Thaum twg kuv hu rau tub ceev xwm?

English kujTsis English

Nws yog zoo yuav tsum paub yuav ua li cas thaum muaj ib qho xwm ceev. Paub thaum twg yuav tau hu rau cov tub ceev xwm yog ib qho tseem ceeb. Thaum koj hu xov tooj rau cov tub ceev xwm, koj yuav pab tiv thaiv koj tus kheej thiab kuj ua rau kom ua ib tug zoo pej xeem. Koj muaj peev xwm hu rau cov tub ceev xwm los ntawm txhua lub xov tooj nyob rau hauv tej qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA los ntawm dialing 911.

It is good to know what to do when there is an emergency. Knowing when to call the police is important. When you call the police, you can help protect yourself and also contribute to being a good citizen. You can call the police from any phone in any place in the USA by dialing 911.

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

Thaum hu mus rau tus tub ceev xwm

When to call the police

Tub ceev xwm yog muaj hu rau thaum muaj xwm ceev thiab lwm yog vim li cas.

Police are there to call in an emergency and for other reason.

Hu rau tub ceev xwm nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov nram qab no muaj kev kub ntxhov:

Call the police in all of the following emergencies:

  • Ib tug ua txhaum, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias yog tseem nyob rau hauv kev kawm, xws li ib tug tub sab tub nyiag los yog kev nyiag
  • Ib lub tsheb sib tsoo, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog yog ib tug neeg raug mob
  • qhov hluav taws kub
  • Ib tug kev kho mob thaum muaj xwm ceev, xws li lub plawv nres, tshwm los ntshav, los yog kev tsis haum cov tshuaj tiv thaiv
  • Domestic ua nruj ua tsiv los yog lub sijhawm twg los ntawm ib tug me nyuam raug tsis saib xyuas, lub cev los yog kev sib deev ua phem rau
  • Lwm yam uas nkawd zoo li ib tug thaum muaj xwm ceev
  • A crime, especially if is still in progress, such as a theft or burglary
  • A car crash, especially if someone is injured
  • A fire
  • A medical emergency, such as heart attack, uncontrollable bleeding, or allergic reaction
  • Domestic violence or suspicion of a child being neglected, physically or sexually abused
  • Anything else that seems like an emergency

Tej zaum koj kuj hu xov tooj rau cov tub ceev xwm thaum muaj tej yam txawv txav:

You may also call the police when there is suspicious activity:

  • Ib tug neeg loj leeb los ntawm yards nyob rau hauv lub zej zog - qhov no yuav yog ib tug kos npe rau tias tus neeg yog ua mus ua txhaum nyob rau hauv mus rau hauv ib lub tsev
  • Ib tug neeg ua rau qhib tsheb qhov rooj - qhov no yuav yog ib tug kos npe rau tias tus neeg yog sim mus nyiag ib lub tsheb
  • Someone wandering through yards in the neighborhood – this could be a sign that the person is trying to break in into a house
  • Someone trying to open car doors – this could be a sign that the person is trying to steal a car

Tsis txhob xav tias ib tug neeg twg tau twb hu tub ceev xwm thaum ib yam dab tsi txawv txawv tshwm sim. Cov neeg tos yuav tau hu rau cov tub ceev xwm rau kev ntshai ntawm kev txaus ntshai los ntawm tau txais kev koom tes. Txawm li cas los, cov tub ceev xwm xav kom pab tiv thaiv kev ua txhaum.

Do not assume someone else has already called the police when something suspicious is happening. People hesitate to call the police for fear of danger or of getting involved. However, the police want to help prevent crime.

Yuav ua li cas thaum koj hu rau tub ceev xwm

What to do when you call the police

Yuav kom hu rau tub ceev, hu 911. Nyob twj ywm thaum hu thiab muab koj lub npe, chaw nyob, thiab xov tooj. Yog hais tias koj siv ib tug cellphone, muab lub xeev thiab lub nroog koj hu los ntawm. Ces qhia tus neeg yog vim li cas koj hu. Ua raws li cov lus qhia koj muab. Piv txwv li, lub neeg tuav xov tooj tej zaum yuav hais, “Nyob twj ywm rau hauv txoj kab,” los yog “Cia lub tsev.”

To call the police, dial 911. Remain calm when calling and give your name, address, and phone number. If you are using a cellphone, provide the state and city you are calling from. Then tell the person why you are calling. Follow any instructions you are given. For example, the dispatcher might say, “Stay on the line,” or “Leave the building.”

