ក្វាតេម៉ាឡា: Understanding Guatemalan culture and your students

ភាសាអង់គ្លេសផងដែរទេភាសាអង់គ្លេស

អ្នកអប់រំមនុស្សជាច្រើនបានបង្រៀនសិស្សចម្រុះបានរាយការណ៍ថាពួកគេមិនទទួលបានពផ្ទៃខាងក្រោយវប្បធម៍គ្រប់គ្រាន់នៅលើសិស្សរបស់ខ្លួន. ប្រសិនបើអ្នកកំពុងបង្រៀនសិស្សជនភៀសខ្លួន, វាជាការសំខាន់ដើម្បីឱ្យមានការយល់ដឹងអំពីប្រវត្តិចំណូលថ្មី ". ពខាងក្រោមនេះត្រូវបានន័យដើម្បីផ្តល់នូវទិដ្ឋភាពទូទៅនៃការរំលេចសំខាន់មួយ, ដូច្នេះអ្នកអភិវឌ្ឍយុទ្ធសាស្រ្តក្នុងការបង្រៀនឆ្លើយតបវប្បធម៍ដែលមាននៅក្នុងទំនុករចនាប័ទ្មរៀនតែមួយគត់សិស្សរបស់អ្នក.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

girls in a school in guatemala

girls in a school in guatemala

Map of Guatemalaភាសា

Map of GuatemalaLanguages

អេស្ប៉ាញ (មន្ត្រី) 68.9%, Mayan languages (a total of 21 are recognized) 30.9%, (K’iche 8.7%, Q’eqchi 7%, Mam 4.6%, Kaqchikel 4.3%, other 6.3%), other 0.3% (includes Xinca and Garifuna). Do not assume that Mayans from Guatemala speak Spanish.

Spanish (official) 68.9%, Mayan languages (a total of 21 are recognized) 30.9%, (K’iche 8.7%, Q’eqchi 7%, Mam 4.6%, Kaqchikel 4.3%, other 6.3%), other 0.3% (includes Xinca and Garifuna). Do not assume that Mayans from Guatemala speak Spanish.

ការបង្រៀនក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀន

Teaching in the classroom

School for children is free and compulsory in Guatemala, ក្នុង​ទ្រឹ​ស្តី. There have been new programs and policies in recent years. According to USAID, this has increased numbers attending school and numbers with passing grades. But not all Guatemalans, especially the Maya and those in remote rural areas, have had access to education, and fewer than half make it to middle school.

School for children is free and compulsory in Guatemala, in theory. There have been new programs and policies in recent years. According to USAID, this has increased numbers attending school and numbers with passing grades. But not all Guatemalans, especially the Maya and those in remote rural areas, have had access to education, and fewer than half make it to middle school.

There are many private schools due to the lack of public schools in some areas. The private schools are often run by Catholics. If children have attended school regularly, they may speak Spanish and English. Other children may only speak their own Mayan language.

There are many private schools due to the lack of public schools in some areas. The private schools are often run by Catholics. If children have attended school regularly, they may speak Spanish and English. Other children may only speak their own Mayan language.

You may find illiteracy among parents and children. Parents may have trouble with paperwork, especially long forms. There can also be confusion caused by family members with different last names.

You may find illiteracy among parents and children. Parents may have trouble with paperwork, especially long forms. There can also be confusion caused by family members with different last names.

Students are taught to be obedient, to not question instructions, and generally not to behave disrespectfully.

Students are taught to be obedient, to not question instructions, and generally not to behave disrespectfully.

គ្រួសារ / ការចូលរួមសាលារៀន

Family/school engagement

Interpersonal engagement is characterized by formality and respect.Teachers are highly respected in Guatemala, and Guatemalan parents may not raise concerns or question you because of this. They may also be ashamed of their own lack of education or knowledge about the school system.

Interpersonal engagement is characterized by formality and respect.Teachers are highly respected in Guatemala, and Guatemalan parents may not raise concerns or question you because of this. They may also be ashamed of their own lack of education or knowledge about the school system.

Elders are highly respected. Women are not treated as equals, ទោះជាយ៉ាងណា. There is a high rate of abuse of women. Many of the parents you meet will be mothers who have fled with their children to escape gang violence.

Elders are highly respected. Women are not treated as equals, however. There is a high rate of abuse of women. Many of the parents you meet will be mothers who have fled with their children to escape gang violence.

Personal space of two and a half to three feet space is considered normal, and touching between women is normal during a conversation, more so than between men or between women and men.

Personal space of two and a half to three feet space is considered normal, and touching between women is normal during a conversation, more so than between men or between women and men.

