Asylum ໃນອາເມລິກາ: 2018 change to USCIS process

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

There is a new process for asylum in the USA. Starting in 2018, ສະຫະລັດອາເມລິກາພົນລະເມືອງແລະຄົນເຂົ້າເມືອງ (USCIS) ການປ່ຽນແປງຂະບວນການຂອງຕົນ. New applicants will receive their hearings first. People who are already waiting for a hearing will have to wait longer.

There is a new process for asylum in the USA. Starting in 2018, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process. New applicants will receive their hearings first. People who are already waiting for a hearing will have to wait longer.

Photo: Hector Silva – courtesy of Customs and Border Protection
Photo: Hector Silva – courtesy of Customs and Border Protection

A new process for asylum in the USA started in 2018

A new process for asylum in the USA started in 2018

ຫຼາຍ​ກວ່າ 300,000 people are waiting to hear about their asylum applications in the USA. ມັນຈະໃຊ້ເວລາເປັນເວລາດົນນານເພື່ອປະມວນຜົນຄໍາຮ້ອງສະຫມັກທັງຫມົດເຫຼົ່ານັ້ນແລະສໍາພາດຜູ້ສະຫມັກທັງຫມົດ.

More than 300,000 people are waiting to hear about their asylum applications in the USA. It will take a long time to process all those applications and interview all the applicants.

ເພື່ອແກ້ໄຂບັນຫາ, ສະຫະລັດອາເມລິກາພົນລະເມືອງແລະຄົນເຂົ້າເມືອງ (USCIS) changed its process for interviewing asylum applicants in 2018. ມັນຈະສໍາພາດຜູ້ສະຫມັກໃຫມ່ຄັ້ງທໍາອິດແລະເຮັດວຽກກັບຄືນໄປບ່ອນໂດຍຜ່ານບັນຊີລາຍຊື່ໃນຄໍາສັ່ງໄດ້ຢ່າງສິ້ນເຊີງ. Read the USCIS information about asylum interview scheduling.

To address the problem, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) changed its process for interviewing asylum applicants in 2018. It is interviewing new applicants first and working back through the list in reverse order. Read the USCIS information about asylum interview scheduling.

ນີ້ແມ່ນຄໍາສັ່ງໃຫມ່:

This is the new order:

  • ບູລິມະສິດທໍາອິດ: Applicants who were scheduled for an interview, ແຕ່ການສໍາພາດທີ່ມີການໄດ້ຮັບການເລື່ອນຕາມຄໍາຮ້ອງຂໍຂອງຜູ້ສະຫມັກຫລືຄວາມຕ້ອງການຂອງ USCIS ໄດ້.
  • ບູລິມະສິດທີສອງ: ຄໍາຮ້ອງສະຫມັກທີ່ໄດ້ຮັບທີ່ຍັງຄ້າງ 21 ມື້ຫຼືຫນ້ອຍ.
  • ບູລິມະສິດທີສາມ: ທັງຫມົດລໍຖ້າຄໍາຮ້ອງສະຫມັກອື່ນໆ asylum ເປັນການຍື່ນຍັນຈະໄດ້ຮັບການກໍານົດສໍາລັບການສໍາພາດໂດຍເລີ່ມຕົ້ນຈາກໄຟລ໌ໃຫມ່ແລະການເຮັດວຽກກັບຄືນໄປສູ່ໄຟລ໌ເກົ່າ.
  • First priority: Applicants who were scheduled for an interview, but the interview had to be rescheduled at the applicant’s request or the needs of USCIS.
  • Second priority: Applications that have been pending 21 days or less.
  • Third priority: All other pending affirmative asylum applications will be scheduled for interviews starting with newer filings and working back towards older filings.

Why is USCIS making this change to asylum in the USA?

Why is USCIS making this change to asylum in the USA?

