Asylum seekers information – updated September 2019

English kujTsis English

Ntawm no yog tshiab cov ntaub ntawv rau nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav los rau hauv lub tebchaws United States.

Here is updated information for asylum seekers coming to the United States.

Cuaj hlis 11, 2019, update:

September 11, 2019, update:

The US Supreme Court has made an important decision. The Court decided the United States can say no to asylum seekers who come to the US border through another country. For now, people can only ask for asylum at the US border if they have been refused asylum in another country along the way.

The US Supreme Court has made an important decision. The Court decided the United States can say no to asylum seekers who come to the US border through another country. For now, people can only ask for asylum at the US border if they have been refused asylum in another country along the way.

The US government proposed this new rule on July 16. Since then, US judges have stopped the rule being used. There are organizations fighting against this rule in the US courts. But the Supreme Court says the government can start using the new rule for now, before the court cases have been decided. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) said it will start using the rule as soon as possible.

The US government proposed this new rule on July 16. Since then, US judges have stopped the rule being used. There are organizations fighting against this rule in the US courts. But the Supreme Court says the government can start using the new rule for now, before the court cases have been decided. The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) said it will start using the rule as soon as possible.

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

This rule means that asylum seekers from Central and South America who traveled through Mexico will not be able to make an asylum request. If you ask for asylum at the US border, you can be turned away without a hearing, unless you asked for asylum in Mexico or another country on your journey and were refused. This new rule applies to children as well as adults.

This rule means that asylum seekers from Central and South America who traveled through Mexico will not be able to make an asylum request. If you ask for asylum at the US border, you can be turned away without a hearing, unless you asked for asylum in Mexico or another country on your journey and were refused. This new rule applies to children as well as adults.

Who does the new rule tsis apply to?

Who does the new rule not apply to?

The new rule does not apply to everyone seeking asylum at the US-Mexican border:

The new rule does not apply to everyone seeking asylum at the US-Mexican border:

  • It does not apply if you are a Mexican citizen.
  • It does not apply if you can prove that you were denied asylum along the way to the US border.
  • It does not apply if you can prove you are a victim of human trafficking.
  • It does not apply if you are already in the USA.
  • It does not apply if you are a Mexican citizen.
  • It does not apply if you can prove that you were denied asylum along the way to the US border.
  • It does not apply if you can prove you are a victim of human trafficking.
  • It does not apply if you are already in the USA.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Cuaj hlis 9, 2019, update:

September 9, 2019, update:

A US federal court has ordered the government to stop the introduction of a new rule. The rule said asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through on their route.

A US federal court has ordered the government to stop the introduction of a new rule. The rule said asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through on their route.

The new rule (see July 16) had already been stopped in California and Arizona. Today’s ruling means that border officials in Texas and New Mexico must also continue to accept all applications from asylum seekers.

The new rule (see July 16) had already been stopped in California and Arizona. Today’s ruling means that border officials in Texas and New Mexico must also continue to accept all applications from asylum seekers.

Lub yim hli ntuj 23, 2019, update:

August 23, 2019, update:

The US Department of Homeland Security and Department of Health and Human Services published a change to the rules about detention for children and families seeking asylum in the United States.

The US Department of Homeland Security and Department of Health and Human Services published a change to the rules about detention for children and families seeking asylum in the United States.

Under current rules, children cannot be kept in detention centers for more than 20 hnub. The new rules would allow the Department of Homeland Security to keep asylum-seeking families with children in detention until they are granted asylum or deported. The new rules have not been approved yet. We will update this information soon.

Under current rules, children cannot be kept in detention centers for more than 20 days. The new rules would allow the Department of Homeland Security to keep asylum-seeking families with children in detention until they are granted asylum or deported. The new rules have not been approved yet. We will update this information soon.

You can read a the proposed rules in Federal Register.

You can read a the proposed rules in Federal Register.

Lub yim hli ntuj 16, 2019, update:

August 16, 2019, update:

A US court said that the United States can put in place a new rule about asylum in some states but not in others.

A US court said that the United States can put in place a new rule about asylum in some states but not in others.

The new rule (see July 16 below) said that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through along the way.

The new rule (see July 16 below) said that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through along the way.

Niaj hnub no, three judges made a decision in a US Court of Appeals in San Francisco. This Court of Appeals covers the Ninth District, which includes California and Arizona. The judges said that the USA must continue to accept all applications from asylum seekers in California and Arizona, even if they have not asked for asylum in other countries. But the USA can refuse to accept asylum applications from migrants arriving at the US-Mexico border in Texas or New Mexico unless the migrants were refused asylum in another country or countries along the way.

Today, three judges made a decision in a US Court of Appeals in San Francisco. This Court of Appeals covers the Ninth District, which includes California and Arizona. The judges said that the USA must continue to accept all applications from asylum seekers in California and Arizona, even if they have not asked for asylum in other countries. But the USA can refuse to accept asylum applications from migrants arriving at the US-Mexico border in Texas or New Mexico unless the migrants were refused asylum in another country or countries along the way.

The judges did not say it was right or legal for the United States to refuse asylum requests. They just said there was not enough information to block the new rule across the whole country. Organizations that support asylum seekers are working hard to provide more information that the new rule is against US law.

