Çi bikim eger hûn bi rawestandin an jî ji aliyê polîsan ve hatin girtin

It is important to know your rights if you are stopped by a police or immigration officer or if you are arrested by police. If you are questioned by law enforcement, be polite and respectful. derew tu caran, şerkirin, berxwedan, or run away.

police car in USA
Photo courtesy of Dave Conner/Wikimedia Commons

Li DYA, the police are generally good and want to help you. But you should know your rights. You have rights even if you are not a US citizen. You should know that law enforcement officers may briefly hold and question you if they suspect you were involved in a crime. They might do this even if there are not enough reasons to arrest you.

Your rights if you are stopped in a car or arrested by police while in a car

  • Mafê te heye ku bêdeng bimînin û ne bersiva pirsên te hebin.
  • When receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding, bo nimûne) you must provide your driver’s license, sixorte, and vehicle registration if requested.
  • Karmendê dikarin te bipirsim ku tu gav ji erebeyê. You should do what they ask.
  • Police are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”
  • You do not have the right to leave if the officer tells you to stay.
  • A pat down is typically a surface search done over your clothes. It can happen if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, lê ew jî ne dikarin bi rêya bêrîkên we de herin. Di lêgerîn, they have a more thorough method where they might search under your clothes. Tu bi qanûnî destûr ji bo redkirina her du ji wan.

Your rights if you are arrested by police or taken to a police station

  • If you are arrested by police, you have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer.
  • Tu bi destûr bide 3 bi telefonê di nav 3 saetan de ji girtin getting.
  • Hûn dikarin agahiyên bingehîn polîsan di derbarê xwe de di heman demê de êdî re dibêjim, heta ku parêzerê te digehe.
  • Ma status koçber, xwe bi kesî re di heman demê de parêzerê xwe ne axivîne.

Your rights if a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • bicîhanîna qanûnê qedexe ye ji bo lêgerînê mala xwe bêyî razîbûna te ne yan jî biryara lêgerîn. A warrant is a legal document that gives them permission to search. Eger hûn ne ji mala xwe dûr, ku polîs nikare ji mala xwe bigere, eger hinek bi xwe bipejirînin din ji bo ku ev.
  • Te divê bila ne ji karmendê mala we, eger ew biryara.
  • The biryara divê bi destê dadger îmze.
  • If an officer insists on entering without a warrant, do not resist. You can say that you do not allow it, hingê di cih de bang li parêzer.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion”. This means that they think something illegal might be happening. They also think that showing they are there might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Ji bo zêdetir agahî ji bo alîkarîya we fêm mafên te, hûn dikarin read our “dizanin ku mafên te” information. It was prepared in partnership with Church World Services, which offers low-cost legal services to immigrants.

Questions and answers about being detained or arrested by police

Here are some answers to questions you may have about being stopped or arrested.

Divê ez ji bo bersiva pirsan pirsî destê zagona înfazê?

Tu mafê destûrî û bêdeng bimînin heye, da ku ne hewce ne ku bersiva pirsên. Tu ne ji bo axaftina bi karmendekî yan jî kesek din. It is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. ji polîsan re bêje, te hilbijêre ji bo bersiv ne. Lê her tim bi hurmet û kubar, bi qasî ku pêkan be.

How should I behave if I am stopped in my car?

Try to move slowly and make sure you always keep your hands visible to the officer. Ma fîzîkî li ber xwe a pat down an search ne. Li şûna wê dibêjin, “I do not consent to a search.” Ask the officer if you are free to leave, û eger ji efserê dibêje erê, then leave calmly. Lebê, if the officer says no, you must stay. Never run away, and keep your hands visible all the time.

Çi eger ez pir ji aliyê karmendên girtîgehê qanûnê wekhev im,?

Mafê te heye ku bipirse ku efser ji bo zaniyarîy xwe yên wekî name û badge hejmara wî. Hewl bidin ku bibînin û şahid û eger tu bi pictures take hindî ku zû dibe birîndar. Banga parêzer an ofîsa parastina mafên mirovan herêmî te.

Do I have to show my immigration documents if I am arrested by police?

Non-welatiyên ku tên 18 salên xwe dagirtibin divê belgeyên wan bi wan re li hemû bitemirînin. If you are undocumented and cannot show US immigration documents, tu bixwe dikarî hilbijêrî ku bersiva pirsên li ser statûya te ne. These questions might include “Are you a citizen?"an, "Tu ji ku derê yî?” Do not lie about your status, lê dibêjin li şûna ku hûn hilbijêrin ji bo bersiv ne.

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