Якія ўзроўні ў сістэме адукацыі ЗША?

англійская таксаманяма Англійская

У ЗША, public school starts between the age of 4 і 6 and continues until 16 у 18 гадоў. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

high school students

high school students

У адпаведнасці з заканадаўствам ЗША, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. Ты можаш даведацца ўзрост і колькасць гадоў у вашай дзяржаве.

Under US law, your children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

The education system in US public schools

The education system in US public schools

Early childhood education

Early childhood education

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (arebillingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Preschool

Preschool

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Elementary school

Elementary school

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (Да) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

вышэйшая школа

High school

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 або 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, дзейнасць, спартыўны, work-study arrangements, і іншыя віды дзейнасці.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

School placement in the American education system

School placement in the American education system

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

Многія студэнты-ўцекачы, магчыма, прапусцілі школу, пакуль яны знаходзіліся ў лагеры ці бегчы са сваёй краіны. Яны могуць быць на розных узроўнях класа, чым тыповы амерыканскі студэнт таго ж ўзросту. Некаторыя студэнты маглі б быць на ўзроўні высокага класа, але не гавораць па-ангельску яшчэ. Тыя студэнты, могуць узнікнуць праблемы ў цяжкіх класаў, пакуль яны не вывучыць англійскую мову лепш. Школы ў ЗША часам размяшчаць студэнтаў у няправільных класах.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

How will schools place my child?

How will schools place my child?

Студэнты могуць прыняць некаторыя тэсты перад пачаткам навучальнага года або ў самым пачатку навучальнага года. Тэсты могуць быць запісаныя. Яны маглі б дарослыя прачытаць пытанні да студэнту. Яна розная для кожнага школьнага акругі.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

Калі вы думаеце, што ваш дзіця знаходзіцца ў няправільным класе, Вы можаце пагаварыць з настаўнікам, галоўны, або супрацоўнікі школы, якія выпрабаваныя і змешчаныя ваша дзіця.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • спытаць, «Якое было ваша разважанне?»Школа можа дапамагчы вам зразумець іх рашэнне.
  • Растлумачце, чаму вы лічыце, што размяшчэнне няправільна. Яны могуць быць у стане змяніць размяшчэнне, калі яны згодныя з прычынамі.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. Гэтыя агульныя прычыны:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Рэкамендацыі для бацькоў / апекуноў
  • Стандартызаваныя вынікі тэстаў, па меры неабходнасці
  • Гатоўнасць выканаць складаныя заданні
  • Студэнцкі цікавасць або матывацыя
  • Настаўнік або кансультант рэкамендацыі
  • Узоры студэнцкіх работ
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Same grade, different level

Same grade, different level

Сярэднія і вышэйшыя школы ёсць класы, якія выкладаюцца на розных узроўнях, у тым жа класе. Некаторыя з іх цяжэй і некаторыя з іх прасцей. Назвы курсаў часам апісваюць ўзровень складанасці. Словы змяняюцца ў залежнасці ад школьнага акругі.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

Імёны для класаў, якія лягчэй або выкарыстоўваць больш простыя ўзроўні англійскай:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • ўключэнне
  • Basic skills
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

Назвы класаў на тыповы ўзровень для класа:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • рэгулярнае
  • Non-ушанаванняў
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

Назвы класаў на больш высокі або прасунуты ўзроўні:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • ўзнагароды
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (з)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

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