The judges did not say it was right or legal for the United States to refuse asylum requests. They just said there was not enough information to block the new rule across the whole country. Organizations that support asylum seekers are working hard to provide more information that the new rule is against US law.

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

The judgesruling means that, for now, people coming through Mexico can still ask for asylum at the US border in California and Arizona. But if they ask for asylum at the US border in Texas or New Mexico, they can be turned away without a hearing (unless they have been refused asylum in another country).

The judges’ ruling means that, for now, people coming through Mexico can still ask for asylum at the US border in California and Arizona. But if they ask for asylum at the US border in Texas or New Mexico, they can be turned away without a hearing (unless they have been refused asylum in another country).

Lub yim hli ntuj 5, 2019, update:

August 5, 2019, update:

Last week the United States government announced a “safe third country agreement” with Guatemala.

Last week the United States government announced a “safe third country agreement” with Guatemala.

This agreement applies to people at the US-Mexico border seeking asylum in the USA. If migrants came through Guatemala on their journey and did not seek asylum there, then they cannot ask for asylum in the United States.

This agreement applies to people at the US-Mexico border seeking asylum in the USA. If migrants came through Guatemala on their journey and did not seek asylum there, then they cannot ask for asylum in the United States.

There are many people in Guatemala and the USA who say the agreement will put migrants in danger. There will be challenges in the courts in both countries. Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, the Department of Homeland Security says it is hoping to sign similar agreements with other countries, including Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, and Brazil.

There are many people in Guatemala and the USA who say the agreement will put migrants in danger. There will be challenges in the courts in both countries. At the same time, the Department of Homeland Security says it is hoping to sign similar agreements with other countries, including Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Panama, and Brazil.

What does this agreement mean for asylum seekers?

What does this agreement mean for asylum seekers?

The agreement means that if you arrive at the US border after coming through Guatemala, you will not be allowed to claim asylum. Es tsis txhob, you can choose to return to Guatemala or to your home country.

The agreement means that if you arrive at the US border after coming through Guatemala, you will not be allowed to claim asylum. Instead, you can choose to return to Guatemala or to your home country.

This agreement will mostly affect people from El Salvador and Honduras. It does not affect Guatemalans. Guatemalans and any others who are afraid of being persecuted in Guatemala should have an interview with US officials to see if they have a right to seek asylum in the USA.

This agreement will mostly affect people from El Salvador and Honduras. It does not affect Guatemalans. Guatemalans and any others who are afraid of being persecuted in Guatemala should have an interview with US officials to see if they have a right to seek asylum in the USA.

When will the agreement start to be used?

When will the agreement start to be used?

The Guatemalan Congress has to approve the agreement before it begins. If they approve, the agreement may be used starting in a few weeks.

The Guatemalan Congress has to approve the agreement before it begins. If they approve, the agreement may be used starting in a few weeks.

Lub Xya hli ntuj 29, 2019, update:

July 29, 2019, update:

The US Attorney General made a new ruling about asylum because of family membership.

The US Attorney General made a new ruling about asylum because of family membership.

The new rule says that people who may face persecution in their country because of their family membership cannot seek asylum in the USA for that reason. Asylum law says that people can seek asylum if they are members ofa particular social group.Until now, this has included people who have been targeted because of their family membership. But Attorney General Barr says that family membership does not count.

The new rule says that people who may face persecution in their country because of their family membership cannot seek asylum in the USA for that reason. Asylum law says that people can seek asylum if they are members of “a particular social group.” Until now, this has included people who have been targeted because of their family membership. But Attorney General Barr says that family membership does not count.

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

If someone in your immediate family has been a victim of threats, violence or persecution, you may not use that as a reason to seek asylum in the USA.

If someone in your immediate family has been a victim of threats, violence or persecution, you may not use that as a reason to seek asylum in the USA.

Lub Xya hli ntuj 24, 2019, update:

July 24, 2019, update:

A US judge said the July 16 rule about asylum seekers is not lawful.

A US judge said the July 16 rule about asylum seekers is not lawful.

The rule said that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border can only ask for asylum at the US border if they were refused asylum in another country along the way. But Judge Jon Tigar in San Francisco ruled that the USA must continue to accept claims from asylum seekers even if they have not asked for asylum in other countries. He said the rule did not fit with American laws and that it was up to Congress to decide who can apply for asylum.

The rule said that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border can only ask for asylum at the US border if they were refused asylum in another country along the way. But Judge Jon Tigar in San Francisco ruled that the USA must continue to accept claims from asylum seekers even if they have not asked for asylum in other countries. He said the rule did not fit with American laws and that it was up to Congress to decide who can apply for asylum.

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

What does this mean for asylum seekers from Central and South America?

The judge’s ruling means that people coming through Mexico can still ask for asylum when they reach the USA.

The judge’s ruling means that people coming through Mexico can still ask for asylum when they reach the USA.

Lub Xya hli ntuj 23, 2019, update:

July 23, 2019, update:

The US government announced on July 22 that it is increasing the number of expedited removals, starting today.

The US government announced on July 22 that it is increasing the number of expedited removals, starting today.

Expedited removal means deporting people from the USA quickly. From today, it may apply all over the USA to undocumented people who have been in the country for less than two years.

