Pirrengî li Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê

English jîNo English

Pirrengî wateya Tevliheviyeke ji tiştên cuda. It means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, yên temenên cuda, û bi baweriyên cuda. But Americans often use word diversity to mean people of different races. Learn about diversity in the United States today.

Diversity means a mixture of different things. It means people of all kinds from different backgrounds, of different ages, and with different beliefs. But Americans often use word diversity to mean people of different races. Learn about diversity in the United States today.

Nîjad

Race

Dema hûn ji USA bar, hûn dê kesên ji gelek qewmî re hevdîtinê. The race term awayekî giştî tê bikaranîn ku zihniyeta ku rengê çerm mirovekî an kokên etnîk in.

When you move to the USA, you will meet people of many races. The term race is generally used to refer to a person’s skin color or ethnic background.

Spî, gelê non-Hispanic piraniya in the USA in. Gel yên din her qewmî re bi gelek caran bang “hindikahiyan.” Îspanî û Amerîkî Latino duyemîn mezintirîn in, li pey Amerîkî Afrîka û Asyayê *. Din jî komên nijadî American Amerîkî Native in, Natives Alaskan, Native Hawaiians, û Islanders Pacific. Gelek Amerîkî ji race tevlihev in.

White, non-Hispanic people are the majority in the USA. People of other races are often called “minorities.” Hispanics and Latino Americans are the second largest group, followed by African Americans and Asians. Other American racial groups are Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. Many Americans are of mixed race.

Race teze ya kêþe li DYA'yê ye, ji ber ku dîroka xerab ji koletiyê re di vî welatî de. Amerîkî li Afrîkayê bi riya dîroka binpêkirin, û ew bi bûyereke dîrokî ya gelekî girîng e dema ku Barack Obama wek yekemîn serokê reş hate hilbijartin bû.

Race is a controversial topic in the USA because of the terrible history of slavery in this country. African Americans have been oppressed through history, and it was a very important historical moment when Barack Obama was elected as the first black president.

Çaxê ku ew qedexe ye ji bo cudakariyê li dijî kesên li ser esasê nijad xwe, rastiya e ku hê jî pirsgirêkên gelek bi nîjadperestî di USA hene.

While it is illegal to discriminate against people based on their race, the reality is that there are still many problems with racism in the USA.

Hin kes bibini behsa race. Ev carna zehmet e ku nizanin çi bi banga gelê xwe ji her qewmî re. Bo nimûne, hin Amerîkî yên kelepûra African dixwazin wek Afrîka Amerîkî bên naskirin, lê yên din tercîh dikin ku mercên reş an kesekî ji color. Heman tişt ji bo kesên ji Başûr û Amerîkaya Navîn e. Hinek dikarin bifikirin xwe Hispanic, hin dixwazin Latino an Latina bê gotin., û yên din jî dikarin spî dibêjin, an jî nexwazin term din. Heke hewceya we ji bo danasîna kesek di warê race xwe ji ber hin sedemên, û tu nizanî tu çawa qala in, tu ji wan bipirsî:.

Some people feel uncomfortable talking about race. It is sometimes hard to know what to call people from different races. For example, some Americans of African heritage like to be defined as African Americans, but others prefer the terms black or person of color. The same is true of people from South and Central America. Some may consider themselves Hispanic, some like to be called Latino or Latina, and others may say white or prefer another term. If you need to describe someone in terms of their race for some reason, and you are unsure how to describe, you can ask them.

Hûn dikarin pir ecêb e ku hûn bi caran race xwe pirsî:. Eger tu bi dagirtina Xoşnav, tu dikarî bê xwestin ku venêrî a box ku dibêje gelo tu Asian in, reş, Hispanic, spî, etc.The Sedema sereke ji bo vê pirsê ji bo şopandin, ka bernameyên dewletê bi guhdaneke hevdîtinê de, hewcedarîyên hûrgelan. Eger tu nexwazî ​​ku ne ji bo bersiv, hun dikanin her tim vê pirsê vala bihêlin, an jî box ku dibêje kontrol “Hilbijêre binivîsî” an “Xwazim bersîv neda.”

