Menene American dabi'u? Abin da yake da muhimmanci ga Amirkawa?

Turanci mababu English

Fahimci American dabi'u da kuma koyi game da abin da yake da muhimmanci a Amirkawa. Karanta me ya sa Amirkawa darajar 'yancin kai, daidaito, da kuma kasancewa a kan lokaci. Za ka ga me ya sa Amirkawa ne kai tsaye da kuma na yau da kullum da kuma dalilin da ya sa gasar, aikin da'a, da sayen abubuwa ne duk muhimmanci a cikin USA.

Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.

Menene American dabi'u

What are American values

Menene American dabi'u?

What are American values?

A cikin kasar, ku yiwuwa ya ƙarfafa hadisai da kuma al'adu da ka mai daraja. A Amurka, akwai kuma muhimmanci American dabi'u. Wadannan su ne abubuwan da suke da mafi muhimmanci ga Amirkawa.

In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.

Independence

Independence

Daya daga cikin manyan dabi'u a Amurka ne 'yancin kai. Independence ne, wani lokacin ake magana a kai a matsayin individualism. Amirkawa ne alfahari da kasancewa kai-tawakkali, ko kasancewa iya kula da kansu, kuma sun ayan zaton wasu ya zama kai-tawakkali da. A lokacin da wani ya kai wani burin, cewa ne yawanci gani a matsayin sakamakon nasa ko nata aiki. Wannan shi ne daban-daban fiye da a da yawa da wasu al'adu da suke more gama. Collective al'adu ayan ga aikata a matsayin tunani na wani dukan iyali ko al'umma.

One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.

Ga wani misali na yadda Amirkawa darajar 'yancin kai:

Here is an example of how Americans value independence:

  • American yara sukan bar gida a baya fiye da a wasu al'adu. Misali, bayan kammala karatu high school, da yawa yara motsa daga je koleji ko fara aiki. Idan suka ci gaba da rayuwa a gida, su za a tambaye su biya haya ko taimako zuwa ga gidan.
  • Amirkawa sa ran duk wanda ke iya aiki da yin haka domin ya goyi bayan kansu.
  • American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
  • Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.

Privacy

Privacy

Amirkawa darajar sirrin da nasu sarari. Duk da yake a wasu al'adu so sirrin iya ganin kamar wani mummunan abu, Amirkawa, da dama so a yi shi kadai lokaci kuma yana iya zama mai zaman kansa game da wasu batutuwa.

Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.

Ga 'yan yanayi alaka da American darajar sirri:

Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:

  • a tattaunawa, Amirkawa, da dama masu zaman kansu ne game da wasu abubuwa da kuma ba sa so su yi magana game da su, kamar su shekaru, nawa kudi suka yi, ko siyasa, jima'i da addini views. Wasu mutane ba su son magana game da wadannan batutuwa a bainar jama'a domin su kasance damu da shi zai sa mutane su yi jayayya. Duk da haka, idan kana da tambayoyi game da wadannan batutuwa, za ka iya tambaye mu. Mai Amirkawa za su yi farin ciki domin ya koyar da ku game da yadda Amirkawan duba duniya.
  • Amirkawa sau da yawa ba juna more sarari a jama'a yanayi fiye da mutane a wasu al'adu. Sun ayan tsaya tare da wani bit na sarari tsakanin su, yawanci na nesa daga wani dantsenka mai iko.
  • Amirkawa, da dama da fences kusa da gidajensu, don tabbatar suna da sirri. Idan ka yara rasa wani ball ko wasu abun wasa a kan wani makwabcin ta shinge, shi ne kullum mugun ra'ayin tsalle kan shinge da kuma dawo da abun wasa. maimakon, je gaban ƙofar kuma buga ko ringi kararrawa. Idan babu amsar bar wani rubutu a kan kofa, tambayar izinin dawo da abun wasa tsakanin 8am da 8pm. Wannan shi ne duka m, kuma mai lafiya, kamar yadda wasu mutane da matsara karnuka ko iya zama sosai m na sirri. Dattawa musamman yawanci bukatar karin zaman lafiya da shiru da kuma mai yiwuwa ba so da za a gaji da damuwa. Idan ka bude wata kofa dole ne ka rufe shi. Duk da haka, idan ka zo da wani bude kofa, bar shi a bude.
  • Bedrooms yawanci dauke zaman kansa sarari. Makwabta da abokai suna Miscellaneous a kitchen, cin abinci dakin ko falo. Iyaye da yara ayan da nasu dakuna kwana, kuma sau da yawa, American yara kowane suna da nasu dakuna kwana.
  • In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
  • Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
  • Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
  • Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.