Expedited removal means deporting people from the USA quickly. From today, it may apply all over the USA to undocumented people who have been in the country for less than two years.

What does this mean for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants?

What does this mean for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants?

Qhov no “fast-trackprocess means people do not get a court hearing before they are deported. It does not apply to asylum seekers, lawful residents, los yog cov neeg tawg rog. If you are arrested because you are undocumented and you want to claim asylum, explain that you fear returning to your country of origin. Then the arresting officer should send you to an asylum officer for a “credible ntshai” kev sib tham.

This “fast-track” process means people do not get a court hearing before they are deported. It does not apply to asylum seekers, lawful residents, or refugees. If you are arrested because you are undocumented and you want to claim asylum, explain that you fear returning to your country of origin. Then the arresting officer should send you to an asylum officer for a “credible fear” interview.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Lub Xya hli ntuj 16, 2019, update:

July 16, 2019, update:

Today there is a new rule for asylum seekers coming to the USA.

Today there is a new rule for asylum seekers coming to the USA.

The Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Justice say that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through on their route. They can only ask for asylum at the US border if they were refused asylum in another country along the way.

The Department of Homeland Security and the Department of Justice say that asylum seekers arriving at the US-Mexico border must first ask for asylum in another country they traveled through on their route. They can only ask for asylum at the US border if they were refused asylum in another country along the way.

This new rule applies to children as well as adults. It does not apply if you can prove that you were denied asylum in Guatemala or Mexico, or if you can prove you are a victim of human trafficking.

This new rule applies to children as well as adults. It does not apply if you can prove that you were denied asylum in Guatemala or Mexico, or if you can prove you are a victim of human trafficking.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Read more details on the CLINIC FAQs page.

Lub Xya hli ntuj 2, 2019, update:

July 2, 2019, update:

A US judge said that the April 2019 order by the Attorney General is unlawful. The judge says asylum seekers should not be held indefinitely.

A US judge said that the April 2019 order by the Attorney General is unlawful. The judge says asylum seekers should not be held indefinitely.

The Attorney General’s order was due to start in July. The order says that some asylum seekers who have shown “credible ntshai” will have to stay in detention until their asylum hearing. (There are almost 900,000 cases waiting for immigration hearings, and it can take up to 3 years for an asylum case to be decided.) But the judge said the order is against US law. She said that migrants have the right to due process.

The Attorney General’s order was due to start in July. The order says that some asylum seekers who have shown “credible fear” will have to stay in detention until their asylum hearing. (There are almost 900,000 cases waiting for immigration hearings, and it can take up to 3 years for an asylum case to be decided.) But the judge said the order is against US law. She said that migrants have the right to due process.

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

Due process means asylum seekers have the right to have an immigration court decide if they should be held or released on bail. This is called a bond hearing. The judge says asylum seekers must be given a bond hearing.

Due process means asylum seekers have the right to have an immigration court decide if they should be held or released on bail. This is called a bond hearing. The judge says asylum seekers must be given a bond hearing.

The US government does not want asylum seekers to be released while they wait. So the Department of Justice will appeal the judge’s decision.

The US government does not want asylum seekers to be released while they wait. So the Department of Justice will appeal the judge’s decision.

Lub rau hli ntuj 2019 update:

June 2019 update:

The US and Mexican governments said they are expanding the Migrant Protection Protocols (“Remain in Mexico” txoj cai).

The US and Mexican governments said they are expanding the Migrant Protection Protocols (“Remain in Mexico” policy).

People seeking asylum in the USA are being returned to Mexico as they wait for their cases to be processed in US immigration courts. The protocols are being used in San Diego and Calexico in California and in El Paso, Texas. The US government said it will use the protocols at more ports of entry on the US-Mexican border. The Mexican government said it will provide asylum seekers waiting in Mexico with health care, work permits, thiab kev kawm ntawv.

People seeking asylum in the USA are being returned to Mexico as they wait for their cases to be processed in US immigration courts. The protocols are being used in San Diego and Calexico in California and in El Paso, Texas. The US government said it will use the protocols at more ports of entry on the US-Mexican border. The Mexican government said it will provide asylum seekers waiting in Mexico with health care, work permits, and education.

Civil rights groups say the protocols are dangerous and wrong. They say policy makes it hard for asylum seekers to get the legal help they need. They are appealing against the new rules in the US courts.

Civil rights groups say the protocols are dangerous and wrong. They say policy makes it hard for asylum seekers to get the legal help they need. They are appealing against the new rules in the US courts.

Plaub Hlis Ntuj 17, 2019, update:

April 17, 2019, update:

The US Attorney General says that some asylum seekers may not apply for release while they wait for their asylum hearing.

The US Attorney General says that some asylum seekers may not apply for release while they wait for their asylum hearing.

This order does not start until July 2019. The new order may apply to people who have made a successful credible fear claim. The Attorney General said that, after establishing acredible fear of persecution or torture,” these asylum seekers will be ineligible for release on bond. Read the Attorney General’s order.

This order does not start until July 2019. The new order may apply to people who have made a successful credible fear claim. The Attorney General said that, after establishing a “credible fear of persecution or torture,” these asylum seekers will be ineligible for release on bond. Read the Attorney General’s order.

