ທ່ານຫມໍແມ່ນຫຍັງ?

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

ທ່ານຫມໍແມ່ນຫຍັງ? ປະເພດໃດແດ່ຂອງທ່ານຫມໍມີ? ອັນໃດທີ່ທ່ານຄວນໄປ? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

What is a doctor? What kind of doctors are there? Which one should you go to? Learn which kind of doctor or health provider to visit.

ທ່ານຫມໍແມ່ນຫຍັງ?

What is a doctor?

ທ່ານຫມໍແມ່ນຫຍັງ?

What is a doctor?

A ທ່ານຫມໍເປັນຄົນທີ່ຖືກຝຶກອົບຮົມການປິ່ນປົວປະຊາຊົນບໍ່ສະບາຍເປັນ. ຢູ່ອາເມລິກາ, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workershealthcare providers” ຫຼື “medical providers.These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

A doctor is a person who is trained to treat sick people. In the USA, there are many kinds of doctors and other medical workers. Americans call medical workers “healthcare providers” or “medical providers.” These are people who help you when you are sick or injured.

ປະເພດໃດແດ່ຂອງທ່ານຫມໍມີ?

What kind of doctors are there?

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

There are three types of medical providers you may need:

1. ຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລປະຖົມ

1. Primary care providers

2. ຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານ
2. Specialists
3. ການບໍລິການທາງການແພດສຸກເສີນ

3. Emergency medical services

ຜູ້ທີ່ທ່ານເຫັນສໍາລັບການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອຈະຂຶ້ນກ່ຽວກັບບັນຫາສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານ.

Who you see for help will depend on your health issue.

1. ຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລປະຖົມ

1. Primary care providers

ຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລປະຖົມ (PCPs) ໃຫ້ພື້ນຖານ, ການດູແລປະຈໍາວັນແລະລະດັບຂອງການບໍລິການປິ່ນປົວນີ້ໃຫ້ບຸກຄົນແລະຄອບຄົວສໍາລັບບັນຫາທາງການແພດທົ່ວໄປ. A PCP ປົກກະຕິແລ້ວເປັນຄົນທາງການແພດທໍາອິດທີ່ທ່ານເຫັນໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານມີບັນຫາ.

Primary care providers (PCPs) provide basic, everyday care and a range of healthcare services to individuals and families for common medical problems. A PCP is usually the first medical person you see when you have a problem.

ຜູ້ທີ່ສາມາດຈະເປັນຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລປະຖົມ?

Who can be a primary care provider?

PCP ຂອງທ່ານອາດຈະມີທ່ານຫມໍ (ຍັງເອີ້ນວ່າກະລຸນາກຽມໃນສະຫະລັດ), ຊ່ວຍກະລຸນາກຽມຫຼືຜູ້ປະກອບການພະຍາບານ. ສະມາຊິກທັງຫມົດຂອງຄອບຄົວຂອງທ່ານອາດຈະເບິ່ງ PCP ດຽວກັນ, ຫຼືທ່ານອາດຈະເບິ່ງຈໍານວນຂອງປະຊາຊົນຕາມທັງຫມົດທີ່ສູນສຸຂະພາບໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນຂອງທ່ານ. You may see the same PCP for many years.

Your PCP may be a doctor (also called a physician in the US), a physician’s assistant or a nurse practitioner. All members of your family may see the same PCP, or you may see a number of people all based at your local health center. You may see the same PCP for many years.

ຕໍ່ໄປນີ້ແມ່ນຕົວຢ່າງຈໍານວນຫນ້ອຍຂອງໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານຈະເຫັນທ່ານຫມໍຄອບຄົວຂອງທ່ານມີ:

Here are a few examples of when you would see your family doctor:

  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care
  • for a yearly health check-up
  • if your son or daughter had an ear infection
  • when you don’t feel well but it is not an emergency
  • if you needed to get immunizations to apply for citizenship
  • for preventative care

ແນວໃດຂ້າພະເຈົ້າຊອກຫາຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລປະຖົມ?

How do I find a primary care provider?

ຈະມີການໃຫ້ບໍລິການການດູແລປະຖົມໃນຊຸມຊົນຂອງທ່ານ. ຊຸມຊົນສ່ວນໃຫຍ່ມີສຸກສາລາຫຼືຄລີນິກສຸຂະພາບ. ທ່ານສາມາດຮ້ອງຂໍໃຫ້ຫມູ່ເພື່ອນແລະປະເທດເພື່ອນບ້ານ: “ສິ່ງທີ່ເປັນທ່ານຫມໍທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດແນະນໍາໃຫ້ເປັນ?”. ຫ້ອງການຍົກຍ້າຍຈັດສັນຂອງທ່ານຫຼືພີ່ລ້ຽງຍັງສາມາດຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານຊອກຫາທ່ານຫມໍໃນຄອບຄົວເປັນ. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

There will be a primary care provider in your community. Most communities have health centers or health clinics. You can ask friends and neighbors: “what is a doctor that you can recommend?”. Your resettlement office or mentor can also help you find a family doctor. Or you can look in FindHello for healthcare providers.

