ເລີ່ມການຊອກຫາວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຂອງທ່ານ

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

Are you ready to start looking for a job? There are things you can do to prepare for your job search. Learn how to prepare your information and find out where to look for jobs.

Are you ready to start looking for a job? There are things you can do to prepare for your job search. Learn how to prepare your information and find out where to look for jobs.

ຜູ້ຊາຍການຕື່ມຄໍາຮ້ອງສະຫມັກສໍາລັບການຊອກຫາວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຂອງຕົນ

man filling out an application for his job search

Gather information for your job search

Gather information for your job search

ການທົດສອບຄັ້ງທໍາອິດທ່ານຄວນເຮັດແນວໃດແມ່ນຈະເລີ່ມຕົ້ນຄິດກ່ຽວກັບຄວາມສາມາດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ທ່ານມີ. What experience do you have that will help you in your job search? Can your certifications from another country be used in the USA? What days, ຊົ່ວໂມງ, ແລະເວລາທີ່ທ່ານມີມຸ່ງຫມັ້ນທີ່ຈະເຮັດວຽກ? Thinking about these things ahead of time will prepare you to start your job search.

The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What experience do you have that will help you in your job search? Can your certifications from another country be used in the USA? What days, hours, and times you are willing to work? Thinking about these things ahead of time will prepare you to start your job search.

Gather together all the information you will need. You will use this information to fill out paper job applications ຫຼື apply for jobs online. You will also need it to write ຊີວະປະຫວັດຂອງທ່ານ ແລະ cover letters.

Gather together all the information you will need. You will use this information to fill out paper job applications or apply for jobs online. You will also need it to write your resume and cover letters.

Here is the information you will need to gather:

Here is the information you will need to gather:

ປະຫວັດສາດເຮັດວຽກຂອງທ່ານ

Your work history

ທ່ານໄດ້ແນວໃດປະເພດຂອງການເຮັດວຽກເຮັດໃນອະດີດ? ປະເພດໃດແດ່ຂອງຄວາມສາມາດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາເຮັດໃຫ້ທ່ານມີ? ຕອບຄໍາຖາມເຫຼົ່ານີ້ຈະຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານຮູ້ວ່າສິ່ງທີ່ປະເພດຂອງການຈ້າງງານທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດສະຫມັກຂໍເອົາສໍາລັບການໃນສະຫະລັດອາເມລິກາ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ເຮັດວຽກເປັນກົນໄກໃນອະດີດ, ທ່ານອາດຈະສາມາດຊອກຫາການເຮັດວຽກເປັນກົນໄກອີກເທື່ອຫນຶ່ງ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ເຮັດວຽກໃນຢາປົວພະຍາດ, you can research how to get a certification.

What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you can research how to get a certification.

ຂຽນທັງຫມົດຂອງວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ຜ່ານມາຂອງທ່ານແລະປະສົບການການເຮັດວຽກທີ່ທ່ານມີ. ເຮັດໃຫ້ບັນຊີລາຍຊື່ຂອງຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານສໍາລັບການໃນແຕ່ລະວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ເຮັດ, ລວມທັງ:

Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:

  • ການເມືອງແລະປະເທດບ່ອນທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ເຮັດວຽກ
  • ຊື່ບໍລິສັດ
  • ປະເພດຂອງການເຮັດວຽກທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້
  • ຮັບຜິດຊອບຂອງທ່ານໃນການເຮັດວຽກ
  • ໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານເລີ່ມຕົ້ນແລະສິ້ນສຸດລົງວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາ
  • ຫຼາຍປານໃດທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບການຈ່າຍ
  • ເປັນຫຍັງທ່ານຈິ່ງໄວ້ວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາ
  • The city and country where you worked
  • The company name
  • The type of work you did
  • Your responsibilities on the job
  • When you started and ended the job
  • How much you were paid
  • Why you left the job

ຄວາມສາມາດຂອງການເຮັດວຽກຂອງທ່ານ

Your work skills

Your skills are anything you know how to do. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຄິດວ່າກ່ຽວກັບວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຂອງທ່ານ ຄວາມສາມາດ ເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບ ປະເພດ ວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ມີ, you will realize that you can apply for new types of jobs if you have the right skills.

