LGBT hakkoki da abubuwan da dokoki

Turanci mababu English

A Amurka, LGBT mutane da takamaiman hakkokin. Wasu hakkin ya dogara ne a kan inda kake zama. Karanta game da LGBT hakkin a wurin aiki, gidaje hakkokin, da kuma anti-zalunci dokokin. Gano game doka kariya ga mutane LGBT.

In the United States, LGBT people have specific rights. Some rights depend on where you live. Read about LGBT rights at work, housing rights, and anti-bullying laws. Find out about legal protection for LGBT people.

A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock / FG Trade
A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG Trade

LGBT tsaye ga 'yan madigo, gay, bisexual, kuma transgender ko transsexual. karanta game da LGBT, kuma mafi ma'anar, kamar queer, tambayar da intersex. Nuna Bambanci yana nufin daukarsu daban saboda your shekaru, jima'i, jinsi, ko jima'i. Shi ne yaƙi da shari'ar a Amurka domin a nuna banbanci ga mutane daga LGBTQ al'umma. Amma ba kowa da kowa ya bi dokokin, kuma acewar da LGBT al'umma ne daban-daban a duk fadin kasar. Yana da muhimmanci a san abin da dokokin ne a cikin jihar.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or transsexual. Read about LGBT and more definitions, such as queer, questioning and intersex. Discrimination means being treated differently because of your age, sex, gender, or sexuality. It is against the law in the USA to discriminate against people from the LGBTQ community. But not everyone follows the laws, and attitudes toward the LGBT community are different all over the country. It is important to know what the laws are in your state.

LGBT hakkin a wurin aiki

LGBT rights at work

Aikinka iya ba a nuna banbanci ga ka ga zama LGBT. All ma'aikata da wadannan hakkoki:

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. All employees have the following rights:

  • Aikinka ba zai iya tilasta ka ka magana game da ko kai ne LGBT.
  • Aikinka ba zai iya zage ku ko yin barkwanci game da shaidarka.
  • Aikinka ba zai iya sa ka yi karin aiki ko kuma ta hukunta ka, domin kana LGBT.
  • Aikinka ba zai iya fire ka ga zama LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot force you to talk about whether you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot insult you or make jokes about your identity.
  • Your employer cannot make you do more work or punish you because you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot fire you for being LGBT.

Beyond wadannan asali hakkin, akwai daban-daban hakkin ga jama'a da kuma masu zaman kansu da ma'aikata. Jama'a ma'aikata aiki domin County, jihar, kasa ko ta gwamnati - misali a wani gida jama'a makaranta. Private ma'aikata aiki domin kasuwanci, kamar kamfanoni ko Stores.

Beyond these basic rights, there are different rights for public and private employees. Public employees work for the county, state, or national government – for example at a local public school. Private employees work for businesses, such as factories or stores.

Dokokin kare jama'a ma'aikata daga ake kora don su ainihi. Amma idan ka yi aiki a wani kamfani, aikinku iya samun daban-daban dokoki da kuma ayyuka game da dama. A lokacin da ka fara aikinku, magana da ku adam albarkatun sashen idan kana da tambayoyi. Za su ci gaba da tambayoyi da kuma bayanai masu zaman kansu.

Laws protect public employees from being fired for their identity. But if you work at a private company, your job might have different rules and actions about harassment. When you start your job, talk to your human resources department if you have questions. They will keep your questions and information private.

Ma'aikata da HIV

Employees with HIV

Mutane a cikin LGBT al'umma samun mafi girma rates na HIV fiye da mike mutane. HIV ne mai yaduwa cutar da kai hari da rigakafi da tsarin. Yana iya kai wa ga wani rashin lafiya kira AIDS. Mutane da HIV bukatar lokaci don zuwa likita da kuma dauki karya idan sun kasance gaji. Za ka iya daukar biya lokaci kashe je alƙawura. Za ka iya neman taimako idan ba a ba ka ji da kyau. Your shugaba ba da a ce a.