Yog hais tias koj hu 911 los ntawm yuam kev, tsis khwb vim tias yuav ua kom 911 ua hauj lwm xav hais tias ib qho xwm ceev tiag tiag tshwm sim. Es tsis txhob cia li qhia rau tus neeg uas koj hu ua los ntawm yuam kev.

If you dial 911 by mistake, do not hang up because that could make 911 officials think that an emergency really exists. Instead just tell the person that you called by mistake.

Yuav ua li cas tshwm sim thaum koj hu rau tub ceev xwm

What happens when you call the police

Feem ntau cov American tub ceev xwm departments muaj ib tug kev sib txuas lus nruab nrab. Cov kev sib txuas lus nruab nrab neeg ua hauj lwm ncav tsis cuag tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nyob rau hauv ib tug xov tooj cua nyob rau hauv lawv cov tsheb. Cov tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm kuj muaj headsets, zoo li earphones. Tub ceev xwm lub tsheb muaj ib tug computer txuas mus rau ib tug network. Lub computer tso cai rau lawv mus saib lub tsheb ntaub ntawv, criminal cov ntaub ntawv, thiab lwm yam lus rhiab.

Most American police departments have a communication center. The communication center staff reach police officers on a radio in their vehicles. Individual police officers also carry headsets, like earphones. Police cars have a computer linked to a network. The computer allows them to view vehicle information, criminal records, and other sensitive information.

Cov dej num ntawm tus tub ceev xwm

Responsibilities of the police

Tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm, los yog tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm, yog muab tej yam powers los pab kom lawv ua li cas lawv ua hauj lwm. Lawv tau ntau-xws li cov dej num.

Law enforcement officers, or police officers, are given certain powers to enable them to do their work. They have wide-ranging responsibilities.

Txawm xav tias criminals

Arresting suspected criminals

Thaum muaj ib tug yog vim li cas mus ntseeg tau hais tias ib tug neeg tau ua txhaum ib tug loj ua txhaum, ib tug tub ceev xwm yuav handcuff thiab ntes ib tug neeg. Lub powers ntawm txoj cai tub ceev xwm yog feem ntau es tsuas nyob rau hauv tus neeg mob qhov twg li txoj cai tau raug tawg thiab ib tug neeg phem yuav tsum tau qhia thiab apprehended. Teeb meem txhaum cai muaj xws li kev nyiag, tshuaj trafficking, tua neeg, thiab tub sab tub nyiag. Cov tuav tus neeg yuav tsum tau noj mus rau ib tug tub ceev xwm chaw nres tsheb los yog jailed nyob ntawm ib tug tso.

When there is a reason to believe that a person has committed a serious crime, an officer can handcuff and arrest a person. The powers of the law enforcement are typically enforced only in cases where the law has been broken and a suspect must be identified and apprehended. Crimes include burglary, drug trafficking, murder, and robbery. The detained person will be taken to a police station or jailed depending on a bail.

tswj kev txiav txim

Maintaining order

Thaum tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm yog tawm policing cov zej zog, lawv hom phiaj tseem ceeb yog yuav muaj kev txiav txim. Lawv txoj hauj lwm yuav txais kom kev thaj yeeb thiab tiv thaiv kom tus cwj pwm uas tej zaum yuav cuam tshuam lwm tus. Kev tiv thaiv yog hom twg los ntawm intervening nyob rau hauv ib tug sib ntaus rau kev siv ceev xwmphem nrov music ua si. Nyob rau hauv cov neeg mob qhov teeb meem no yog leej twg nrog kev txiav txim es tsis raws li ib tug ua txhaum. Txawm li cas los, muaj tej zaum yuav muaj thaum tej yam no yuav ua txhaum txoj cai lij choj.

When police officers are out policing communities, their main objective is to maintain order. Their job entails keeping peace and preventing behaviors which might disturb others. Prevention ranges from intervening in a fight to stopping loud music playing. In these cases the situation is handled with discretion rather than as a crime. However, there might be instances when these situations can violate the law.

Muab thawj pab, tsheb pab, neeg mus ncig tebchaws ntaub ntawv, thiab pej xeem txoj kev kawm ntawv

Providing first aid, vehicle assistance, tourist information, and public education

Tub ceev xwm cov koom haum yog muaj nyob rau ib xyoo puag ncig, 24 teev ib hnub twg, li ntawd, cov pej xeem hu rau tub ceev xwm tsis tau tsuas yog thaum nyob rau hauv cov teeb meem tab sis thaum nyob rau hauv tsis yooj yim rau lub sijhawm zoo li. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim, tub ceev xwm cov kev pab cuam mus dhau combating txhaum rau pab nrog tsheb breakdowns, muab cov ntaub ntawv hais txog lwm lub koom haum, thiab pab nrhiav poob tsiaj lossis tej khoom vaj tse.

