미국의 문화적 차이 이해

또한 영어영어

미국인들은 자신만의 관습과 일을 하는 방법을 가지고 있습니다.. 그것은 이민자에 대 한 혼란 스러울 수 있습니다.. 미국 사회와 문화적 차이에 대한 이 정보는 미국 문화를 이해하는 데 도움이 됩니다..

Americans have their own customs and way of doing things. It can be confusing for newcomers. This information about American society and cultural differences will help you understand US culture.

미국 문화 - 서로 다른 문화에서 두 여자

american culture - two women from different cultures

역사

History

미국은 한때 영국의 식민지였습니다.. 자유국가가 되었다. 1776 미국 혁명 후. 남북 전쟁에서 또 다른 큰 충돌이 일어났다., 1860 년대 동안. 남북 전쟁에서 미국인 권리에 대 한 싸웠다, 아프리카에서 가져온 노예를 소유할 권리를 포함. 노예들은 풀려났다., 그리고 법이 변경되었습니다..

The United States was once a colony of Britain. It became a free country in 1776 after the American Revolution. Another big conflict came in the Civil War, during the 1860s. Americans in the Civil War fought about rights, including the right to own slaves who were brought from Africa. The slaves were freed, and the laws were changed.

미국의 역사와 문화적 차이에 대해 알아야 할 또 다른 중요한 점은 미국인들이 많은 배경을 가지고 있다는 것입니다.. 아메리카 원주민만 (또한 인디언이라고) 미국에서 온 조상이 있다. 다른 모든 미국인들은 다른 대륙에서 온 조상을 가지고 있습니다.. 그들 중 많은 사람들이 난민으로 왔습니다..

Another important thing to know about American history and cultural differences is that Americans come from many backgrounds. Only Native Americans (also called Indians) have ancestors from America. All other Americans have ancestors who came from other continents. Many of them came as refugees.

레이스

Race

이 역사 때문에, 인종 문제는 미국 문화에서 중요합니다.. 법은 사람들이 모두 동일하다고 말합니다.. 그러나 미국에서 중요한 문화적 차이 중 하나는 미국인들이 인종별로 나눕니다.. 아프리카계 미국인은 항상 백인과 같은 기회를 얻지 못합니다.. 많은 비 백인 미국인 백인 미국인 보다 가난한.

Because of this history, racial issues are important in American culture. The law says people are all the same. But one of the important cultural differences in the USA is that Americans divide themselves by race. African Americans do not always get the same opportunities as whites. Many non-white Americans are poorer than white Americans.

신념

Beliefs

미국인들은 자국을 매우 자랑스럽게 생각합니다.. 미국의 문화와 사회는 자유에 기초를 두다, 평등한 권리와 민주주의. 미국인들은 언론의 자유를 소중히 여는다.. 즉, 그들은 대통령에 대해 좋아하는 말을 할 수 있습니다. 그들은 정부가 싫어하는 일을 할 때 항의합니다..

Americans are very proud of their country. American culture and society is founded on freedom, equal rights and democracy. Americans value the idea of free speech. This means they are allowed to say what they like about the president. They protest when the government does things they do not like.

종교

Religion

법에 따르면 정부는 어떤 종교도 따라야 하며 사람들은 종교적, 문화적 차이에 대한 권리를 가진다.. 그러나 대부분의 미국인들은 기독교 휴일을 축하. 에 대 한 80% 미국인들은 그들이 기독교라고 말합니다., 비록 보다 적은 수 40% 교회에 가기. 이슬람처럼, 기독교는 한 하나님을 따릅니다.. 그것은 추종자들에게 이웃에게 친절하고 다른 사람들을 존중하라고 말합니다..

The law says the government must not follow any religion and people have a right to their religious and cultural differences. But most Americans celebrate Christian holidays. About 80% of Americans say they are Christian, although fewer than 40% go to church. Like Islam, Christianity follows one God. It tells followers to be kind to their neighbors and to treat others with respect.

