에티오피아: Understanding your students from Ethiopia and their cultural backgrounds

또한 영어영어

다양 한 학생 들을 가르치는 많은 교육자 보고 학생 들에 충분 한 문화적 배경 정보를 받지 않습니다.. 난민 학생 들을 가르치고, 이민자의 알고 있어야 하는 것이 중요 하다’ 배경. 아래 정보는 강조 하는 키에 대 한 개요 제공 하기 위한 것, 그래서 문화적 개발 반응 교수 전략에 있는 당신의 학생 들과 함께 조정’ 독특한 학습 스타일.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Ethiopian Map

Ethiopian Map

언어

Language

Amharic and English

Amharic and English

교실에서 교육

Teaching in the Classroom

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (이상 60%). Primary education (grades 1 받는 사람 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. 결과적으로, many students drop out of school.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

가족/학교 참여

Family/School Engagement

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, 편의점, 레스토랑, 등등입니다.). 많은 난민 모른다 차를 드라이브 또는 부족 액세스 하는 방법, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

일반적으로, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

성별, 문화, 그리고 가족

Gender, Culture, and Family

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, 정치, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. 경우에 따라, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. 전통적으로, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

추가 리소스

Additional Resources

BRYCS 자원

BRYCS RESOURCES

세계 FACTBOOK

WORLD FACTBOOK

난민 배경

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC 난민 교사 패킷

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

건강

HEALTH

당신의 아이디어를 공유

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, 이메일을 주시기 바랍니다: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

교육자를 위한 우리의 수강

Take our Course for Educators

난민 및 이민자 학생 들을 교육 하는 방법에 대 한 더 많은 교육을 하려는 경우, 우리의 코스에 등록을 고려 하시기 바랍니다, 난민 및 이민자 학생 교육: 교사를 위한 온라인 과정.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

이 정보는 PDF로 인쇄

Print this Information as a PDF

다운로드 하 고 이것을 인쇄합니다 Ethiopian learner profile PDF로 당신의 교실에서 자원으로 그것을 유지 하 고.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

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