tsiaj qus tsiaj, yos hav zoov thiab nuv ntses

English kujTsis English

Yog koj nthuav nyob rau hauv kev yos hav zoov los yog txais cov tsiaj qus thiab ntses? Kawm dab tsi koj yuav tsum paub txog kev yos hav zoov thiab nuv ntses nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Nrhiav kom paub txog cov kev cai, kev tiv thaiv hom kab, thiab nyob ruaj ntseg.

Are you interesting in hunting or catching wild animals and fish? Learn what you need to know about hunting and fishing in the USA. Find out about regulations, protected species, and staying safe.

Fishing in Missouri by Kbh3rd
Nuv ntses nyob hauv Missouri los ntawm Kbh3rd, CC.
Fishing in Missouri by Kbh3rd
Fishing in Missouri by Kbh3rd, CC.

Yos hav zoov thiab nuv ntses

Hunting and fishing

Muaj yog tshaj tawm txog 14 lab zoov thiab hais txog 33 lab neeg nuv ntses (cov neeg uas ntses) nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Kev cai lij choj hais txog yuav ua li cas mus yos hav zoov thiab nuv ntses sib txawv los ntawm lub xeev rau xeev thiab txawm nyob rau hauv ib lub xeev.

There are reportedly about 14 million hunters and about 33 million anglers (people who fish) in the USA. Laws about how hunting and fishing vary from state to state and even within a state.

Regulations

Regulations

Koj yuav tsum tau ntses los yog mus yos hav zoov xwb nyob rau hauv tej qhov chaw, nyob rau tej hnub thiab nyob rau tej lub sij hawm. Koj yuav tsum tau tso cai rau siv xwb tej riam phom thiab tua tej tsiaj, thiab tej zaum koj yuav tsum tau hnav txiv kab ntxwv yog li ntawd koj yuav pom.

You will be able to fish or hunt only in certain areas, on certain days and at certain times. You will be allowed to use only certain weapons and kill specific animals, and you may be required to wear orange so you are visible.

Nws txhaum cai los mus yos hav zoov los yog cov ntses nyob rau hauv feem ntau pej xeem chaw ua si, thiab koj yuav tsum ticketed thiab nplua rau trapping cov nquab, os, us, ntses, los yog squirrels nyob rau hauv lub nroog. Nyob rau hauv lub qus, lub yos hav zoov thiab nuv ntses ntawm cov tsiaj yog tswj mus rau ib tug sib txawv raws li nyob rau hauv lub xeev. Koj yuav nrhiav tau tawm qhov twg mus plob hav zoov nyob rau hauv txhua txhua lub xeev thiab yog dab tsi cov kev cai yog.

It is illegal to hunt or fish in most public parks, and you can be ticketed and fined for trapping pigeons, ducks, geese, fish, or squirrels in the city. In the wild, the hunting and fishing of these animals is regulated to a different extent depending on the state. You can find out where to hunt in every state and what the regulations are.

Tua cov lais xees

Hunting licenses

Tshawb xyuas nrog koj lub zos tub ceev xwm los yog cov tsiaj qus tswj los yog natural resources tub ceev xwm, zaum kuj hu ua ib tug ranger los yog kev ua si tus ceev xwm. Koj yuav zaum tau yuav tsum tau mus yuav ib tug mus yos hav zoov los yog nuv ntses daim ntawv tso cai thiab kom nws nrog koj. Txhaum cai mus yos hav zoov tsis muaj ib tug daim ntawv tso cai yog hu ua “poaching” thiab tau nyob rau hauv loj heev kev nplua.

Check with your local police or wildlife management or natural resources officer, sometimes called a ranger or game warden. You will probably be required to buy a hunting or fishing license and keep it with you. Illegal hunting without a license is called “poaching” and results in serious penalties.