당신은 연습 무슬림 경우, 고용주에게 여러분의 신앙에 대해 이야기하고 낮에 기도할 장소를 요청할 수 있습니다.. 많은 학교는 또한 학생들이기도할 수있는 공간을 제공 할 것입니다.

If you a practicing Muslim, you can talk to your employer about your faith and ask for a place to pray during the day. Many schools will also provide a space for students to pray.

휴일 및 축하

Holidays and celebrations

가족과 함께 하고 큰 식사를 함으로써 명절을 축하하는 사람들. 가장 큰 휴일은 크리스마스입니다 (12 월 25) 그리고 독립 기념일 (7 월 4). 독립기념일은 불꽃놀이와 바비큐로 축하됩니다.. 새해 전야 (12 월 31) 또 다른 큰 축하입니다. 사람들은 늦게까지 유지하고 시계가 자정에 파업 할 때까지 시간을 카운트 다운. 할로윈 (10 월 31) 재미있는 옷을 입고 재미를 하는 날로 축하됩니다..

People celebrate holidays by getting together with their families and by eating large meals. The biggest holidays are Christmas (December 25) and Independence Day (July 4). Independence Day is celebrated with fireworks and barbecues. New Year’s Eve (December 31) is another big celebration. People stay up late and count down the time until the clock strikes midnight. Halloween (October 31) is celebrated as a day to dress up in funny clothes and have fun.

생일은 매우 중요합니다.. 미국인들은 선물로 축하, 케이크와 파티. 어린 자녀를 둔 가족은 종종 파티를 하고 이웃을 초대합니다., 생일을 축하하기 위해 급우와 친구.

Birthdays are very important. Americans celebrate with gifts, cake and parties. Families with young children will often have parties and invite neighbors, classmates and friends to celebrate birthdays.

Money

자본주의 경제는 사람들이 (정부가 아님) 자체 비즈니스 및 서비스. 헬스케어는 대기업입니다.. 농업도 중요합니다.. 많은 농장은 크고 기업이 소유하고 있습니다..

The capitalist economy means that people (not government) own businesses and services. Healthcare is a big business. Farming is important too. Many farms are big and owned by businesses.

비즈니스 소유자는 지역 사회를 도울 필요가 없습니다., 그러나 많은 사람들이 지역 또는 국가 자선 단체에 기부합니다.. 미국인들은 자선 단체에 많은 돈을 기부합니다.. 많은 교회와 지역 사회 단체가 음식을 제공합니다., 주택, 저소득층 가정에 필요한 필수품.

Business owners are not required to help the community, but many make donations to local or national charities. Americans donate a lot of money to charities. Many churches and community organizations provide food, housing, and essentials to low-income families.

그러나 미국 문화는 더 개인적이다. 당신이 알 수있는 문화적 차이 중 하나는 사람들이 일반적으로 자신의 확장 가족과 돈을 공유하지 않는 것입니다. 그들은 그들의 확대 가족이나 친구를 기부하거나 돕기로 선택할 수 있습니다., 그러나 그것은 예상되지 않습니다.

But American culture is more individual. One of the cultural differences you may notice is that people do not usually share their money with their extended family. They may choose to donate or help their extended family members or friends, but it is not expected.

이름

Names

대부분의 미국인은 세 가지 이름을 가지고: 이름, 중간 이름, 및 가족 이름 (성이라고도 합니다.). 대부분의 여성들은 결혼 할 때 남편의 성을 가지고, 일부는 자신의 성을 유지하거나 둘 다 사용하지만. 자녀와 다른 성을 가진 경우, 자녀가 자녀임을 증명해야 할 수 있습니다..

Most Americans have three names: first name, middle name, and family name (also called last name). Most women take their husband’s last name when they get married, although some keep their own last name or use both. If you have a different last name than your child, you may be required to show proof that the child is your child.

선조

Elders

장로들은 다른 많은 나라에서와 같은 수준의 존경심을 가지고 있지 않습니다.. 사람들은 대학 교수들에게 더 많은 존경심을 주는 경향이 있습니다., 비즈니스 리더, 그리고 부유한 사람들. 이것은 노인 이민자에 대한 하드 조정이 될 수 있습니다.

