Yadda za a fitar a Amurka

Turanci mababu English

Don fara tuki a Amurka, dole ne ka koyi yadda za a fitar da amince da kuma wuce wani gwajin nuna ka san da Amurka tuki dokokin. Kowace jiha na bukatar ku don samun wani lasin idan ka shirya kan tuki. Idan ka matsa zuwa wani daban-daban a jihar, dole ne ka musanya tsohon lasisi ga wani sabon lasisi a jihar. Ga wasu muhimmanci abubuwa sani game da yadda za a fitar a Amurka.

To start driving in America, you must learn how to drive safely and pass a test showing you know the US driving laws. Every state requires you to get a driver’s license if you plan on driving. If you move to a different state, you must exchange your old license for a new license in that state. Here are some important things to know about how to drive in the USA.

How do learn to drive

How do learn to drive

Samun a lasin

Getting a driver’s license

Shi ne ba bisa doka ba su fitar da wani ba tare da tuki lasisi. Kowace jiha a Amurka yana da daban-daban da tuki dokokin. Za ka iya koyi da wadannan dokokin da karanta wani Amurka direba ta manual cikin harsuna da yawa. Za ka kuma bukatar karanta ainihin direba ta Littattafan for your jihar.

It is illegal to drive without a driving license. Each state in the US has different driving laws. You can learn these laws by reading a US driver’s manual in many languages. You will also need to read the actual driver’s manuals for your state.

Da zarar ka karanta da kuma gane da dokokin, za ka bukatar ka yi duka biyu a rubuta gwajin da kuma tuki gwajin don samun your lasisi. Za ka bukatar ka tsara wannan gwajin kafin lokaci. Za ka iya je online ko ziyarci ko kira DMV ofishin cewa shi ne mafi kusa ga gida. Dole ka biya kudin kai ka gwajin da kuma samun your lasisi. Jihohi da dama ba ka damar daukar gwajin a cikin harshe.

Once you have read and understood the laws, you will need to take both a written test and a driving test to get your license. You will need to schedule this test ahead of time. You can go online or visit or call the DMV office that is closest to your home. You have to pay a fee to take your test and get your license. Many states allow you to take the test in your native language.

mota inshora

Car insurance

Mota inshora maida hankali ne akan halin kaka a taron na wani hatsari ko rauni. A dokar na bukatar asali inshora a duk motoci a yanayin da direba injures wani ko diyya wani dukiyar. Zaka kuma iya samun inshora don rufe kudin lalacewar naka mota, kuma ga mota sata.

Car insurance covers costs in the event of an accident or injury. The law requires basic insurance on all cars in case the driver injures someone or damages someone else’s property. You can also get insurance to cover the cost of damage to your own car, and for car theft.

Dole akalla asali mota inshora domin su fitar da bin doka. Ko da kana tuki wani aboki na mota, shi ne alhakin don tabbatar da cewa mota kana tuki aka inshora. A inshora daftarin aiki ya kamata a kiyaye a cikin mota don nuna idan kana tsaya da 'yan sanda.

You must have at least basic car insurance in order to drive legally. Even if you are driving a friend’s car, it is your responsibility to make sure that the car you are driving is insured. The insurance document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Car rajista

Car registration

Car rajista ne a haraji biya a kowace shekara zuwa jihar. Yana ba ka damar daukar mota a kan hanya, da kuma biya your lasisi faranti. Shi ne ba shari'a don fitar da wani mota cewa ba a rajista. The rajista daftarin aiki ya kamata a kiyaye a cikin mota don nuna idan kana tsaya da 'yan sanda.

Car registration is a tax paid every year to the state. It allows you to take the car on the road and pays for your license plates. It is not legal to drive a car that is not registered. The registration document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Kiyaye da kuma tuki tips

Safety and driving tips

A USA yana da dokokin kare ka yayin da kake tuki. Dole ne ka ko da yaushe bi wadannan dokoki. Wadannan dokokin iya zama daban-daban fiye da a cikin gida na kasar. Za ka bukatar ka koyi da takamaiman dokokin for your jihar. Ga wasu muhimmanci aminci dokoki cewa mafi yawan jihohi bukatar:

The USA has laws to protect you while you are driving. You must always follow these laws. These laws may be different than in your home country. You will need to learn the specific laws for your state. Here are some important safety rules that most states require:

• Car kujeru

• Car seats

Jarirai da yara dole hau a cikin mota kujeru dace don su size cewa an yi ɗamara tam a cikin mota. A shekaru yara za su iya dakatar da amfani da mota kujeru dabam ta jihar. Idan kun kasance m, tuntuɓi mai gida DMV ofishin. Taba rike wani yaro a gwiwa yayin tuki ko ko hawa a cikin abin hawa; shi ne duka da haɗari, kuma doka.

