Yuav ua li cas mus pib ib lub lag luam

English kujTsis English

Muaj koj puas tau xav mus kawm yuav ua li cas mus pib ib lub lag luam? Owning thiab khiav yog ib tug ua lag ua luam ib txoj kev zoo yuav tsum tau ywj siab. Koj yuav tau ua ntau nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog koom.

Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Yuav ua li cas yuav ua rau ib lub lag luam: Cov ntaub ntawv rau neeg tawg rog thiab neeg txawv teb chaws ua lag luam

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs

Ntawm no yog kaum kauj ruam los pab koj yog hais tias koj txiav txim siab mus pib ib lub lag luam ntawm koj tus kheej.

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

1. Nrhiav koj lub tswv yim

1. Find your idea

Pib nrog ib lub tswv yim! Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb tuaj nrog ib tug thawj tswv yim. Lwm yog vim li cas yuav pib ib lub lag luam no yog hais tias koj pom ib tug thov los yog yuav tau hais tias yog tsis tau ntsib. Ua lag luam kev tshawb fawb yuav qhia koj yog hais tias muaj yog ib tug thov rau koj yam khoom los yog kev pab. Sau cov lus qhia txog kev ua lag luam, cov neeg muas zaub, thiab qhov zoo tshaj plaws qhov chaw rau koj mus pib. Piv txwv ntawm kev ua lag luam kev tshawb fawb yog cov ntawv tshawb fawb, sib tham, thiab tsom pawg.

Start with a great idea! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Soj ntsuam seb ua thiab txhim kho koj cov kev txawj

2. Assess and improve your skills

Ua ntej koj yuav kawm tau li cas mus pib ib lub lag luam, nug koj tus kheej: dab tsi yog koj cov kev txawj? Yuav ua li cas koj nyiam ua? Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob mus rau hauv ua lag ua luam xwb kom tau nyiaj, li ntawd, tos ib cheeb tsam uas koj muaj kev txaus siab rau. Ces honestly ntsuam xyuas yog tias koj muaj cov kev tsim nyog kev txawj poob lawm khiav ib lub tuam txhab. Koj puas muaj txaus kev paub thiab kev? Yog hais tias koj ua, koj yuav ntsaub rau hauv lub chaw ua hauj lwm thiab kawm paub ntau ntxiv li koj mus nrog. Tiam sis yog tias koj tsis muaj tej kev txawj ntse los yog txaus paub, muaj ntau yam kev los pab koj. Koj yuav mus rau hauv koj lub zos cov tsev qiv ntawv mus qiv cov phau ntawv rau cov lag luam koom haum saib xyuas, koj muaj peev xwm coj online cov chav kawm, thiab koj yuav tuaj koom nrog entrepreneurship txheej xwm.

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? If you do, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

Watch a video about a food entrepreneur

Watch a video about a food entrepreneur

3. Sau ib lub lag luam txoj kev npaj

3. Write a business plan

Ib tug npaj ua hauj lwm yog ib daim ntawv qhia hais tias qhia txog koj cov hom phiaj thiab yuav ua li cas koj npaj mus cuag lawv. Nws yog qhov tseem ceeb vim hais tias nws qhia txog cov ntsiab tseem ceeb ntawm koj txoj kev npaj. Yog hais tias koj xav tau cov nyiaj yuav pib, koj muaj peev xwm qhia koj lub lag luam txoj kev npaj rau cov neeg uas tej zaum yuav kam los pab txhawb koj kev. Kawm tau li cas rau sau ib lub lag luam txoj kev npaj.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

4. De ib lub npe thiab qhov chaw nyob

4. Pick a name and location

Koj lub npe yuav pab tau koj sawv tawm los ntawm txhiab ntawm lwm yam lag luam. Ib txoj kev uas koj yuav tau sawv tawm yog xaiv ib lub npe uas yog ib qho yooj yim rau cov neeg uas yuav tau nco. Ib txhia npe yog ib qho yooj yim uas yuav tau nco vim hais tias lawv qhia rau cov neeg muas zaub raws nraim lawv ua dab tsi (xws li Dover Ntses ua lag luam). Lwm tus yuav sawv tawm vim hais tias lawv yog cov yog luv luv thiab snappy (xws li Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Koj yuav tau xaiv ib tug cov lus hais tias, los yog tagline, uas yuav ua tau koj cim muag lub taub Tawvv (USP). USP yog ib lub tswv yim uas koj yuav siv rau qhov txawv koj los ntawm txhua leej txhua tus. Nws yuav tsum tau tshwj xeeb rau koj, thiab koj yuav tsum tau los ua pov thawj nws thiab ua nws. Nws yuav tsum muaj ib tug luv luv kab lus hais tias cov neeg muaj peev xwm nco qab thiab yuav tsum qhia cov kev pab uas tus neeg muas zaub yuav tau txais.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

Koj yuav tsum tau mus nrhiav txoj cai qhov chaw. Nyob rau hauv tej rooj plaub, qhov uas pheej yig qhov chaw tej zaum yuav qhov zoo tshaj plaws kom koj txuag tau nyiaj thaum xub thawj. Nyob rau hauv lwm tus neeg mob, koj yuav tsis vam meej yog tias koj tsis nyob rau hauv ib tug prime qhov chaw uas tib neeg yuav pom koj.