Elders do not have the same level of respect as they do in many other countries. People tend to give more respect to university professors, business leaders, and rich people. This may be a hard adjustment for older newcomers.

시간

Time

시간의 개념은 엄격합니다., 그리고 이것은 이민자들이 어려움을 겪고 있는 문화적 차이 중 하나입니다.. 사람들은 대부분의 일일 이벤트에 대한 시간을 설정. 그들은 다음 약속에 정시에 있는지 확인하기 위해 일찍 이벤트를 떠날 것입니다.. 시간은 직장과 학교 환경에서 특히 중요합니다..

The concept of time is strict, and this is one of the cultural differences that newcomers struggle with. People set a time for most daily events. They will leave an event early to make sure they are on time to their next appointment. Time is especially important in work and school settings.

물리적 접촉

Physical contact

남성과 여성은 일반적으로 악수를. 그러나, 여자가 악수를 거절하거나 남자를 만지는 것은 괜찮습니다.. 남자들은 서로 자주 만지지 않습니다., 악수 또는 빠른 포옹을 제외하고. 다른 남자를 만져도 괜찮습니다. 여성은 서로 만질 가능성이 더 높습니다., 처음 서로를 볼 때 또는 작별 인사를 할 때 포옹과 같은. 가족들은 종종 서로 만지고 껴안습니다..

Men and women typically shake hands. However, it is okay for a woman to decline to shake hands or to touch a man. Men do not touch each other very often, except for shaking hands or possibly a quick hug. It is okay to touch other men. Women are more likely to touch one another, such as a hug when they first see one another or when they say goodbye. Family members often touch and hug each other.

통신

Communication

People may say “hi” in the morning or smile but do not take a lot of time to greet other family members in the morning. You can greet your co-workers when you first arrive at work. People smile and say “thank you” a lot.

People may say “hi” in the morning or smile but do not take a lot of time to greet other family members in the morning. You can greet your co-workers when you first arrive at work. People smile and say “thank you” a lot.

Writing is used for important and official communication. If you sign a piece of paper, people will take the paper very seriously. Legal contracts are signed written documents that can be enforced by the court.

Writing is used for important and official communication. If you sign a piece of paper, people will take the paper very seriously. Legal contracts are signed written documents that can be enforced by the court.

먹는

Eating

People mostly eat with silverware (fork, knife and spoon) unless they are eating sandwiches, hamburgers, or fast food. They use their own plate and bowl for each meal instead of sharing one bowl or plate. If you have a guest at your home, you can offer them their food on a separate plate. If you are unsure if food is communal or for one person, 당신은 요청할 수 있습니다..

People mostly eat with silverware (fork, knife and spoon) unless they are eating sandwiches, hamburgers, or fast food. They use their own plate and bowl for each meal instead of sharing one bowl or plate. If you have a guest at your home, you can offer them their food on a separate plate. If you are unsure if food is communal or for one person, you can ask.

교육

Education

All children must go to school from ages 5 받는 사람 18. Most teachers are women, but many men teach children, 너무. Schools expect parents to get involved in their children’s education. This means attending meetings or events at the school. It means giving students time to complete homework, and helping them to learn. American parents also help in the school as volunteers.

All children must go to school from ages 5 to 18. Most teachers are women, but many men teach children, too. Schools expect parents to get involved in their children’s education. This means attending meetings or events at the school. It means giving students time to complete homework, and helping them to learn. American parents also help in the school as volunteers.

Your children will learn to work in groups and teams. They will study to pass tests for college. Children in American schools learn how to think critically. Thinking critically means students are expected to question ideas. 결과적으로, students may start to question their parents. This is not a sign of disrespect. It shows they have learned an important skill to succeed in school and work.

Your children will learn to work in groups and teams. They will study to pass tests for college. Children in American schools learn how to think critically. Thinking critically means students are expected to question ideas. As a result, students may start to question their parents. This is not a sign of disrespect. It shows they have learned an important skill to succeed in school and work.