Making eye contact is a sign of respect and a critical way of showing interest. Speaking loudly is not approved of. It is common practice to shake hands between men and women, or for women to embrace one another with a kiss on the cheek. Men generally greet other males with a handshake, but it is not unusual for close friends and family male and females to greet one another with a kiss on the cheek.

Making eye contact is a sign of respect and a critical way of showing interest. Speaking loudly is not approved of. It is common practice to shake hands between men and women, or for women to embrace one another with a kiss on the cheek. Men generally greet other males with a handshake, but it is not unusual for close friends and family male and females to greet one another with a kiss on the cheek.

វប្បធម៍, យេនឌ័រនិងក្រុមគ្រួសារ

Culture, gender and family

Most Guatemalans hold Roman Catholic or Protestant religious views and carry indigenous Mayan beliefs. នៅជុំវិញ 50% of Guatemalans are Roman Catholic, while around 40% are Protestant. អ្វី​ដែល​នៅសល់ 10% of Guatemalans practice a range of Mayan indigenous religions. The Mayan beliefs are centered on the worship of gods who control natural earthly elements such as weather and crops.

Most Guatemalans hold Roman Catholic or Protestant religious views and carry indigenous Mayan beliefs. Around 50% of Guatemalans are Roman Catholic, while around 40% are Protestant. The remaining 10% of Guatemalans practice a range of Mayan indigenous religions. The Mayan beliefs are centered on the worship of gods who control natural earthly elements such as weather and crops.

Guatemalans are usually identified between Amerindians and Ladinos. Ladinos are those who have adopted the Spanish language and culture and are classified as mestizos, or those of mixed Amerindian and European descent.

Guatemalans are usually identified between Amerindians and Ladinos. Ladinos are those who have adopted the Spanish language and culture and are classified as mestizos, or those of mixed Amerindian and European descent.

Male-female interaction is traditionally limited outside the family, and dating is uncommon until later on. A female Guatemalan adolescent’s fifteenth birthday marks her adulthood and is celebrated by a traditional ceremony. For a male Guatemalan adolescent, his mark of adulthood occurs later on when he reaches the age of eighteen.

Male-female interaction is traditionally limited outside the family, and dating is uncommon until later on. A female Guatemalan adolescent’s fifteenth birthday marks her adulthood and is celebrated by a traditional ceremony. For a male Guatemalan adolescent, his mark of adulthood occurs later on when he reaches the age of eighteen.

Formality between genders in this aspect remains throughout adulthood, but friend and family ties are often close. The extended family is generally involved in the nuclear family life and forms the foundation of Amerindian communities.Guatemalans are community-minded rather that individualistic.

Formality between genders in this aspect remains throughout adulthood, but friend and family ties are often close. The extended family is generally involved in the nuclear family life and forms the foundation of Amerindian communities.Guatemalans are community-minded rather that individualistic.

Guatemalan dress is casual and similar to Western dress.

Guatemalan dress is casual and similar to Western dress.

ធនធានបន្ថែម

Additional resources

CHILDREN OF THE GUATEMALAN MAYA: A TEACHER’SHANDBOOK

CHILDREN OF THE GUATEMALAN MAYA: A TEACHER’S’ HANDBOOK

World Factbook

WORLD FACTBOOK

GUATEMALAN AMERICANS

GUATEMALAN AMERICANS

GUATEMALAN CULTURE CROSSING GUIDE

GUATEMALAN CULTURE CROSSING GUIDE

GUATEMALAN REFUGEE CRISIS

GUATEMALAN REFUGEE CRISIS

បោះពុម្ពពជា PDF មួយនេះ

Print this Information as a PDF

អ្នកអាចទាញយកនិងការបោះពុម្ពនេះ Guatemala learner profile ជា PDF មួយនិងរក្សាទុកវាជាធនធាននៅក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀនរបស់អ្នក.

You can download and print this Guatemala learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

ធានាឱ្យបានទាំងអស់នៃសិស្សរបស់អ្នកទទួលបានជោគជ័យ

យុទ្ធសាស្រ្តដែលផ្អែកលើភស្តុតាងថ្នាក់រៀននិងការគាំទ្រសម្រាប់សិស្សនិស្សិតដែលទើបមកថ្មីអប់រំ.

ចុះឈ្មោះថ្ងៃនេះ
តើទំព័រនេះជួយអ្នកក្នុងការ? មុខ​ញញឹម បាទ មុខចងចិញ្ចើម គ្មាន
សូមអរគុណចំពោះមតិរបស់អ្នក!