Yuav ua li cas yog American tseem ceeb? Yuav ua li cas yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau cov neeg Asmeskas?
To taub American tseem ceeb thiab kawm txog dab tsi yog ib qho tseem ceeb rau cov neeg Asmeskas. Nyeem yog vim li cas Americans nqi ywj siab, koob pheej ntawm lawv, thiab ua rau lub sij hawm. Koj yuav pom vim li cas cov neeg Amelikas yog tib neeg thiab kev thiab yog vim li cas kev sib tw, ua hauj lwm ethic, thiab yuav tej yam uas tseem ceeb heev nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.
Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.
Yuav ua li cas yog American tseem ceeb?
What are American values?
Nyob rau hauv koj lub teb chaws, tej zaum koj muaj muaj zog kev cai thiab kab lis kev cai hais tias koj muaj nuj nqis. Nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States, tseem muaj ib qho tseem ceeb qhov tseem ceeb American. Cov no yog cov tej yam uas tseem ceeb tshaj plaws rau Americans.
In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.
Ib tug ntawm lub ntsiab qhov tseem ceeb nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States yog kev ywj pheej. Independence yog tej zaum raug xa mus rau raws li individualism. Americans yog zoo siab heev ua nws tus kheej-kheej, los yog ua tau pab lawv tus kheej, thiab lawv yuav xav tias lwm tus neeg yuav tsum tau tus kheej zoo li. Thaum ib tug neeg nce mus txog ib lub hom phiaj, uas yog feem ntau pom raws li qhov tshwm sim ntawm nws los yog nws tus kheej zog ua hauj lwm. Qhov no yog txawv dua li nyob rau hauv ntau lwm haiv neeg uas muaj ntau collective. Collective haiv neeg yuav saib kev ua tiav raws li ib tug rog xav txog ntawm ib tug tag nrho tsev neeg los yog lub zej lub zos.
One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.
Ntawm no yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm yuav ua li cas Americans nqi ywj siab:
Here is an example of how Americans value independence:
- American cov me nyuam yuav tawm hauv lub tsev ua ntej lawm tshaj nyob rau hauv lwm haiv neeg. Piv txwv li, tom qab kawm tiav rau xyoo high school, ntau cov me nyuam tsiv tawm mus kawm ntawv qib siab los yog pib ua hauj lwm. Yog hais tias lawv tseem nyob hauv tsev, lawv tej zaum yuav kom them nqi xauj tsev los yog ua rau kom lub tsev.
- Americans cia siab tias tus neeg twg uas yog tau ua hauj lwm ua li ntawd nyob rau hauv thiaj li yuav txhawb tau lawv tus kheej.
- American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
- Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.
Tsis pub twg paub
Americans nqi tus kheej thiab lawv tus kheej qhov chaw. Thaum nyob rau hauv ib co haiv neeg xav tus kheej tej zaum yuav tau pom raws li ib tug phem tshaj plaws, ntau Americans xav kom muaj ib leeg lub sij hawm thiab tej zaum yuav private txog tej yam ntsiab lus.
Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.
Ntawm no yog ob peb yam teeb meem muaj feem xyuam rau cov American nqi ntawm kev ceev ntiag:
Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:
- Nyob rau hauv kev sib tham, ntau cov neeg Amelikas yog private txog tej yam thiab tsis xav kom tham txog lawv, xws li lawv lub hnub nyoog, ntau npaum li cas nyiaj lawv ua, los yog lawv cov nom tswv, kev sib deev thiab kev cai dab qhuas views. Ib txhia neeg tsis nyiam tham txog cov kev kawm nyob rau hauv pej xeem vim hais tias lawv muaj kev txhawj xeeb nws yuav ua rau neeg mus hais lus cam. Txawm li cas los, Yog hais tias koj muaj lus nug txog cov ntsiab lus, koj yuav hais kom peb. Feem ntau cov Americans yuav muaj kev zoo siab los qhia rau koj txog yuav ua li cas Americans saib lub ntiaj teb no.