Infants and children must ride in car seats appropriate to their size that are strapped securely in the car. The age children can stop using car seats varies by state. If you are unsure, contact your local DMV office. Never hold a child in your lap while driving or riding in a vehicle; it is both dangerous and illegal.

• Seatbelts

• Seatbelts

Dole ne ka sa a seatbelt yayin tuki a mota ko hawa a wani mota a Amurka. Kowane mutum, a abin hawa dole ne sa a seatbelt, ko tuki ko ko hawa a matsayin wani fasinja. Dalilin shi ne,, a wani hadarin, mutane ba tare da seatbelts iya tashi daga kujerun, jẽfe kansu da sauransu.

You must wear a seatbelt while driving a car or riding in a car in the US. Everyone in the vehicle must wear a seatbelt, whether driving or riding as a passenger. The reason is that, in a crash, people without seatbelts could fly out of their seats, injuring themselves and others.

• kwalkwali

• Helmets

Idan kana hawa ko tuki babur, ya kamata ka sa kwalkwali. Kusan kowace jiha a cikin USA na bukatar motorcyclists to sa kwalkwali.

If you are riding or driving a motorcycle, you should wear a helmet. Almost every state in the USA requires motorcyclists to wear helmets.

• Ana shayar da

• Drinking

Ba ka da damar ya sha barasa kafin ko lokacin tuki. Wannan yana da muhimmanci sosai, saboda za ka iya rasa your lasisi idan ka sha da kuma fitar da kuma za a buƙaci ka biya babbar tara, ko ko bauta lokaci a kurkuku. Za ka iya kuma tsanani cuta ko kashe wani idan ka sha, da drive.

You are not allowed to drink alcohol before or while driving. This is very important because you can lose your license if you drink and drive and be required to pay huge fines or even serve time in jail. You could also seriously injure or kill someone if you drink and drive.

• cellphones da sauran karkacewar

• Cellphones and other distractions

Shi ne ba bisa doka ba don magana a kan wayarka yayin da kake tuki a wasu jihohi a Amurka. Texting da aka dakatar a kusan dukkan jihohin. Cell phones iya shagaltar da ku daga hanya. Idan kana bukatar ka yi amfani da wayarka, ya kamata ka ja a kan. A girma yawan garuruwan {asar Amirka suna hani sauran karkacewar da, kamar cin, sha kofi, ko halartar ga dabbobi.

It is illegal to talk on your phone while you are driving in some states in the US. Texting is banned in almost all states. Cell phones can distract you from the road. If you need to use your phone, you should pull over. A growing number of US cities are forbidding other distractions as well, such as eating, drinking coffee, or attending to pets.

• Yara a motocin

• Children in vehicles

Kana kullum ba a yarda ya bar 'ya'yanku a cikin mota lokacin da ka ba su a cikin mota. Misali, idan kun tafi a cikin wani kantin sayar da, dole ne ka kawo 'ya'yanku tare da ku. Idan yara suna bar shi kadai, su za a iya ji rauni kokarin fita, saki da birki ko kama, overheat ko daskare, Kulle ka fita, ko je bace.

You are generally not allowed to leave your children in your car when you are not in the car. For example, if you go into a store, you must bring your children with you. If children are left alone, they could be injured trying to get out, release the brake or clutch, overheat or freeze, lock you out, or go missing.

• tuki idan gaji

• Driving when tired

Kada ku fitar da idan ka gaji. Idan kun kasance a cikin mota da kuma gane kai ne ma gaji su fitar da, siginar da ja a kan wani hadari wuri inda za ka ba su toshe zirga-zirga da kuma ba ka cikin hadari. A freeways akwai kaddamarda sauran yankunan. Koyaushe ƙulla your kofofin yayin da ka rurumi.

Do not drive if you are tired. If you are in your car and realize you are too tired to drive, signal and pull over to a safe location where you are not obstructing traffic and you are not in danger. On freeways there are designated rest areas. Always lock your doors while you nap.

• Honking da sauran amo

• Honking and other noise

Kauce wa yin amfani da kaho, sai dai idan akwai wani kamfani domin kare lafiya. A wasu wuraren, shi ne ba bisa doka ba don amfani da Kakakin unnecessarily ko a lokacin wasu sa'o'i. A amfani da karfi radios ne ma karai, ko ba bisa doka ba a wasu yankunan.

