Pab zaub mov noj cov hauj lwm

English kujTsis English

Kawm kom paub txog cov khoom noj khoom haus pab kev lag luam thiab ntau yam ntawm cov zaub mov pab cov hauj lwm. Nyeem txog cov ntau yam hauj lwm koj yuav tau siv sij hawm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov thiab lub tsev noj mov industries. Nrhiav seb yog dab tsi kev kawm uas koj xav tau thiab qhov twg los pib koj txoj hauj lwm nrhiav. Kawm kom paub txog cov neeg tuaj tshiab uas pib lawv tus kheej cov zaub mov pab cov lag luam.

Learn about the food service industry and different kinds of food service jobs. Read about the different career paths you can take in the food and restaurant industries. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search. Learn about newcomers who start their own food service businesses.

The food service industry often has available jobs

The food service industry often has available jobs

Pab zaub mov noj hu tej zaum ua lub catering kev lag luam, lub tsev noj mov ua lag ua luam, los yog tos. ntau tshaj 14 lab cov neeg ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov kev pab cuam kev lag luam, thiab ntau txoj hauj lwm yog ib qho yooj yim mus tau rau hauv. Cov zaub mov kev pab cuam kev lag luam yog loj hlob vim hais tias Americans nyiam mus tawm rau noj nrog lawv tsev neeg thiab cov phooj ywg.

Food service is sometimes called the catering industry, the restaurant business, or hospitality. More than 14 million people work in the food service industry, and many jobs are easy to get into. The food service industry is growing because Americans enjoy going to out to eat with their family and friends.

Uas cov zaub mov pab txoj hauj lwm?

Which food service job?

Ntawm no yog ib co hauj lwm thiab hauj lwm kav ntev koj yuav xav txog nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov kev pab cuam kev lag luam:

Here are some jobs and careers you can consider in the food service industry:

  • Pab zaub mov noj pab - khoom noj khoom haus pab pab npaj thiab ua hauj lwm cov khoom noj thiab cov dej qab zib rau cov neeg muas zaub nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov hom ntawm qhov chaw los ntawm cafeterias rau kim khw nojmov. Lawv kuj tau pab nrog rau nqi thiab kom lub chav ua noj huv si thiab tidy.
  • Tsev noj mov ua noj - ib tug noj mov ua noj yog ib tug neeg uas npaj thiab tse noj mov nyob rau hauv cafes los yog me me khw nojmov. Lawv ua txhua yam los ntawm yuav khoom xyaw rau ua noj ua haus tiav noj mov. Nyob rau hauv loj cov khw nojmov, lawv pab tau tus senior tse nrog npaj txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub thiab ntau lwm yam kev pab raws qib.
  • Waitress los yog waiter - tos ntxhuav yuav piav txog cov ntawv qhia zaub mov, noj kev txiav txim, thiab muab zaub mov. Nws yog ib txoj hauj lwm rau ib tug neeg uas muaj ib tug ntsaws cwm pwm uas nyiam soj ntsuam txog cov pej xeem. Nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States, servers tau txais lub tswv yim raws li tau zoo raws li them nyiaj. nrhiav tawm yuav ua li cas ua tau ib tug lub tsev noj mov zaub mov.
  • neeg tua tsiaj - ib tug neeg tua tsiaj txiav nqaij tso rau khw muag khoom noj thiab khw noj mov. Butchers npaj, nqi, thiab tso saib cov nqaij. Lawv yuav tsum tau mloog zoo thiab them ze mloog mus rau kev pab raws qib rau ntawm txhais tes.
  • kws ua zaub mov - kws ua zaub mov yog ib lub npe rau ib tug neeg kev ua noj. Chefs yuav tsum muaj rau yav tom ntej mloog kom meej rau nram qab no cov zaub mov txawv thiab kom khiav ntawm ua noj ua haus khoom siv. Ib txhia chefs txhij txhua nyob rau hauv cov kua ntsw los yog grilled zaub mov. Pastry chefs txhij txhua nyob rau hauv cov ncuav thiab kis. Ib tug sous kws ua zaub mov yog ib tug neeg uas ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv ib tug thawj kws ua zaub mov thiab pab nrog ntau yam dej num.
  • Party los yog hostess - ib tug tswv tsev los yog hostess leeg zos thiab greets cov neeg muas zaub. Mus cov neeg muas zaub mus rau lawv cov ntxhuav, muab lawv ib tug zaub mov thiab feem ntau ua rau lawv xav tias nyiam. Hosting yog kev nkag teb chaws-theem hauj lwm, thiab chaw ua hauj lwm yuav tsum tau nrhiav ib tug phooj ywg thiab txhim khu kev qha neeg es tsis zoo kev.
  • Tsev noj mov saib xyuas - ib tug noj mov saib xyuas yog ib tug neeg uas tswj tag nrho cov tsev noj mov thiab ua kom paub tseeb txhua yam sau ntseeg nkaws. Lawv saib xyuas neeg ua hauj lwm, kev txiav txim cov khoom siv, tej zaum nrog cov neeg muas zaub thiab kov li thiab nyiaj txiag. nrhiav tawm yuav ua li cas los ua ib tug lub tsev noj mov tswjr.
  • Food service assistant – food service assistants prepare and serve food and drinks to customers in all kinds of places from cafeterias to expensive restaurants. They also have to help with bills and keep the kitchen clean and tidy.
  • Restaurant cook – a restaurant cook is someone who prepares and cooks meals in cafes or small restaurants. They do everything from buying ingredients to cooking complete meals. In larger restaurants, they help the senior cooks with preparing fruits and vegetables and many other tasks.
  • Waitress or waiter – waiting tables involves describing the menu, taking orders, and serving food. It’s a good job for someone with an outgoing personality who likes dealing with the public. In the United States, servers receive tips as well as pay. Find out how to be a restaurant server.
  • Butcher – a butcher cuts meat professionally for stores and restaurants. Butchers prepare, price, and display the meat. They must be able to concentrate and pay close attention to the tasks at hand.
  • Chef chef is another name for a trained professional cook. Chefs must have excellent attention to detail for following recipes and keeping track of cooking supplies. Some chefs specialize in sauces or grilled food. Pastry chefs specialize in cakes and desserts. A sous chef is someone who works under an executive chef and assists with many duties.
  • Host or hostess – a host or hostess handles reservations and greets customers. The take customers to their tables, gives them a menu and generally makes them feel comfortable. Hosting is an entry-level job, and employers will be looking for a friendly and reliable person rather than great experience.
  • Restaurant manager – a restaurant manager is someone who manages the whole restaurant and makes sure everything runs smoothly. They oversee staff, order supplies, sometimes deal with customers and handle marketing and finances. Find out how to become a restaurant manager.

