Yuav ua li cas yog lub naturalization xeem kev sib tham?

English kujTsis English

Naturalization yog tus txheej txheem uas ua rau koj ib tug pej xeem ntawm lub teb chaws United States of America. Lub naturalization xeem, los yog kev ua pej xeem xeem, yog ib qho kev sib tham. Koj yuav tsum tau teb los ntawm ib tug pej xeem thiab Immigration Services tub ceev xwm. Cov kev sib tham yog ib qho tseem ceeb kauj ruam nyob rau hauv qhov ib tug neeg xam xaj Asmeskas. Nrhiav kom paub txog cov naturalization xeem thiab yuav ua li cas los npaj rau cov kev sib tham.

Naturalization is the process that makes you a citizen of the United States of America. The naturalization test, or citizenship test, is an interview. You will be questioned by a Citizenship and Immigration Services officer. The interview is an important step in becoming a US citizen. Find out about the naturalization test and how to prepare for the interview.

naturalization interview

naturalization interview

Lub naturalization kev kuaj ntawd yog ib tug ntawm ob peb kauj ruam nyob rau hauv tus txheej txheem los ua ib tug neeg xam xaj Asmeskas. By lub sij hawm koj tuaj koom koj tus kev sib tham, koj yuav muaj:

The naturalization test is one of several steps in the process to become a US citizen. By the time you attend your interview, you will have:

Ua ntej koj naturalization xeem

Before your naturalization test

Thaum uas tag nrho koj cov ntaub ntawv tiav, hauv lub tebchaws United States Citizenship thiab Immigration Services (USCIS) yuav xa ib lub sij hawm daim ntawv ceeb toom. Cov ntawv ceeb toom yuav qhia rau koj lub hnub thiab lub sij hawm ntawm koj kev sib tham.

When all your paperwork is complete, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will send an appointment notice. The notice will tell you the date and time of your interview.

Cov kev sib tham yog tus kawg kauj ruam mus rau ib tug pej xeem. Thaum koj tshaj koj naturalization xeem, koj yuav tau los ua ib tug neeg xam xaj Asmeskas.

The interview is the last step to becoming a citizen. Once you pass your naturalization test, you will be able to become a US citizen.

Tau npaj rau koj tus naturalization xeem kev sib tham

Getting ready for your naturalization test interview

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws uas koj yuav ua rau kawm tau ntawv zoo nyob rau hauv koj naturalization kev sib tham yog: yuav npaj!

The best thing you can do to succeed at your naturalization interview is: be prepared!

Yog npaj txhais tau tias ua kom paub tseeb koj English nyeem ntawv, kev hais lus thiab kev txawj sau ntawv zoo txaus. Nws kuj txhais tau tias yog npaj txhij rau lub Civics xeem. Xyuas kom tseeb tias koj to taub tag nrho cov lus nug uas koj yuav tau nug thaum lub sij hawm koj tham.

Being prepared means making sure your English reading, speaking and writing skills are good enough. It also means being ready for the Civics test. Make sure you understand all the questions you will be asked during your interview.

Yog hais tias koj tseem tsis tau npaj txhij, koj ua tau sau npe rau peb dawb hauv internet cov chav kawm los npaj rau koj cov naturalization xeem.

If you are not ready, you can sign up for our free online classes to prepare you for the naturalization test.

how to prepare for your naturalization interview

how to prepare for your naturalization interview

Tej yam uas yuav coj nrog koj

Things to bring with you

Tau npaj kuj txhais tau hais tias muaj txhua yam koj xav tau coj mus rau koj kev sib tham.

Being prepared also means having everything you need to take to your interview.

Koj yuav tsum nqa cov nram no nrog koj:

You must bring the following items with you:

  • Koj lub sij hawm daim ntawv ceeb toom
  • Koj Permanent Resident Card los yog Alien Registration Card (npav ntsuab)
  • Koj daim ntawv tsav tsheb los yog xeev muab kev qhia kom paub card
  • Tag nrho cov tam sim no thiab dhau passports los yog mus ncig teb chaws cov ntaub ntawv
  • Your appointment notice
  • Your Permanent Resident Card or Alien Registration Card (green card)
  • Your driver’s license or state-issued identification card
  • All current and expired passports or travel documents

Tej zaum koj kuj xav nqa:

You may also want to bring:

  • Ib daim ntawv ntawm koj N-400 daim ntawv thov daim ntawv rau koj tus kheej siv
  • A daim ntawv teev cov 100 cov lus nug hais tias cov tub ceev xwm yuav tuaj tos 10 cov lus nug los ntawm (nco ntsoov hais tias ib co ntawm cov lus teb, xws li lub npe ntawm tus thawj tswj hwm, yuav hloov. Qhov no daim ntawv yuav qhia koj mus qhov twg nrhiav tau qhov tam sim no cov npe).
  • A copy of your N-400 application form for your own reference
  • A list of the 100 questions that the officer will pick 10 questions from (remember that some of the answers, such as the name of the president, will change. This list will tell you where to find the current names).

