mafên LGBT û qanûnên

English jîNo English

Li Dewletên Yekbûyî, kesên LGBT mafên taybet. Hinek mafên li ku derê dijîn te binêrim. Read li ser mafên LGBT li ser kar, mafên xanî, û qanûnên dijî-bullying. Find li ser parastina qanûnî ji bo kesên LGBT.

In the United States, LGBT people have specific rights. Some rights depend on where you live. Read about LGBT rights at work, housing rights, and anti-bullying laws. Find out about legal protection for LGBT people.

A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock / FG Trade
A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG Trade

LGBT de radiweste, ji bo lesbian, gay, bisexual, û adetî, yan qîzekî. Read li ser LGBT û salixdanên more, wek tevdida,, îfadegirtin û intersex. Biçûkdîtinî tê wê wateyê ku miameleyên cihê ji ber temenê xwe, cinsîyet, zayendî, an cinsî. Ev li dijî qanûnê li DYA'yê ji bo cudakariyê li dijî kesên ji civaka Alla de. Lê her kes bi pey qanûnên, û helwestên li hember civaka LGBT ya cuda li seranserî welatî ne. Ev ji bo me girîng e dizanin ku qanûnên li dewleta xwe ne,.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or transsexual. Read about LGBT and more definitions, such as queer, questioning and intersex. Discrimination means being treated differently because of your age, sex, gender, or sexuality. It is against the law in the USA to discriminate against people from the LGBTQ community. But not everyone follows the laws, and attitudes toward the LGBT community are different all over the country. It is important to know what the laws are in your state.

mafên LGBT li ser kar

LGBT rights at work

kardêrê te ne li dijî we ji bo ku LGBT cihêkariyê. Hemû karmendên xwedî mafên jêrîn:

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. All employees have the following rights:

  • kardêrê te dikarin bi zorê te ne li ser ka tu LGBT in bipeyivim.
  • kardêrê te dikarin ji we nizim, ne jî rîs jokes li ser nasnameya xwe.
  • kardêrê te bi we kar more do yan jî tu ceza bike ji ber ku we LGBT in.
  • kardêrê te dikarin ji we re ji bo ku LGBT gule ne.
  • Your employer cannot force you to talk about whether you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot insult you or make jokes about your identity.
  • Your employer cannot make you do more work or punish you because you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot fire you for being LGBT.

Beyond van mafên bingehîn, in mafên cuda cuda ji bo raya giştî û taybet heye. raya giştî de ji bo wîlayetê kar, rewş, an hikûmeta netewî - ji bo nimûne li dibistan dewlet herêmî. karmendên taybet ji bo şîrketên kar, wekî kargehên an dikanên.

Beyond these basic rights, there are different rights for public and private employees. Public employees work for the county, state, or national government – for example at a local public school. Private employees work for businesses, such as factories or stores.

Qanûnên parastina raya giştî ji ku ji bo nasnameya xwe gule. Lê eger tu li şîrketê taybet kar, karê xwe rêzkirina kombersê qaîdeyên û çalakiyên li ser tacîz cuda heye. Dema ku tu dest bi karê xwe, bipeyivin beşa çavkaniyên mirovan xwe eger pirsên te hebin. Ew pirs û agahiyên xwe yên taybet bigirim.

Laws protect public employees from being fired for their identity. But if you work at a private company, your job might have different rules and actions about harassment. When you start your job, talk to your human resources department if you have questions. They will keep your questions and information private.

Karmendên bi HIV

Employees with HIV

Gel di civakê de LGBT de hene, rêjeya bilind ya HIV ji gelê sererast. HIV a virus nesaxiyê ku êrîşên sîstema parastinê te ye. Ev dikare ji bo nexweşiyeke navê AIDS rê. Mirovên bi HIV, divê demê de ji bo biçin cem dixtor û ji bo êrişan, eger ew westiyayî. Tu dikarî wextê pere off bigirin da ku here ji bo serdana. Tu dikarî ji bo alîkariyê bixwazin, eger tu bi baş hest bi. Karsazê te ne mecbûr e dibêjin erê.