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

After July 2019, if you have passed a credible fear interview and have been approved for removal, you may have to remain in detention while you wait for your case to be heard. This new order does not apply to unaccompanied children or families with children.

After July 2019, if you have passed a credible fear interview and have been approved for removal, you may have to remain in detention while you wait for your case to be heard. This new order does not apply to unaccompanied children or families with children.

We will let you know if there is more news about this order.

We will let you know if there is more news about this order.

Lub ib hlis ntuj 25, 2019 updates:

January 25, 2019 updates:

Hloov tshiab 1

Update 1

The Department of Homeland Security has started itsMigrant Protection Protocolsat the US-Mexican border.

The Department of Homeland Security has started its “Migrant Protection Protocols” at the US-Mexican border.

People seeking asylum at the San Ysidro border crossing may be returned to Mexico and have to wait there until their application is processed. The US government says the Mexican government will protect people while they wait. The new policy does not apply to unaccompanied minors (children under 18 years old who are not with adults) or to Mexican nationals.

People seeking asylum at the San Ysidro border crossing may be returned to Mexico and have to wait there until their application is processed. The US government says the Mexican government will protect people while they wait. The new policy does not apply to unaccompanied minors (children under 18 years old who are not with adults) or to Mexican nationals.

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

This means the US government will return asylum seekers to Mexico while they wait for a hearing (going to the court to see the judge). Asylum seekers will be allowed to come into the USA for their hearings. The first hearing should be within 45 hnub, and then there may be more hearings. The government says they should get a decision within one year. Nyeem Migrant kev pab tiv thaiv kev cai daim ntawv los ntawm lub Department of teb koj chaw ruaj ntseg.

This means the US government will return asylum seekers to Mexico while they wait for a hearing (going to the court to see the judge). Asylum seekers will be allowed to come into the USA for their hearings. The first hearing should be within 45 days, and then there may be more hearings. The government says they should get a decision within one year. Read the Migrant Protection Protocols statement from the Department of Homeland Security.

There are about 800,000 asylum applications waiting to be processed. This means a wait of several years for people at the bottom of the list. People waiting in Mexico will not go to the bottom of the list. But it will be harder for them to find a US lawyer to help them.

There are about 800,000 asylum applications waiting to be processed. This means a wait of several years for people at the bottom of the list. People waiting in Mexico will not go to the bottom of the list. But it will be harder for them to find a US lawyer to help them.

Even after a long wait, most asylum applications are turned down. Heev ob peb cov neeg muaj tso nyob nraim yeej ncuab.

Even after a long wait, most asylum applications are turned down. Very few people are granted asylum.

Hloov tshiab 2

Update 2

The number of people allowed to apply for asylum at the US-Mexican border every day is limited.

The number of people allowed to apply for asylum at the US-Mexican border every day is limited.

Reports from Mexico say US government officials told Mexican officials that they will only accept 20 asylum applications per day at the San Ysidro port of entry. The applications will be taken, and then the asylum seekers will go back to Mexico to wait.

Reports from Mexico say US government officials told Mexican officials that they will only accept 20 asylum applications per day at the San Ysidro port of entry. The applications will be taken, and then the asylum seekers will go back to Mexico to wait.

This process is known asmetering.It means only a set number of people waiting at the border are allowed to apply every day. Metering is used at other ports of entry, heev. kawm more about the process from a recent report.

This process is known as “metering.” It means only a set number of people waiting at the border are allowed to apply every day. Metering is used at other ports of entry, too. Learn more about the process from a recent report.

Hlis ntuj nqeg 21, 2018 update:

December 21, 2018 update:

nyob nraim yeej ncuab tshiab - Supreme lub tsev hais plaub kev foobLub Supreme Court ntawm lub tebchaws United States tsis lees txais cov thawj tswj kev txiav txim rau ban nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav uas tsis tuaj los ntawm ib tug chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag.

asylum updates - Supreme court sealThe Supreme Court of the United States rejected the presidential order to ban asylum seekers who do not come through a port of entry.

Lub Supreme Court txiav txim txhais tau tias cov thawj tswj kev txiav txim tsis pub. Nws txhais tau tias lub tebchaws United States yuav tsum ua nyob nraim yeej ncuab neeg pab leg ntaubntawv ntawm cov neeg txawm yog hais tias lawv tsis tuaj los ntawm cov nom ciam teb hla.

The Supreme Court’s decision means the presidential order is not allowed. It means the United States must process asylum claims from people even if they did not come through official border crossings.

Hlis ntuj nqeg 20, 2018 update:

December 20, 2018 update:

Lub Department of teb koj chaw ruaj ntseg hais tias nws yuav rov qab mus nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav mus Mexico thaum lawv tos kev mloog ob tog rau lawv qhov kev thov.

The Department of Homeland Security says it will return asylum seekers to Mexico while they wait for a hearing on their request.

Nyob rau lub Kaum Ob Hlis 20, 2018, Secretary of teb koj chaw ruaj ntseg Kirstjen Nielsen hais tias nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav “yuav tos rau ib qho kev nkag teb chaws lub tsev hais plaub kev txiav txim siab thaum lawv tseem nyob rau hauv Mexico.” Cov ntawv tshaj tawm hais tias nws siv rau “cov neeg mus txog rau hauv los yog yuav mus rau hauv lub tebchaws United States los ntawm Mexico-illegally los yog tsis muaj ntaub ntawv.”

