Women’s health and healthcare
Yana da muhimmanci ga 'yan gudun hijira da kuma ba} in mata su koyi game da jikinsu da kuma kula da harkokin kiwon lafiya. Koyi game da lafiyar mata ta kula da 'yan gudun hijira da kuma baƙi. Nemo online albarkatun da kuma inda don samun kula.
It’s important for refugee and immigrant women to learn about their bodies and take care of their health. Learn about women’s health care for refugees and immigrants. Find online resources and where to get care.
Me ne mata ta kiwon lafiya daban-daban daga general kiwon lafiya? Mafi yawan mace ta kiwon lafiya da aka haɗa zuwa ta haihuwa kiwon lafiya da kuma matakai na rayuwa. (haihuwa kiwon lafiya yana nufin your lokaci, da ciwon jariran, kuma za ta menopause.)
Why is women’s health care different from general health care? Much of a woman’s health is connected to her reproductive health and stages of life. (Reproductive health means your periods, having babies, and going through menopause.)
Fahimtar haihuwa kiwon lafiya da kuma yadda jikin ka aiki ne mataki na farko da kyau mata ta kiwon lafiya.
Understanding reproductive health and how your body works is the first step to good women’s health care.
Mene ne haila?
What is menstruation?
Haila ne daidai kamar your lokaci. Yana da wata-wata farji na jini samu da haihuwa-shekaru mata (game da shekaru 12 to 55). Haila nuna cewa wata mace ba ciki. The sau na zamani da kuma tsakanin lokuta ana kira ka “hailar sake zagayowar.”
Menstruation is the same thing as your period. It is the monthly vaginal bleeding experienced by reproductive-age women (about age 12 to 55). Menstruation shows that a woman is not pregnant. The times of your period and between periods are called your “menstrual cycle.”
Period karshe daga uku zuwa kwana bakwai. Bayan zub da jini daga farjin, za ka iya yi:
Period last from three to seven days. Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have:
- ciki zafi
- Lower ciwon baya
- Bloating da ciwon ƙirãza
- abinci cravings
- Mood swings da irritability
- Ciwon kai da kuma gajiya
- Abdominal pain
- Lower back pain
- Bloating and sore breasts
- Food cravings
- Mood swings and irritability
- Headache and fatigue
Premenstrual ciwo, ko PMS, ne a rukuni na cututtuka da cewa fara kafin lokaci. Yana iya hada wani tunanin da kuma ta jiki bayyanar cututtuka.
Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start before the period. It can include emotional and physical symptoms.
Shawarci afaretanka na kiwon lafiya naka idan kana da babban canje-canje a cikin zagayowar. Suna iya zama alamun wasu matsaloli da cewa ya kamata a bi. Žara koyo game da haila.
Consult your health care provider if you have big changes in your cycle. They may be signs of other problems that should be treated. Learn more about menstruation.
Ta yaya zan iya kula da kaina sai ina da ciki?
How can I take care of myself when I am pregnant?
prenatal kula yana nufin da kiwon lafiya da wata mace samu daga likita yayin da ta ke ciki.
Prenatal care refers to the health care that a woman receives from a doctor while she is pregnant.
Yana da muhimmanci cewa mace mai ciki a kai a kai wata ziyara ta likita don tabbatar da ta kiwon lafiya da kuma kiwon lafiya na ta baby. Idan ka kasance ma'abũta ciki, tabbatar da cewa ka yi magana to your likita game da lokacin da kuma inda za ka iya samun prenatal kula.
It is important that a pregnant woman regularly visits her doctor to ensure her health and the health of her baby. If you are pregnant, make sure that you speak to your doctor about when and where you can receive prenatal care.
Abin da nake bukata in sani game da daukar ciki da haihuwa?
What do I need to know about pregnancy and giving birth?
Pregnancy iya zama wani bai tabbata lokaci domin da yawa sabon uwaye, cike da kuri'a na da tambayoyi game da abin da ya yi don tabbatar da cewa duka mahaifiyarsa da jariri zauna lafiya.
Pregnancy can be an uncertain time for many new mothers, filled with lots of questions about what to do to make sure that both mother and baby stay healthy.