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານສະຫມັກຂໍເອົາສໍາລັບການ asylum, you may apply for a work permit 150 ມື້ຕໍ່ມາ. ຫຼັງຈາກນັ້ນທ່ານສາມາດເຮັດວຽກຈົນກວ່າທ່ານຈະຖືກຍອມຮັບຫລືປະຕິເສດ. USCIS ເວົ້າວ່າຂະບວນການໃຫມ່ຈະຫຼຸດຜ່ອນຈໍານວນຂອງປະຊາຊົນຍື່ນຄໍາຮ້ອງຂໍສໍາລັບການ asylum ໄດ້ພຽງແຕ່ເພື່ອໃຫ້ໄດ້ຮັບໃບອະນຸຍາດເຮັດວຽກເປັນ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າສະຫມັກໃຫມ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບທໍາອິດແທນທີ່ຈະເປັນການລໍຖ້າສໍາລັບປີ, USCIS ເຊື່ອວ່າມັນອາດຈະບໍ່ຖືກນໍາໃຊ້ເວັ້ນເສຍແຕ່ວ່າພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າມີກໍລະນີທີ່ດີ. ນີ້ແມ່ນຍ້ອນວ່າໃນເວລາທີ່ຜູ້ສະຫມັກ asylum ແມ່ນໄດ້ຫັນລົງ, they may be removed from the USA

If you apply for asylum, you may apply for a work permit 150 days later. Then you can work until you are accepted or refused. USCIS says the new process will reduce the number of people applying for asylum just to get a work permit. If new applicants are dealt with first instead of waiting for years, USCIS believes they probably won’t apply unless they have a good case. This is because when asylum applicants are turned down, they may be removed from the USA

ຈະເປັນແນວໃດຖ້າຫາກວ່າຂ້າພະເຈົ້າໄດ້ຮັບການລໍຖ້າສໍາລັບການສໍາພາດຂອງຂ້າພະເຈົ້າ, ແລະກໍລະນີຂອງຂ້າພະເຈົ້າມີຄວາມຮີບດ່ວນ?

What if I have been waiting for my interview, and my case is urgent?

USCIS says it will consider urgent requests to be scheduled for an interview outside of the priority order listed above. Please submit any urgent interview scheduling requests in writing to your USCIS asylum office.

USCIS says it will consider urgent requests to be scheduled for an interview outside of the priority order listed above. Please submit any urgent interview scheduling requests in writing to your USCIS asylum office.

ຈະເປັນແນວໃດກ່ຽວກັບຄອບຄົວຂອງຂ້າພະເຈົ້າ?

What about my family?

asylees ບາງໄດ້ຮັບການລໍຖ້າສໍາລັບການສູງເຖິງສີ່ປີທີ່ຈະໄດ້ຮັບການອະນຸມັດເພື່ອໃຫ້ພວກເຂົາສາມາດເຮັດໃຫ້ເດັກນ້ອຍຫຼືຜົວແລະເມຍເພື່ອເຂົ້າຮ່ວມໃຫ້ເຂົາເຈົ້າຂອງພວກເຂົາ. ມັນຈະເປັນການຍາກຫຼາຍສໍາລັບເຂົາເຈົ້າທີ່ຈະຕ້ອງໄດ້ລໍຖ້າຕໍ່ໄປອີກແລ້ວແມ້ກະທັ້ງ. ສະຫນັບສະຫນູນສິດທິມະນຸດກໍາລັງສະເຫນີຂໍ USCIS ເພື່ອໃຫ້ໄດ້ຂະບວນການຍຸດຕິທໍາສໍາລັບຜູ້ສະຫມັກເຫຼົ່ານີ້. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຍັງບໍ່ໄດ້ແລ້ວເຮັດວຽກຮ່ວມກັບທະນາຍຄວາມ, ພວກເຮົາແນະນໍາໃຫ້ຊອກຫາທະນາຍຄວາມຈະຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານໄດ້.

Some asylees have been waiting for up to four years to be approved so they can bring their children or spouses to join them. It will be very hard for them to have to wait even longer. Human rights advocates are asking USCIS to find a fair process for these applicants. If you are not already working with a lawyer, we recommend finding a lawyer to help you.

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