People in the LGBT community have higher rates of HIV than straight people. HIV is a contagious virus that attacks your immune system. It can lead to an illness called AIDS. People with HIV need time to go to the doctor and to take breaks if they are tired. You can take paid time off to go to appointments. You can ask for help if you are not feeling well. Your boss does not have to say yes.

Ger tu HIV, herî ciyê kar heye da ku statûya te taybet. Ew dikarin xebatkarên din, an jî kesên li derve ji kar re dibêjim, eger tu ne HIV pozîtîf in. Lê eger karê te kêmtir ji 15 gel, Karsazê te tune ne ku tu vê taybet.

If you have HIV, most workplaces have to keep your status private. They cannot tell other employees or people outside of work if you are HIV positive. But if your work has less than 15 people, your boss does not have to keep this private.

patronê xwe hûn dikarin gule ne ji ber ku we HIV. Lê ew dikarin ji we re gule, eger tu jî nexweş ji bo ku ez karê xwe ne. Ev yek ji bo hemû raya giştî û taybet e.

Your boss cannot fire you because you have HIV. But they can fire you if you are too sick to do your job. This is true for all public and private employees.

karmendên bêblegekirî

Undocumented employees

Eger tu bi dokuman, te heye wek yên din mafên wek karkerên din LGBT. Ajansa ku çavdêrîya cudakarî kargehan ne dikare li nasnameya xwe binêrin. kardêrê te dikarin ji we ceza, eger tu ne cudakarî rapor. Ev qanûn e. Lê kardêrê te rêzkirina kombersê hûn ji bo xizmetguzarîya koçberîya rapor. Ev qedexe ne, lê carna jî çêdibe. Find agahiyên zêdetir li ser mafên dokumanên li ser kar.

If you are undocumented, you have the same rights as other LGBT employees. The agency that monitors workplace discrimination cannot look at your citizenship. Your employer cannot punish you if you report discrimination. This is the law. But your employer might report you to immigration services. This is not allowed, but sometimes it happens. Find more information on undocumented rights at work.

mafên LGBT li xanî

LGBT rights in housing

Ji dor 50% ji kesên LGBT li Dewletên Yekbûyî dibêjin, ku ew li dijî dema ku ji bo peydakirina xanî nijadperestî. mafên xanî ne eynî di her dewletê ne.

About 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Housing rights are not the same in every state.

Evdem, 20 dewletan û li District of Columbia qanûnên piştgiriya ku dev ji cudakarî transgender. Eger ku tu kirêdar an xanîyê li wan dewletan:

Currently, 20 states and the District of Columbia support laws that stop transgender discrimination. If you rent or buy property in those states:

  • Tu kes nikare li ser zayenda xwe, yan jî meyla cinsî bipirsin.
  • Mirov dikare ji we dûr rû ne ji ber ku we adetî, yan jî gay in.
  • Mirov dikare bi zorê te ne ku ji ber ku tu adetî, yan jî gay in. Eger te wêneyek kirêkirin an peymaneke, qanûnî ye ji bo te li vir bimînin.
  • People cannot ask about your gender or sexual orientation.
  • People cannot turn you away because you are transgender or gay.
  • People cannot force you to leave because you are transgender or gay. If you have a lease or contract, it is legal for you to stay.

Bêmalbûn

Homelessness

kesên LGBT ne bêtir ji were bêmal. Eger tu niha bêmal in, hûn ne tenê ne. Tu dikarî binêre bo stargehên bimîne di şevekê de. LGBT xanî û stargehan rêzkirina kombersê navnîşanên wan biweşînin ne. Ev e ji bo parastina ewlekariya gelê li wir. Hûn nêzîktirîn navenda civaka LGBT dikarin alîkarîya te stargeha ku di lîsteyê de ne bibînin. Ew jî bi we re peyda zêdetir dirêj-xanî alîkarî.

LGBT people are more likely to be homeless. If you are currently homeless, you are not alone. You can look for a shelter to stay in overnight. LGBT housing and shelters might not publish their addresses. This is to protect the safety of people living there. Your nearest LGBT community center may help you find a shelter that is not listed. They may also help you find more long-term housing.

