Vroue by die werk

Engels ookgeen Engels

Byna die helfte van die arbeidsmag in die VSA is gemaak van vroue, Maar vroue by die werk kan probleme het. Dit is belangrik om voorbereid te wees vir 'n paar belangrike kwessies. Leer wat om te doen oor die loon gaping, seksisme, seksuele teistering en swangerskap diskriminasie.

Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women, But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

Mans maak meer geld en kry hy bevorder meer dikwels as vroue by die werk. Daar is minder bestuurders en presidente wat vroue. Van die top 500 maatskappye in die Verenigde State, enigste 5 persentasie van die leiers is vroue.

Men make more money and get promoted more often than women at work. There are fewer managers and presidents who are women. Of the top 500 companies in the United States, only 5 percent of the leaders are women.

Die loon gaping vir vroue by die werk

The wage gap for women at work

'N loon gaping is 'n verskil tussen hoe baie mans en vroue maak. Vroue by die werk is dikwels betaal oor 20% minder as mans. Hulle dikwels kry betaal minder vir dieselfde werk. 'N loon gaping bestaan omdat:

A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. Women at work are often paid about 20% less than men. They often get paid less for doing the same job. A wage gap exists because:

  • Meer mans werk in hoër betalende werk, soos medisyne en Wet
  • Vroue soms moes ophou werk om te sorg vir kinders
  • Vroue by die werk is minder geneig om te vra vir die verhoog
  • More men work in higher paying jobs, such as medicine and law
  • Women sometimes have to stop work to take care of children
  • Women at work are less likely to ask for raises

Kyk na 'n video oor die loon gaping

Watch a video about the wage gap

Wat jy kan doen oor die loon gaping

What you can do about the wage gap

Vir professionele take, Jy kan vra vir meer geld wanneer jy kry gehuur. Jy kan ook vra vir meer wanneer jy voel dat jy verdien 'n verhoging.

For professional jobs, you can ask for more money when you get hired. You can also ask for more when you feel that you deserve a raise.

Bestuurders mag dink vroue in die werkplek is nie so goed soos mans. Maar, hulle kan nie sê of dit selfs besef. As jy sien 'n groot betaal gaping waar jy werk, gesels met u Bestuurder of menslike hulpbronne Departement. As jy 'n Bestuurder, praat met ander leiers by jou werk. Praat oor maak seker dat vroue by die werk het die dieselfde kanse vir bevorderings en huur. Stel 'n onbewuste Beligtingsneiging opleiding. Hierdie tipe opleiding onderwysers te behandel almal dieselfde.

Managers may think women in the workplace are not as good as men. However, they may not say this or even realize it. If you see a big pay gap where you work, talk to your manager or Human Resources Department. If you are a manager, talk to other leaders at your job. Talk about making sure women at work have the same chances for promotions and hiring. Suggest an unconscious bias training. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.

Seksisme

Sexism

Seksisme beteken behandeling van mans en vroue verskillend. Dit met enigiemand kan gebeur, maar gewoonlik, Dit beteken dat 'n vrou by die werk op 'n negatiewe manier behandel word.

Sexism means treating men and women differently. It can happen to anyone, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.

Voorbeelde van seksisme

Examples of sexism

  • Nie bevorder want jy is 'n vrou
  • Mans nie laat jy klaar praat in vergaderings
  • Name soos "heuning" en "Raakgesien stom" deur jou baas genoem word
  • Not being promoted because you are a woman
  • Men not letting you finish speaking in meetings
  • Being called names like “honey” and “sweetheart” by your boss

Wat jy kan doen oor seksisme

What you can do about sexism

As jy kan, praat met die persoon wat jou pla. Vertel hulle dat jy ongemaklik is en wil hê hulle moet ophou. Hulle kan luister en stop wat hulle doen of sê. As hulle nie luister of jy is bang om te praat vir hulle, vertel jou baas. Elke maatskappy het 'n ander manier om te stop of straf seksisme. Mees waarskynlike, jou baas sal jou vertel die menslike hulpbronne Departement (ook bekend as HR). Hulle sal praat met die persoon wat sexist word en jy kan insluit. As jou baas is die een beledigend, gaan direk na HR.

If you can, talk to the person who is bothering you. Tell them that you are uncomfortable and want them to stop. They might listen and stop what they are doing or saying. If they do not listen or you are scared to talk to them, tell your boss. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. Most likely, your boss will tell the human resources department (also known as HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.

Seksuele teistering

Sexual harassment

Seksuele teistering is enige aandag, Taal, of fisiese kontak wat jy hou nie van. Seksuele teistering deur enigiemand is nooit aanvaarbaar. Vroue ervaar die algemeenste seksuele teistering deur mans. Seksuele teistering is onwettige.

Sexual harassment is any attention, language, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.

Voorbeelde van seksuele teistering

Examples of sexual harassment

  • Kommentaar oor die manier waarop jy kyk wat maak jy ongemaklik
  • Raak dat jy nie daarvan hou, insluitend drukkies
  • Deel foto's of video's van mense doen seksuele dade
  • Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
  • Touching that you do not like, including hugging
  • Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts

Wat jy kan doen oor seksuele teistering

What you can do about sexual harassment

Volg dieselfde proses as vir seksisme. Praat met die persoon en dan jou baas of menslike hulpbronne Departement. Seksuele teistering van vroue by die werk is 'n ernstige probleem. Menslike hulpbronne kan besluit om die persoon wetstoepassing gerig jy straf. Die persoon kan afgedank word. As jou maatskappy nie help, dalk moet jy vind 'n prokureur.

Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.

Swangerskap diskriminasie

Pregnancy discrimination

Swangerskap diskriminasie beteken dat die behandeling van 'n vrou anders as gevolg van haar swangerskap of geboorte. Swangerskap diskriminasie is nie wettig in maatskappye met 15 werknemers of meer.

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.

Voorbeelde van swangerskap diskriminasie

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

  • 'N swanger vrou om meer tyd te neem en dan sy wil dwing
  • Enige iemand vir pomp borsmelk in die kantoor en maak nie 'n private ruimte vir pomp
  • Nie oorweging van 'n swanger vrou vir 'n bevordering
  • Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion

Wat jy kan doen oor swangerskap diskriminasie

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

As jou werkgewers voorsien nie ruimte vir pomp bors melk, vra hulle om dit te doen. As hulle dit doen nie, praat met 'n coworker wat jy vertrou. As hulle hul eie kantoor, vra as jy daar kan pomp. Die meeste werkplekke bied drie maande af vir swangerskap. As jy wil kom terug om te werk en jy word gedwing om meer tyd neem, praat met die menslike hulpbronne Departement. Verduidelik dat kom nie terug was nie jou keuse. Praat ook met HR vir enige ander swangerskap-verwante diskriminasie.

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

Vroue by die werk kan slaag!

Women at work can succeed!

Vroue is byna die helfte van die arbeidsmag in die Verenigde State. Dit beteken jy is 'n baie belangrike deel van die ekonomie. Jy kan in die gesig staar spesiale uitdagings, maar vroue by die werk kan steeds daarin slaag om. As jy sien dat 'n vrou teen gediskrimineer, sy mag bang wees om te sê enigiets. Aanbod om te help indien moontlik en indien dit veilig vir jou om dit te doen. Dit is belangrik dat vroue by die werk help mekaar.

Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.

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