On December 20, 2018, Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen said asylum seekers “will wait for an immigration court decision while they are in Mexico.” The announcement says it applies to “individuals arriving in or entering the United States from Mexico—illegally or without proper documentation.”

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

Tom qab koj thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab, txoj cai hais tias koj yuav tsum tau muab ib tug “credible ntshai” kev sib tham. Cov kev sib tham yog thawj kauj ruam nyob rau hauv ib qho kev thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab. Yog hais tias koj kis tau koj credible ntshai kev sib tham, koj yuav thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab. Tus tshiab txoj cai hais tias ces nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav yuav “tiav los ntawm DHS thiab muab ib tug 'Daim ntawv ceeb toom rau tshwm’ rau lawv cov kev nkag teb chaws lub tsev hais plaub lub rooj sib hais.” Vim hais tias ntawm cov tshiab txoj cai, koj yuav tsum tau xa mus rau Mexico es tsis txhob tos nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

After you claim asylum, the law says you must be given a “credible fear” interview. The interview is the first step in a request for asylum. If you pass your credible fear interview, you can apply for asylum. The new rule says that then asylum seekers will be “processed by DHS and given a ‘Notice to Appear’ for their immigration court hearing.” Because of the new rule, you will be sent to Mexico instead of waiting in the USA.

Cov ntawv tshaj tawm kuj hais tias cov neeg tos nyob rau hauv Mexico yuav muaj kev nkag tau rau kev nkag teb chaws cov kws lij choj thiab rau lub teb chaws USA rau lawv lub tsev hais plaub cov rooj sib hais. Tab sis, tsuas muaj tsawg tus nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav yuav tau txais nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau ntawm lawv cov rooj sib hais. Tus so yuav deported. Nyeem tag nrho tshaj tawm los ntawm lub Department of teb koj chaw ruaj ntseg.

The announcement also says people waiting in Mexico will have access to immigration attorneys and to the USA for their court hearings. But only a small number of asylum seekers will receive asylum at their hearings. The rest will be deported. Read the full announcement from the Department of Homeland Security.

Hlis ntuj nqeg 19, 2018 - ob tshiab:

December 19, 2018 – two updates:

Hloov tshiab 1

Update 1

Ib tug US kws txiav txim plaub sim ntawd cov nyob nraim yeej ncuab txoj cai hloov ua nyob rau hauv Lub rau hli ntuj.
A US judge has blocked the asylum rule change made in June.

Nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj 11, 2018, yav tas los US Attorney General Jeff zaug hais tias cov neeg khiav domestic ua nruj ua tsiv los yog neeg loj leeb ua nruj ua tsiv nyob rau hauv lawv lub tsev teb chaws yuav tsis feem ntau yuav pub mus thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau hauv America. Tab sis nyob rau lub Kaum Ob Hlis 19, Tus kws txiav txim Emmet Sullivan hais tias tus tshiab txoj cai yog tsis raug cai. Nws hais tias cov migrants tseem tso cai rau thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab.

On June 11, 2018, former US Attorney General Jeff Sessions said that people fleeing domestic violence or gang violence in their home countries will not generally be allowed to claim asylum in America. But on December 19, Judge Emmet Sullivan said the new rule was unlawful. He said these migrants are still allowed to request asylum.

Dab tsi yog qhov kws txiav txim plaub cov kev txiav txim siab txhais li cas rau migrants?

What does the judge’s decision mean for migrants?

Nws txhais tau tias koj muaj ib tug cai thov kom nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA rau yog vim li cas ntawm neeg loj leeb ua nruj ua tsiv thiab domestic ua nruj ua tsiv. Koj muaj txoj cai yuav tsum tau hnov ​​ua ntej koj yuav deported. Tab sis qhov kev txiav txim tsis tsis txhais tau hais tias koj daim ntawv thov yuav tsum tau tso cai. Heev ob peb cov neeg muaj tso nyob nraim yeej ncuab.

It means that you have a right to request asylum in the USA for reasons of gang violence and domestic violence. You have a right to be heard before you are deported. But the decision does not mean your request will be granted. Very few people are granted asylum.

Hloov tshiab 2

Update 2

Lub US District tus kws txiav txim nyob rau hauv California tau txuas ntxiv qhov block rau lub thawj tswj thiaj li tau nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis.
The US District Judge in California has continued the block on the presidential order made in November.

Nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis, Thawj Tswj Hwm Trump kos npe rau ib txoj cai tshiab hais xwb nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav uas mus rau ib tug US chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag tau thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab. Nyob rau lub kaum ib hlis 19, Tus kws txiav txim Jon Tigar nres lub tshiab txoj cai, hais tias nws yog tawm tsam US txoj cai. Tam sim no tus kws txiav txim tau ua ib tug lus txib uas tseem yog nws txiav npluav tiv thaiv txoj cai.

In November, President Trump signed a new rule saying only asylum seekers who go to a US port of entry can request asylum. On November 19, Judge Jon Tigar stopped the new rule, saying it was against US law. Now the judge has made an injunction that continues his ban against the rule.

Dab tsi yog qhov kws txiav txim plaub cov lus txib txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does the judge’s injunction mean for asylum seekers?