Nuv ntses

Fishing

tej zaum koj yuav xav tau ib tug nuv ntses daim ntawv tso cai. Ntses nyob rau hauv ib co dej thiab pas dej yog tshuaj lom vim muaj kuab paug nyob rau hauv cov dej. Tej zaum koj yuav tsum tau tso cai rau ntses, tab sis koj yuav tsum tau ceeb toom kom tsis txhob noj koj “catch”. “Txhom thiab tso tawm” yog ib tug ntaus pob ncaws pob lub sij hawm uas qhia txog cov cai ntawm kev nuv ntses mus caum ib yam dab tsi, ces qhov chaw kawm dawb dua.

you may also need a fishing permit. Fish in some rivers and lakes are toxic due to pollution in the water. You may be allowed to fish, but you will be warned not to eat your “catch”. “Catch and release” is a sporting term that describes the act of fishing to catch something, then setting it free again.

Kev tiv thaiv hom kab

Protected species

Ib txhia tsiaj txhu tsis tshua muaj hom thiab kom lawv muaj kev tiv thaiv los ntawm txoj cai lij choj thiab yuav tsis tau hunted los yog tua li cas los xij nyob rau hauv tej lub caij. Nyob rau hauv Texas, piv txwv li, kev tiv thaiv cov tsiaj muaj xws li bobcats, hma, qav, roob tom tsov ntxhuav, tiaj nras dev, luav, thiab vaub.

Some animals are rare species and so they are protected by law and cannot be hunted or killed for any reason in any season. In Texas, for example, protected animals include bobcats, coyotes, frogs, mountain lions, prairie dogs, rabbits, and turtles.

Hunter kev nyab xeeb

Hunter safety

Muaj ntau yam teeb meem ntawm cov neeg yos hav zoov uas tsis tau noj tu thiab tsis ua raws li cov kev cai. Hais txog 1,000 cov neeg uas tua nyob rau hauv kev yos hav zoov xwm txheej txhua txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv North America, thiab txog 100 ntawm cov neeg tuag los ntawm cov neeg raug mob.

There have been many incidents of people hunting without taking proper care and not following the rules. About 1,000 people are shot in hunting accidents every year in North America, and about 100 of these people die from those injuries.

tsiaj qus tsiaj

Wild animals

Yuav kom peb coj cov tsiaj qus yog ib tug ntau yav dhau los-lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv lub US. Ib txhia tsiaj txhu, cim rau North America, tej zaum yuav tshiab rau koj. Koj siv tau ib tug online phau ntawv no kawm txog cov tsiaj qus hom nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

Observing wildlife is a common past-time in the US. Some animals, unique to North America, may be new to you. You can use an online guide to learn about wildlife species in the USA.

Tsheb xwm txheej uas cov tsiaj qus

Car accidents with wild animals

Thaj chaw deb chaw, ib tug tsiaj qus tsiaj tej zaum yuav hla txoj kev thaum koj tsav tsheb. Qhov no yog ib qho thaum kaj ntug thiab tsaus ntuj zuag thiab nyob rau hauv caij nplooj ntoos hlav thiab lub caij nplooj zeeg. Sim kom tsis txhob nws tej zaum yuav raug nyob rau hauv crashing koj lub tsheb thiab ua rau raug mob loj. Kws txawj pom zoo kom koj tsav ncaj thiab qeeb yog tias ua tau, thiab thaum twg muaj kev ruaj ntseg, rub tshaj tawm ntawm cov tsheb khiav thiab tshem tawm cov tsiaj los ntawm txoj kev, Yog hais tias koj muaj peev xwm. Qhov no yuav tiv thaiv lwm cov neeg tsav tsheb los ntawm swerving mam li nco dheev thiab muaj kev huam yuaj.

In rural areas, a wild animal might cross the road while you are driving. This is common at dawn and dusk and in spring and fall. Trying to avoid it may result in crashing your car and causing serious injury. Experts recommend you steer straight and slow down if possible, and when safe, pull over out of traffic and remove the animal from the road, if you are able. This will prevent other drivers from swerving suddenly and having an accident.