Koj muaj cai coj koj tus kws lij choj yog tias koj muaj ib tug.

You are allowed to bring your lawyer if you have one.

Koj lub sij hawm daim ntawv ceeb toom yuav qhia rau koj yog hais tias koj yuav tsum coj lwm yam ntaub ntawv, xws li sib yuav los yog sib nrauj daim ntawv pov, ntaub ntawv ua se, los yog cov ntaub ntawv ua li cas nrog koj tus txij nkawm los yog cov me nyuam.

Your appointment notice will tell you if you need to bring other documents, such as marriage or divorce certificates, tax documents, or documents to do with your spouse or children.

Yuav ua li cas yuav tshwm sim nyob rau hauv koj naturalization xeem

What will happen at your naturalization test

Mus txog rau qhov kev sib tham

Arriving for the interview

Xyuas kom tseeb tias paub raws nraim qhov koj yuav mus kom koj thiaj li tsis tau yug dua tshiab thiab tuaj txog lig. Tej zaum koj yuav xav mus rau lub tsev nyob rau ib hnub ua ntej koj lub sij hawm kom koj thiaj li paub raws nraim qhov twg lub chaw ua hauj lwm yog thiab yuav ua li cas los tau muaj.

Make sure to know exactly where you are going so you don’t get lost and arrive late. You might want to travel to the building on a day before your appointment so you know exactly where the office is and how to get there.

Nws yog zoo mus txog ib nrab ib teev thaum ntxov rau koj lub sij hawm. Koj yuav tsum tau lub sij hawm mus los ntawm ib tug ruaj ntseg checkpoint thiab nrhiav tau cov cai ua hauj lwm thiab tos cheeb tsam. Tsis tas li ntawd, yog hais tias koj muaj ib tug me ntsis thaum ntxov, koj yuav xav tias tsawg rushed thiab tshee.

It is good to arrive half an hour early for your appointment. You will need time to go through a security checkpoint and find the right office and the waiting area. Also, if you are there a little early, you will feel less rushed and nervous.

Tej zaum koj yuav tau mus tos ib pliag kom txog rau thaum nws yog koj tig. Koj siv tau lub sij hawm mus nrhiav dua koj daim ntawv los yog nqe lus nug. Lub USCIS tub ceev xwm yuav tuaj tawm thiab hu koj lub npe thaum nws yog koj tig. Koj yuav mus rau ib tug private chaw ua hauj lwm. Ua ntej koj yuav zaum, tus tub ceevxwm yuav nug koj kom koj tsa koj txhais tes xis thiab cog lus tias qhia qhov tseeb.

You may have to wait for a while until it is your turn. You can use the time to look over your form or test questions. The USCIS officer will come out and call your name when it is your turn. You will go to a private office. Before you sit down, the officer will ask you to raise your right hand and promise to tell the truth.

Soj ntsuam koj English hais lus

Testing your English speaking skills

Thaum lub sij hawm qhov kev sib tham, tus tub ceevxwm yuav ua kom paub tseeb koj cov ntaub ntawv muaj tseeb thiab yog. Nws los yog nws yuav hais kom ntau ntau cov lus nug txog cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv koj daim ntawv thov (Daim ntawv N-400). Nyob rau tib lub sij hawm, nws los yog nws yog kuaj koj txawj hais lus Askiv.

During the interview, the officer is making sure your information is true and correct. He or she will ask lots of questions about the information on your application (Form N-400). At the same time, he or she is testing your English language skills.

Tej cov tib neeg thiab ib co neeg uas muaj cov teeb meem kev puas siab puas ntsws los yog kev tsis taus yuav tsim nyog tau txais rau ib qho kev zam rau lus Askiv yuav tsum tau.

Some older individuals and some people with health problems or mental disabilities may qualify for an exception to the English language requirement.

Tom qab cov lus nug thiab kos npe rau ntaub ntawv

Background questions and signing forms

Cov tub ceev xwm yuav nug cov lus nug hais txog koj keeb kwm yav dhau. Nws los yog nws tej zaum yuav nug cov lus nug uas tsis nyob rau hauv daim ntawv thov daim ntawv. Yuav tau npaj rau lub cov lus nug tej zaum koj yuav tau nug.

The officer will ask questions about your background. He or she may ask questions that were not on the application form. Be prepared for the questions you may be asked.

Thaum cov lus nug tag lawm, koj yuav tsum tau kos npe rau ib ob peb cov ntaub ntawv, nrog rau koj daim ntawv thov thiab koj cov duab.

