Snerpende regte en wette

Engels ookgeen Engels

In die Verenigde State, Snerpende mense het spesifieke regte. Sommige regte afhang van waar jy woon. Lees oor Snerpende regte by die werk, behuising regte, en anti-boelie wette. Vind oor wetlike beskerming vir Snerpende mense.

In the United States, LGBT people have specific rights. Some rights depend on where you live. Read about LGBT rights at work, housing rights, and anti-bullying laws. Find out about legal protection for LGBT people.

A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG handel
A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG Trade

LGBT staan vir lesbiese, gay, biseksuele, en transgender of gebroke. Lees oor Snerpende en meer definisies, soos queer, vrae en intersex. diskriminasie middele anders behandel word as gevolg van jou ouderdom, seks, geslag, of seksualiteit. Dit is teen die Wet in die VSA om te diskrimineer teen mense van die LGBTQ gemeenskap. Maar nie almal volg die wette, en houdings teenoor die Snerpende gemeenskap is verskillende dwarsoor die land. Dit is belangrik om te weet wat die wette is in jou staat.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or transsexual. Read about LGBT and more definitions, such as queer, questioning and intersex. Discrimination means being treated differently because of your age, sex, gender, or sexuality. It is against the law in the USA to discriminate against people from the LGBTQ community. But not everyone follows the laws, and attitudes toward the LGBT community are different all over the country. It is important to know what the laws are in your state.

Snerpende regte by die werk

LGBT rights at work

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. Alle werknemers het die volgende regte:

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. All employees have the following rights:

  • Jou werkgewer kan dwing om te praat oor of jy is Snerpende.
  • Jou werkgewer kan jy beledig of maak grappies oor jou identiteit.
  • Jou werkgewer kan nie maak dat jy meer werk doen of straf omdat jy Snerpende.
  • Jou werkgewer kan jy vuur vir Snerpende.
  • Your employer cannot force you to talk about whether you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot insult you or make jokes about your identity.
  • Your employer cannot make you do more work or punish you because you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot fire you for being LGBT.

Buite hierdie basiese regte, Daar is verskillende regte vir private en publieke werknemers. Openbare werknemers werk vir die county, staat, of nasionale regering – byvoorbeeld by 'n plaaslike openbare skool. Privaat werknemers werk vir besighede, soos fabrieke of winkels.

Beyond these basic rights, there are different rights for public and private employees. Public employees work for the county, state, or national government – for example at a local public school. Private employees work for businesses, such as factories or stores.

Wette beskerm publieke werknemers afgedank word vir hul identiteit. Maar as jy werk by 'n private maatskappy, jou werk dalk het verskillende reëls en aksies oor teistering. Wanneer jy jou werk begin, praat met jou menslike hulpbronne-afdeling as jy vrae het. Hulle sal hou jou vrae en inligting privaat.

Laws protect public employees from being fired for their identity. But if you work at a private company, your job might have different rules and actions about harassment. When you start your job, talk to your human resources department if you have questions. They will keep your questions and information private.

Werknemers met MIV

Employees with HIV

Mense in die Snerpende gemeenskap het hoër koerse van MIV as reguit mense. MIV is 'n aansteeklike virus wat jou immuunstelsel aanvalle. Dit kan lei tot 'n siekte genaamd VIGS. Mense met MIV het tyd om te gaan na die dokter en neem breek as hulle moeg is nodig. Jy kan betaalde tyd neem om afsprake te gaan. Jy kan vra vir hulp as jy nie goed voel. Jou baas nie het om te sê Ja.

People in the LGBT community have higher rates of HIV than straight people. HIV is a contagious virus that attacks your immune system. It can lead to an illness called AIDS. People with HIV need time to go to the doctor and to take breaks if they are tired. You can take paid time off to go to appointments. You can ask for help if you are not feeling well. Your boss does not have to say yes.

As jy MIV het, die meeste werkplekke moes hou jou status privaat. Hulle kan vertel ander werknemers of mense buite werk as jy MIV-positief is. Maar as jou werk het minder as 15 mense, jou baas nie het dit privaat hou.

If you have HIV, most workplaces have to keep your status private. They cannot tell other employees or people outside of work if you are HIV positive. But if your work has less than 15 people, your boss does not have to keep this private.

Jou baas kan jy omdat jy MIV het vuur. Maar hulle kan jou brand as jy te siek om jou werk te doen. Dit geld vir alle openbare en private werknemers.

Your boss cannot fire you because you have HIV. But they can fire you if you are too sick to do your job. This is true for all public and private employees.

Undocumented werknemers

Undocumented employees

As jy undocumented, Jy het die dieselfde regte as ander Snerpende werknemers. Die Agentskap wat monitor werkplek diskriminasie kan kyk na jou burgerskap. Jou werkgewer kan jy as jy rapporteer diskriminasie straf. Dit is die Wet. Maar jou werkgewer kan jy aan immigrasie dienste verslag. Dit word nie toegelaat nie, Maar soms gebeur dit. Vind meer inligting op undocumented regte by die werk.

If you are undocumented, you have the same rights as other LGBT employees. The agency that monitors workplace discrimination cannot look at your citizenship. Your employer cannot punish you if you report discrimination. This is the law. But your employer might report you to immigration services. This is not allowed, but sometimes it happens. Find more information on undocumented rights at work.

Snerpende regte in behuising

LGBT rights in housing

oor 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Behuising regte is nie dieselfde in elke staat.