Cov lus txib txhais tau tias tus kws txiav txim txoj kev txiav npluav rau tus tshiab txoj cai yuav mus ntxiv. Nws txhais tau tias lub tebchaws United States yuav tsum ua nyob nraim yeej ncuab neeg pab leg ntaubntawv ntawm cov neeg txawm yog hais tias lawv tsis tuaj los ntawm ib tug chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag. Tab sis qhov no txiav txim puas tsis txhais hais tias nyob nraim yeej ncuab yuav tau tso. Nws yog tseem nyuaj heev kom tau nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

The injunction means the judge’s ban on the new rule will continue. It means the United States must process asylum claims from people even if they did not come through a port of entry. But this ruling does not mean that asylum will be granted. It is still very difficult to get asylum in the USA.

USAHello supports the rights of asylum seekers to ask for protection in the United States.

USAHello supports the rights of asylum seekers to ask for protection in the United States.

Kaum ib hlis 19, 2018 update: Ib tug US District txiav txim plaub ntug tau sim cov thawj tswj kev txiav txim kom txog rau thaum lub Kaum Ob Hlis 19.

November 19, 2018 update: A US District Judge has blocked the presidential order until December 19.

Tus kws txiav txim hais tias tus thawj tswj kev txiav txim mus tiv thaiv lub tebchaws United States’ kev cai lij choj. US txoj cai hais tias cov neeg nyob rau hauv American av yog tsim nyog yuav tau mus thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab. Nws tsis hais tias lawv tau tuaj los ntawm ib tug chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag. Nyob rau lub kaum ib hlis 19, tus kws txiav txim hais tias lub tebchaws United States yuav tsum ua raws li cov kev cai lij choj.

The judge says the presidential order goes against the United States’ law. US law says people on American soil are eligible to apply for asylum. It does not say they have to come through a port of entry. On November 19, the judge said the United States must follow the law.

Qhov no tshiab txiav txim txhais li cas?

What does this new ruling mean?

Qhov kev txiav txim nyob rau hauv Kaum ib hlis 19 txhais tau hais tias lub tebchaws United States yuav tsum ua nyob nraim yeej ncuab neeg pab leg ntaubntawv ntawm cov neeg uas tsis tau tuaj los ntawm ib tug chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag. Qhov kev txiav txim hais tias cov neeg no yuav tsum tau tso cai ua ntaub ntawv thov. Tab sis qhov no txiav txim puas tsis txhais hais tias nyob nraim yeej ncuab yuav tau tso. Nws yog tseem nyuaj heev kom tau nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

The ruling on November 19 means the United States must process asylum claims from people who did not come through a port of entry. The ruling says these people must be allowed to apply. But this ruling does not mean that asylum will be granted. It is still very difficult to get asylum in the USA.

Kaum ib hlis 8, 2018

November 8, 2018

Thawj Tswj Hwm Trump tau kos npe rau ib tug thiaj li txwv nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav nyob rau yav qab teb ciam teb ntawm lub tebchaws United States. Tus tshiab txoj cai hais tias nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav yuav tsum mus rau ib tug US chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag.

President Trump has signed an order to limit asylum seekers on the southern border of the United States. The new rule says that asylum seekers must go to a US port of entry.

Cov cai yuav pib thaum ib tag hmo Friday, Kaum ib hlis 9. Nws kav rau 90 hnub. Cov cai tshiab no tsis siv rau cov me nyuam tsis muaj ib tug neeg laus.

The rule will start at midnight on Friday, November 9. It lasts for 90 days. The new rule does not apply to children without an adult.

Qhov no txhais tau hais tias nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav nyob rau yav qab teb ciam teb?

What does this mean for asylum seekers on the southern border?

Qhov kev hloov no txhais tau tias yog neeg nkag mus rau hauv lub tebchaws United States nyob qhov twg tsuas yog nyob hauv ib tug qhov chaw nres nkoj ntawm nkag, lawv tsis muaj cai hais kom lub tsev vwm. Tej zaum lawv yuav tau txais tshwj xeeb kev tiv thaiv vim hais tias ntawm “tsim nyog ntshai” (tsawg tshaj li ib tug nyob rau hauv plaub neeg tau txais no). Tab sis feem ntau cov neeg yuav tsum deported. Nyeem ntxiv txog tsim nyog ntshai thiab credible ntshai.

This change means that if people enter the United States anywhere except at a port of entry, they are not eligible to ask for asylum. They may get special protection because of “reasonable fear” (fewer than one in four people get this). But most people will be deported. Read more about reasonable fear and credible fear.

Dab tsi yog qhov txoj cai tshiab txhais li cas rau cov neeg uas twb nyob rau hauv lub US nrhiav lub tsev?

What does the new rule mean for people who are already in the US seeking asylum?

Tus tshiab txoj cai tsis muaj kev cuam tshuam cov neeg twb nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States los yog cov neeg uas tuaj txog rau lub kaum ib hlis 9 ua ntej ib tag hmo.

The new rule does not affect people already inside the United States or people who arrive on November 9 before midnight.

Yuav txoj cai no hloov dua?

Will this rule change again?