Watch: Yuav ua li cas ib tug neeg txawv teb chaws tsev neeg pib lawv lub tsev noj mov thiab catering ua lag ua luam

Watch: How an immigrant family started their restaurant and catering business

Yog cov zaub mov pab rau txoj kev ua hauj lwm rau kuv?

Is food service the right job for me?

Ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov pab yuav tso cai rau koj mus ntsib thiab nrog cov neeg ntawm txawv haiv. Cov ua hauj lwm tej zaum muaj num ntau tej zaum, thiab ib co neeg muas zaub tej zaum yuav nyuaj rau lis. Nyob txias nyob rau hauv siab thiab ib tug cwj pwm zoo yog zoo rau cov neeg nyob rau hauv no ua hauj lwm. Muaj ntau cov zaub mov pab cov hauj lwm muaj sij hawm ces koj yuav teem lub sij hawm koj ua hauj lwm nyob ib ncig ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv, tsev neeg, thiab lwm yam kev ua ub no. koj ua tau coj nws tus kheej-kev soj ntsuam kuaj ntawm careeronestop.org mus saib yog tias txoj hauj lwm suits koj.

Working in food service will allow you to meet and interact with people of different backgrounds. The work maybe hectic sometimes, and some customers may be difficult to handle. Staying cool under pressure and a positive attitude are good qualities for people in this career. Many food service jobs offer flexible hours so you can schedule your work around school, family, and other activities. You can take the self-assessment test at careeronestop.org to see if the job suits you.

Qhov twg ua kuv pib?

Where do I start?

Feem ntau cov neeg muaj kev paub nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov pab, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv cov khw nojmov, los ntawm pib ntawm lub hauv qab thiab maj mam ua hauj lwm lawv txoj kev mus. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws txog cov khoom noj pab yog hais tias koj yuav tau txais mus rau hauv ntau txoj hauj lwm tsis muaj kev kawm los yog kev. Yog li ntawd, yog hais tias koj xav tau ib txoj hauj lwm tam sim ntawd, nws yog ib tug zoo xaiv vim hais tias muaj yog feem ntau yog ib kev thov rau kev txawj neeg ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv kev ua lag luam. Tab sis, yog hais tias koj hlub ua noj ua haus, los yog xav kom tau txais mus rau hauv ib tug kev tswj txoj hauj lwm, koj yuav tsum tau kom tau ib co lawm los yog kev thawj.

