Qhov twg mus yuav khoom noj thiab khaub ncaws
Ib txhia cov tuaj tshiab tsis paub tseeb qhov twg mus yuav cov khoom noj haus lawv yuav tsum, thiab tej zaum lawv yuav nco tsoos khoom noj los ntawm lawv lub teb chaws. Muaj ntau ntau qhov chaw sib txawv thiab txoj kev mus kav khw nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Kawm kom paub txog cov kev khw muas khoom noj khoom haus. Nrhiav tawm yuav ua li cas yuav tsoos zaub mov. Nyeem txog qhov twg mus yuav cov khaub ncaws thiab yuav ua li cas mus kav online.
Some newcomers are not sure where to buy the groceries they need, and they may miss traditional foods from their native country. There are many different places and ways to go shopping in the USA. Learn about the kinds of shops for buying food. Find out how to buy traditional foods. Read about where to buy clothes and how to shop online.
Muas cov zaub mov
Lo lus khoom noj haus txhais tau tias cov zaub mov koj yuav. Koj yuav tsum tau sim rau siv txog 20% los yog tsawg dua ntawm koj cov nyiaj tsev neeg khwv tau nyiaj nyob rau hauv cov khoom noj haus txhua lub hli. Qhov no txhais tau tias yog muaj $1,000 nyob rau hauv cov nyiaj khwv tau ntawm txhua lub hli, koj yuav tsum tau siv $200 los yog tsawg dua nyob rau hauv cov khoom noj haus. Yog hais tias koj tau txais $500 txhua lub hli, koj yuav them taus los siv xwb $100 los yog tsawg dua nyob rau hauv cov zaub mov, yog hais tias koj mus tau them rau vaj tse nyob thiab hlauv taws xob.
The word groceries means food you buy. You should try to spend about 20% or less of your total family income on groceries each month. This means if have $1,000 in income each month, you should spend $200 or less on groceries. If you get $500 each month, you can afford to spend only $100 or less on food, if you are to also pay for housing and utilities.
Ntawm no yog ib co pab tau tej yam uas yuav paub txog yuav khoom noj:
Here are some useful things to know about buying food:
- Tej yam uas raug nqi me ntsis nyob rau hauv koj lub tsev lub teb chaws tej zaum yuav kim nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Piv txwv li, cov neeg tawg rog los ntawm Burma yuav nyiam noj tshiab coconuts thiab txiv nkhaus taw, tab sis cov no cov khoom yeej kim heev.
- Nqaij thiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo yog feem ntau kim nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Yog li ntawd, tej zaum koj yuav xav tau mus sim noj ib co khoom noj tshiab raws li zoo raws li koj cov tshuaj zaub mov.
- Muas cov zaub mov, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog mov thiab taum, zaub, los ntawm lub tsev muag khoom noj thiab ua noj ua haus nws tus kheej yog feem ntau tsis tshua kim tshaj muas khoom noj los ntawm ib tug lub tsev noj mov.
- Yog hais tias ib yam khoom nyob rau hauv ib lub khw yog luv nqi, koj yuav tau them cov nqi. Txawm li cas los, qhov no yog tsawg yeej muaj tseeb nyob rau hauv cov ciaj uas muag los yog khw muag khoom noj muag siv khoom.
- Some things that cost little in your home country may be expensive in the USA. For example, refugees from Burma may like to eat fresh coconuts and mangoes, but these items are expensive.
- Meat and fruit are often expensive in the USA. So, you may need to try to eat some new foods as well as your traditional foods.
- Buying food, especially rice and beans and many vegetables, from the grocery store and cooking it yourself is generally less expensive than buying food from a restaurant.
- If an item in a store is priced, you have to pay that price. However, this is less true in markets or stores selling used goods.