MedlinePlus ne mai kyau wuri don fara neman general kiwon lafiya bayanai game da ciki. Karanta summary. Thenchoose links to kai bayani a kan da dama batutuwa, daga yadda za a motsa jiki a amince da abin da ya faru da jikinka a lokacin daukar ciki.
MedlinePlus is a good place to start looking for general health information about pregnancy. Read the summary. Thenchoose links to take you to information on a variety of topics, from how to exercise safely to what happens to your body during pregnancy.
Zama lafiya a lokacin daukar ciki
Staying healthy during pregnancy
Idan ka kasance ma'abũta ciki, shi ne da muhimmanci musamman don kula da lafiyar ka, ciki har da da hankali tare da abin da kuke ci da sha da kuma yadda za ka motsa jiki. Tabbatar da ka yi magana da your likita game da wata tambaya ko damuwa da cewa za ka iya samun game da yadda za a zauna lafiya. Koyi yadda za a kula da lafiyar ka a lokacin daukar ciki.
If you are pregnant, it is particularly important to take care of your health, including being careful with what you eat and drink and how you exercise. Make sure you speak with your doctor about any questions or concerns that you might have about how to stay healthy. Learn how to take care of your health during pregnancy.
Health Information Fassarori ne wani website wanda ya samar da bayanai da suka shafi ciki da haihuwa. Zabi topic cewa kana so ka koyi game da. sa'an nan, a shafi na gaba, zabi your harshe.
Health Information Translations is a website which provides information related to pregnancy and childbirth. Choose the topic that you want to learn about. Then, on the next page, choose your language.
a haihuwa Connection, za ka iya ƙarin koyo game da jiki canje-canje a mace ta jiki ke ta yayin da ta aka bada haihuwa. Za ka iya karanta game da abin da irin matsaloli na iya faruwa a lokacin aiki da abin da irin kula da ka iya sa ran samun a asibitin. Za ka kuma iya karanta game da yadda za a shiri don gaba domin ba za ka iya yi da kyau zai yiwu kwarewa haihuwa.
At Childbirth Connection, you can learn more about the physical changes a woman’s body goes through while she is giving birth. You can read about what kind of problems may occur during labor and what kind of care you can expect to receive at the hospital. You can also read about how to plan ahead so that you can have the best possible experience giving birth.
sosai ƙunshi mai yawa da amfani bayanai ga mata masu game da ãyõyinMu, kuma cututtuka na aiki. Har ila yau,, za ka iya karanta game da abin da kuke iya fuskanci idan ka haihu a wani asibiti.
Very Well contains a lot of useful information for expectant mothers about the signs and symptoms of labor. Also, you can read about what you might experience if you give birth at a hospital.
Bayan kin haifi, nono ne mai girma hanya don ciyar da jariri, saboda shi yana da kuri'a na kiwon lafiya amfanin duka biyu uwa da yaro. Masana sun ce idan zai yiwu, jariran da ya kamata a breastfed ga a kalla na farko 12 watanni da rayukansu.
After you have given birth, breastfeeding is a great way to feed your newborn child because it has lots of health benefits for both mother and child. Experts say that if possible, babies should be breastfed for at least the first 12 months of their lives.
- Karanta mai kyau bayyani na nono kayan yau da kullum, ciki har da jagororin game da yadda za a shãyar da mãma daidai da wani bincike na kowa matsalolin da cewa da yawa uwãyensu fuskanci yayin da yunƙurin shãyar da mãma.
- La Leche League ne wata kungiya wajen taimakawa mata a duniya shãyar da mãma nasarar. Nemo a La Leche League shawara a yankinka.
- Ci gaba da zuwa da lafiya na yau da kullum yayin da ka shãyar da mãma your baby, saboda abin da ke ciki ka ke zuwa your baby, ma. Koyi yadda abu abuse rinjayar nono.
- Read a good overview of breastfeeding basics, including guidelines about how to breastfeed correctly and an exploration of common problems that many mothers face while attempting to breastfeed.
- La Leche League is an international organization that helps women around the world breastfeed successfully. Find a La Leche League counselor in your area.