건강

Health

Many people visit the doctor for yearly check-ups rather than just when they are sick. Doctors are very respected.

Many people visit the doctor for yearly check-ups rather than just when they are sick. Doctors are very respected.

If a health worker will not talk to you about your family member’s medical care, do not take this as a sign they are being rude. The law says they are not allowed to discuss a patient’s health with other people unless the patient signs a form to give permission.

If a health worker will not talk to you about your family member’s medical care, do not take this as a sign they are being rude. The law says they are not allowed to discuss a patient’s health with other people unless the patient signs a form to give permission.

상담

Counseling

Counselors are very well respected. It is very common for Americans to see a counselor to help them through the death of a family member or other sad and hard events. Almost every school has a counselor to help student’s achieve their goals, such as going to college. If your student needs to see a counselor, this can be a big help for your family and does not mean anything negative for your family.

Counselors are very well respected. It is very common for Americans to see a counselor to help them through the death of a family member or other sad and hard events. Almost every school has a counselor to help student’s achieve their goals, such as going to college. If your student needs to see a counselor, this can be a big help for your family and does not mean anything negative for your family.

Marriage and divorce

Marriage and divorce

미국에서, you can only be married to one person. Polygamy is against the law. Divorce is common and accepted in the United States.

In the US, you can only be married to one person. Polygamy is against the law. Divorce is common and accepted in the United States.

가족

Family

Most people live only with their immediate family members – parents and children and sometimes grandparents. Only a small percentage of families live with their extended families. The is one of the most noticeable cultural differences for newcomers from more traditional societies.

Most people live only with their immediate family members – parents and children and sometimes grandparents. Only a small percentage of families live with their extended families. The is one of the most noticeable cultural differences for newcomers from more traditional societies.

Men and women are both important to the household. Most men help with household chores such as cooking and cleaning and taking care of children. Men who do these chores are still seen as in charge of their homes.

Men and women are both important to the household. Most men help with household chores such as cooking and cleaning and taking care of children. Men who do these chores are still seen as in charge of their homes.

Most families have two children. Many people pay to send their children to daycare. It is against the law to leave children home alone without supervision. It is also against the law to hit or physically discipline children.

Most families have two children. Many people pay to send their children to daycare. It is against the law to leave children home alone without supervision. It is also against the law to hit or physically discipline children.

Women and girls

Women and girls

미국에서, men and women live, 작업, and go to school together. This is one of the biggest cultural differences and adjustment for some newcomers. Men and women mix at social events too. But you can request to have a doctor of the same sex.

In the US, men and women live, work, and go to school together. This is one of the biggest cultural differences and adjustment for some newcomers. Men and women mix at social events too. But you can request to have a doctor of the same sex.

Girls continue with their educations just like boys. American boys and girls both help with chores. American girls are not expected to run households until they are adult or get married.

Girls continue with their educations just like boys. American boys and girls both help with chores. American girls are not expected to run households until they are adult or get married.

미국에서, women and girls are still expected to go to work and school while they are menstruating.

In the US, women and girls are still expected to go to work and school while they are menstruating.

Women usually work outside the home like men. Most women take care of their babies on their own after one or two weeks. Employers must give unpaid time off for a few weeks, but then they expect women to return to work as soon as possible.

Women usually work outside the home like men. Most women take care of their babies on their own after one or two weeks. Employers must give unpaid time off for a few weeks, but then they expect women to return to work as soon as possible.

작업

Work

Some newcomers say they do not have any skills for the American workforce. This is not true. Many newcomers speak more than one language. They are strong because they have survived great hardship. Most newcomers value learning. They are willing to study and work hard. Newcomers make important contributions. Please use our work resources to help you find work and succeed at work.

Some newcomers say they do not have any skills for the American workforce. This is not true. Many newcomers speak more than one language. They are strong because they have survived great hardship. Most newcomers value learning. They are willing to study and work hard. Newcomers make important contributions. Please use our work resources to help you find work and succeed at work.

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