Qhov twg yuav khoom noj haus
Where to buy groceries
Ntawm no yog tej yam txawv qhov chaw koj mus yuav khoom noj khoom haus:
Here are some different places you can buy food:
tajlaj khw muag khoom noj
Tajlaj khw muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv lub US yog loj muag khoom noj uas nqa ntau ntau hom kev noj kev haus. Muaj ntau ntau loj muag khoom noj “saw khw muag khoom noj.” Ib tug saw yog ib pab pawg neeg ntawm khw muag khoom noj uas yog cov tib nyob rau hauv ntau lub zos nyob rau lub US. Tajlaj khw muag khoom noj yog muab faib mus rau hauv khej xws li txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub, nqaij, zaub mov kaus poom, thiab lwm yam. Muaj ntau loj muag khoom noj khw muag khoom noj xav kom koj mus rau npe rau dawb “Club” phaib, los yog “ua tswv cuab phaib. Qhov no yog ib qhov zoo ua vim hais tias koj feem ntau tau txais lub luv nqi rau koj cov zaub mov uas muaj ib daim ntawv, txawm tias yog hauv daim card free. lwm yam khw muag khoom noj, xws li Costco, tsis them rau lawv tej cards thiab muag loj qhov ntau ntawm cov khoom noj ntau cheaply. Cov no yog cov tsim nyog koom yog tias koj muaj ib tug loj tsev neeg thiab muas khoom noj khoom haus thiab tsev neeg cov khoom nyob rau hauv loj qhov ntau.
Grocery stores in the US are large stores that carry many different types of food. There are several large grocery “chain stores.” A chain is a group of stores that are the same in different cities across the US. Grocery stores are divided into sections such as fruit and vegetables, meat, canned foods, etc. Many large grocery stores encourage you to sign up for free “Club” cards, or “membership cards. This is good to do because you often receive a discount on your food with a card, even though the card is free. Other stores, such as Costco, do charge for their cards and sell large quantities of food more cheaply. These are worth joining if you have a big family and are buying food and household items in large quantities.
Farmers’ ciaj uas muag
Feem ntau cov lub zos nyob rau hauv lub US muaj teb’ ciaj uas muag, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov. Nyob rau ib lub teb’ kev ua lag luam, koj yuav nrhiav tau tshiab txiv hmab txiv ntoo thiab zaub zus thiab muag los ntawm cov tswv teb lawv tus kheej. Nyob rau hauv lub caij ntuj sov, you may spend less money than you would at a grocery store for the same items, tab sis tsis yeej ib txwm - ib co loj muag khoom noj khw muag khoom noj yog tau muag rau tsawg tshaj li liaj ua teb uas loj hlob me me ntawm cov organic khoom, piv txwv li.
Most cities in the US have farmers’ markets, especially in the summer. At a farmers’ market, you can find fresh fruit and vegetables grown and sold by the farmers themselves. In summer, you may spend less money than you would at a grocery store for the same items, but not always – some big grocery stores are able to sell for less than farmers who grow small amount of organic produce, for example.
Kab ntsab khw muag khoom noj
Cov no yog cov me me khw muag khoom noj uas tej zaum kuj muag me me ntawm cov khoom noj haus los yog khoom noj khoom haus. Thaum cov khw muag khoom tej zaum yuav yooj yim vim hais tias lawv nyob ze rau koj lub tsev, lawv yog feem ntau ntau kim tshaj tom khw yuav zaub.
These are small stores that sometimes sell small amounts of groceries or food. While these stores may be convenient because they are close to your house, they are often more expensive than the grocery store.
pawg lwm haiv tib khw muag khoom noj
Ib txhia cov zej zog muaj haiv neeg khw muag khoom noj, lub ntsiab lus ib lub khw uas muag khoom noj haus los ntawm ib caj. Piv txwv li, muaj tej zaum yuav yog ib qho “Indian ua lag luam” los yog ib tug “Suav lag luam” uas sells cov zaub mov los ntawm cov neeg lub teb chaws. Koj yuav nrhiav tau haiv neeg muag khoom noj khw muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv ntau lub zos nyob rau hauv FindHello.