Yog hais tias nws yog ib tug loj tsiaj, hu 911 mus piav qhia txog qhov teeb meem no, yog li ntawd tub ceev xwm los yog kev ua si Hav Zoov yuav tshem tawm cov teeb meem thiab sau ntawv ib qho teeb meem tsab ntawv ceeb toom. Yog hais tias leej twg yog raug mob nyob rau hauv lub tsheb sib tsoo, yuav tsum tau txais kev pab kho mob yog tam sim ntawd los sis hnub tom yog hais tias tus raug mob yog tsis loj. Yog hais tias koj yog tawm ntawm xov tooj ntau yam, thiab tsis muaj ib tug kis los ntawm los pab, mus maj mam mus rau qhov ze lub tsev nrog ib tug xov tooj mus nrhiav kev pab. Qhia rau koj daim ntawv kho mob lub tuam txhab rau tej kev hu plig rau koj lub tsheb.

If it is a large animal, call 911 to explain the situation, so that law enforcement or game wardens can remove the hazard and write an incident report. If anyone is injured in the collision, be sure to get medical help either immediately or the next day if the injuries are not serious. If you are out of telephone range, and no one passes by to help, proceed slowly to the nearest building with a phone to get help. Notify your insurance company for any damages to your car.

Yog hais tias koj ntaus ib tug mos lwj los yog lwm yam kev ua si tsiaj thiab xav kom cov nqaij, hu ua “roadkill,” tej zaum koj yuav nug qhov kev ua si tub ceev xwm. Nyob rau qhov kev tshwm sim, tej zaum koj yuav tau coj nws nrog koj. Cua nab thiab lwm yam cab yog ib tug txhawj xeeb nrog tej tsiaj qus, li ntawd, nco ntsoov ntxuav thiab npaj cov nqaij ua tib zoo.

If you hit a deer or other game animal and want the meat, called “roadkill,” you may ask the game officer. Depending on the circumstances, you may be able to take it with you. Worms and other parasites are a concern with any wild animal, so be sure to clean and prepare the meat carefully.

Tsiaj qus tsiaj muaj kev ruaj ntseg

Wild animal safety

Yog hais tias koj yuav tsum tau ntsib ib tug tsiaj qus tsiaj thaum nyob rau ko taw yog nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog los yog thaum taug kev nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws, ua kom tsis muaj los mus caum, nyeg, zes los yog raug mob rau nws. Tiv thaiv koj tus kheej thiab koj tus khub tsiaj thiab tej tsiaj nyeg, ntawm cov hoob kawm, tab sis tsis los ntawm injuring cov qus tsiaj tshwj tsis yog tias tsim nyog kiag li los khaws cia lub neej. Feem ntau cov tsiaj qus yuav khiav deb yog tias koj qw los yog muab pov ib lub pob zeb nyob rau ntawm lawv. Ib txhia tsiaj qus muaj kev tiv thaiv los ntawm txoj cai lij choj, thaum ib co yuav ua rau koj thiab koj cov tsiaj thiab cov tsiaj nyeg mob. Xyuas hauv zos cov kev cai.

If you should encounter a wild animal while on foot either in your neighborhood or while hiking in the country, make no attempt to catch, tame, tease or injure it. Protect yourself and your companion animals and livestock, of course, but not by injuring the wild animal unless absolutely necessary to preserve life. Most wild animals will run away if you yell or throw a rock at them. Some wild animals are protected by law, while some could cause you and your pets and livestock harm. Check local regulations.

Muaj tej yam cov kab mob koj yuav daim ntawv cog lus los ntawm cov tsiaj qus los yog cov cab uas nyob rau hauv lawv, xws li tularemia, kab mob dev vwm, thiab bubonic plague. Txawm cov yoov tshaj cum ua tau mob nrog rau cov West Nile Tus kab mob no nyob rau hauv raug neeg.

There are certain diseases you can contract from wild animals or the parasites that live on them, including tularemia, rabies, and bubonic plague. Even the mosquito can cause illness including the West Nile Virus in susceptible people.

Xav paub ntau ntxiv

Learn more

Puas nplooj ntawv no pab tau koj? Nyuj nyav ntsej muag Yog frown lub ntsej muag Tsis
Ua tsaug rau koj cov tswv yim!