Wadanda su ne kawai wasu misalai daga bayanin tsare da cewa zai iya zama daban-daban a cikin al'adun.

Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.

Directness

Directness

Amirkawa ne sau da yawa sosai kai tsaye. Wannan yana nufin su sau da yawa gaya muku abin da suka yi tunani da kuma za su zama assertive game da abin da suke so. Ana assertive aka kullum gani a matsayin wani abu mai kyau a Amurka.

Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.

Ga wasu misalai na American-style directness:

Here are some examples of American-style directness:

  • A wasu al'adu, shi ne m to ki wannan gayyatar - misali, idan wani ya tambaye ka ga abincin rana, ka ce a, amma sai su tafi su abincin rana. a Amirka, shi ne kusan ko da yaushe mafi alhẽri ga ce, “babu, amma na gode” ko, “na gode, amma Ina da wani sadaukar.” Idan ka ce a wani gayyatar amma ba su je taron, da mutum zai samu kau da.
  • a tattaunawar, idan an American amincewa da ra'ayi, su gaya maka. Wannan ba ya nufin ba su son ku, kawai dõmin su da wani daban-daban ra'ayin.
  • A ra'ayin “rasa fuska” ba guda a Amurka. The fassara ga “rasa fuska” zai zama “kunya,” wanda shi ne kasa tsanani. Amirkawa na iya zama kunya, idan sun soki ko yin kuskure, misali. Saboda haka Amirkawa iya nuna kuskure ko zunɗen ka, kawai nufin shi a matsayin gyara ko amfani bayanai.
  • a azuzuwan, Amirkawa da zai kalubalance su da malamai’ ideas. A wasu al'adu, shi ne m to saba da malama.
  • An taba ne m to ka nẽmi taimako. Idan wani aboki ko makwabcin ya tambaye ku, idan kana bukatar wani abu, suka gaske kana so ka taimaka. Feel free to ce, “Idan kana zuwa shagon da ka yi tafiya da lemu, don Allah sama da ni up wani jakar, kuma zan biya ka a gare su.” ko, idan kana bukatar hunturu tufafi misali, kuma ba ka tabbatar da inda zan saya su, shi ne OK to tambaya, “Kuna da wani shawarwari ga inda zan iya saya m dasu da kuma takalma saboda yara?” Mai Amirkawa son don taimaka, da kuma bukatar sosai kadan ƙarfafawa ga zama mai kyau abokai da makwabta.
  • In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
  • In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
  • The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
  • In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
  • It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.

a general, shi ne mai kyau a tuna cewa abin da za su iya bayyana m ba a yi nufin cewa hanyar. Amirkawa suna ba ƙoƙarin zama m - suna kawai kasancewa kai tsaye.

In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.

Daidaitan

Equality

A Amurka jawabi na Independence ya furta, “Dukan mutane masu Created Daidaita.” a gaskiya, wasu mutane a Amurka ba ko da yaushe yi wa duk 'yan ƙasa daidai, amma Amirkawa, da dama ji sosai karfi game da ra'ayin daidaita. Akwai misalai da dama a tarihin {asar Amirka inda duk mutane da aka ba a bi daidai kamar bautar na Afirka American (baki) 'yan ƙasa. Duk da haka, Amirkawa na son su yi ĩmãni da ra'ayin cewa duk mutanen da ya kamata a yi daidai da damar. Wannan ra'ayin shi ne wani ɓangare na abin da ake kira “American Dream.” Mutane da yawa farkon baƙi koma America to bi American Dream. Sun yi imani da cewa idan ka yi aiki tukuru, ka iya matsawa har a cikin al'umma.

