Asylum in USA: 2018 change to USCIS process

English kujTsis English

There is a new process for asylum in the USA. Starting in 2018, hauv lub tebchaws United States Citizenship thiab Immigration Services (USCIS) hloov nws txoj kev. New applicants will receive their hearings first. People who are already waiting for a hearing will have to wait longer.

There is a new process for asylum in the USA. Starting in 2018, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process. New applicants will receive their hearings first. People who are already waiting for a hearing will have to wait longer.

Photo: Hector Silva – courtesy of Customs and Border Protection
Photo: Hector Silva – courtesy of Customs and Border Protection

A new process for asylum in the USA started in 2018

A new process for asylum in the USA started in 2018

ntau tshaj 300,000 people are waiting to hear about their asylum applications in the USA. Nws yuav siv sij hawm ib tug ntev lub sij hawm rau cov txheej txheem tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv sau npe thiab tham tag nrho cov neeg thov kev pab.

More than 300,000 people are waiting to hear about their asylum applications in the USA. It will take a long time to process all those applications and interview all the applicants.

Nyob rau qhov teeb meem, hauv lub tebchaws United States Citizenship thiab Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process for interviewing asylum applicants in 2018. Nws yog nug tshiab thov kev pab thawj thiab ua hauj lwm rov qab los ntawm daim ntawv teev nyob rau hauv rov qab kev txiav txim. Read the USCIS information about asylum interview scheduling.

To address the problem, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process for interviewing asylum applicants in 2018. It is interviewing new applicants first and working back through the list in reverse order. Read the USCIS information about asylum interview scheduling.

Qhov no yog qhov tshiab thiaj:

This is the new order:

  • thawj feem: Applicants who were scheduled for an interview, tab sis qhov kev sib tham yuav tsum tau muab mloog ntawm tus neeg thov thov los yog cov kev xav tau ntawm USCIS.
  • Ob txhais feem: Daim ntaub ntawv uas tau tos 21 hnub los yog tsawg dua.
  • Peb feem: Tag nrho lwm cov tos affirmative nyob nraim yeej ncuab daim ntaub ntawv yuav tsum teem rau kev sib tham pib nrog newer filings thiab ua hauj lwm rov qab ntawm cov laus filings.
  • First priority: Applicants who were scheduled for an interview, but the interview had to be rescheduled at the applicant’s request or the needs of USCIS.
  • Second priority: Applications that have been pending 21 days or less.
  • Third priority: All other pending affirmative asylum applications will be scheduled for interviews starting with newer filings and working back towards older filings.

Why is USCIS making this change to asylum in the USA?

Why is USCIS making this change to asylum in the USA?

Yog hais tias koj thov kev pab nyob nraim yeej ncuab, you may apply for a work permit 150 hnub tom qab. Ces koj yuav ua hauj lwm kom txog thaum koj txais los yog tsis kam. USCIS hais tias tus tshiab yuav txo tus naj npawb ntawm cov neeg ua ntawv thov rau asylum cia li mus yuav tau ib tug ua hauj lwm daim ntawv tso cai. Yog hais tias tshiab neeg thov kev pab yog hais txog thawj es tsis txhob tos rau xyoo, USCIS ntseeg hais tias lawv tej zaum yuav tsis siv tshwj tsis yog tias lawv muaj ib tug zoo cov ntaub ntawv. Qhov no yog vim hais tias thaum nyob nraim yeej ncuab cov neeg thov kev yog muab cia, they may be removed from the USA

If you apply for asylum, you may apply for a work permit 150 days later. Then you can work until you are accepted or refused. USCIS says the new process will reduce the number of people applying for asylum just to get a work permit. If new applicants are dealt with first instead of waiting for years, USCIS believes they probably won’t apply unless they have a good case. This is because when asylum applicants are turned down, they may be removed from the USA

Yuav ua li cas yog hais tias kuv muaj lawm tos kuv kev sib tham, thiab kuv cov ntaub ntawv yog ceev?

What if I have been waiting for my interview, and my case is urgent?

USCIS says it will consider urgent requests to be scheduled for an interview outside of the priority order listed above. Please submit any urgent interview scheduling requests in writing to your USCIS asylum office.

USCIS says it will consider urgent requests to be scheduled for an interview outside of the priority order listed above. Please submit any urgent interview scheduling requests in writing to your USCIS asylum office.

Yuav ua li cas hais txog kuv tsev neeg?

What about my family?

Ib txhia asylees tau tos kom mus txog rau plaub lub xyoos yuav tsum tau pom zoo kom lawv thiaj li coj tau lawv cov me nyuam los yog cov txij nkawm mus koom nrog lawv. Nws yuav ua tau nyuaj heev rau lawv tau tos txawm ntev. Tib neeg txoj cai pab tswvyim hais USCIS mus nrhiav ib tug ncaj ncees txheej txheem rau cov neeg thov kev pab. Yog hais tias koj tsis twb ua hauj lwm nrog ib tug kws lij choj, peb pom zoo nrhiav ib tug kws lij choj los pab koj.

Some asylees have been waiting for up to four years to be approved so they can bring their children or spouses to join them. It will be very hard for them to have to wait even longer. Human rights advocates are asking USCIS to find a fair process for these applicants. If you are not already working with a lawyer, we recommend finding a lawyer to help you.

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Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm nplooj ntawv no yog los ntawm USCIS thiab lwm yam thoj. Nws yog npaj rau cov kev taw qhia thiab yog tshiab ntau li ntau tau. USAHello tsis muab kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab, tsis yog ib yam ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv npaj uas yuav tau noj raws li kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab. Yog hais tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug dawb los yog raug nyiaj tsawg tus kws lij choj los yog kev cai lij choj pab, peb yuav pab tau koj nrhiav dawb thiab luv-nqi raws li txoj cai kev pab.

The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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