נשים בעבודה

אנגלית גם. לא אנגלית

כמעט חצי מכוח העבודה בארה ב מורכב מנשים. אבל לנשים בעבודה יכולות להיות בעיות. חשוב להיות מוכן לכמה סוגיות חשובות. למד מה לעשות בנוגע לפער השכר, סקסיזם, הטרדה מינית ואפליה באמצעות היריון.

Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women. But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

a woman giving a presentation - women at work

גברים עושים יותר כסף ומקבלים קידום לעתים קרובות יותר מאשר נשים בעבודה. יש פחות מנהלים ונשיאים שהם נשים. של החלק העליון 500 חברות בארצות הברית, רק 5 אחוז מהמנהיגים הם נשים.

Men make more money and get promoted more often than women at work. There are fewer managers and presidents who are women. Of the top 500 companies in the United States, only 5 percent of the leaders are women.

פער השכר לנשים בעבודה

The wage gap for women at work

פער שכר הוא הבדל בין כמה גברים ונשים לעשות. נשים בעבודה משולמות לעתים קרובות על 20% פחות מגברים. לעתים קרובות הם משלמים פחות. על עשיית אותה עבודה. קיים פער שכר מכיוון:

A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. Women at work are often paid about 20% less than men. They often get paid less for doing the same job. A wage gap exists because:

  • יותר אנשים עובדים בעבודות משכר גבוה יותר, כגון רפואה ומשפט
  • נשים צריכות להפסיק לעבוד. כדי לטפל בילדים
  • לנשים בעבודה פחות סביר לבקש העלאה
  • More men work in higher paying jobs, such as medicine and law
  • Women sometimes have to stop work to take care of children
  • Women at work are less likely to ask for raises

צפה בסרטון וידאו אודות פער השכר

Watch a video about the wage gap

מה ניתן לעשות בנוגע לפער השכר

What you can do about the wage gap

לעבודות מקצועיות, אתה יכול לבקש יותר כסף כאשר אתה מקבל שכר. אתה יכול גם לבקש יותר כאשר אתה מרגיש שמגיעה לך העלאה.

For professional jobs, you can ask for more money when you get hired. You can also ask for more when you feel that you deserve a raise.

מנהלים עלולים לחשוב שנשים במקום העבודה אינן טובות כמו גברים. עם זאת, אולי הם לא יגידו את זה או אפילו יבינו את זה. אם אתה רואה פער שלם גדול שבו אתה עובד, לשוחח עם המנהל או המחלקה למשאבי אנוש. אם אתה מנהל, דבר עם מנהיגים אחרים בתפקידך. לדבר על לוודא נשים בעבודה יש את אותם הסיכויים עבור קידומי מכירות ושכירת. הצע הטיה בלתי מודעת להדרכה. סוג זה של הכשרת מורים להתייחס לכולם באותה הדרך.

Managers may think women in the workplace are not as good as men. However, they may not say this or even realize it. If you see a big pay gap where you work, talk to your manager or Human Resources Department. If you are a manager, talk to other leaders at your job. Talk about making sure women at work have the same chances for promotions and hiring. Suggest an unconscious bias training. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.

סקסיזם

Sexism

סקסיזם משמעותו טיפול בגברים ובנשים באופן שונה. . זה יכול לקרות לכל אחד, אבל בדרך כלל, זה אומר שאישה בעבודה מטופלת בצורה שלילית.

Sexism means treating men and women differently. It can happen to anyone, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.

דוגמאות לסקסיזם

Examples of sexism

  • לא להיות מקודמת בגלל שאת אישה
  • גברים לא נותנים לך לסיים לדבר בפגישות
  • להיקרא שמות כמו "מותק" ו-"מותק" על ידי הבוס שלך
  • Not being promoted because you are a woman
  • Men not letting you finish speaking in meetings
  • Being called names like “honey” and “sweetheart” by your boss

מה אתה יכול לעשות בקשר לסקסיזם

What you can do about sexism

אם אתה יכול, לדבר עם האדם שמטריד אותך. תגיד להם שאתה לא מרגיש בנוח. ואתה רוצה שהם יפסיקו. הם עלולים להקשיב ולהפסיק את מה שהם עושים או אומרים. אם הם לא מקשיבים או שאתה מפחד לדבר איתם, ספר לבוס שלך. לכל חברה יש דרך אחרת לעצור או להעניש סקסיזם. קרוב לוודאי, הבוס שלך יספר למחלקת משאבי אנוש (ידוע גם בשם HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.

If you can, talk to the person who is bothering you. Tell them that you are uncomfortable and want them to stop. They might listen and stop what they are doing or saying. If they do not listen or you are scared to talk to them, tell your boss. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. Most likely, your boss will tell the human resources department (also known as HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.

Sexual harassment

Sexual harassment

Sexual harassment is any attention, שפה, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.

Sexual harassment is any attention, language, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.

Examples of sexual harassment

Examples of sexual harassment

  • Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
  • Touching that you do not like, including hugging
  • Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts
  • Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
  • Touching that you do not like, including hugging
  • Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts

What you can do about sexual harassment

What you can do about sexual harassment

Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.

Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.

Pregnancy discrimination

Pregnancy discrimination

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.

Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

Examples of pregnancy discrimination

  • Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion
  • Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
  • Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
  • Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

What you can do about pregnancy discrimination

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.

Women at work can succeed!

Women at work can succeed!

Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.

Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.

למד עוד

Learn more

מצא עזרה קרוב אליך

השתמש FindHello כדי לחפש שירותים ומשאבים בעיר שלך.

להתחיל את החיפוש שלך
? דף זה עזר לך? פרצוף מחייך כן פרצוף זועף לא
תודה לך על המשוב שלך!