Most people gain experience in food service, especially in restaurants, by starting at the bottom and gradually working their way up. The good thing about food service is that you can get into many jobs without training or experience. So if you need a job right away, it’s a good choice because there is usually a demand for unskilled workers in the industry. But if you love cooking, or would like to get into a management position, you will need to get some certifications or experience first.

Kev cob qhia thiab kev txawj ntse

Training and skills

Rau nkag theem hauj lwm, xws li khoom noj khoom haus pab pab, cav ntxuav tais diav, thiab tos cov ntxhuav, tsis muaj kev cob qhia yuav tsum tau, Feem ntau cov chaw ua hauj lwm yuav muab rau-tus-txoj hauj lwm kev cob qhia rau lawv cov neeg ua haujlwm tshiab. Nkag mus rau hauv ib tug high school diploma yuav pab tau koj tau txais txoj hauj lwm. Koj tseem yuav tau txais lwm yam kev kawm thiab lub peev xwm uas yuav pab.

For entry level jobs, such as food service assistant, dishwashing, and waiting tables, no particular training is required, Most employers will give on-the-job training to their new staff. Gaining a high school diploma will help you get the job. You can also get other training and credentials that will help.

Khoom noj khoom haus kev nyab xeeb kev cob qhia thiab daim ntawv pov

Food safety training and certificates

Ib tug zoo thawj kauj ruam kom tau ib txoj hauj lwm nyob rau hauv khoom noj khoom haus kev pab no yog kom tau ib tug daim ntawv pov thawj rau kev ruaj ntseg cov zaub mov tuav. Nws qhia tau hais tias koj to taub cov zaub mov muaj kev ruaj ntseg cov kev cai thiab cov uas koj tau raug cob qhia kom zaub mov muaj kev ruaj ntseg. Nyob rau hauv ib co xeev (California, Illinois, Arizona, West Virginia, Texas, thiab New Mexico) nws yog txoj cai rau khoom noj khoom haus handlers rau muaj qhov kev kawm no.

A good first step for getting a job in food service is to get a certificate for safe food handling. It shows that you understand food safety regulations and that you have been trained to keep food safely. In some states (California, Illinois, Arizona, West Virginia, Texas, and New Mexico) it is the law for food handlers to have this training.

Cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj uas koj yuav tsum yog ib qho kev ANSI Accreditation rau cov zaub mov muaj kev ruaj ntseg. Koj yuav tau mus nrhiav ib tug ANSI-kawm paub cai zov kev pab cuam. Ib tug ntawm cov kawm paub cai zov cov kev pab cuam yog ServSafe, uas yog khiav los ntawm cov teb chaws Tsev noj mov Association. Tab sis muaj ntau ntau lwm yam tsev kawm cov kev pab cuam. Nrhiav cov zaub mov muaj kev ruaj ntseg cov chav kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv koj lub xeev los yog hauv internet zaub mov muaj kev ruaj ntseg daim ntawv pov.

The certificate you need is an ANSI Accreditation for Food Safety. You will need to find an ANSI-accredited program. One of these accredited programs is ServSafe, which is run by the National Restaurant Association. But there are many other accredited programs. Find food safety classes in your state or online food safety certificates.

Ua noj ua haus thiab kev tswj kev kawm

Cooking and management training

Hos ib txhia lub tsev noj mov tse thiab chefs tau txais ua noj kev kawm, lwm leej lwm tus tau lawv kev ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov khw nojmov. Muaj ntau pib nrog nkag-qib txaus qhia thiab ua hauj lwm nyuaj rau koj tsiv mus rau qhov ntaiv.

While some restaurant cooks and chefs have received culinary training, others gained their experience working in restaurants. Many start with entry-level positions and work hard to move up the ladder.

Yog hais tias koj yog txaus siab nyob rau hauv lub tsev noj mov kev tswj, koj yuav xav tau ib co muaj zoo. Muaj ntau ntau ob-xyoo kev tswj thiab saib xyuas cov kev kawm muaj. Nrhiav ib lub zej zog kawm ntawv qib siab nyob ze koj.