Some communities have ethnic stores, meaning a store that sells groceries from a particular ethnic background. For example, there might be an “Indian Market” or a “Chinese Market” that sells foods from those countries. You can find ethnic grocery stores in many cities in FindHello.
Khw nojmov nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA yuav tau lub kim tshaj plaws qhov chaw thiaj tau mov noj. Fast-zaub mov hauv cov khw yog cheaper tshaj li cov khw nojmov, tab sis koj yuav tsum xaiv ua tib zoo thiaj li mus tsis noj ntau dhau tsis zoo khoom noj khoom haus.
Restaurants in the USA tend to be the most expensive place to get food. Fast-food restaurants are cheaper than regular restaurants, but you have to choose carefully so as to not eat too much unhealthy food.
Muaj ib tug xov tooj ntawm cov websites muag haiv neeg cov zaub mov thiab lwm yam tshwj xeeb cov khoom noj uas yog ib qho nyuaj mus nrhiav zos hauv koj lub zos los yog lub nroog. Ib tug piv txwv yog eFood depot.
There are a number of websites selling ethnic food and other specialty foods that are hard to find locally in your town or city. One example is eFood Depot.
Koj yuav nrhiav tau tshwj xeeb cov khoom noj los ntawm searching hauv internet. Ntaus cov lus "yuav [zaub mov uas koj tab tom nrhiav rau] online.”
You can find specialty foods by searching online. Type the words “buy [food you are looking for] online.”
Qhov twg yuav cov khaub ncaws thiab tsev neeg cov khoom
Where to buy clothing and household items
Nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA, koj muaj ntau cov kev xaiv ntawm qhov chaw uas mus kav rau khaub ncaws thiab tej yam uas rau koj lub tsev. Koj yuav tsum yeej ib txwm sim mus yuav tej yam uas thaum lawv nyob rau ntawm kev muag khoom!
In the USA, you have lots of options of where to shop for clothes and things for your home. You should always try to buy things when they are on sale!
Thrift khw muag khoom noj los yog siv thiab pa khw muag khoom noj
Thrift stores or used and secondhand stores
Thaum koj xav txog qhov twg mus yuav cov khaub ncaws, xav txog thrift khw muag khoom noj yog tias koj xav kom txuag tau nyiaj. Thrift khw muag khoom noj muag khaub ncaws, tsev cov khoom, thiab rooj tog zaum lwm tus neeg tau muab tam sim ntawd. Yog hais tias koj siv sij hawm los saib, koj muaj peev xwm feem ntau nrhiav tau zoo nkauj heev khaub ncaws, khoom rau koj chav ua noj, rooj tog zaum, cov khoom ua si, thiab ntxiv rau hauv thrift khw muag khoom noj. Cov khw muag khoom noj yuav tsum muaj tsawg kawg nkaus tus nqi, thiab lawv feem ntau muaj hnub uas txhua yam nyob rau hauv lub khw muag.
When you are thinking of where to buy clothes, consider thrift stores if you want to save money. Thrift stores sell clothes, home items, and furniture other people have given away. If you take time to look, you can often find very nice clothes, items for your kitchen, furniture, toys, and more at thrift stores. These stores tend to be very low-cost, and they often have days where everything in the store is on sale.
Chaw rau tsheb muag khoom thiab vaj muag khoom
Garage sales and yard sales
Ib tug chav nres tsheb muag khoom los yog vaj muag khoom yog ib qhov chaw zoo yuav nrhiav tau siv cov khaub ncaws thiab tsev neeg cov khoom. Cov khoom yog feem ntau pheej yig heev. Chaw rau tsheb muag khoom thiab vaj muag khoom yog ib tug ntawm ob peb lub chaw uas koj muaj peev xwm ntshe nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA. Qhov no txhais tau tias yog koj muaj ib tug chav nres tsheb los yog tshav muag khoom, koj yuav tau sim mus nug rau ib tug txo nqi tshaj dab tsi yog sau rau qhov khoom.