Your skills are anything you know how to do. If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you will realize that you can apply for new types of jobs if you have the right skills.

ຄິດວ່າກ່ຽວກັບຄວາມສາມາດຂອງທ່ານໃນສອງພື້ນທີ່, ແລະຂຽນໃຫ້ເຂົາເຈົ້າລົງ:

Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:

1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being

1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being

ຕົງ​ເວ​ລາ, ເປັນມິດ, ຄວາມສາມາດໃນການເຮັດວຽກຮ່ວມກັບປະຊາຊົນອື່ນໆ, being able to work safely and
on time, being friendly, the ability to work with other people, being able to work safely and
being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills.”

being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills.”

2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure

2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure

accurately, ຂັບລົດເປັນ, ກະກຽມເອກະສານທາງດ້ານກົດຫມາຍຫຼືປະຕິບັດງານຊອບແວ. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills.”

accurately, drive a truck, prepare legal documents or operate software. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills.”

Can you apply your skills in other areas?

Can you apply your skills in other areas?

ຄິດວ່າກ່ຽວກັບກົນໄກອີກເທື່ອຫນຶ່ງ: ກົນໄກການມີຄວາມສາມາດໃນການວັດແທກໄດ້ຢ່າງຖືກຕ້ອງແລະການນໍາໃຊ້ເຄື່ອງມືຢ່າງປອດໄພ. ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນຄວາມສາມາດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ຈໍາເປັນໃນວຽກອື່ນໆ, ເກີນໄປ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ທ່ານສາມາດນໍາໃຊ້ຄວາມສາມາດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາເຫຼົ່ານີ້ຢູ່ໃນການກໍ່ສ້າງແລະແມ້ກະທັ້ງແຕ່ງຢູ່ຄົວກິນ.

Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.

ການສຶກສາທີ່ຜ່ານມາຂອງທ່ານ

Your past education

ທ່ານຈະຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງໄດ້ໃຫ້ຂໍ້ມູນກ່ຽວກັບຄວາມເປັນມາການສຶກສາຂອງທ່ານ. ນີ້ປະກອບດ້ວຍຊື່ແລະສະຖານທີ່ຂອງໂຮງຮຽນໄດ້ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມ, start and finish dates and whether you graduated.

You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates and whether you graduated.

The educational system in your native country may be different from the American system – a different numbers of grades to complete high school, ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ. ລະບົບວິທະຍາໄລອາດຈະມີລະດັບທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນຂອງຄວາມສໍາເລັດກ່ວາຜູ້ທີ່ທ່ານຈະຊອກຫາທີ່ນີ້. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born jobseekers.

The educational system in your native country may be different from the American system – a different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born jobseekers.

You might have gone to a school that was famous or hard to get into. Make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. ທ່ານສາມາດເວົ້າວ່າບາງສິ່ງບາງຢ່າງເຊັ່ນ:, "The Technological Institute ຂອງຟິລິປິນພິຈາລະນາຫນຶ່ງໃນໂຮງຮຽນທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດໃນປະເທດ."

You might have gone to a school that was famous or hard to get into. Make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”

Your training

Your training

ເຖິງແມ່ນວ່າຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານບໍ່ໄດ້ຮຽນຈົບຊັ້ນສູງຫຼືໄປວິທະຍາໄລ, ທ່ານຄວນປະກອບດ້ວຍການຝຶກອົບຮົມອື່ນໆທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ສໍາເລັດໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານບອກການສຶກສາທີ່ຜ່ານມາຂອງທ່ານ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ຊາວອົບພະຍົບຈໍານວນຫຼາຍໄດ້ປະຕິບັດຮຽນນໍາຫຼືການຝຶກອົບຮົມສຸຂະພາບຊຸມຊົນໃນ camp ຫຼືຫຼັງຈາກຍົກຍ້າຍຈັດສັນ. ທ່ານຄວນຈະຂຽນລົງການຝຶກອົບຮົມທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ປະຕິບັດ.

Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.

Your languages

Your languages

If you speak more than one language, that is an important asset in your job search. Make sure to also write down every language you speak besides English. Do not write down English. Employers will assume you speak English from reading your resume.

If you speak more than one language, that is an important asset in your job search. Make sure to also write down every language you speak besides English. Do not write down English. Employers will assume you speak English from reading your resume.

ເອກະສານວິຊາຊີບ

Professional references

ເອກະສານວິຊາຊີບປະຊາຊົນຜູ້ຈະເວົ້າວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບການດີ. ມັນອາດຈະເປັນການຍາກທີ່ຈະສະຫນອງໃຫ້ແກ່ເອກະສານໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານມາຮອດທໍາອິດ. Maybe most or all of your past job references are in another country. ທ່ານສາມາດນໍາໃຊ້ເປັນກະສານອ້າງອີງຈາກຕ່າງປະເທດຖ້າຫາກວ່າກະສານອ້າງອີງແລະນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານສາມາດເວົ້າພາສາດຽວກັນ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າກະສານອ້າງອີງຂອງທ່ານເວົ້າພາສາອັງກິດແລະນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານເວົ້າພາສາອັງກິດ, ຫຼືຖ້າຫາກວ່າພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າທັງສອງເວົ້າໂຊມາລີ, you may be able to use your overseas employer as a reference.

Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive. Maybe most or all of your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use your overseas employer as a reference.

ຂໍ້ມູນຕິດຕໍ່ຂອງທ່ານ

Your contact information

ທ່ານຈະຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງຮູ້ທັງຫມົດຂອງຂໍ້ມູນຕິດຕໍ່ຂອງທ່ານ, ລວມທັງວິທີການຈັດຮູບແບບຄັ້ງທໍາອິດຂອງທ່ານ, ກາງແລະນາມສະກຸນ ຊື່ ໃນຄໍາຮ້ອງສະຫມັກ, ທ່ານ ເບີ​ໂທລະ​ສັບ, ທີ່ຢູ່, ແລະ ທີ່​ຢູ່​ອີ​ເມວ. ໃນຊີວະປະຫວັດຂອງທ່ານ, ທ່ານຈະບໍ່ຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງປະກອບດ້ວຍຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານສ່ວນບຸກຄົນເຊັ່ນ: ວັນເກີດຂອງທ່ານ, ອາຍຸສູງສຸດ, ຫລືສະຖານະພາບການແຕ່ງງານ. You might need to share that information in applications. ອ່ານ ຄໍາແນະນໍາຊີວະປະຫວັດ ແລະ find a resume template.

You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address, and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status. You might need to share that information in applications. Read resume tips and find a resume template.

Proof that you are allowed to work

Proof that you are allowed to work

You will need to prove you are legally allowed to work in the USA. You must give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes.

You will need to prove you are legally allowed to work in the USA. You must give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes.

What comes next in a job search?

What comes next in a job search?

Once you have gathered your information, there are other things you can do to help you in your job search.

Once you have gathered your information, there are other things you can do to help you in your job search.

Job search networking

Job search networking

It is important that you build a professional network. This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. ໃນວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຄັ້ງທໍາອິດຂອງທ່ານ, ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, get to know the people who work with you when you can.

It is important that you build a professional network. This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when you can.

You can attend job fairs in your community. ບໍລິສັດມັກຈະຖືກິດຈະກໍາທີ່ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າສາມາດບອກທ່ານກ່ຽວກັບການເປີດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າມີ, ປະເພດຂອງພະນັກງານຂອງພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າກໍາລັງຊອກຫາສໍາລັບ, ແລະວິທີທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດສະຫມັກຂໍເອົາ. ເວລາທີ່ເຮົາຍຸດຕິທໍາວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາ, ເຮັດໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າທ່ານນໍາສໍາເນົາຂອງຊີວະປະຫວັດຂອງທ່ານກັບທ່ານ. ແນະນໍາຕົວທ່ານເອງກັບຜູ້ຕາງຫນ້າຂອງບໍລິສັດທີ່ທ່ານຕ້ອງການ, ອະທິບາຍສິ່ງທີ່ປະເພດຂອງວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາທີ່ທ່ານກໍາລັງຊອກຫາສໍາລັບ, ແລະໃຫ້ພວກເຂົາຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານຂອງທ່ານ.