People in the LGBT community have higher rates of HIV than straight people. HIV is a contagious virus that attacks your immune system. It can lead to an illness called AIDS. People with HIV need time to go to the doctor and to take breaks if they are tired. You can take paid time off to go to appointments. You can ask for help if you are not feeling well. Your boss does not have to say yes.

Idan kana da HIV, mafi wajajen ayuka da su ci gaba da matsayi masu zaman kansu. Ba za su iya gaya sauran ma'aikata, ko kuma mutane waje na aikin idan kana da kwayar cutar HIV. Amma idan aikinku yana da kasa da 15 mutane, ka shugaba ba da su ci gaba da wannan zaman.

If you have HIV, most workplaces have to keep your status private. They cannot tell other employees or people outside of work if you are HIV positive. But if your work has less than 15 people, your boss does not have to keep this private.

Your shugaba ba zai iya fire ka, domin kana da HIV. Amma sun iya wuta ku idan kun kasance ma rashin lafiya yi aikinku. Wannan gaskiya ne ga dukkan jama'a da kuma masu zaman kansu da ma'aikata.

Your boss cannot fire you because you have HIV. But they can fire you if you are too sick to do your job. This is true for all public and private employees.

Undocumented ma'aikata

Undocumented employees

Idan kana undocumented, kana da da wannan hakkoki, kamar yadda sauran LGBT ma'aikata. A dillancin cewa na sa ido wajen aiki da nuna bambanci ba zai iya kalle ka dan kasa. Aikinka ba zai iya azãba idan kun bayar da rahoton da nuna bambanci. Wannan ita ce dokar. Amma ka m iya bayar da rahoton da ku shige da fice da sabis. Wannan ba a yarda, amma wani lokacin da ta faru. Nemo karin bayani a kan undocumented hakkin a wurin aiki.

If you are undocumented, you have the same rights as other LGBT employees. The agency that monitors workplace discrimination cannot look at your citizenship. Your employer cannot punish you if you report discrimination. This is the law. But your employer might report you to immigration services. This is not allowed, but sometimes it happens. Find more information on undocumented rights at work.

LGBT hakkin a gidaje

LGBT rights in housing

game da 50% na LGBT mutane a Amurka sun ce sun kasance nuna musu wariya a lokacin neman gidaje. Housing hakkokin ba daya suke ba a kowane jiha.

About 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Housing rights are not the same in every state.

a halin yanzu, 20 jihohin da District of Columbia support dokokin da cewa a daina nuna bambanci transgender. Idan ka hayan ko saya dukiya daga jihohin:

Currently, 20 states and the District of Columbia support laws that stop transgender discrimination. If you rent or buy property in those states:

  • Mutane ba za su tambaye game da jinsi ko jima'i fuskantarwa.
  • Mutane ba za su karkatar da kai domin kana transgender ko gay.
  • Mutane ba zai iya tilasta ka ka bar saboda kai ne transgender ko gay. Idan kana da wani haya ko kwangila, shi ne shari'a domin ku zauna.
  • People cannot ask about your gender or sexual orientation.
  • People cannot turn you away because you are transgender or gay.
  • People cannot force you to leave because you are transgender or gay. If you have a lease or contract, it is legal for you to stay.

rashin matsuguni

Homelessness

LGBT mutane ne mafi kusantar su zama rashin gida. Idan kun kasance a halin yanzu rashin gida, ba za ka kadai. Za ka iya duba ga wani tsari zauna a dare. LGBT gidaje da kuma mafaka iya ba buga su adiresoshin. Wannan shi ne don kare lafiyar mutanen da suke rayuwa a can. your mafi kusa LGBT al'umma cibiyar iya taimake ka ka sami wani tsari da ba da aka jera. Sun iya taimake ka ka sami mafi dadewa gidaje.

LGBT people are more likely to be homeless. If you are currently homeless, you are not alone. You can look for a shelter to stay in overnight. LGBT housing and shelters might not publish their addresses. This is to protect the safety of people living there. Your nearest LGBT community center may help you find a shelter that is not listed. They may also help you find more long-term housing.