You also need to find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Xaiv tau koj cov ua lag ua luam qauv

5. Choose your business structure

Muaj ob peb hom ntawm cov lag luam nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States. Lawv muaj sib txawv uas yuav tsum tau thiab qauv. Cov feem ntau sawv daws yuav yog ib proprietorship, kev sib koom tes, li, thiab txwv lav lub tuam txhab. Tag nrho cov ntawm lawv muaj pros thiab cons. Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws yog kom to taub qhov koj xav tau kev pab yog thiab xaiv txoj cai qauv kom haum rau koj xav tau kev pab. Xav paub ntau ntxiv txog kev ua lag luam lug.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Sau npe rau koj ua lag ua luam

6. Register your business

Muaj ntau ntau yam uas koj yuav tsum tau ua mus sau npe koj ua lag ua luam:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Sau npe rau koj lub npe ua lag ua luam nrog koj lub xeev, li ntawd, nws yuav ib tug kev cai lij choj qhov chaw thiab (nyob rau hauv feem ntau tus neeg mob) yuav tsis lwm tus nyob rau hauv lub xeev los ntawm kev ua lag luam nyob rau hauv tib lub npe. Kawm tau li cas rau sau npe rau koj ua lag ua luam.
  • Thov rau koj tus tsoom fwv teb chaws thiab lub xeev se ID naj npawb. Koj yuav xav tau cov xov tooj yuav tau them se. Koj tsoom fwv teb chaws cov nyiaj ua se ID naj npawb tseem hu ua koj tus tswv hauj lwm Identification Number (A) thiab yog muab los ntawm lub IRS. Koj lub xeev se ID tooj yog them rau kev them lub xeev se thiab yog muab los ntawm koj lub xeev. (Tib proprietors tsis xav tau ib tug lub xeev ID tooj.) Tau koj lub lag luam ID naj npawb.
  • Muaj ntau cov lag luam yuav tsum tau lais xees thiab ntawv tso cai ua hauj lwm raws txoj cai. Kawm kom paub txog lub xeev thiab tsoom fwv teb chaws daim ntawv tso cai thiab cov ntawv tso cai.
  • Koj puas xav tau los mus tiv thaiv lub npe ntawm koj lub tuam txhab, khoom, los yog cov kev pab cuam? koj ua tau trademark cov li tsis muaj leej twg nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States siv lawv. Koj yuav tsum tau xyuas kom paub tseeb tias koj tsis siv ib lub npe trademarked los ntawm lwm ua lag ua luam. Kawm kom paub txog trademarks.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need licenses and permits to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business. Learn about trademarks.

7. Finance koj tshiab venture

7. Finance your new venture

Nrhiav cov nyiaj rau nyiaj txiag koj ua lag ua luam yog ib tug loj kev sib tw rau ib tug ua lag luam. Tej zaum koj yuav tau siv cov kev pab xws li nyiaj khaws, los yog peev los ntawm tsev neeg thiab cov phooj ywg. Los yog tej zaum koj yuav thov kev pab rau ib tug cov nyiaj txais los ntawm ib tug bank. Qhov no yog qhov point uas koj nrhiav lub tsev txhab nyiaj los pab tswj koj cov nyiaj txiag yav tom ntej thiab qhib ib lub lag luam bank account. koj ua tau nyeem cov ntaub ntawv hais txog lub tsev txhab nyiaj thiab kawm txog cov nyiaj qiv.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account. You can read basic information about banks and learn about loans.

8. Qhib koj lub lag luam

8. Open your business

Nyob ntawm seb koj lub lag luam, tej zaum koj yuav xav tau ib tug chaw ua hauj lwm, khw, Hoobkas chaw, los yog lwm hom ntawm thaj chaw. Tej zaum koj yuav tau txiav txim tias koj yuav yuav los yog daim ntawv xauj tsev lub chaw rau koj ua lag ua luam.

Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, factory space, or other type of premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

Koj yuav tsum tau mus ua hauj lwm ib qho nyuaj rau teem txhua yam li ntawd nws yog tsis txaus siab rau koj cov neeg muas zaub. Tej zaum koj yuav txawm ntiav ib tug kws pab kom koj tsim koj lub khw los yog chaw ua hauj lwm.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

Cov neeg muas zaub tab tom nrhiav rau ib qho kev thaum lawv mus kav khw los yog txawm rau lub chaw hauj lwm. Tab sis yog hais tias koj cia li pib tawm, nws yog txawm ntau ib qho tseem ceeb kom muaj zoo neeg muab kev pab.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Nrhiav txoj cai neeg

9. Find the right people

Yuav ua li cas hom ntawm ua hauj lwm ua koj yuav tsum coj koj ua lag ua luam mus rau lub neej? Tsev neeg, cov phooj ywg, thiab ua lag ua luam yuav ua tau ib tug zoo cuab tam thaum koj pib tawm. Tej zaum koj yuav xav tau ib tug ntiav txheej txheem los mus nrhiav tau neeg ua hauj lwm. Yog hais tias koj siv sij hawm los tau txais txoj cai neeg, nws yuav tau them dividends rau koj lub lag luam.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Marketing thiab muag khoom

10. Marketing and sales

Cov yooj yim lub hom phiaj ntawm lub lag luam yog tsim ib yam dab tsi ntawm muaj nqis thiab muab nws rau cov neeg nyob rau hauv pauv rau cov nyiaj. Marketing thiab muag khoom yog cia li lub tsheb sib txuas thiab xa hais tias tus nqi rau koj cov neeg muas zaub. Yog hais tias koj xa koj cov khoom los yog cov kev pab uas zoo tshaj, hluav taws xob, thiab zoo neeg muab kev pab, koj yuav tau txais cov neeg muas zaub thiab ua ib tug zoo ntawm koj lub lag luam!

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

Watch a video about a restaurant owner

Watch a video about a restaurant owner

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