You may find it strange that you are often asked your race. If you are filling out paperwork, you may be asked to check a box that says whether you are Asian, black, Hispanic, white, etc.The primary reason for this question is to monitor whether government programs are adequately meeting the needs of minorities. If you do not want to answer, you can always leave the question blank or check the box that says “Choose not to reply” or “Prefer not to reply.”

Eger te nîjadperestî li cîyê, dema ku ji bo peydakirina xanî, an, li her demê din, hûn dikarin email me û em ê bibilin ji bo we, ji bo çavkaniyeke ji bo alîkarîya we. An, eger tu kodên pirsên an dixwazin ji me re li ser jiyana çandî re bêje, ji kerema xwe bi xwe ne ji me re email wek baş.

If you experience racism in the workplace, when looking for housing, or at any other time, you can email us and we will try to refer you to a resource to help you. Or, if you simply have questions or want to tell us about a cultural experience, please feel free to email us as well.

Macirî

Immigration

The USA carna ji wek sewqî “piyana selete” an “Dûrmûş, pot.” Ev tê wê wateyê, gelek kesan ji welatên cuda û hizrên ku li yek welatî, li wir. Di dîrokê de, DYA re tê gotin “netewe yên koçber,” tevî bûn Native Amerîkî ku li North America dirêj li ber koçberên Ewropayê di destpêkê de di 1600s gihîşte wir.

The USA is sometimes referred to as a “salad bowl” or “melting pot.” This means there are people from many different countries and backgrounds living in one country. Historically, the USA is called “a nation of immigrants,” although there were Native Americans living in North America long before European immigrants first arrived in the 1600s.

Îro, hin Amerîkî xwedî nerînên nerênî li ser koçberan. Gelek ji van ramanên bi tirs an jî şaş têgihiştin li gor. Biyaniyan bidin gelek hêz û feydeyên ji bo DYA'yê. Jî, Amerîkî ku bi dijî koçber û usûlê xwedî tirsa an bias dijî nîjadên cuda.

Today, some Americans have negative opinions about immigrants. Most of these opinions are based in fear or mistaken perceptions. Immigrants offer many strengths and benefits to the USA. Also, Americans who are prejudiced against immigrants have fear of or bias against different races.

The pîr

The elderly

Li Amerîka, kesên temenên wan in 65 û kevn. Ba 65, Amerîkî dikanin kar rawestandin û bistîne mûçeyên, an meaş teqawid biçûk, ji hikûmeta.

In the US, older individuals are those 65 and older. At 65, Americans can stop working and receive a pension, or small retirement salary, from the government.

Amerîka ji gelek welatên din cuda ye, ji ber Amerîkiyan kevintir caran xwe bi tenê an jî di saziyan de dijîn. Ji dor 29% yên Amerîkî li ser 65 bi tenê bijî., û 47% ji sedî ji jinan ser 75 bi tenê bijî. Gelek kesên li ser xaniyan, an dimêjînin bilind malan de dijîn.

America is different than many other countries because older Americans often live alone or in institutions. About 29% of Americans over 65 live alone., and 47% percent of women over 75 live alone. Many others live in senior housing or nursing homes.

Hûn dikarin wek Amerîkî hîs, ciwanan, bi taybetî Amerîka, Ma pîr û di eynî awayî wek rihspiyan rêzê ne weke ku di çanda te dermankirin. Li DYA, ev e, carna weke sewqî “Ferqa di nifşê.” xort û pîr û dikare nêrînên cuda hene, mîna ku ew li welatên din jî do, lê çapemeniya Amerîkî bi nemayê li ser ciwanan.

You may feel like Americans, especially American youth, do not respect the elderly in the same way as elders as treated in your culture. In the USA, this is sometimes referred to as a “generation gap.” Young and old people may have different opinions, like they do in other countries, but American media tends to focus on youth.