- Keep to a healthy routine while you breastfeed your baby, because everything that goes inside you goes to your baby, too. Learn how substance abuse affects breastfeeding.
Services ga low-samun kudin shiga ciki mata da
Services for low-income pregnant women and new mothers
A Amurka, wani shirin da ake kira mata, Jarirai da Yara (WIC) taimaka low-samun kudin shiga ciki mata, sabon uwaye da su matasa da yara (har zuwa ga 5 shekara) zauna lafiya. A WIC Programs yayi wani yawan ayyuka, ciki har da taimako tare da nono, abinci mai gina jiki azuzuwan, da takardun shaida ga saya wasu amince sinadirai abinci.
In the United States, a program called Women, Infants and Children (WIC) helps low-income pregnant women, new mothers and their young children (up to to 5 years old) stay healthy. The WIC Programs offers a number of services, including assistance with breastfeeding, nutrition classes, and coupons to buy certain approved nutritional foods.
Za ka iya sami WIC a cikin jihar. Kira da lambar tarho da aka jera ga WIC hukumar a jihar. Ka faɗa musu cewa kana so ka sanya wani wa'adi a nemi WIC amfanin.
You can find WIC in your state. Call the telephone number listed for the WIC agency in your state. Tell them that you want to make an appointment to apply for WIC benefits.
Menopause ne lokaci a wata mace ta rayuwa a lõkacin da ta tsaya a nan ba haila kuma ya daina iya samun yara. Menopause akai-akai faruwa a lokacin da mace ke cikin ta farkon 50s, amma ga wasu mata, shi zai iya faruwa a baya.
Menopause is the period in a woman’s life when she stops menstruating and is no longer able to have children. Menopause frequently occurs when a woman is in her early 50s, but for some women, it can happen earlier.
Mutane da yawa mata fuskanci wasu hade da korau jiki bayyanar cututtuka a lokacin menopause. A likita iya yawanci taimaka bi da wadannan cututtuka. Žara koyo game menopause.
Many women experience some combination of negative physical symptoms during menopause. A doctor can usually help treat these symptoms. Learn more about menopause.
Common mata kiwon lafiya yanayi
Common women’s health conditions
Wasu likita yanayi ne mafi kowa a mata fiye da a maza. A lokuta da dama, wadannan su ne likita yanayi da shafi mata wajen haihuwa gabobin (kamar nono ko cutar sankarar mahaifa). jikinmu, kanmu samar da sarari, batun kimiyya bayani game da mata jikin da kowa mata kiwon lafiya yanayi.
Some medical conditions are more common in women than in men. In many cases, these are medical conditions that affect women’s reproductive organs (such as breast or cervical cancer). Our Bodies, Ourselves provides clear, scientifically accurate information about women’s bodies and common women’s health conditions.
Mata ta kiwon lafiya screenings
Women’s health screenings
Health screenings ne gwaje-gwaje don duba idan kana da wani musamman likita yanayin. Common kiwon lafiya screenings hada da:
Health screenings are tests to check if you have a particular medical condition. Common health screenings include:
- Kashi ma'adinai yawa gwajin
- Nono nunawa
- Cutar sankarar mahaifa nunawa (kuma aka sani da PAP gwajin)
- HIV da sauran STD gwajin
- Blood pressure
- Bone mineral density test
- Breast cancer screening
- Cervical cancer screening (also known as PAP test)
- HIV and other STD test
Za ka iya ƙarin koyo game da waɗannan da sauran kowa kiwon lafiya screenings cewa likitoci da shawarar mata daga Office of mata Lafiya.
You can learn more about these and other common health screenings that doctors recommend for women from the Office of Women’s Health.
Yanka tselen mata
Female genital cutting
Yanka tselen mata (FGC) ne a al'adar a wasu kasashe. Duk da yake akwai mutane da yawa suka ji karfi game da FGC a matsayin al'adun, shi ne ba bisa doka ba a yi FGC a Amurka. Žara koyo game da kiwon lafiya effects na FGC.
Female genital cutting (FGC) is a cultural practice in some countries. While there are many people who feel strongly about FGC as a cultural tradition, it is illegal to perform FGC in the USA. Learn more about the health effects of FGC.