- Americans feem ntau muab txhua lwm yam ntau qhov chaw nyob rau hauv pej xeem cov teeb meem dua li cov neeg nyob rau hauv lwm haiv neeg. Lawv yuav sawv nrog ib tug me ntsis ntawm qhov chaw nruab nrab ntawm lawv, feem ntau qhov kev ncua deb ntawm ib tug outstretched caj npab.
- Muaj ntau Americans muaj ntseej nyob ib ncig ntawm lawv tsev kom lawv muaj kev ceev ntiag tug. Yog hais tias koj cov me nyuam tsis tau ib tug pob los yog lwm yam khoom ua si dua ib cov neeg nyob ze lub laj kab, nws yog feem ntau ib tug lub tswv yim phem rau dhia hla laj kab thiab muab lub qho khoom ua si. Es tsis txhob, mus rau pem hauv ntej lub qhov rooj thiab khob los yog nplhaib lub tswb. Yog hais tias muaj yog tsis muaj lus teb tawm ib daim ntawv rau lub qhov rooj, nug kev tso cai rau muab cov khoom ua si ntawm 8 am thiab 8 teev tsaus ntuj. Qhov no yog ob qho tib si muaj kev sib fwm thiab muaj kev nyab xeeb, raws li ib co neeg muaj lub khwb dev los yog tej zaum yuav zoo heev tiv thaiv ntawm lawv tus kheej. Cov txwj laus nyob rau hauv particular feem ntau xav tau ntau thaj yeeb thiab nyob ntsiag to thiab tej zaum yuav tsis xav yuav ntxhov. Yog hais tias koj qhib ib lub rooj vag koj yuav tsum kaw nws. Txawm li cas los, Yog hais tias koj tuaj mus rau ib qho qhib lub rooj vag, cia nws qhib.
- Chav pw yog feem ntau yog private rau tej qhov chaw. Cov neeg nyob ze thiab cov phooj ywg yog entertained nyob rau hauv lub chav ua noj, chav los yog nyob chav tsev. Cov niam txiv thiab cov me nyuam yuav muaj lawv tus kheej chav pw, thiab feem ntau, American cov me nyuam txhua tus yuav tau lawv tus kheej chav pw.
- In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
- Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
- Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
- Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.
Cov uas yog cia li ib co piv txwv ntawm kev ceev ntiag tug uas tej zaum yuav sib txawv nyob rau hauv koj lub kab lis kev cai.
Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.
Americans yog feem ntau heev direct. Qhov no txhais tau tias lawv feem ntau qhia koj seb lawv xav thiab lawv yuav hais txog tej yam lawv xav. Tau hais yog feem ntau pom raws li ib tug zoo tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv America.
Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.
Ntawm no yog ib co piv txwv ntawm American-style directness:
Here are some examples of American-style directness:
- Nyob rau hauv ib co haiv neeg, nws yog tsis paub tsis kam caw ib tug - piv txwv li, Yog hais tias ib tug neeg nug koj rau noj su, tej zaum koj yuav hais tias yog, tab sis, ces tsis tau mus rau noj su. Nyob rau hauv America, nws yog yuav luag ib txwm zoo hais, “Tsis, tab sis ua tsaug rau koj” los yog, “Ua tsaug rau koj, tab sis kuv muaj lwm kev cog lus.” Yog hais tias koj hais tias yog rau ib qho kev caw tab sis tsis txhob mus rau cov kev tshwm sim, tus neeg tej zaum yuav tau chim.
- Nyob rau hauv kev sib tham, Yog hais tias ib tug American tsis pom zoo nrog koj lub tswv yim, tej zaum lawv yuav qhia rau koj. Qhov no tsis tau txhais hais tias lawv tsis nyiam koj, cia li hais tias lawv tej zaum yuav muaj ib tug txawv lub tswv yim.