About 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Housing rights are not the same in every state.

tans, 20 State en die distrik van Columbia wette wat ophou transgender diskriminasie ondersteun. As jy huur of koop eiendom in daardie state:

Currently, 20 states and the District of Columbia support laws that stop transgender discrimination. If you rent or buy property in those states:

  • Mense kan vra oor jou geslag of seksuele oriëntasie.
  • Mense jy weg kan draai want jy is transgender of gay.
  • Mense kan dwing om te laat want jy is transgender of gay. As jy 'n huurkontrak of kontrak, Dit is reg vir jou om te bly.
  • People cannot ask about your gender or sexual orientation.
  • People cannot turn you away because you are transgender or gay.
  • People cannot force you to leave because you are transgender or gay. If you have a lease or contract, it is legal for you to stay.

Homelessness

Homelessness

Snerpende mense is meer geneig om te wees Hawelose. As jy tans Hawelose, Jy is nie alleen. Jy kan kyk vir 'n skuiling in oornag te bly. Snerpende behuising en skuilings, kan nie publiseer hul adresse. Dit is om die veiligheid van mense wat daar woon te beskerm. Jou naaste Snerpende gemeenskap Sentrum kan jou help om 'n skuiling wat nie gelys is nie. Hulle kan ook jou help om meer langtermyn behuising.

LGBT people are more likely to be homeless. If you are currently homeless, you are not alone. You can look for a shelter to stay in overnight. LGBT housing and shelters might not publish their addresses. This is to protect the safety of people living there. Your nearest LGBT community center may help you find a shelter that is not listed. They may also help you find more long-term housing.

Veilige plek 'n nasionale program vir jong mense wat nood hulp en veiligheid nodig is. Veilige plek etiketteer organisasies as 'Veilige plekke' waar Snerpende mense kan gaan in 'n noodgeval. Plekke kan biblioteke word, brandweerstasies, maatskaplike dienste, en nog baie meer. Hulle sal jou veilig hou en help om. As hulle kan jou help met jou probleem, hulle sal vind dat iemand anders wat kan.

Safe Place is a national program for young people who need emergency help and safety. Safe Place labels organizations as ‘Safe Places’ where LGBT people can go in an emergency. Places can be libraries, fire stations, social services, and more. They will keep you safe and help you. If they can’t help you with your problem, they will find someone else who can.

Anti-boelie wette

Anti-bullying laws

Afknouery is 'n algemene woord gebruik om te praat oor teistering. Afknouery sluit sê beteken dinge en enige soort van ongewenste fisiese kontak. Cyberbullying is wanneer iemand stuur beteken of dreigende boodskappe aanlyn. Dit word gewoonlik deur middel van sosiale media soos Facebook.

Bullying is a common word used to talk about harassment. Bullying includes saying mean things and any kind of unwanted physical contact. Cyberbullying is when someone sends mean or threatening messages online. This usually happens through social media such as Facebook.

Afknouery kan gebeur om mense van enige ouderdom en is 'n ernstige probleem in die VSA. in 21 State en die distrik van Columbia, Dit is teen die Wet om iemand as gevolg van hul geslag of seksuele oriëntasie bully. As iemand jou in jou werkplek is afknouery, vertel jou Bestuurder.

Bullying can happen to people of any age and is a serious issue in the USA. In 21 states and the District of Columbia, it is against the law to bully someone because of their gender or sexual orientation. If someone is bullying you in your workplace, tell your manager.

As jou kind by die skool afgeknou word, Jy moet praat met hul onderwyser. Jy kan nie leef in 'n toestand waar boelie is onwettig. Maar selfs sonder sodanige wette, skole moet hul studente en werknemers beskerm. Skool amptenare sal praat met die boelie. As die probleem is ernstige, die boelie sal waarskynlik gestraf kry.

If your child is being bullied at school, you should talk to their teacher. You might not live in a state where bullying is illegal. But even without such laws, schools must protect their students and employees. School officials will talk to the bully. If the problem is serious, the bully will probably get punished.

Wetlike beskerming

Legal protection

Wettige organisasies neem gevalle vir mense wat diskriminasie ervaar het. Daar is algemene organisasies en Snerpende organisasies. Snerpende organisasies ondersteun spesifieke behoeftes en doen baie werk vir die Snerpende gemeenskap.

Legal organizations take cases for people who have experienced discrimination. There are general organizations and LGBT organizations. LGBT organizations support specific needs and do a lot of work for the LGBT community.

Lambda regs is die grootste Nasionale Snerpende regshulp organisasie. Lamda wettige se hulpsentrum kan Kontroleer jou geval en koppel jy aan plaaslike verteenwoordigers.

Lambda Legal is the biggest national LGBT legal aid organization. Lamda Legal’s helpdesk can review your case and connect you to local representatives.

Die ACLU gee gratis wetlike hulp aan mense wie se regte is mishandel. Die ACLU het programme vir Snerpende regte en verteenwoordig Snerpende Cravenweek geteisterde gewees het. As jy wetlike hulp nodig, vind jou naaste ACLU ligging.

The ACLU gives free legal help to people whose rights are being abused. The ACLU has programs for LGBT rights and represents LGBT people who have been harassed. If you need legal help, find your nearest ACLU location.

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Die inligting op hierdie blad kom uit die Amerikaanse regering en ander betroubare bronne. Dit is bedoel vir leiding en so dikwels as moontlik opgedateer is. USAHello gee nie regsadvies, of is enige van ons materiaal bedoel geneem moet word as regsadvies. As jy op soek is vir 'n vry of lae-koste prokureur of wetlike hulp, Ons kan jou help vind gratis en lae-koste Regsdienste.

The information on this page comes from the US government and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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