ເບີ່ງແຍງປ້ອງກັນ

Preventative care

ການປະກັນໄພສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານອາດສະເຫນີຜົນປະໂຫຍດສຸຂະພາບປ້ອງກັນ. ພະຍາຍາມທີ່ຈະນໍາໃຊ້ໃຫ້ເຂົາເຈົ້າ! ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນການທົດສອບແລະບັນດາໂຄງການອື່ນໆທີ່ຈະຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ຢຸດເຊົາການທ່ານຈາກການພັດທະນາບັນຫາສຸຂະພາບ. ມັນຍັງຫມາຍເຖິງການໄດ້ຮັບການກວດກາພະລັງງານກ່ຽວກັບສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານເຖິງແມ່ນວ່າຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານບໍ່ມີຄວາມຮູ້ສຶກບໍ່ສະບາຍຫລືບໍ່ສັງເກດເຫັນຫຍັງຜິດພາດ. A wide variety of health screenings (ການທົດສອບ) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

Your health insurance may offer preventative health benefits. Try to use them! These are tests and other programs that help to stop you from developing health problems. They include getting check-ups on your health even if you do not feel sick or have not noticed anything wrong. A wide variety of health screenings (tests) are available for free. Find out which screenings are covered by most health insurance plans.

2. ຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານ

2. Specialists

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A ຊ່ຽວຊານເປັນຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິສຸຂະພາບທີ່ໄດ້ສຸມໃສ່ການລະບົບຮ່າງກາຍສະເພາະໃດຫນຶ່ງຫຼືສ່ວນຫນຶ່ງຂອງຮ່າງກາຍ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ເປັນ dermatologist ເປັນຫ່ວງເປັນໄຍສໍາລັບຜິວຫນັງ, ເປັນ gastroenterologist ເປັນຫ່ວງເປັນໄຍສໍາລັບລະບົບກ່ຽວກັບເຄື່ອງຍ່ອຍ, ແລະເປັນ orthopedist ໃຈໃສ່ເບິ່ງແຍງກະດູກ.

Your primary care provider may send you to a specialist for certain injuries and illnesses. A specialist is a healthcare provider who focuses on a specific body system or part of the body. For example, a dermatologist cares for the skin, a gastroenterologist cares for the digestive system, and an orthopedist cares for bones.

ຕໍ່ໄປນີ້ແມ່ນຕົວຢ່າງຈໍານວນຫນ້ອຍຂອງໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານຈະເບິ່ງຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານດ້ານແມ່ນ:

Here are a few examples of when you would see a specialist:

  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak
  • you have stomach problems, and your PCP sends you for testing
  • a mole on your skin has changed shape or color
  • your son or daughter has not started to speak

ຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານບາງຄົນພຽງແຕ່ປິ່ນປົວເດັກນ້ອຍອາວຸໂສຫຼື. ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນ types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Some specialists just treat children or elders. Learn more about the different types of doctors you might meet in the USA.

Referrals to specialists

Referrals to specialists

ການສົ່ງຕໍ່ແມ່ນຕາມການສະເຫນີວ່າທ່ານເບິ່ງໃຫ້ບໍລິການສຸຂະພາບອື່ນ (ຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານດ້ານ, ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ). ທ່ານອາດຈະຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງໄດ້ຮ້ອງຂໍໃຫ້ PCP ຂອງທ່ານສໍາລັບການສົ່ງຕໍ່ກ່ອນທີ່ທ່ານຈະເບິ່ງຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານດ້ານ. ຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານດ້ານອາດຈະຮຽກຮ້ອງໃຫ້ມີນີ້ຫຼືບໍລິສັດປະກັນໄພຂອງທ່ານອາດຈະຮຽກຮ້ອງໃຫ້ມີມັນ. ໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າທ່ານທົບທວນຄືນແຜນປະກັນໄພສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານເພື່ອເບິ່ງວ່າການນໍາສົ່ງເປັນຕ້ອງມີກ່ອນການນັດຫມາຍທີ່ມີຜູ້ຊ່ຽວຊານດ້ານ. ວິທີການທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າການປະກັນໄພຂອງທ່ານຈະກວມເອົາການຢ້ຽມຢາມ.

A referral is a recommendation that you see another healthcare provider (a specialist, for instance). You may need to ask your PCP for a referral before you see a specialist. The specialist might require this or your insurance company might require it. Be sure you review your health insurance plan to see if a referral is required before making an appointment with a specialist. That way you can be sure your insurance will cover the visit.