- Lub tswv yim ntawm “poob ntsej muag” yog tsis tau tib yam nyob rau hauv America. Tus neeg txhais lus rau “poob ntsej muag” yuav “txaj muag,” uas yog tsawg loj heev. Americans tej zaum yuav txaj muag yog hais tias lawv yog thuam los yog ua yuam kev, piv txwv li. Yog li ntawd Americans tej zag yuav taw tes tawm yuam kev los yog thuam koj, tsuas intending nws raws li ib tug kho lus los yog pab tau cov ntaub.
- Nyob rau hauv cov chav kawm, Americans tej zag yuav cam lawv cov xib fwb’ tswv yim. Nyob rau hauv ib co haiv neeg, nws yog tsis paub cai tsis pom zoo nrog koj tus xib fwb.
- Nws yog yeej tsis yog txhob txwm mus thov kev pab. Yog hais tias ib tug phooj ywg los yog tus neeg nyob ze nug koj yog hais tias koj xav tau dab tsi, lawv yeej xav kom pab. Xav tias dawb hais, “Yog hais tias koj yuav mus rau lub khw thiab koj taug kev los ntawm cov txiv kab ntxwv, thov tos kuv ib lub hnab, thiab kuv mam li them nyiaj rau koj rau lawv.” Los yog, Yog hais tias koj xav tau lub caij ntuj no cov khaub ncaws rau Piv txwv li, thiab koj nyob nraum tsis paub qhov twg mus yuav lawv, nws yog OK nug, “Koj puas muaj tej lub tswv yim rau qhov chaw uas kuv yuav tau pheej yig tsho tiv no thiab khau looj plab hlaub rau kuv cov me nyuam?” Feem ntau cov Americans hlub los pab, thiab xav tau heev me ntsis kev txhawb zog kom ua zoo cov phooj ywg thiab neeg zej zog.
- In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
- In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
- The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
- In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
- It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.
Nyob rau hauv kev, nws yog ib qhov zoo yuav tsum nco ntsoov hais tias dab tsi yuav tshwm sim tsis paub yog tsis npaj hais tias txoj kev. Americans yog tsis sim yuav tsis paub - lawv cia li ua ncaj.
In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.
koob pheej ntawm lawv
Lub US tshaj tawm ntawm Independence hais tias, “Tag nrho cov txiv neej yog Tsim Vaj Huam Sib Luag.” Nyob rau hauv kev muaj tiag, ib co neeg nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States yeej tsis kho tag nrho cov pej xeem sib npaug, tiam sis muaj ntau Americans xav tias heev ntseeg tau hais txog cov lub tswv yim koob pheej ntawm lawv. Muaj ntau cov piv txwv nyob rau hauv American keeb kwm qhov twg tag nrho cov neeg twb tsis kho Attendance xws li kev ua cev qhev ntawm African American (dub) pej xeem. Txawm li cas los, Americans nyiam mus ntseeg hais tias lub tswv yim uas tag nrho cov neeg yuav tsum muaj vaj huam sib luag. Qhov no lub tswv yim yog ib feem ntawm dab tsi yog hu ua tus “American npau suav.” Muaj ntau thaum ntxov cov neeg tsiv teb tsiv mus rau America mus ua raws li cov American Dream. Lawv ntseeg hais tias yog koj ua hauj lwm nyuaj, koj yuav tsiv mus nyob rau hauv cov haiv neeg.
The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.
Niaj hnub no ntau thiab ntau cov neeg twb paub lawm cov American npau suav yog tsis muaj tseeb. Muaj coob tus neeg uas ua hauj lwm nyuaj heev tsis muaj heev npaum li cas nyiaj. Feem ntau cov neeg uas tuaj ntawm privileged haiv muaj ib qho yooj yim lub sij hawm tsiv mus nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no. tseem, lub tswv yim ntawm koob pheej ntawm lawv yog ib tug tseem ceeb ib feem ntawm US kab lis kev cai.
Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.
Ntawm no yog ib co piv txwv ntawm koob pheej ntawm lawv nyob rau hauv American kab lis kev cai:
Here are some examples of equality in American culture:
• Nyob rau hauv kev cai lij choj lub sijhawm, tag nrho cov Americans yuav tsum tau kho Attendance thiab tag nrho cov Americans muaj ib txoj cai rau sawv cev los ntawm ib tug kws lij choj.
• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.
• Nyob rau hauv ib chav kawm ntawv, tag nrho cov me nyuam kawm ntawv yuav tsum tau kho Attendance los ntawm lawv cov xib fwb. Tsis me nyuam kawm ntawv yuav tsum tau favored.
• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.
• Cov txiv neej thiab cov poj niam yuav tsum yuav raug saib, thiab txiv neej yog tsis saib raws li zoo li cov poj niam. Nyob rau hauv kev muaj tiag, ntau cov poj niam tseem tsis tau muaj tib lub txheej xwm li cov txiv neej nyob rau hauv American haiv neeg, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm ntau npaum li cas nyiaj lawv yuav ua.
• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.
• Nyob rau hauv America, muaj yog tsis yog ib tug ntseeg tau kos social hierarchy los yog caste system. Tej zaum cov neeg uas tej zaum koj yuav xav tias yuav kho tau koj nrog hwm tej zaum yuav kho tau koj raws li ib tug sib npaug zos. Piv txwv li, cov me nyuam tej zaum yuav hu rau ib tug neeg laus los ntawm lawv cov thawj lub npe. Yog hais tias qhov no tshwm sim rau koj, sim nco ntsoov tias lawv yuav tsis ua tsis paub, tab sis lawv muaj ib tug txawv kab lis kev cai tus nqi.
• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.
• Tej zaum Americans yuav qhia rau koj yuav ua li cas lawv xav kom raug hais los ntwm thaum lawv paub lawv tus kheej. Yog hais tias ib tug xib fwb los yog ib tug kws kho mob qhia txog nws tus kheej raws li “Lucy” los yog “Tus kws kho mob Lucy”, uas yog yuav ua li cas koj yuav tsum hais nws. Yog hais tias nws qhia nws tus kheej raws li Dr. Wilson, ntawd yog dab tsi nws prefers yuav tsum tau hu ua.
• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.
Nws tseem pab tau mus paub hais tias muaj tej zaum tseem yuav pom hierarchies cov neeg. Cov yuav tsum yog raws li ntau rau ib tug neeg kawm tau zoo: piv txwv li, ib tug neeg txoj hauj lwm, wealth, los sis kev kawm.
It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.
ib yam uas tsis raws kev cai
American haiv neeg feem ntau yog kev thiab so.
American society is often informal and relaxed.
Ntawm no yog ib co piv txwv ntawm yuav ua li cas lub tebchaws United States yog ib qho kev kab lis kev cai:
Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:
• Americans tej zag yuav hnav casually, xws li hnav ris los yog luv txawm nyob rau hauv chaw ua hauj lwm, lub tsev kawm ntawv, los yog lub tsev teev ntuj. Thaum koj pib ib txoj hauj lwm, nws yog ib lub tswv yim rau koj hnav ntau kev lig kev cai thiab ces xaiv koj attire raws li cov neeg nyob ib ncig ntawm koj hnav.
• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.
• Thaum tos txais ib tug neeg, Americans yuav hais, “Nyob zoo” los yog, “Nyob zoo.” Koj siv tib yam tos txais tsis muaj teeb meem uas koj tham nrog cov: koj tus tub los yog koj tus tub tus xib fwb. Lub langauge tsis muaj kev qhia thiab ntaub ntawv tos txais.
• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.