Avoid using your horn unless there is a concern for safety. In some areas, it is illegal to use the horn unnecessarily or during certain hours. The use of loud radios is also discouraged or illegal in some areas.

• Mukullai da makullin

• Locks and keys

Vehicle sata da kuma sata daga motocin ne da matsala a wasu yankunan. Yana da muhimmanci a kulle motarka kofofin, ko da yayin da a cikin mota, kuma kai ka keys lokacin da ka bar. Cire masu daraja daga view.

Vehicle theft and theft from vehicles is a problem in some areas. It is important to lock your car doors, even while in your car, and take your keys when you leave. Remove valuables from view.

• Dabbobin gida a motocin

• Pets in vehicles

Idan yanayin zafi sosai, ko sanyi sosai, yawanci sama 70 ° F ko a kasa 40 ° F, shi ne mugun ra'ayin barin dabbobi a cikin mota ko da tare da windows bude, saboda su iya mutuwa. Dabbobin gida da aka sani ya kulle wani direba daga wata mota, saboda haka ko da yaushe ci gaba a key a kan ku.

If the weather is very hot or very cold typically above 70°F or below 40°F, it is a bad idea to leave pets in the car even with the windows open, because they could die. Pets have been known to lock a driver out of a car, so always keep a key on you.

hatsarori

Accidents

Idan ka samu a wani hatsari yayin da kake tuki, dole ne ka daina. Kada ka bar scene na da hadarin ba tare da tsayawa. Idan ka mota ne har yanzu aiki, kokarin cire kashe na hanya. Idan kowa ya ji ciwo, ya kamata ka kira 911 nan da nan.

If you get in an accident while you are driving, you must stop. Do not leave the scene of the accident without stopping. If your car is still working, try to pull off of the road. If anyone is hurt, you should call 911 immediately.

Idan babu wanda ya ji rauni, ya kamata ka rubuta sunan, lambar tarho, adireshin, lasin yawan, Lambar motar, da inshora bayanai na mutumin da ka buga, ko kuma wanda ya buge ka. Idan akwai mutane suka halarta (sawa) da hatsari, ya kamata ka kuma tattara su sunaye da lambobin waya. Idan kana da wata kamara, za ka iya ɗaukar hotuna na wani lalacewa. Ya kamata ka kuma rubuta saukar da wuri daga cikin hatsari da kuma daukan hotuna na wuri da.

If no one is hurt, you should write down the name, phone number, address, driver’s license number, license plate number, and insurance information of the person you hit or who hit you. If there were people who witnessed (saw) the accident, you should also collect their names and phone numbers. If you have a camera, you can take pictures of any damage. You should also write down the location of the accident and take pictures of the location as well.

Bayan da hadarin ya, ya kamata ka bayar da rahoton da hadarin ya zuwa ga inshora kamfanin nan da nan.

After the accident, you should report the accident to your insurance company immediately.

Tuki a cikin mummunan yanayi

Driving in bad weather

Ya danganta da inda kake Hijira a Amurka, yanayin iya zama sosai daban-daban daga abin da žasarka. Yana iya zama karo na farko tuki a matsananci yanayi.

Depending on where you are resettled in the US, the weather may be very different from that of your home country. It may be your first time driving in extreme conditions.

  • Idan hanya ne na garin kankara ko ake yin dusar ƙanƙara, ya kamata ka kauce wa tuki. Idan dole ne ka fitar da, tafi sannu a hankali da kuma amfani da snow tayoyin ko sarƙoƙi a kan tayoyin. Za su taimake ka daina mafi alhẽri a cikin kankara ko snow.
  • Pack gaggawa kit a cikin mota cewa ya ƙunshi aminci abubuwa, kamar wani taimakon farko Kit, karin dumi tufafi, ruwa, sarƙoƙi, wani snow shebur, da tocila.
  • If the road is icy or snowy, you should avoid driving. If you must drive, go slowly and use snow tires or chains on your tires. They can help you stop better in ice or snow.
  • Pack an emergency kit in your car that contains safety items, such as a first aid kit, extra warm clothing, water, chains, a snow shovel, and a flashlight.

Road fushi

Road rage

Road fushi ne a wani ajali na bayyana fushinsa mutane jin lokacin da suka fitar da. Mutane na iya yi ihu ko honk ko kuma fitar da rufe muku idan sun yi fushi, game da tuki. Idan ka yi za ka yi kuskure a lõkacin da kake tuki, za ka iya kaɗa hadayar ya nuna wa mutumin da ka ne sannu. Idan wani yana da hanya fushi da shi ne fushi a ka, Ba da amsa. Ka yi kokarin kawai ci gaba da tuki a matsayin calmly kamar yadda zai yiwu kuma, ka fita daga hanya. Kada adawa ko kalubalanci wani fushi direba, kuma kada ku fitar da lokacin da kake fushi ko kau da. Tuki daukan mai yawa taro da kuma hakuri.