When the questions are finished, you will need to sign a few documents, including your application and your photographs.

civics xeem, nyeem ntawv thiab sau ntawv

Civics test, reading and writing skills

Feem ntau cov neeg tseem yuav tau siv sij hawm ib tug xeem rau US civics, keeb kwm thiab tsoom fwv. Qhov no yog ib feem ntawm qhov kev sib tham tej zaum yuav nrog cov tib neeg khiav dej num, los yog tej zaum nws yuav nrog ib tug neeg. Nws yuav tuaj ua ntej los yog thaum kawg.

Most people will also have to take a test on US civics, history and government. This part of the interview may be with the same officer, or it may be with a different person. It could come first or at the end.

Thaum lub sij hawm no mus ntsuam xyuas, koj yuav tsum teb 6 tawm ntawm 10 cov lus nug kom txog US civics. Cov lus nug thiab lus teb yog hais. Muaj yuav tsum yog ib tug luv luv sau ib feem mus rau qhov kev xeem kuaj koj cov kev txawj sau ntawv. Cov tub ceev xwm yuav qhia tau rau koj ib kab lus sau cia. Koj yuav tau hais kom nyeem ib kab lus. dua, koj muaj peev xwm npaj rau tag nrho cov lus nug uas koj yuav tau nug thaum lub sij hawm koj tham.

During this exam, you must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly about US civics. The questions and answers are spoken. There will be a short written part to the test to test your writing skills. The officer will tell you a sentence to write down. You will also be asked to read a sentence. Again, you can prepare for all the questions you will be asked during your interview.

Ib tug ob peb tus neeg tsis muaj yuav tau noj cov xeem. muaj ib co kev zam rau cov laus dua cov neeg los yog cov neeg uas muaj cov teeb meem los yog kev tsis taus.

A few people do not have to take this test. There are some exceptions for older people or people with health issues or disabilities.

Saib ib tug yees duab txog tus USCIS naturalization kev sib tham

Watch a video about the USCIS naturalization interview

koj ua tau download tau qhov Coj mus Naturalization hais nyob rau hauv cov kev yees duab. Siv phau ntawv no thaum koj mus raws li koj mus los ntawm tus txheej txheem. Feem ntau ntawm cov lus nug uas koj muaj yuav tsum tau teb nyob rau hauv phau ntawv no.

You can download the Guide to Naturalization mentioned in the video. Use this guide as you go as you go through the process. Most of the questions you have will be answered in the guide.

Lub tswv yim thiab cov tswv yim rau koj naturalization xeem

Tips and suggestions for your naturalization test

  • Los ntawm lub sij hawm tus tub ceev xwm greets koj, nws los yog nws yog kuaj koj txawj lus Askiv. Nco ntsoov hais lus zoo zoo thiab kom meej meej.
  • Yuav qhia qhov tseeb thiab tsis txhob tuav rov qab rau tej ntaub ntawv. Cov tub ceev xwm tej zaum yuav muaj cov ntaub ntawv hais txog koj los ntawm lwm qhov chaw. Yog hais tias koj tsis paub teb lossis tsis nco qab, nws yog li cas hais li ntawd. Nws tseem yog li cas los qhia rau cov tub ceev xwm, yog hais tias koj tsis to taub ib yam dab tsi.
  • Yog hais tias koj tsis txawj lus Askiv, sim mus nrhiav lub sij hawm mus rau lus Askiv cov chav kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog. Muaj ntau lub zos kawm ntawv qib siab, tsev qiv ntawv thiab lub zej lub zos cov chaw muab pub dawb chav kawm. Koj yuav saib nyob rau hauv FindHello mus nrhiav cov chav kawm. Los yog koj ua tau nrhiav hauv internet cov chav kawm no.
  • Siv ib tug US pej xeem cov hoob kawm los pab koj tshaj koj xeem. Yog hais tias koj xav mus rau ib tug hauv chav kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog, koj yuav mus nrhiav rau qhov chaw no - muaj ntau yam ntawm cov hoob uas muaj npe nyob rau hauv peb Resources section yog free. Los yog koj muaj peev xwm coj peb lub free online Citizenship chav kawm ntawv. koj ua tau sau npe ntawm no thiab pib thaum twg koj npaj txhij!
  • From the time the officer greets you, he or she is testing your English skills. Be sure to speak carefully and clearly.
  • Always tell the truth and do not hold back any information. The officer may have information about you from another source. If you do not know an answer or cannot remember, it is okay to say so. It is also okay to tell the officer if you do not understand something.
  • If you do not speak English, try to find time to go to English classes in your community. Many local colleges, libraries and community centers offer free classes. You can look in FindHello to find classes. Or you can find online classes here.
  • Take a US citizenship course to help you pass your test. If you would like to go to a class in your community, you can search for places here – many of the classes listed in our Resources section are free. Or you can take our free online Citizenship class. You can sign up here and begin whenever you are ready!

Hmoov zoo nrog koj sib tham! Nco ntsoov:

Good luck with your interview! Remember:

Tsim nyog, yuav npaj, thiab muaj tseeb.

Be eligible, be prepared, and be truthful.

Dhau li koj haiv neeg kuaj!

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