• Americans yuav hu txhua lwm yam los ntawm lawv lub npe. Nyob rau hauv tej lub sijhawm, Txawm li cas los, nws yog zoo dua mus yuav ntau formal thiab siv lub xeem kom txog rau thaum koj yuav tau siv ib tug thawj lub npe - piv txwv li, nyob rau hauv ib lub lag luam qhov teeb meem no los yog tom tsev kawm ntawv.
• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.
Thaum lub ib yam uas tsis raws kev cai ntawm US kab lis kev cai tej zaum yuav xav tsis thoob koj, nws yog tsis meant yuav hais lus tsis zoo. Nyob rau hauv qhov tseeb, Yog hais tias ib tug neeg greets koj ntawv thiab hu koj los ntawm koj lub npe, nws tej zaum txhais tau tias lawv xav seb koj nyob rau hauv ib tug phooj ywg txoj kev.
While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.
Americans yuav ua tau kev sib tw thiab feem ntau ua hauj lwm nyuaj mus cuag lawv cov hom phiaj. Sib txeeb feem ntau ua Americans yuav heev tibneeg hu tauj coob. Muaj ntau Americans saib kev sib tw yog ib tug zoo tshaj plaws.
Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.
Ntawm no yog ib co piv txwv ntawm cov American nqi ntawm kev sib tw:
Here are some examples of the American value of competition:
• sib txeeb nyob rau hauv lub lag luam yog vim nyob rau hauv loj ib feem mus rau lub capitalist economy. America lub lag luam qauv yog los sib tw rau cov neeg muas zaub thiab rau qhov zoo tshaj plaws nqi.
• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.
• Americans yuav teem lub sij hawm ntau ntau ntawm kev ua ub no. Txawm cov me nyuam yaus koom nyob rau hauv ntau cov kev ua ub sab nraum ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, xws li kev ua si, suab paj nruag, thiab pab. Tej zaum koj yuav xav tias zoo li cov neeg Amelikas yog “rushing nyob ib ncig ntawm” nrog me ntsis lub sij hawm rau relaxing. Tiam sis muaj ntau Americans lawv xav tias zoo thaum lawv tau ib tug ntau ua.
• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.
• sib txeeb yuav pom nyob rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv, nyob rau hauv lub chaw ua hauj lwm, thiab nyob rau hauv cov kev ua si. Piv txwv li, menyuam kawm ntawv tej zaum yuav ua hauj lwm nyuaj mus cuag qhov zoo tshaj plaws qib. Tej zaum kev sib tw yuav pawg, xws li ib tug ncaws pob los yog lub tsev kawm ntawv txoj kev kawm pab pawg neeg.
• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.
• Americans zaum kuj yuav “lwv” nrog lawv tus kheej. Muaj ntau Americans ua hauj lwm yuav tsis ua raws kev txhim kho ntawm lawv ua dab tsi. Piv txwv li, tej zaum lawv yuav xav khiav ib haiv neeg sai dua li lawv tau ua tas los lub sij hawm los yog tej zaum lawv yuav xav mus muag ntau yam khoom nyob rau ntawm lawv txoj hauj lwm tshaj lawv tau ua hauv lub xyoo ua ntej.
• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.
Zuag qhia tag nrho, tus nqi muab tso rau hauv kev sib tw tej zaum yuav ua rau koj xav tias ib co kab lis kev cai poob siab, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog yog tias koj tuaj los ntawm ib tug kab lis kev cai uas muaj ntau kev sib koom tes tshaj kev sib tw.
Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.
Lub sij hawm thiab ua hauj lwm zoo
Time and efficiency
Americans muab ib tug ntau ntawm tus nqi rau lawv lub sij hawm. Americans tej zag yuav xav tias tag kev cia siab yog hais tias lawv xav hais tias ib tug neeg los yog ib yam dab tsi tau lub sij hawm lawv lub sij hawm. Ib txhia Americans npaj tawm lawv lub sij hawm ua tib zoo, siv txhua txhua hnub daim qhia hnub hli rau ob qho tib si lawv tus kheej lub neej thiab lawv ua hauj lwm lub neej. Muaj ib tug hais tias nyob rau hauv America: sij hawm yog nyiaj. Qhov no txhais tau tias muaj ntau yam Americans siv lawv lub sij hawm “nraaj” - lawv xav tau tshaj plaws ua nyob rau hauv lub luv tshaj tus nqi ntawm lub sij hawm.
Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.
Qhov no tej zaum yuav txawv ntawm dab tsi koj siv tau los. Thaum ua ib tug ua lag ua luam deal, tej zaum koj yuav siv sij hawm ntau mus kom paub rau lwm tus neeg, tej zaum thaum haus tshuaj yej los yog kasfes. Nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States, qhov no yog feem ntau tsis yog cov ntaub.
This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.
Ntawm no yog ib co xwm txheej nyob rau hauv uas koj yuav xav yuav tsum paub txog lub sij hawm:
Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:
- Cov rooj sib tham, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov chaw ua hauj lwm: Koj yuav tsum sim yuav nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm – tej zaum txawm 5 feeb thaum ntxov.
- teem caij: Yog hais tias koj muaj ib tug kws kho mob lub sij hawm teem tseg los yog ib txhia lwm yam ntawm lub sij hawm, koj yuav tsum mus txog rau lub sij hawm. Koj kuj tseem yuav tau tos rau lub sij hawm teem. Txawm li cas los, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb koj yuav nyob rau lub sij hawm los yog tej zaum koj yuav tau teem caij dua los lub sij hawm.
- Kev ua ub no nrog cov phooj ywg: Yog hais tias koj raug caw mus rau ib tug lub tsev rau hmo, sim yuav nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm – koj yuav ua tau 5 los yog 10 feeb lig, tab sis yog hais tias koj npaum li cas tom qab tshaj uas, koj yuav tsum tau tej zaum hu thiab qhia rau lawv paub.
- ob tog: Rau ib tug me me tog, txog hauv 15 feeb ntawm lub sij hawm muab. Rau ib tug loj tog nrog coob tus neeg, koj yuav ua tau 30 rau 40 feeb lig.
- Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
- Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
- Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
- Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.
Ib tug zoo txoj cai yog hais tias txhua lub sij hawm koj yuav mus yuav lig, koj yuav tsum hu xov tooj rau thiab qhia rau cov neeg uas koj yuav ntsib paub tias koj yuav tuaj lig. Yog hais tias koj yuav tsis hu, koj yuav tsum tau qhia rau tus neeg uas koj thov txim rau ua lig thaum uas koj txog.
A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.
Tej zaum, tej zaum koj yuav xav tias zoo li ib tug neeg yog tawm hauv heev sai sai los yog nyob rau hauv ib tug hurry mus tawm. Qhov no tej zaum yuav vim hais tias lawv xav kom muaj “rau lub sij hawm” rau lawv cov tom ntej no lub sij hawm. Nws tsis txhais hais tias lawv tsis nyiam koj.
Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.
Yog nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm thiab tau paub txog lub sij hawm yog ib cov kev cai sib txawv koj yuav tej zaum yuav tau hloov mus rau vim hais tias yog hais tias koj lig, koj yuav poob koj txoj hauj lwm, nco koj teem caij, los yog ua mob rau lwm tus neeg txoj kev xav. Yog hais tias koj muaj ib tug nyuaj lub sij hawm kho mus rau lub American kev txiav txim zoo ntawm lub sij hawm, tej zaum koj yuav xav tau ib tug saib los yog cov xov tooj uas muaj ib tug tswb qhia rau koj txog lub sij hawm, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov tau txais mus ua hauj lwm.
Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.
