. Jy moet ook skryf neer die ligging van die ongeluk en neem foto's van die ligging asook.

If no one is hurt, you should write down the name, phone number, address, driver’s license number, license plate number, and insurance information of the person you hit or who hit you. If there were people who witnessed (saw) the accident, you should also collect their names and phone numbers. If you have a camera, you can take pictures of any damage. You should also write down the location of the accident and take pictures of the location as well.

Na die ongeluk, jy moet die ongeluk onmiddellik by jou versekeringsmaatskappy.

After the accident, you should report the accident to your insurance company immediately.

Ry in slegte weer

Driving in bad weather

Afhangende van waar jy is hervestig in die VSA, die weer kan baie verskil van dié van jou huis land word. Dit kan jou eerste keer ry in uiterste toestande.

Depending on where you are resettled in the US, the weather may be very different from that of your home country. It may be your first time driving in extreme conditions.

  • As die pad is ysige of sneeu, moet jy ry vermy. As jy moet ry, gaan stadig en sneeu bande of kettings op jou bande gebruik. Hulle kan jou help om beter stop in ys of sneeu.
  • Pak 'n noodgeval kit in jou motor wat veiligheid items bevat, soos 'n noodhulpkissie, ekstra warm klere, water, kettings, 'n sneeu shovel, en 'n flitslig.
  • If the road is icy or snowy, you should avoid driving. If you must drive, go slowly and use snow tires or chains on your tires. They can help you stop better in ice or snow.
  • Pack an emergency kit in your car that contains safety items, such as a first aid kit, extra warm clothing, water, chains, a snow shovel, and a flashlight.

Pad woede

Road rage

Pad woede is 'n term om te beskryf die woede mense voel wanneer hulle ry. Mense kan gil of honk of ry om naby aan jou as hulle is kwaad oor jou ry. As jy besef jy 'n fout gemaak toe jy ry, jy kan beweeg om die persoon met wie jy jammer is wys. Indien iemand 'padwoede en is kwaad vir jou, reageer nie. Probeer om net te hou ry so kalm as moontlik en gaan uit hul pad. Moenie te konfronteer of uit te daag 'n woedende bestuurder, en nie ry as jy kwaad of ontsteld is. Ry verg baie konsentrasie en geduld.

Road rage is a term to describe the anger people feel when they drive. People may yell or honk or drive to close to you if they are angry about your driving. If you realize you made a mistake when you are driving, you can wave to show the person you are sorry. If someone has road rage and is angry at you, do not respond. Try to just keep driving as calmly as possible and get out of their way. Do not confront or challenge an angry driver, and do not drive when you are angry or upset. Driving takes a lot of concentration and patience.

Koop 'n motor

Buying a car

Is dit jou eerste keer koop 'n motor in die VSA? Koop 'n motor is 'n ernstige verbintenis. Ons beveel aan dat jy het 'n Amerikaanse vriend of mentor help jy die eerste keer dat jy 'n motor koop. Soms kry jy 'n lening uit die bank of krediet unie om te koop 'n motor. Maar as jy kry 'n lening, jy betaal rente op dit elke maand sodat die motor sal kos meer as as jy geld om te koop met kontant gestoor.

Is it your first time buying a car in the USA? Buying a car is a serious commitment. We recommend that you have an American friend or mentor help you the first time you buy a car. You can sometimes get a loan from the bank or credit union to purchase a car. But if you get a loan, you will pay interest on it every month so the car will cost more than if you saved money to buy it with cash.

Wanneer jy vir jou motor betaal het of heeltemal af jou lening betaal, jy sal die kry “titel” om jou motor – die amptelike dokument bewys jy dit besit.

When you have paid for your car or paid off your loan completely, you will get the “title” to your car – the official document proving you own it.

Hoe om 'n motor te koop

How to buy a car

Dit is oor die algemeen goedkoper om 'n gebruikte motor te koop as 'n nuwe motor. Jy kan 'n gebruikte motor koop van die eienaar of uit 'n motor handelaar. Jy kan onderhandel oor die prys. As jy wil koop 'n gebruikte motor, dit is 'n goeie idee om 'n werktuigkundige kyk na die motor het voor jy dit koop om seker te maak dat daar niks verkeerd is met die motor. Jy sal ook wil om te toets ry die motor. Dit beteken dat jy sal dit neem vir 'n rit en kyk om seker te maak alles werk voordat jy dit koop.

It is generally cheaper to buy a used car than a new car. You can buy a used car from the owner or from a car dealer. You can negotiate on the price. If you are buying a used car, it is a good idea to have a mechanic look at the car before you buy it to make sure that nothing is wrong with the car. You will also want to test drive the car. This means you will take it for a drive and check to make sure everything is working before you buy it.

Wanneer jy 'n gebruikte motor te koop, wat jy nodig het om seker te maak dat die motor “titel” (wat bewys dat die persoon met wie jy dit uit die aankoop van besit dit wys) duidelik. Jy moet die motor titel notarized kry (amptelik onderteken) en maak seker dat jy 'n kwitansie kry, selfs al is dit hand-geskrewe, van die eienaar van die motor.

When you buy a used car, you need to make sure that the car “title” (which shows proof that the person you are buying it from owns it) is clear. You should get the car title notarized (officially signed) and make sure you get a receipt, even if it is hand-written, from the owner of the car.

Vereistes vir die aankoop en besit van 'n motor

Requirements for buying and owning a car

  • Koop 'n motor, Jy benodig 'n Bestuurder se lisensie.
  • Jy sal moet registreer die motor met die Departement van motorvoertuie in jou toestand te kry lisensie plate, wat is nodig.
  • Jy sal ook moet betaal vir die maandelikse versekering om die motor en gas en instandhouding ry vir die motor.
  • To buy a car, you will need a driver’s license.
  • You will have to register the car with the department of motor vehicles in your state to get license plates, which are required.
  • You will also have to pay for monthly insurance to drive the car and gas and maintenance for the car.

Hierdie is almal net voorstelle om jou te help verstaan beter bestuur in die VSA. Nie een van hierdie inligting is bedoel as regsadvies. Enige vrae oor ry moet gerig word aan state DMV offices of plaaslike polisie.

These are all just suggestions to help you better understand driving in the USA. None of this information is intended as legal advice. Any questions about driving should be directed to state DMV offices or local police.

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