The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.

Yau fiye da mafi mutane gane da American Dream ba gaskiya ba ne. Mutane da yawa da suka yi aiki sosai wuya ba sosai kudi. Sau da yawa mutanen da suka zo daga wurinsu kyakkyawan zarafi backgrounds da wani sauki lokaci motsi sama a duniya. har yanzu, da ra'ayin daidaici ne wani muhimmin ɓangare na Amurka al'ada.

Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.

Ga wasu misalai na daidaito a al'adun {asar Amirka:

Here are some examples of equality in American culture:

• A doka yanayi, dukan Amirkawa ya kamata a bi daidai da dukan Amirkawa da dama ga misali da wani lauya.

• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.

• A wani aji, duk dalibai ya kamata a bi daidai da malamansu. Babu dalibi ya kamata a yi falala a kansu.

• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.

• Maza da mata ya kamata a bi daidai da, da maza ba kyan gani, kamar yadda mafi alhẽri daga mata. a gaskiya, mata da yawa har yanzu ba su da wannan matsayi a matsayin maza a al'ummar {asar Amirka, musamman cikin sharuddan nawa kudi za su iya yin.

• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.

• A Amurka, akwai ba wani karfi saka zamantakewa matsayi ko caste tsarin. Wani lokaci mutane wanda ka iya sa ran za mu bi da ku tare da girmamawa iya yi da ku kamar wani daidaita. Misali, yara iya kiran wani mazan adult da su sunan farko. Idan wannan ya faru da ku, kokarin tuna da suka ba su zama m, amma suna da wani daban-daban al'adu darajar.

• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.

• Wani lokaci Amirkawa za su gaya maka yadda za su fi son zuwa a jawabi a lokacin da suka gabatar da kansu. Idan wani malami ko wani likita ya gabatar da kanta a matsayin “Lucy” ko “Doctor Lucy”, cewa shi ne yadda ya kamata ka magance ta. Idan ta gabatar da kanta a matsayin Dr. Wilson, cewa shi ne abin da ta fi son a kira.

• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.

Yana da amfani san cewa akwai iya har yanzu zama ganuwa hierarchies tsakanin mutane. Wadannan ayan da za a dogara a kan more mutum nasara: misali, wani ya ta aiki, dũkiya, ko ilimi.

It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.

zama na yau da kullum

Informality

American jama'a ne sau da yawa na yau da kullum da kuma annashuwa.

American society is often informal and relaxed.

Ga wasu misalai na yadda Amurka ne wani na al'ada:

Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:

• Amirkawa iya dress yo, kamar saka jeans ko guntun wando ko a wurin aiki, makaranta, ko coci. A lokacin da ka fara fara aiki, shi ne mai kyau ra'ayin dress more ƙa'ida sa'an nan zuwa zabi your tufafin dangane da abin da mutanen da ke kewaye da kake saka.

• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.

• Lokacin da gaisuwa da wani, Amirkawa sukan ce, “Hi” ko, “Hello.” Za ka yi amfani da wannan gaisuwa ko da wanda kake magana da: danka ko danka malamin. A langauge ba shi da m kuma na yau da kullum siffofin gaisuwa.

• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.

• Amirkawa sukan kira juna da su na farko sunayen. A wasu yanayi, duk da haka, shi ne mafi alhẽri a mafi m da kuma yin amfani da karshe sunayen har ana tambayarka don amfani mai sunan farko - misali, a wani kasuwanci halin da ake ciki, ko kuma a makaranta.

• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.

Duk da yake da zama na yau da kullum na Amurka al'adun iya mamaki da ku, shi ba a nufi zama m. a gaskiya, idan wani gaishe ka informally da kuma kira ku, kira ta farko da sunan, shi yiwuwa yana nufin su tunanin ku a cikin wani m hanya.

While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.

Competition

Competition

Amirkawa na iya zama m kuma sau da yawa aiki tukuru don cimma burin su. Gasar sau da yawa take kaiwa Amirkawa zama sosai aiki. Amirkawa, da dama duba gasar ne abu mai kyau.

Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.

Ga wasu misalai na American darajar gasar:

Here are some examples of the American value of competition:

• Gasar a kasuwanci ne saboda a babban ɓangare ga jari hujja tattalin arzikin. Amurka ta kasuwanci model ne zuwa gasa ga abokan ciniki da kuma ga mafi farashin.

• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.

• Amirkawa za su tsara kuri'a na ayyuka. Ko matasa da yara shiga a kuri'a da ayyuka a waje na makaranta, kamar wasanni, music darussa, kuma da yardar ransa. Wani lokaci za ka iya ji kamar Amirkawa ne “sunã gaggãwa kusa da” tare da kadan lokaci domin shakatawa. Amma Amirkawa, da dama suka ji mai kyau a lokacin da suka samu da yawa yi.

• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.

• Gasar za a iya gani a makaranta, a wurin aiki, kuma a cikin wasanni. Misali, dalibai iya aiki tukuru domin cimma mafi kyau maki. Wani lokacin gasar ya shafi kungiyoyin, kamar a kwallon kafa ko wani makaranta binciken kungiyar.

• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.

• Amirkawa yiwu ma “gasa” da kansu. Amirkawa, da dama aiki tukuru don ci gaba da inganta a abin da suka yi. Misali, su iya son gudu a tseren sauri fiye da suka kasance sunã aikatãwa na karshe lokaci ko sun iya so su sayar da ƙarin abubuwa a su aiki da fiye da suka aikata cikin shekara kafin.

• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.

overall, da darajar sa a kan gasar iya sa ka ka ji wasu al'adu buga, musamman idan ka zo daga wani al'adun cewa shi ne mafi hadin baki fiye da m.

Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.

Lokaci da kuma yadda ya dace

Time and efficiency

Amirkawa sanya mai yawa darajar a kan su lokaci. Amirkawa na iya jin takaici idan sun zaton wani ko wani abu da ya kuka da kansa su lokaci. Wasu Amurkawa shirya fitar da lokaci a hankali, ta amfani da kullum kalandarku duka biyu rayuwansu da aikinsu rayuwar. Akwai wata magana a Amurka: lokaci ne kudi. Wannan yana nufin mutane da yawa Amirkawa na son yin amfani da su lokacin da “nagarta sosai” - sun so su samun mafi yi a cikin guntu adadin lokaci.

Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.

Wannan na iya zama daban-daban daga abin da kake amfani da su. Lokacin da yin kasuwanci da yawa, za ka iya ciyar da lokaci da samun sani da sauran mutum, watakila yayin shan shayi ko kofi. A Amurka, wannan shi ne sau da yawa ba haka al'amarin.

This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.

Ga wasu yanayi a cikin abin da za ka iya so ya zama sane da lokaci:

Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:

  • tarurruka, musamman domin aikin: Ya kamata ka yi kokarin zama a kan lokaci – yiwuwa ko 5 minti farkon.
  • alƙawura: Idan kana da wani likita ta nada ko wasu sauran irin nada, kana bukatar ka zo a kan lokaci. Za ka iya har yanzu yi jira domin ganawa. Duk da haka, yana da muhimmanci ka a kan lokaci ko za ka iya yi yi lissafi da nada.
  • Ayyukan tare da abokai: Idan kana kiran su zuwa wani gidan cin abincin dare,, kokarin zama a kan lokaci – za ka iya zama 5 ko 10 minti marigayi, amma idan kai ne da yawa daga baya fiye da abin da, ku ya kamata yiwuwa kira, kuma sai su san.
  • jam'iyyun: Ga wani karamin jam'iyyar, zo a cikin 15 minti na lokaci ba. Domin a manyan jam'iyyar da mutane da yawa, za ka iya zama 30 to 40 minti marigayi.
  • Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
  • Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
  • Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
  • Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.

Kyakkyawan mulkin ne cewa kowane lokaci za ka zama marigayi, ya kamata ka kira, kuma bari mutumin da ka ke ganawa sani za ka zama marigayi. Idan ba za ka iya kiran, ya kamata ka gaya wa mutumin da ka ne hakuri da kasancewa marigayi lokacin da ka zo.

