bijîşk çi ye?

English jîNo English

bijîşk çi ye? Kurdîpêdiya çi zaniyarîyekî doktoran hene? Kîjan yek divê ku hun diçin? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

bijîşk çi ye?

What is a doctor?

bijîşk çi ye?

What is a doctor?

A doktor kesê ku perwerde ji bo tedawîya mirov nexweş e. Li DYA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workershealthcare providers” an “medical providers.These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

Kurdîpêdiya çi zaniyarîyekî doktoran hene?

What kind of doctors are there?

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. lênêrînê yên Seretayî ya

1. Primary care providers

2. Specialists
2. Specialists
3. xizmetên tibbî yên acîl

3. Emergency medical services

Ku hun ji bo alîkariyê bibînin, wê li ser pirsa tenduristiya te binêrim.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. lênêrînê yên Seretayî ya

1. Primary care providers

lênêrînê yên Seretayî ya (PCPs) ne bingehîn, lênêrîna rojane û ya rêzeyek xizmetên tendurustî ji bo kesan û malbatên ji bo pirsgirêkên tenduristiyê yên hevbeş. A PCP e bi piranî cara yekem kesê tibî bi xatirê te, gava ku tu pirsgirêk hene.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

Kî dikare bibe cîhê lênêrîna pêşîn?

Who can be a primary care provider?

PCP te dibe ku doktor (jî saxlem in ji Amerîka), alîkarê saxlem an jî doktorê hemşîre. Hemû endamên malbata te dikarin heman PCP bibînin, an jî dibe ku hejmara kesên ji hemû li navenda tenduristiyê li herêma xwe li bibînin. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Li vir çend wergerandî yên gava ku tu dê dixtorê malê ji we bibînin in:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

Ez çawa dikarim provider lênêrîna bingehîn bibînin ez?

How do I find a primary care provider?

Li wir wê bibe a provider lênêrîna pêşîn di civaka we. Gelek civakên xwedî navendên tenduristiyê an jî ocaxên tenduristiyê. Tu dikarî dost û cîranên bipirsin: “çi doktorê ku tu pêşniyar e?”. ofîsa bicîhbûn an umrê te jî dikare alîkariya te bike doktorê malbatê bibînin. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

pêşîgirtina

Preventative care

Kassa nesaxan dikarin feydeyên tenduristiyê yên pêşîgirtinê bidin. Wan bi kar bîne! Ev îmtihan û bernameyên din ku alîkar ku tu dev ji pêşxistina pirsgirêkên tendurustiya in. Di nav wan de diçe fehsên li ser tenduristiya we, eger hûn hest nakin nexweş an jî tiştekî nerast dît ne. A wide variety of health screenings (testên) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. Specialists

2. Specialists

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A pispor a dermankir ên ku li ser sîstema laşê taybet yan jî beşek ji bedena hûr e. Bo nimûne, dermatolog sexbêriyê ji çerm, a gastroenterologist sexbêriyê ji sîstema digestive, û ji hestiyan sexbêriyê ji hestî.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

Li vir çend wergerandî yên gava ku tu dê dîtina doktorekî pispor in:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

Hin pisporên tenê zarokan dinêrin an rihspiyên. zêdetir li ser cuda Learn types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Referrals to specialists

Referrals to specialists

A hewaleyê a pêşnîyar dikin ku tu dermanî ên dî dîtina e (pispor, bo nimûne). Dibe ku bixwazin PCP xwe ji bo hewaleyê berî pispor bi xatirê te. Pispor ya rêzkirina kombersê ev hewce an ji kassa xwe rêzkirina kombersê pêwîst. Be rastî jî tu plan kasa nexweşan ya we revue de ji bo dîtina eger hewaleyê berî randevûyê bi pispor pêwîst e. Ku rê tu bawer bin sîgorta xwe serdana wê suxra.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. lênerîna tibbî yên acîl

3. Emergency medical care

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

lênêrîna Urgent û rêve-li muayenexaneyên

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

lênêrîna Urgent û rêve-li muayenexaneyên caran êvar û dawiya hefteyê saet heye û ne lênêrînê ji bo pirsgirêkên tenduristiyê re biçûk bê randevûyê. Take note ji navnîşanên, saetan vekirî, û agahî ji bo lênêrîna lezgîn serî li nêzîkî cihê ku tu lê dijî.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

Li vir çend nimûne dema ku hûn ji saziya bi lezgînî serdana:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • during a sporting event, kurê te hits serê wî
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

servîsa acîl Nexweşxaneya

Hospital emergency department

servîsa acîl A nexweşxaneyê ya lênêrînê dide ji bo pêdiviyên tenduristî lezgîn tahlûkeya jiyanê û. Herî beşên acîl vekirî ne 24 saetan, hefte heft rojan. Be rastî jî tu cihê dizanin û agahî ji servîsa acîl jî, here nêzîktirîn ji bo mala te.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

Li vir çend wergerandî ji bo dema ku tu dê here nexweşxaneyê ne:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

Eger biçe odeya awarte, hûn hê jî dibe ku ji bo çend seetan bisekine, berî ku tu wê ji aliyê doktor dîtin, heta ku ev rewşa awarte-xeter e.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

xizmetên tibbî yên acîl

Emergency medical services

Hejmara telefonê ji bo banga ji bo alîkariya tibî ya acîl e 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

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