3. ການດູແລທາງການແພດສຸກເສີນ

3. Emergency medical care

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

What if someone in your family becomes sick late in the day or over the weekend? What if you have a serious problem that requires immediate care? Making an appointment with your PCP may not be possible. But there are other places to get immediate help:

ປິ່ນປົວສຸກເສີນແລະຍ່າງໃນຄລີນິກ

Urgent care and walk-in clinics

ປິ່ນປົວສຸກເສີນແລະຍ່າງໃນຄລີນິກມັກຈະມີຕອນແລງແລະທ້າຍອາທິດຊົ່ວໂມງແລະໃຫ້ການເບິ່ງແຍງບັນຫາດ້ານການປິ່ນປົວເປັນການຄ້າຫນ້ອຍໂດຍບໍ່ມີການນັດຫມາຍ. ຈົ່ງເອົາໃຈໃສ່ທີ່ຢູ່, ເປີດຊົ່ວໂມງ, ແລະຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານສໍາລັບການຄລີນິກການດູແລຮີບດ່ວນຕິດຕໍ່ຢູ່ໃກ້ກັບບ່ອນທີ່ທ່ານດໍາລົງຊີວິດ.

Urgent care and walk-in clinics often have evening and weekend hours and provide care for minor medical problems without an appointment. Take note of the addresses, open hours, and contact information for urgent care clinics near to where you live.

ຕໍ່ໄປນີ້ແມ່ນຕົວຢ່າງຈໍານວນຫນ້ອຍຫນຶ່ງໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານອາດຈະໄປຢ້ຽມຢາມຫ້ອງການການດູແລຮີບດ່ວນ:

Here are a few examples when you might visit an urgent care office:

  • during a sporting event, ລູກຊາຍຂອງທ່ານ hits ຫົວ
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection
  • during a sporting event, your son hits his head
  • you have a very bad cough and you think you might have an infection

ພະແນກສຸກເສີນໂຮງຫມໍ

Hospital emergency department

ພະແນກສຸກເສີນໂຮງຫມໍຂອງສະຫນອງການດູແລສໍາລັບຊີວິດໄພຂົ່ມຂູ່ຕໍ່ແລະຄວາມຕ້ອງການສຸຂະພາບຮີບດ່ວນ. ສ່ວນໃຫຍ່ພະແນກສຸກເສີນແມ່ນເປີດ 24 ຊົ່ວໂມງຕໍ່ມື້, ເຈັດມື້ຕໍ່ອາທິດ. ໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າທ່ານຮູ້ຈັກສະຖານທີ່ແລະຂໍ້ມູນຂອງພະແນກສຸກເສີນໄດ້ຕິດຕໍ່ທີ່ໃກ້ທີ່ສຸດກັບບ້ານຂອງທ່ານ.

A hospital’s emergency department provides care for life-threatening and urgent healthcare needs. Most emergency departments are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Be sure you know the location and contact information of the emergency department nearest to your home.

ຕໍ່ໄປນີ້ແມ່ນຕົວຢ່າງຈໍານວນຫນ້ອຍສໍາລັບໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານຈະໄປໂຮງຫມໍແມ່ນ:

Here are a few examples for when you would go to the hospital:

  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg
  • your infant or baby has a very high fever on the weekend
  • your wife is going into labor
  • your husband has broken his leg

ຖ້າໄປຫ້ອງສຸກເສີນ, ທ່ານຍັງອາດຈະຕ້ອງລໍຖ້າເປັນເວລາຫລາຍຊົ່ວໂມງກ່ອນທີ່ທ່ານຈະສາມາດເຫັນໄດ້ທ່ານຫມໍເວັ້ນເສຍແຕ່ວ່າມັນເປັນສຸກເສີນຊີວິດ.

If go to an emergency room, you may still have to wait for several hours before you will be seen by a doctor unless it is a life-threatening emergency.

ການບໍລິການທາງການແພດສຸກເສີນ

Emergency medical services

ເບີໂທລະສັບທີ່ຈະໂທຫາສໍາລັບການສຸກເສີນການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອທາງການແພດເປັນ 911.

The phone number to call for emergency medical help is 911.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

The USA has a good system of emergency medical services. It includes care by trained medical responders and ambulances to take people to hospitals. Emergency medical services often work with or police and firefighting departments. Sometimes they are run by hospitals or private companies.

ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມ

Learn more

ຊອກຫາການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອຢູ່ໃກ້ກັບທ່ານ

ໃຊ້ FindHello ໃນການຊອກຫາບໍລິການແລະຊັບພະຍາກອນໃນຕົວເມືອງຂອງທ່ານ.

ເລີ່ມຕົ້ນຄົ້ນຫາຂອງທ່ານ
ບໍ່ຫນ້ານີ້ຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານ? ໃບຫນ້າຍິ້ມ Yes ໃບຫນ້າ frown No
ຂໍ​ຂອບ​ໃຈ​ທ່ານ​ສໍາ​ລັບ​ການ​ຕໍາ​ນິ​ຕິ​ຊົມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​!