Ua hauj lwm ethic
Americans yuav heev teem rau lawv ua hauj lwm. Tej zaum cov neeg los ntawm lwm haiv neeg xav tias Americans “nyob-rau-ua hauj lwm” los yog “workaholics.” Qhov no txhais tau tias lawv xav hais tias Americans ua hauj lwm heev npaum li cas. Ib feem ntawm cov yog vim li cas cov neeg Amelikas yog ua hauj lwm-taw qhia kom paub yog vim hais tias ua tibneeg hu tauj coob thiab active yog feem ntau pom raws li ib tug zoo tshaj plaws. Neeg kuj yuav qhia xav nrog lawv cov hauj lwm. Piv txwv li, thaum koj xub ntsib ib tug neeg, ib tug ntawm cov thawj cov lus nug tej zaum lawv yuav hais kom koj yog “Yuav ua li cas koj ua?” lawv txhais li cas, “Yuav ua li cas hom ntawm kev ua hauj lwm ua koj ua?”
Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”
Txiv neej los sis poj niam uas ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv tsev kev kho mob ntawm tsev neeg feem ntau hu lawv tus kheej “tsev-makers” thiab tsim nyog hwm rau qhov no txoj hauj lwm kom ntau li ntau lwm yam. Thaum sau ib daim ntawv thov ntawm txhua yam, nws yog OK sau “tsev-txiag” raws li cov hauj lwm rau ib tug neeg uas tsis muaj ib tug them txoj hauj lwm sab nraum lub tsev.
Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.
Raws li ib tug newcomer mus rau lub tebchaws United States, tej zaum koj yuav tej zaum kuj xav hais tias Americans zoo li materialistic - teem rau owning thiab muas tej yam uas. Ib feem ntawm cov yog vim li cas rau qhov no yog hais tias muaj ntau Americans nqi sib txeeb thiab ua hauj lwm. Vim hais tias Americans nqi sib txeeb, lawv xav kom “kom mus” nrog cov neeg nyob ib ncig ntawm lawv. Qhov no txhais tau tias, piv txwv li, Yog hais tias koj tus neeg nyob ze tau txais ib lub tsheb tshiab, tej zaum koj yuav xav tau ib tug tshiab lub tsheb kuj. Americans hu no “Ua kom phim li lub Joneses.”
As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”
Muaj ntau Americans nqi ua hauj lwm thiab muaj ib tug muaj zog ua hauj lwm ethic. Muaj ntau Americans saib cov ntaub ntawv uas cov khoom xws li TVs los yog khau raws li ib tug txoj kev uas yuav qhia lawv yog kev vam meej ntawm kev ua hauj lwm. Americans tej zag yuav xav seb cov ntaub ntawv uas cov khoom raws li ntshaw rau lawv zog ua hauj lwm thiab cov kev siv zog.
Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.
Lwm vim li cas Americans tej zaum yuav khoom-taw qhia kom paub yog vim tias ntau tus neeg Mis Kas nqi tshiab thiab innovation. Yog li ntawd txawm yog hais tias lawv muaj ib tug xov tooj uas ua hauj lwm, tej zaum lawv yuav xav tau ib tug xov tooj tshiab vim hais tias nws muaj tshiab thiab exciting nta. Koj tsis tau hnov koj yuav tsum muaj ntau ntau ntawm cov khoom yuav tsum tau hwm. Koj yuav tsum xav tias xis nyob tsuas los yog tej kev uas koj xav, tej zaum txuag nyiaj ntau rau thaum muaj xwm txheej, kev kawm ntawv thiab ua hauj lwm es tsis siv rau tej yam khoom rau impress lwm tus.
Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.
Tag nrho cov saum toj no cov nqe lus yog kwvyees ntawm American tseem ceeb. Kwvyees yog tsis ib txwm yeej muaj tseeb, tab sis tej yam uas yog feem ntau yeej muaj tseeb. Lub hom phiaj ntawm USAHello yog muab kwvyees los pab koj to taub zoo dua vim li cas ib tug American tej zaum yuav kuj nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev koj tsis to taub. Nco ntsoov, tsis txoj kev yog zoo dua rau lwm txoj kev - cia li txawv.
All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of USAHello is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.
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