រ៉ូហ៊ីងយ៉ា: Understanding your Rohingya students and their cultural backgrounds

ភាសាអង់គ្លេសផងដែរទេភាសាអង់គ្លេស

អ្នកអប់រំមនុស្សជាច្រើនបានបង្រៀនសិស្សចម្រុះបានរាយការណ៍ថាពួកគេមិនទទួលបានពផ្ទៃខាងក្រោយវប្បធម៍គ្រប់គ្រាន់នៅលើសិស្សរបស់ខ្លួន. ប្រសិនបើអ្នកកំពុងបង្រៀនសិស្សជនភៀសខ្លួន, វាជាការសំខាន់ដើម្បីឱ្យមានការយល់ដឹងអំពីចំណូលថ្មី’ ប្រវត្តិ. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights of Rohingya students, ដូច្នេះអ្នកអភិវឌ្ឍយុទ្ធសាស្រ្តក្នុងការបង្រៀនឆ្លើយតបវប្បធម៍ដែលមាននៅក្នុងបទភ្លេងជាមួយសិស្សរបស់អ្នក’ រចនាប័ទ្មរៀនតែមួយគត់.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights of Rohingya students, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

A Rohingya refugee who was resettled to Ireland stands ready at the wicket. Photo by UNHCR/Phil Behan.
A Rohingya refugee who was resettled to Ireland stands ready at the wicket. Photo by UNHCR/Phil Behan.
A Rohingya refugee who was resettled to Ireland stands ready at the wicket. Photo by UNHCR/Phil Behan.
A Rohingya refugee who was resettled to Ireland stands ready at the wicket. Photo by UNHCR/Phil Behan.

Rohingya Map Rakhin Mapប្រទេសភូមា (មីយ៉ាន់ម៉ា) មានសង្រ្គាមស៊ីវិលបានរង, ការគាបសង្កត់ផ្នែកនយោបាយនិងជម្លោះជនជាតិភាគតិចចាប់តាំងពីឆ្នាំ 1950. ប្រទេសភូមាមានរួមបញ្ចូលទាំងជាង 100 ក្រុមជនជាតិភាគតិចផ្សេងគ្នា. The Rohingya are an ethnic and religious minority from Rakhine (also called Arakan) state in Myanmar. Many thousands of Rohingya are internally displaced within Burma, where they are persecuted and killed, or in refugee camps in Bangladesh, where conditions are dire.

Rohingya Map Rakhin MapBurma (Myanmar) has suffered civil war, political oppression and ethnic conflict since the 1950s. Burma includes over 100 different ethnic minority groups. The Rohingya are an ethnic and religious minority from Rakhine (also called Arakan) state in Myanmar. Many thousands of Rohingya are internally displaced within Burma, where they are persecuted and killed, or in refugee camps in Bangladesh, where conditions are dire.

ភាសា

Language

រ៉ូហ៊ីងយ៉ា

Rohingya

ការបង្រៀននៅក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀន

Teaching in the Classroom

According to the Arakan Project, ជាង 60% of Rohingya children have never been to school due to poverty, government restrictions on their movement, and lack of schools. លើស​ពី​នេះ​ទៀត, ជាង 70% of heads of households report having no formal education.

According to the Arakan Project, over 60% of Rohingya children have never been to school due to poverty, government restrictions on their movement, and lack of schools. In addition, over 70% of heads of households report having no formal education.

The few students that were able to attend schools typically were allowed to attend for half a day and went to under-resourced schools. Most students do not have textbooks, and government-funded teachers often do not receive pay. Rohingya students are also not allowed to attend universities in Burma. Some Rohingya communities have started mosques និង religious schools in their villages.

The few students that were able to attend schools typically were allowed to attend for half a day and went to under-resourced schools. Most students do not have textbooks, and government-funded teachers often do not receive pay. Rohingya students are also not allowed to attend universities in Burma. Some Rohingya communities have started mosques and religious schools in their villages.

Students living in refugee camps or as IDPs generally do not have any opportunities to attend school—the Bangladeshi government does not permit secondary schools in camps. Today international aid organizations are currently working to increase educational opportunities for Rohingya in camps. These schools have about equal enrollment of male and female students.

Students living in refugee camps or as IDPs generally do not have any opportunities to attend school—the Bangladeshi government does not permit secondary schools in camps. Today international aid organizations are currently working to increase educational opportunities for Rohingya in camps. These schools have about equal enrollment of male and female students.

គ្រួសារ / សាលាការចូលរួម

Family/School Engagement

Rohingya parents repeatedly state that more than anything, the one thing they want for their children is an education. ទោះជាយ៉ាងណា, most Rohingya parents have never attended school, know little about American systems, and tend to supervise children less than American parents. លើសពីនេះទៀត, girls’ education is not traditionally valued, and girls are typically taken out of school at puberty.

Rohingya parents repeatedly state that more than anything, the one thing they want for their children is an education. However, most Rohingya parents have never attended school, know little about American systems, and tend to supervise children less than American parents. Additionally, girls’ education is not traditionally valued, and girls are typically taken out of school at puberty.