You can attend job fairs in your community. Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.

ທ່ານສາມາດຊອກຫາກິດຈະກໍາໃນຂົງເຂດຂອງທ່ານເຄືອຂ່າຍໂດຍການຢ້ຽມຢາມ ເຟສບຸກຫນ້າກິດຈະກໍາ, ກວດສອບ LinkedIn ສໍາລັບໂອກາດທີ່ຈະເກີດຂຶ້ນໃນເຄືອຂ່າຍ, ຫລືລົງທະບຽນສໍາລັບການປັບປຸງກ່ຽວກັບ Eventbrite ແລະ Meetup. ທ່ານ​ຍັງ​ສາ​ມາດ read more about networking events.

You can find networking events in your area by visiting the Facebook events page, checking LinkedIn for upcoming networking opportunities, or signing up for updates on Eventbrite and Meetup. You can also read more about networking events.

ລົງທະບຽນສໍາລັບການເຄື່ອງມືຄົ້ນຫາວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາອອນໄລນ໌

Sign up for online job search tools

ສ້າງສະຖານະມືອາຊີບອອນໄລນ໌ໂດຍການສ້າງຂໍ້ມູນກ່ຽວກັບເວັບໄຊທ໌ຄົ້ນຫາວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາເປັນ. The most popular tools for your job search are LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, ຢ່າງ​ແທ້​ຈິງ, ແລະ Glassdoor. ທ່ານສາມາດອ່ານເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບ how to look for job opportunities.

Create a professional presence online by creating a profile on job search websites. The most popular tools for your job search are LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Indeed, and Glassdoor. You can read more about how to look for job opportunities.

ເຂົ້າຮ່ວມຄວາມພະຍາຍາມອາສາສະຫມັກ

Join volunteer efforts

ໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານມີທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາ, ອາສາສະຫມັກໃນອົງການຈັດຕັ້ງໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນ. ທ່ານຈະສາມາດທີ່ຈະນໍາໃຊ້ຄວາມສາມາດຂອງທ່ານຫຼືພັດທະນາໃຫມ່ໃນຂະນະທີ່ທ່ານຊ່ວຍຄົນອື່ນ. ຄວາມສາມາດທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບຈະໄດ້ຮັບປະໂຫຍດທ່ານໃນການຊອກຫາວຽກໃຫມ່ຂອງຄຸນ, and you will have the chance to learn more about American culture. ນອກນັ້ນທ່ານຍັງຈະສ້າງລາຍຊື່ຜູ້ທີ່ອາດຈະສາມາດເວົ້າໃນນາມຂອງທ່ານໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງກະສານອ້າງອີງວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາ. ອ່ານເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບ volunteering and internship jobs.

When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search, and you will have the chance to learn more about American culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference. Read more about volunteering and internship jobs.

Get your degree evaluated

Get your degree evaluated

You may want to consider having your degree evaluated. ເພື່ອເຮັດສິ່ງນີ້, you submit your credentials to a transcript evaluation company. The company will look at your past education and say if your degree or certification is valid to use in the USA . ບໍລິການນີ້ບາງຄັ້ງສາມາດມີລາຄາແພງ.

You may want to consider having your degree evaluated. To do this, you submit your credentials to a transcript evaluation company. The company will look at your past education and say if your degree or certification is valid to use in the USA . This service can sometimes be expensive.

Most employers will not ask for an evaluation. It is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for. Read more about how to get your foreign transcripts or diploma evaluated.

Most employers will not ask for an evaluation. It is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for. Read more about how to get your foreign transcripts or diploma evaluated.

ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມ

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