A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.

Wani lokaci, kana iya jin kamar wani ne da barin sosai da sauri ko ne cikin sauri ya bar. Wannan na iya zama domin suna so su zama “kan lokaci” su gaba saduwa. Wannan ba yana nufin ba su son ku.

Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.

Kasancewa a kan lokaci da kuma kasancewa sane da lokaci ne mai al'adu bambanci za ka yiwuwa bukatar daidaita saboda idan kun kasance m, kana iya rasa aikinku, miss your alƙawura, ko m wani ya ji. Idan kana da wuya lokacin daidaitawa da American gabar lokaci, kana iya samun wani agogon ko wayar cewa yana da wani ƙararrawa don tunatar da ku daga lokacin, musamman domin samun aiki.

Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.

aikin da'a

Work ethic

Amirkawa za a iya mayar da hankali sosai a kan aikinsu. Wani lokaci mutane daga wasu al'adu zaton Amirkawa “rayuwa-to-aiki” ko suna “workaholics.” Wannan yana nufin sun zaton Amirkawa aiki da yawa. Sashe na daga cikin dalilin da Amirkawa ne aikin-daidaitacce ne saboda zama aiki da kuma aiki ne sau da yawa gani a matsayin wani abu mai kyau. Mutane kuma ayan gane karfi tare da su jobs. Misali, lokacin da ka fara saduwa da wani, daya daga cikin na farko tambayoyi su tambaye ka ne “Me ka ke yi?” suka nufi, “Wane irin aiki ba ku aikata?”

Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”

Maza ko matan da suka yi aiki a gida kulawa da iyali sau da yawa kiran kansu “gida-masu yi” kuma cancanci girmamawa ga wannan sana'a kamar yadda wani. Lokacin cika aikace-aikace na kowane irin, shi ne OK rubuta “gida-mai yi” a matsayin sana'a ga wani wanda ba shi da wani biyan aiki a waje da gida.

Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.

Consumerism

Consumerism

Kamar yadda wani sabon zuwa Amurka, za ka iya, wani lokacin tunanin Amirkawa ze jari - mayar da hankali a kan mallakan da kuma sayen abubuwan. Sashe na daga cikin dalilin wannan ne cewa Amirkawa, da dama darajar gasar da kuma aikin. Saboda Amirkawa darajar gasar, da suke so su “ci gaba da sama” tare da waɗanda suke kewaye da su. Nufin wannan, misali, idan makwabcin ka samu wani sabon mota, za ka iya so wani sabon mota ma. Amirkawa kira wannan “Tsayawa up tare da Joneses.”

As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”

Amirkawa, da dama darajar aiki da kuma da karfi da aikin da'a. Amirkawa, da dama duba abu abubuwa kamar talabijin ko takalma a matsayin wata hanya ta nuna su ne nasara a aikin. Amirkawa iya tunanin abu abubuwa kamar lada su yi aiki tu uru da kuma} o} arin.

Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.

Wani dalili Amirkawa iya zama abu-daidaitacce ne saboda Amirkawa, da dama darajar newness da kuma} ir}. Saboda haka ko da idan suna da wata wayar cewa aiki, su iya son wani sabon wayar saboda yana da sabuwar kuma m siffofin. Ba ka da zuwa ga jin dole ne ka da kuri'a na dũkiyarku da za a mutunta. Ya kamata ka ji dadi rai kawai, ko da wani hanya za ka fi son, watakila ceton karin kudi domin gaggawa, da ilimi da kuma ja da baya maimakon jawabin a kan abubuwa to burge wasu.

Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.

Duk na sama kalamai ne generalizations na American dabi'u. Generalizations ba ko da yaushe gaskiya, amma abubuwan da suke da sau da yawa gaskiya. Manufar USAHello ne don samar da generalizations ya taimake ka gane dalilin da yasa wani American iya aiki a hanyar da ba ku fahimtar. Ka tuna, ba hanya ne mafi alhẽri daga da sauran hanyar da - kawai daban-daban.

All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of USAHello is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.

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