Cov kev cai ntawm lub tebchaws United States hais tias migrants yuav thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab thaum lawv nyob rau ntawm American av, Txawm li cas los thiab peb txog qhov twg lawv nkag mus hauv. Yog li ntawd civil cai tej pawg neeg sib ntaus sib tua tawm tsam tus tshiab txoj cai.

The laws of the United States say that migrants can claim asylum when they are on American soil, however and wherever they entered. So civil rights groups are fighting against the new rule.

ICE logo hloov tshiab rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm

ICE logo update for asylum seekers

Lub rau hli ntuj 2018

June 2018

Muaj tau ib tug hloov mus rau cov kev cai nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav los rau hauv lub tebchaws United States. Nyob rau lub rau hli ntuj 11, 2018, US Attorney General Jeff zaug hais tias cov neeg khiav domestic ua nruj ua tsiv los yog neeg loj leeb ua nruj ua tsiv nyob rau hauv lawv lub tsev teb chaws yuav tsis feem ntau yuav pub mus thov nyob nraim yeej ncuab nyob rau hauv America.

There has been a change to rules for asylum seekers coming to the United States. On June 11, 2018, US Attorney General Jeff Sessions said that people fleeing domestic violence or gang violence in their home countries will not generally be allowed to claim asylum in America.

Qhov no txhais li cas rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm?

What does this mean for asylum seekers?

Qhov kev hloov no feem ntau muaj feem xyuam rau cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm yog hais tias koj tuaj mus rau lub ciam teb ntawm Mexico thiab lub tebchaws United States. Koj muaj tej zaum los ntawm ib lub teb chaws nyob qhov twg tus neeg loj leeb ua nruj ua tsiv yog ua lub neej txaus ntshai. Los yog tej zaum koj yuav tau ib tug poj niam tawm hauv ib tug tsausmuag tsev kom koj tus kheej thiab koj cov me nyuam muaj kev nyab xeeb. Cov kev cai tshiab hais tias koj yuav tsis tau txais nyob nraim yeej ncuab vim cov neeg yog vim li cas.

This change mostly affects asylum seekers if you are coming to the border between Mexico and the United States. You have probably come from a country where gang violence is making life dangerous. Or you may be a woman leaving a violent home to keep yourself and your children safe. The new rules say you cannot get asylum due to those reasons.

Nws yog twb nyuaj heev kom tau nyob nraim yeej ncuab raws li txoj cai nyob rau hauv America. Feem ntau cov nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav tsis raug txais. Cov kev cai lij choj hais tias tej zaum koj yuav nrhiav nyob nraim yeej ncuab yog tias koj muaj kev ntshai ntawm kev tsim txom vim hais tias ntawm:

It is already very difficult to get asylum status in America. Most asylum seekers are not accepted. The law says you may seek asylum if you have fear of persecution because of:

• haiv neeg

• race

• kev ntseeg
• religion
• haiv neeg
• nationality
• ua tswv cuab nyob rau hauv ib qho kev pab pawg
• membership in a particular social group
• nom tswv lub tswv yim

• political opinion

Txawm hais tias koj los rau ib yam ntawm cov yog vim li cas, nws yuav tsis yooj yim los ua pov thawj rau U.S. Immigration thiab kev lis kev cai Ceev Xwm (ICE). Nyeem qhov no tsoom fwv phab kom paub ntau ntxiv txog cov kev cai rau nrhiav lub tsev.

Even if you coming for one of these reasons, it can be difficult to prove to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). Read this government page to learn more about rules for seeking asylum.

Yuav ua li cas yuav tshwm sim rau kuv yog hais tias kuv mus txog rau ciam teb nrhiav lub tsev rau ib yam ntawm cov yog vim li cas?

What will happen to me if I arrive on the border seeking asylum for one of these reasons?

Tag nrho cov nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav uas yog nrhiav lub tsev yuav tsum to taub tias lawv yuav tau muaj kev cov US tsoom fwv (yuam kom nyob twj ywm nyob rau hauv ib tug raug txim center) rau ntau lub lim tiam. Ib txhia neeg tau raug sib cais los ntawm lawv cov me nyuam thaum lawv mus txog rau ntawm ciam teb. Txij li thaum lub rau hli ntuj 20, qhov no yog tsis tau tso cai. Muaj ntau pawg ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv lub US mus pab cov niam txiv nrhiav tau lawv cov me nyuam. Tab sis muaj heev me ntsis leej twg yuav ua tau los pab koj los yog koj cov me nyuam yog hais tias koj twb tau nyob rau ntawm lub US tsoom fwv.

All asylum seekers who are seeking asylum should understand that they may be held by the US government (forced to stay in a detention center) for many weeks. Some people have been separated from their children when they arrive on the border. Since June 20, this is not allowed. There are groups working in the US to help parents find their children. But there is very little anyone can do to help you or your children if you are already being held by the US government.

Yuav ua li cas yuav ua li cas?

What should I do?

Koj yuav tau nug rau ib tug kws lij choj. Nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States, koj muaj txoj cai mus rau ib tug kws lij choj, tab sis koj yuav tsum nug rau ib tug kws lij choj. Koj yuav tsum hais tias, “Kuv xav hais lus rau ib tug kws lij choj tam sim no.” Khaws nug txhua txhua tus neeg koj tham nrog rau ib tug kws lij choj kom txog thaum koj muab nkag tau mus rau ib tug kws lij choj.