A garage sale or yard sale is a great place to find used clothing and household items. These items are normally quite cheap. Garage sales and yard sales are one of the few places you can barter in the USA. This means if you are at a garage or yard sale, you can try to ask for a lower price than what is written on the item.
Department khw muag khoom noj thiab malls
Department stores and malls
Koj muaj peev xwm kuj kav ntawm department khw muag khoom noj los yog lub khw. Cov khw muag khoom noj yuav tsum kim kim thiab muaj nto moo lub npe hom. Qhov no txhais tau tias cov khoom yog nrov vim hais tias lub hom yog zoo-paub, xws li Nike khau.
You can also shop at department stores or the mall. These stores tend to be more expensive and have famous name brands. This means the items are popular because the brand is well-known, such as Nike shoes.
Superstores yog khw muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA uas muag ze li ntawm txhua yam. Cov no muaj xws khw muag khoom noj xws li Walmart, Target, thiab Kmart. Cov khw muag khoom noj yog feem ntau pheej yig dua tshaj lub npe hom department khw muag khoom noj.
Superstores are stores in the USA that sell nearly everything. These include stores like Walmart, Target, and Kmart. These stores are generally cheaper than name brand department stores.
Muaj tej zaum ntau ntau ntawm lub zos khw muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv koj tus tshiab lub zos. Nws yog zoo mus kav zos vim hais tias koj cov nyiaj nyob qis qis nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog. Tej zaum koj yuav txawm nrhiav tau ib lub khw uas los ntawm lwm cov neeg tawg rog.
There are probably lots of local stores in your new town. It is nice to shop locally because your money stays in your community. You may even find a store owned by another refugee.
Kho vajtse khw muag khoom noj
Yog hais tias koj xav tau cov khoom rau koj lub tsev los yog mus rau kho koj lub tsev, koj yuav mus yuav tau ntawm ib tug kho vajtse khw. Cov neeg uas ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov khw muag khoom noj yuav teb koj cov lus nug txog lub tsev kho.
If you need items for your house or to repair your home, you can shop at a hardware store. The people who work at these stores will answer your questions about home repair.
Online thiab mail thiaj
Online and mail order
Ib tug ntau ntawm cov neeg Asmeskas yuav lawv cov khaub ncaws online los yog los ntawm catalogs uas tuaj nyob rau hauv lub mail. Nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA, koj yuav tau rov qab khaub ncaws koj yuav online los yog los ntawm ib tug catalog, cia li zoo li koj yuav tau rov qab cov khoom yuav nyob rau hauv khw muag khoom noj.
A lot of Americans buy their clothes online or from catalogs that come in the mail. In the USA, you can return clothes you buy online or from a catalog, just like you can return items bought in stores.
Rov qab cov khoom
Khw muag khoom noj nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA qhia rau cov neeg rov qab mus khoom yog hais tias muaj yog ib yam dab tsi tsis ncaj ncees lawm nrog lawv los yog txawm yog hais tias lawv cia li hloov lawv lub siab. Tab sis lawv yuav tsis pub koj mus rov qab ib yam dab tsi tom qab koj tau siv nws. Thaum twg koj mus kav khw, kom koj tau txais daim ntawv. Qhov no yog daim ntawv pov thawj uas koj yuav qhov khoom thiab thaum koj yuav nws. Yog hais tias koj txiav txim siab koj xav rov qab mus tau ib yam khoom, koj yuav tsum muaj cov tau txais daim ntawv. Nws yog nyuab zog rov qab tshiab cov zaub mov, tab sis koj yuav tsum nco ntsoov rov qab cov khoom noj yog tias koj pom nws twb puas los yog yav dhau los nws “muag los ntawm” hnub.
Stores in the USA let people return goods if there is something wrong with them or even if they just change their mind. But they will not allow you to return something after you have used it. Whenever you shop, keep your receipt. This is proof that you bought the item and when you bought it. If you decide you want to return an item, you will need the receipt. It is harder to return fresh foods, but you should always return food if you found it was spoiled or past its “sell by” date.