Cihê bi ewle bernameyeke neteweyî ya ji bo ciwanên ku bi alîkariya awarte û ewlehî divê e. Cihê bi ewle wekî rêxistinên wek 'Places Safe' ku mirov LGBT dikarin di rewşeke acil de herim. Places dikarin pirtûkxaneyên, îstgehên agir, xizmetên civakî de, û hîn. Ew we biparêze dê û alîkariya te bike. Eger ew dikarin ji we re bi pirsgirêka xwe alîkariyê ne, ew dê yekî din bibîne ku dikare.

Safe Place is a national program for young people who need emergency help and safety. Safe Place labels organizations as ‘Safe Places’ where LGBT people can go in an emergency. Places can be libraries, fire stations, social services, and more. They will keep you safe and help you. If they can’t help you with your problem, they will find someone else who can.

qanûnên dijî-bullying

Anti-bullying laws

Bullying a peyva hevbeş bi kar ku li ser tacîz nîqaş e. Difin û got: pîrika tiştan û her cûreyê têkiliyê fîzîkî nedilxwaz. Cyberbullying e, dema yekî mesajên pîrika an gef dişîne bike. Ev bi piranî bi rêya medyaya civakî yên wekî Facebook dibe.

Bullying is a common word used to talk about harassment. Bullying includes saying mean things and any kind of unwanted physical contact. Cyberbullying is when someone sends mean or threatening messages online. This usually happens through social media such as Facebook.

Bullying dikarin ji bo kesên ji her temen bibe û pirseke cidî li DYA'yê ye. Li 21 dewletan û li District of Columbia, ew li dijî qanûnê ye ji bo te'ede kesek ji ber zayenda wan an meyla cinsî. Eger yek ji we re zordestx li cihê karê te, re dibêjim şêfê xwe.

Bullying can happen to people of any age and is a serious issue in the USA. In 21 states and the District of Columbia, it is against the law to bully someone because of their gender or sexual orientation. If someone is bullying you in your workplace, tell your manager.

Heger zaroka te tên li dibistanê Hotlayna, divê tu bi mamosteyê xwe re biaxivin. Tu ne rêzkirina kombersê di dewletê de dijîn ku bi tenêmayîn qedexe ye. Lê belê bêyî ku van qanûnên, dibistanên divê xwendekar û karmendên xwe biparêze. rayedarên dibistanê wê ji difin biaxivin. Ger pirsgirêkeke mezin e, ji difin dibe cezakirin dê.

If your child is being bullied at school, you should talk to their teacher. You might not live in a state where bullying is illegal. But even without such laws, schools must protect their students and employees. School officials will talk to the bully. If the problem is serious, the bully will probably get punished.

parastina Yasayî

Legal protection

rêxistinên qanûnî bigire rewşan de ji bo kesên ku cudakarî hatine. in rêxistinên giştî û rêxistinên LGBT hene. rêxistinên LGBT piştgirî pêwîstîyên taybetî û do jî gelek kar ji bo civaka LGBT de.

Legal organizations take cases for people who have experienced discrimination. There are general organizations and LGBT organizations. LGBT organizations support specific needs and do a lot of work for the LGBT community.

Lambda Legal herî mezin LGBT neteweyî rêxistineke alîkariyê qanûnî ye. Helpdesk Lamda Yasayî ya dikarin doza we binirxe û girêdana we bi nûnerên herêmî.

Lambda Legal is the biggest national LGBT legal aid organization. Lamda Legal’s helpdesk can review your case and connect you to local representatives.

The ACLU dide alîkariya hiqûqî ji bo mirovên ku ji mafên bi muamela. The ACLU heye, bernameyên ji bo mafên LGBT û nûnertiya gelê LGBT ku tade. Heger tu bi hewceyî alîkariya hiqûqî, bibînin herî nêzîk location ACLU te.

The ACLU gives free legal help to people whose rights are being abused. The ACLU has programs for LGBT rights and represents LGBT people who have been harassed. If you need legal help, find your nearest ACLU location.

Bêtir hîn bibin

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