Road rage is a term to describe the anger people feel when they drive. People may yell or honk or drive to close to you if they are angry about your driving. If you realize you made a mistake when you are driving, you can wave to show the person you are sorry. If someone has road rage and is angry at you, do not respond. Try to just keep driving as calmly as possible and get out of their way. Do not confront or challenge an angry driver, and do not drive when you are angry or upset. Driving takes a lot of concentration and patience.

Siyan mota

Buying a car

Shin your farko sayen mota a Amurka? Siyan mota ne mai tsanani sadaukar da. Mun bada shawara cewa kana da wani American aboki ko shawarta taimake ku da farko lokacin da ka saya mota. Zaka iya, wani lokacin samun rance daga banki ko bashi jam'iyya sayan mota. Amma idan ka samu wani rance, za ka biya sha'awa a kan shi a kowane wata, don haka da mota za kudin fiye da idan ka ajiye kudi saya da shi tare da tsabar kudi.

Is it your first time buying a car in the USA? Buying a car is a serious commitment. We recommend that you have an American friend or mentor help you the first time you buy a car. You can sometimes get a loan from the bank or credit union to purchase a car. But if you get a loan, you will pay interest on it every month so the car will cost more than if you saved money to buy it with cash.

Lokacin da ka biya for your mota ko biya kashe ka ara gaba daya, za ka samu “suna” to your mota - ta na aikin daftarin aiki hakikanta ka mallaka shi.

When you have paid for your car or paid off your loan completely, you will get the “title” to your car – the official document proving you own it.

Yadda za a saya mota

How to buy a car

Shi ne kullum rahusa saya amfani da mota fiye da wani sabon mota. Za ka iya saya amfani da mota daga mai shi, ko kuma daga wani mota dila. Za ka iya yi shawarwari a kan farashin. Idan kana sayen wani amfani mota, shi ne mai kyau ra'ayin da makaniki look at cikin mota kafin ka saya da shi don tabbatar da cewa babu abin da yake ba daidai ba tare da mota. Za ka kuma so su gwada fitar da mota. Wannan yana nufin za ka yi shi domin wani drive da kuma duba don tabbatar da duk abin da aka aiki kafin ka saya da shi.

It is generally cheaper to buy a used car than a new car. You can buy a used car from the owner or from a car dealer. You can negotiate on the price. If you are buying a used car, it is a good idea to have a mechanic look at the car before you buy it to make sure that nothing is wrong with the car. You will also want to test drive the car. This means you will take it for a drive and check to make sure everything is working before you buy it.

A lokacin da ka saya amfani da mota, kana bukatar ka tabbatar da cewa mota “suna” (wanda ya nuna tabbaci cewa mutumin da ka ke sayen shi daga rike da shi) sarari. Ya kamata ka sami mota suna notarized (hukumance hannu) da kuma tabbatar da ka samu rasit, ko da idan an hannunka-rubuce, daga mai shi daga cikin mota.

When you buy a used car, you need to make sure that the car “title” (which shows proof that the person you are buying it from owns it) is clear. You should get the car title notarized (officially signed) and make sure you get a receipt, even if it is hand-written, from the owner of the car.

Bukatun ga sayen kuma mallakan wani mota

Requirements for buying and owning a car

  • Don saya mota, za ka bukatar wani lasin.
  • Za ka yi rajistar da mota tare da sashen na Motoci a jihar don samun lasisi faranti, wanda ake bukata.
  • Za ka kuma biya domin kowane wata inshora ga fitar da mota da kuma iskar gas da kuma goyon baya ga mota.
  • To buy a car, you will need a driver’s license.
  • You will have to register the car with the department of motor vehicles in your state to get license plates, which are required.
  • You will also have to pay for monthly insurance to drive the car and gas and maintenance for the car.

Wadannan su ne duk kawai shawarwari don taimaka maka mafi alhẽri fahimta tuki a Amurka. Babu wannan bayani ne aka yi nufi kamar yadda doka shawara. Duk wani tambayoyi game da tuki kamata a directed zuwa Jihar DMV ofisoshin ko na gida da 'yan sanda.

These are all just suggestions to help you better understand driving in the USA. None of this information is intended as legal advice. Any questions about driving should be directed to state DMV offices or local police.

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