If you are interested in restaurant management, you will need some credentials. There are many two-year management and administration courses available. Find a community college near you.

kawm online

Learn online

Muaj ntau lub sij hawm mus kawm online txog lub tsev noj mov ua lag ua luam. Online cov tsev kawm ntawv yuav pab koj ua koj sib txuas lus kev txawj ntse thiab kev kawm txog kev tswj lub tsev noj mov. Piv txwv li, Coursera muaj online cov chav kawm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov thiab dej haus tswj.

There are many opportunities to learn online about the restaurant business. Online schools will help you build your communications skills and learn about managing a restaurant. For example, Coursera offers online courses in food and beverage management.

Nrhiav ib tug hauv chav kawm ntawv nyob ze ntawm koj

Find a class near you

Yuav ua li cas lwm tus ua kuv xav tau?

What else do I need?

Pib koj txoj hauj lwm nrhiav

Start your job search

Ntawm no ib txhia txoj kev los pib koj txoj hauj lwm nrhiav:

Here some ways to start your job search:

  • Siv koj lub zos hauj lwm qhov chaw - tsoom fwv ua hauj lwm cov chaw zov me nyob rau hauv txhua lub nroog yog free. Lawv muaj tswv yim thiab kom ib daim ntawv teev ntawm lub zos cov hauj lwm. Lawv pab nrog resumes thiab txoj hauj lwm daim ntawv sau npe. Lawv muaj peev xwm txuas koj nrog zaub mov pab txoj hauj lwm kev cob qhia thiab kev kawm ntawv. nrhiav koj nyob ze hauj lwm qhov chaw.
  • Saib hauv internet - snagajob.com yog ib qho kev ua hauj lwm qhov chaw uas pab cov neeg nrhiav ib teev hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov pab thiab lwm yam lag luam.
  • Use your local employment center – government employment centers in every city are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They help with resumes and job applications. They can connect you with food service job training and education. Find your nearest employment center.
  • Look online – snagajob.com is an employment site that helps people find hourly jobs in food service and other industries.


Lub neej yav tom ntej ntawm cov zaub mov pab - yuav koj tus kheej cov thawj!

The future of food service – be your own boss!

Koj puas xav mus ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov pab thiab pib koj tus kheej ua lag ua luam? Koj puas muaj ib tug khoom noj khoom haus tshwj xeeb - tej zaum ib tug ib txwm khoom noj los ntawm koj lub tsev lub teb chaws?

Would you like to work in food service and start your own business? Do you have a food specialty – maybe a traditional food from your home country?

Khoom noj khoom haus cov tsheb thauj khoom yog mobile kitchens rau ua noj ua haus thiab muab zaub mov. Khoom noj khoom haus cov tsheb thauj khoom pab freshly siav khoom noj khoom haus, feem ntau nrog rau ib qho haiv neeg ntsiab - cov zaub mov ntawm koj lub tsev lub teb chaws yuav ua tau tshiab thiab nthuav kom Americans. Txhua txhua xyoo, lub xov tooj ntawm cov khoom noj cov tsheb thauj khoom nyob ib ncig ntawm lub teb chaws loj hlob. Lawv yog cov heev nrov li ib tug lwm txoj rau cov khw nojmov. Yog hais tias koj yog ib tug zoo ua noj los yog paub tias muaj leej twg uas cooks qab noj mov, nws yuav zoo ua haujlwm ua ke nyob rau hauv no lub tswv yim. Ib tug khoom noj khoom haus tsheb yuav kuj ua ib tug zoo tsev neeg ua lag ua luam. Nyeem txog cov Txuj lom chav tsev mov Incubator: cob cov neeg tawg rog yuav tsum tau khoom noj khoom haus tsheb ua lag luam. Kawm tau li cas rau pib ib cov zaub mov tsheb ua lag ua luam.

Food trucks are mobile kitchens for cooking and serving food. Food trucks serve freshly cooked food, often with an ethnic theme – food from your home country can be new and interesting to Americans. Every year, the number of food trucks around the country grows. They are very popular as an alternative to restaurants. If you are a good cook or know somebody who cooks delicious meals, it would be great to collaborate on this idea. A food truck would also make a good family business. Read about the Spice Kitchen Incubator: training refugees to be food truck entrepreneurs. Learn how to start a food truck business.



Xav paub ntau ntxiv

Learn more

Puas nplooj ntawv no pab tau koj? Nyuj nyav ntsej muag Yog frown lub ntsej muag Tsis
Ua tsaug rau koj cov tswv yim!