Police agencies are available year-round, 24 hours a day, so citizens call the police department not only when in trouble but when in inconvenient situations as well. As a result, police services go beyond combating crime to assisting with vehicle breakdowns, providing information about other agencies, and helping locate lost pets or property.

Leej twg yog cov tub ceev xwm?

Who are the police?

Tub ceev xwm yog ib tug ntawm peb qhov chaw ntawm lub US criminal justice system.The lwm qhov chaw yog cov kev cai lij choj cov tsev hais plaub thiab kho (lub txim thiab cov tsev loj cuj). Tub ceev xwm yog khiav los ntawm ob peb lub tsoom fwv cov koom haum. Txawv cov koom haum ua hauj lwm ua ke los ua kom tsis txhob teeb meem txhaum cai. Muaj peb sib txawv ntawm cov koom haum:

Law enforcement is one of the three parts of the US criminal justice system.The other parts are the law courts and corrections (punishment and prisons). Law enforcement is run by several government agencies. Different agencies work together to try to stop crimes. There are three different types of agencies:

Tsoom fwv teb chaws txoj cai lij choj ceev xwm

Federal law enforcement

Tsoom fwv teb chaws txhais tau tias yuav ua li cas nrog rau tag nrho lub teb chaws, thiab tsoom fwv teb chaws cov koom haum muaj cai los tswj cov kev cai lij choj tag nrho cov thoob lub teb chaws USA. Lub Department of Justice yog lub luag hauj lwm rau kev cai lij choj ntawm tsoom fwv teb chaws theem. Lwm yam koom haum xws li Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws Bureau of tshawb nrhiav (FBI), lub Drug Administration Ceev Xwm (DEA), hauv lub tebchaws United States Marshals Service, thiab tsoom fwv teb chaws Bureau of cov tsev loj cuj ntawm lwm tus neeg.

Federal means to do with the whole country, and federal agencies have authority to enforce the law all over the USA. The Department of Justice is responsible for the law at the federal level. Other agencies include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the United States Marshals Service, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons among others.

Lub xeev txoj cai ceev xwm

State law enforcement

Xeev cov koom haum muab kev cai lij choj ceev xwm cov kev pab cuam thoob plaws lawv lub xeev. Lawv txoj hauj lwm muaj xws li kev soj ntsuam thiab lub xeev patrols - lawv tej zaum yuav hu ua lub xeev cov tub ceev xwm los yog kev loj saib xyuas. Capitol tub ceev xwm, lub tsev kawm ntawv lub tsev kawm ntawv cov tub ceev xwm, thiab lub tsev kho mob cov tub ceev xwm lwm yam ceg uas khiav lag luam nyob rau hauv lub xeev lub koom haum.

State agencies provide law enforcement services across their state. Their duties include investigations and state patrols – they may be called state police or highway patrol. Capitol police, school campus police, and hospital police are other branches that operate under the state agency.

Kev tsav tsheb kiag tub ceev xwm

Municipal law enforcement

Siv thiab lub zos muaj lawv tus kheej tub ceev xwm departments. Lawv ua hauj lwm nrog lub xeev txoj cai lij choj ceev xwm los xyuas kom meej muaj kev ruaj ntseg. Lub biggest lub zos tej zaum yuav muaj loj heev cov tub ceev xwm departments nrog phav phav ntawm tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm. Me zos tej zaum yuav muaj li ib ob peb cov tub ceev.

Towns and cities have their own police departments. They work with state law enforcement to ensure safety. The biggest cities may have very large police departments with thousands of police officer. Small towns may have just a few officers.

Xav paub ntau ntxiv

Learn more

lwm yam kev pab

Other resources



Cov ntaub ntawv no yog npaj rau cov kev taw qhia thiab yog tshiab ntau li ntau tau. USAHello tsis muab kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab, tsis yog ib yam ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv npaj uas yuav tau noj raws li kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab. Yog hais tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug dawb los yog raug nyiaj tsawg tus kws lij choj los yog kev cai lij choj pab, peb yuav pab tau koj nrhiav dawb thiab luv-nqi raws li txoj cai kev pab.

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