Rohingya in the US are often disconnected from other refugees from Burma due to historical persecution, so you will want to be aware that your Rohingya family may be dealing with more isolation than other groups. Some women may be fearful of leaving home by themselves so it is best to invite the entire family to school events. Rohingya children are often expected to work at an early age due to family economic needs so parents will need to understand why getting an education is important for their later economic success.

Rohingya in the US are often disconnected from other refugees from Burma due to historical persecution, so you will want to be aware that your Rohingya family may be dealing with more isolation than other groups. Some women may be fearful of leaving home by themselves so it is best to invite the entire family to school events. Rohingya children are often expected to work at an early age due to family economic needs so parents will need to understand why getting an education is important for their later economic success.

វាជាការសំខាន់ដើម្បីរក្សាទុកក្នុងចិត្តថាជនភៀសខ្លួនជាច្រើនមិនបានដឹងពីរបៀបក្នុងការបើកបរឬការខ្វះលទ្ធភាពទទួលបានរថយន្តមួយ, ដូច្នេះការដឹកជញ្ជូនទៅនឹងព្រឹត្តិការណ៍សាលារៀននឹងក្លាយជាបញ្ហាប្រឈមមួយដែលសូម្បីតែប្រសិនបើឪពុកម្តាយចង់ឱ្យត្រូវបានចូលរួម.

It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

វប្បធម៍, យេនឌ័រនិងក្រុមគ្រួសារ

Culture, Gender and Family

ជាប្រពៃណី, most Rohingya were farmers. Due to discrimination and laws preventing them from land ownership, many Rohingya in Burma are landless.

Traditionally, most Rohingya were farmers. Due to discrimination and laws preventing them from land ownership, many Rohingya in Burma are landless.

Rohingya typically have a strong social bond that comes from their Islamic faith; community members work together to support one another such as providing food to families in need and helping the poor.

Rohingya typically have a strong social bond that comes from their Islamic faith; community members work together to support one another such as providing food to families in need and helping the poor.

The majority of Rohingya follow a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam. Men typically have beards, and most women wear a hijab. It may be difficult for your student to adjust to co-ed classrooms.

The majority of Rohingya follow a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam. Men typically have beards, and most women wear a hijab. It may be difficult for your student to adjust to co-ed classrooms.

Schools should make an effort to provide space and time for students to pray during the day. ជាប្រពៃណី, men pray in congregations and women pray at home. Rohingya culture also has a strong Indian influence especially in regards to food and music.

Schools should make an effort to provide space and time for students to pray during the day. Traditionally, men pray in congregations and women pray at home. Rohingya culture also has a strong Indian influence especially in regards to food and music.

Rohingya women and girls are subject to serious gender-based restrictions due to societal attitudes and conservative interpretation of religious norms in their male-dominated community. The birth of a son is generally favored. Women and adolescent girls typically remain in their homes and are discouraged from participating in the economic sphere. Women are excluded from decision-making in community matters. Divorced women and widows are often looked down upon. Arranged marriages often operate successfully among Rohingyas, but forced marriages are not uncommon.

Rohingya women and girls are subject to serious gender-based restrictions due to societal attitudes and conservative interpretation of religious norms in their male-dominated community. The birth of a son is generally favored. Women and adolescent girls typically remain in their homes and are discouraged from participating in the economic sphere. Women are excluded from decision-making in community matters. Divorced women and widows are often looked down upon. Arranged marriages often operate successfully among Rohingyas, but forced marriages are not uncommon.

ធនធានបន្ថែម

Additional Resources

ប្រភពធនធាន BRYCS

BRYCS RESOURCES

World Factbook

WORLD FACTBOOK

ផ្ទៃខាងក្រោយជនភៀសខ្លួន

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

សុខភាព

HEALTH

អាមេរិចភូមា

BURMESE AMERICANS

ចែករំលែកគំនិតរបស់អ្នក

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Rohingya students, សូមអ៊ីម៉ែល: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Rohingya students, please email: info@usahello.org.

ចូរយកដោយឥតគិតថ្លៃរបស់យើងសម្រាប់វគ្គសិក្សាអប់រំ

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ប្រសិនបើអ្នកចង់បណ្ដុះបណ្ដាលបន្ថែមទៀតលើរបៀបដើម្បីអប់រំសិស្សនិស្សិតជនភៀសខ្លួននិងជនអន្តោប្រវេសន៍, សូមពិចារណាចុះឈ្មោះនៅក្នុងវគ្គសិក្សារបស់យើង, ការអប់រំជនភៀសខ្លួននិងនិស្សិតអន្ដោប្រវេសន៍: វគ្គបណ្តាញសម្រាប់គ្រូបង្រៀន.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

បោះពុម្ពពជា PDF មួយនេះ

Print this Information as a PDF

អ្នកអាចទាញយកនិងការបោះពុម្ពនេះ Rohingya learner profile ជា PDF មួយនិងរក្សាទុកវាជាធនធាននៅក្នុងថ្នាក់រៀនរបស់អ្នក.

You can download and print this Rohingya learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

តើទំព័រនេះជួយអ្នកក្នុងការ? មុខ​ញញឹម បាទ មុខចងចិញ្ចើម គ្មាន
សូមអរគុណចំពោះមតិរបស់អ្នក!