Safe Place ne na kasa shirin ga matasa mutanen da suke bukatar gaggawa taimako da aminci. Safe Wuri Labels kungiyoyin a matsayin 'Safe Places' inda mutane LGBT iya tafi a gaggawa. Places iya zama dakunan karatu, wuta tashoshin, zamantakewa da sabis, kuma mafi. Za su kiyaye ka, kuma ka taimaka. Idan ba za su iya taimake ka tare da matsala, za su sami wani wanda zai iya.

Safe Place is a national program for young people who need emergency help and safety. Safe Place labels organizations as ‘Safe Places’ where LGBT people can go in an emergency. Places can be libraries, fire stations, social services, and more. They will keep you safe and help you. If they can’t help you with your problem, they will find someone else who can.

Anti-zalunci dokokin

Anti-bullying laws

Zalunci ne mai kowa kalma amfani magana game da dama. Zalunci hada da cewa nufin abubuwa da kuma wani irin maras so jiki lamba. Cyberbullying ne a lokacin da wani ya aika nufin ko barazana saƙonnin online. Wannan yawanci ya faru ta hanyar kafofin watsa labarun kamar Facebook.

Bullying is a common word used to talk about harassment. Bullying includes saying mean things and any kind of unwanted physical contact. Cyberbullying is when someone sends mean or threatening messages online. This usually happens through social media such as Facebook.

Zalunci zai iya faruwa ga mutane na kowane zamani da kuma shi ne mai tsanani batun a Amurka. a 21 jihohin da District of Columbia, shi ne yaƙi da shari'ar zuwa bully wani saboda su jinsi ko jima'i fuskantarwa. Idan wani yana zaluntar ku a cikin wurin aiki, gaya your manajan.

Bullying can happen to people of any age and is a serious issue in the USA. In 21 states and the District of Columbia, it is against the law to bully someone because of their gender or sexual orientation. If someone is bullying you in your workplace, tell your manager.

Idan yaro yana da bullied a makaranta, ya kamata ka yi magana da su malami. Za ka iya ba rayu a jihar inda zalunci ne ba bisa doka ba. Amma ko da ba tare da irin wannan dokoki, makarantu dole ne su kare dalibai da kuma ma'aikatan. Makaranta jami'an za su yi magana da bully. Idan matsalar ne tsanani, da bully zai yiwuwa samun azabtar da.

If your child is being bullied at school, you should talk to their teacher. You might not live in a state where bullying is illegal. But even without such laws, schools must protect their students and employees. School officials will talk to the bully. If the problem is serious, the bully will probably get punished.

Legal kariya

Legal protection

Legal kungiyoyin dauki lokuta ga mutanen da suka samu da nuna bambanci. Akwai janar kungiyoyi da LGBT kungiyoyi. LGBT kungiyoyin tallafawa takamaiman bukatun da yi mai yawa aiki domin} ungiyar ta LGBT.

Legal organizations take cases for people who have experienced discrimination. There are general organizations and LGBT organizations. LGBT organizations support specific needs and do a lot of work for the LGBT community.

Lambda Legal ne babbar kasa LGBT doka kungiyar agajin. Lamda Legal ta helpdesk iya duba your hali da kuma haɗa ka ka gida wakilan.

Lambda Legal is the biggest national LGBT legal aid organization. Lamda Legal’s helpdesk can review your case and connect you to local representatives.

A ACLU ba free doka taimako ga mutanen da wanda hakkokin ana azaba. A ACLU yana da shirye-shirye domin LGBT hakkoki da abubuwan da wakiltar LGBT mutanen da suke an tursasa. Idan kana bukatar doka taimako, nemo mafi kusa ACLU wuri.

The ACLU gives free legal help to people whose rights are being abused. The ACLU has programs for LGBT rights and represents LGBT people who have been harassed. If you need legal help, find your nearest ACLU location.

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