Elder Amerîkî caran zehmetiyên aborî û tenduristiyê re rû bi. Ev zehmetî ji bo koçberan pîr û penaber rast in jî. Ger tu jî mezinên in, dibe ku hûn fikirîn DYA dê care zêdetir ji bo we ne ji te bi wergirtina. Lê tu dikarî divê ji bo dîtina kar ji xwe re piştgirî li DYA'yê, wek gelek mezinên do. Lê ne bernameyên taybet ji bo alîkarîya kesên navsere hene, û eger tu bi hacetî alîkariyê bibîne yek, email me.

Elder Americans often face financial and health difficulties. These difficulties are true for older immigrants and refugees too. If you are an elder, you may have thought the USA would provide more care for you than you are receiving. But you may need to find work to support yourself in the USA, as many seniors do. But there are special programs to help seniors, and if you need help to find one, email us.

Biçûkdîtinî

Discrimination

Cudakarîya e dema ku tu bi xerab ji ber ku ji raboriya we ya şexsî dermankirin. Mirov dikare li dijî ji ber sedemên gelek bi cihêkariyê re, emaze ya nijad xwe, rengê çerm, zayendî, kalbûn, yan jî dîn. Cudakarî di DYA qedexe ye. Ev tê wateya kes, divê bi wekhevî bê dermankirin û eynî îmkanan no çi background wan e. Bo nimûne, bazirganiyê qedexe ye ji bo cudakariyê li dijî pîr. Even, eger yekî pîr e, divê ew di heman derfeta ji bo bidestxistina kar, wekî mirovekî biçûk hene, eger ew wekî din bi kalîte ji bo wî karê ne. Ew Komîsyona Fersenda Kar Wekheviya Amerîka Ayet, gelek cureyên cuda yên cudakariya. Eger tu bawer dikin ku tu li hember gava mirov ji bo karekî nijadperestî, , tu dikarî pelekî pere ji cudakarî. Ev dikare bi salan ji bo doza bigirin ji bo xebatê riya xwe bi riya sîstema, da ku plan ji bo dîtina kar din jî dema ku giliya we re tê nirxandin.

Discrimination is when you are treated badly because of your personal background. People can be discriminated against for many reasons, such as their race, skin color, gender, age, or religion. Discrimination is illegal in the USA. This means people must be treated equally and given the same opportunities no matter what their background is. For example, a business is not allowed to discriminate against the elderly. Even if a person is old, they must have the same chance to get a job as a younger person if they are otherwise qualified to do the work. The US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission describes many different types of discrimination. If you believe you have been discriminated against when applying for a job, you can file a charge of discrimination. It can take years for a case to work its way through the system, so plan to find other work while your complaint is being considered.

helwesta Inappropriate

Inappropriate behavior

Gava ku tu bi fêrbûna çanda nû, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is because of a cultural difference or if the person is just being rude or behaving in a bad way. Ger tu hergav di rewşa ku tu bibini, ya mirovê din bixwazin ku dev ji helwesta xwe. Eger kesekî danûstandinek ku jî we nerehetîya xwe berdewam dike, ji kerema xwe ve hevalê xwe ewle Amerîkî ji bo alîkariyê bixwazin.

When you are learning a new culture, it can sometimes be hard to know if someone’s behavior towards you is because of a cultural difference or if the person is just being rude or behaving in a bad way. If you are ever in a situation where you feel uncomfortable, ask the other person to stop their behavior. If someone continues a behavior that makes you uncomfortable, please ask a trusted American friend for help.

facts ne - Ev binavkirinên li ser çanda amerîkî tê de, tenê fikrên bo alîkarîya we bike baştir fêm bikin ka çima ji bo Amerîkayê dibe ku di rê de ye ku ji bo çi hûn bi bikaranîn cuda tevdigerin. riyên û çanda Amerîkayê ne çêtir ne an xerabtir ji riyên din - just cuda.

These are generalizations about American culture – not facts, just ideas to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way that is different to what you are used to. American ways and culture are not better or worse than other ways – just different.

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