You need to ask for a lawyer. In the United States, you have the right to a lawyer, but you MUST ask for a lawyer. You need to say, “I want to speak to a lawyer now.” Keep asking every person you talk to for a lawyer until you are given access to a lawyer.

Yuav ua li cas yog tias kuv kis kuv kev sib tham? Kuv tseem yuav tuav?

What if I pass my interview? Will I still be detained?

Yog hais tias koj tau dhau koj nyob nraim yeej ncuab kev sib tham (hu ua ib tug “credible ntshai” kev sib tham) koj yuav tau txais ib lub rooj sib hais nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm ib tug kws txiav txim plaub yuav ua rau koj cov ntaub ntawv rau lub tsev vwm. Nws yuav siv ib tug ntev heev lub sij hawm kom tau ib tug lub rooj sib hais. Koj yuav tsum tau tso tawm los ntawm kev raug txim thaum koj tseem tos.

If you have passed your asylum interview (called a “credible fear” interview) you will get a hearing in front of a judge to make your case for asylum. It can take a very long time to get a hearing. You should be released from detention while you wait.

Txawm li cas los, ib co txim chaw zov me yuav tuav nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav txawm tias tom qab lawv kis tau lawv kev sib tham. Nyob rau Lub Xya hli ntuj 2, ib tug tsoom fwv teb chaws tus kws txiav txim hais tias ICE yuav tsum tsis txhob tuav nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg nrhiav tom qab lawv sib tham tsis muaj ib tug zoo yog vim li cas. Yog hais tias koj raug tuav tom qab koj tau dhau koj sib tham, thov kom hais lus rau ib tug kws lij choj.

However, some detention centers are holding asylum seekers even after they pass their interview. On July 2, a federal judge said ICE must not hold asylum seekers after their interview without a good reason. If you are being held after you have passed your interview, ask to speak to a lawyer.

Koj puas tau sib cais los ntawm koj tus me nyuam?

Have you been separated from your child?

Nyob rau hauv tej rooj plaub, cov me nyuam ntawm cov neeg nrhiav lub tsev vwm tau raug sib cais los ntawm lawv niam lawv txiv.

In some cases, children of asylum seekers have been separated from their parents.

Yog hais tias koj tau raug cais los ntawm koj niam koj txiv los yog tus me nyuam thaum nrhiav lub tsev, hu rau U.S. Immigration thiab kev lis kev cai Ceev Xwm (ICE) txim qhia ntaub ntawv kab nyob rau ntawm 1-888-351-4024. Muaj lus Mev-hais lus tswv muaj thiab nws yog ib tug dawb pab. Teev yog hnub Monday mus hnub vas Xuv 8:00 a.m. rau 8:00 p.m. (Eastern Time). Yog hais tias koj yog hu los ntawm hauv ib lub ICE txim chaw, siv ceev Dial 9116# nyob rau hu dawb platform.

If you have been separated from your parent or child while seeking asylum, call the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) detention reporting information line at 1-888-351-4024. There are Spanish-speaking operators available and it is a free service. Hours are Monday to Friday 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (Eastern Time). If you are calling from inside an ICE detention facility, use speed dial 9116# on the free call platform.

ICE ua hauj lwm nrog cov chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm Refugee Resettlement (Orr) mus nrhiav cov me nyuam. Koj yuav tau hu rau Orr Niam Txiv Hotline ntawm 1-800-203-7001 Yog hais tias koj ntseeg hais tias lub US tsoom fwv muaj koj tus me nyuam. Yog hais tias koj hu los ntawm ib tug ICE txim chaw, siv ceev Dial 699# nyob rau hu dawb platform. Qhov 24 teev ib hnub twg, 7 hnub ib lub lim tiam, nyob rau hauv lus Mev los yog lus Askiv.

ICE works with the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) to locate children. You can also call the ORR Parent Hotline at 1-800-203-7001 if you believe the US government has your child. If you are calling from an ICE detention facility, use speed dial 699# on the free call platform. Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, in Spanish or English.

koj (los yog koj cov phooj ywg, tsev neeg los yog tus kws lij choj) kuj hu tau ICE los yog Orr los ntawm email:

You (or your friends, family or lawyer) can also contact ICE or ORR by email:

  • Email ICE ntawm Parental.Interests@ice.dhs.gov
  • Email Orr ntawm information@ORRNCC.com
  • Email ICE at Parental.Interests@ice.dhs.gov
  • Email ORR at information@ORRNCC.com

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Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm nplooj ntawv no yog los ntawm TSEV KHO MOB, lub Department of teb koj chaw ruaj ntseg, lub Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws npe, USCIS thiab lwm yam thoj. Nws yog npaj rau cov kev taw qhia thiab yog tshiab ntau li ntau tau. USAHello tsis muab kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab, tsis yog ib yam ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv npaj uas yuav tau noj raws li kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab. Yog hais tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug dawb los yog raug nyiaj tsawg tus kws lij choj los yog kev cai lij choj pab, peb yuav pab tau koj nrhiav dawb thiab luv-nqi raws li txoj cai kev pab.

The information on this page comes from CLINIC, the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Register, USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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