ການດູແລສຸຂະພາບຂອງແມ່ຍິງ

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

ມັນເປັນສິ່ງສໍາຄັນສໍາລັບຊາວອົບພະຍົບແລະການຍົກຍ້າຍເຂົ້າແມ່ຍິງທີ່ຈະຮຽນຮູ້ກ່ຽວກັບຮ່າງກາຍຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າແລະໃຊ້ເວລາດູແລຂອງສຸຂະພາບຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າ. Learn about women’s health care for refugees and immigrants. Find online resources and where to get care.

It’s important for refugee and immigrant women to learn about their bodies and take care of their health. Learn about women’s health care for refugees and immigrants. Find online resources and where to get care.

Why is women’s health care different from general health care? ຫຼາຍຂອງສຸຂະພາບຂອງແມ່ຍິງໄດ້ຖືກເຊື່ອມຕໍ່ກັບສຸຂະພາບຈະເລີນພັນຂອງນາງແລະຂັ້ນຕອນຂອງການມີຊີວິດ. (Reproductive health means your periods, ມີເດັກນ້ອຍ, and going through menopause.)

Why is women’s health care different from general health care? Much of a woman’s health is connected to her reproductive health and stages of life. (Reproductive health means your periods, having babies, and going through menopause.)

Understanding reproductive health and how your body works is the first step to good women’s health care.

Understanding reproductive health and how your body works is the first step to good women’s health care.

ມີປະຈໍາເດືອນແມ່ນຫຍັງ?

What is menstruation?

ມີປະຈໍາເດືອນເປັນສິ່ງທີ່ຄືກັນກັບໄລຍະເວລາຂອງທ່ານ. ມັນເປັນອາການເລືອດໄຫຼໃນຊ່ອງຄອດປະຈໍາເດືອນປະສົບການໂດຍແມ່ຍິງໄວຈະເລີນພັນອາຍຸສູງສຸດ (ກ່ຽວກັບອາຍຸສູງສຸດ 12 ການ 55). Menstruation shows that a woman is not pregnant. The times of your period and between periods are called yourmenstrual cycle.

Menstruation is the same thing as your period. It is the monthly vaginal bleeding experienced by reproductive-age women (about age 12 to 55). Menstruation shows that a woman is not pregnant. The times of your period and between periods are called your “menstrual cycle.”

Period last from three to seven days. ນອກຈາກອາການເລືອດໄຫຼອອກຈາກຊ່ອງຄອດ, ທ່ານອາດຈະມີ:

Period last from three to seven days. Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have:

  • ອາການເຈັບທ້ອງ
  • ອາການເຈັບປວດກັບຄືນໄປບ່ອນຕ່ໍາ
  • bloating ແລະເຈັບຫນ້າອົກ
  • ຄວາມຢາກອາຫານ
  • ຊິງຊ້າອາລົມແລະອາການຄັນຄາຍ
  • ອາການປວດຫົວແລະ fatigue
  • Abdominal pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Bloating and sore breasts
  • Food cravings
  • Mood swings and irritability
  • Headache and fatigue

ໂຣກ Premenstrual, ຫຼື PMS, ເປັນກຸ່ມຂອງອາການທີ່ເລີ່ມຕົ້ນກ່ອນທີ່ຈະໄລຍະເວລາທີ່. ມັນສາມາດປະກອບມີອາການທາງຈິດໃຈແລະທາງດ້ານຮ່າງກາຍ.

Premenstrual syndrome, or PMS, is a group of symptoms that start before the period. It can include emotional and physical symptoms.

ປຶກສາຫາລືຜູ້ໃຫ້ບໍລິການດູແລສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານມີການປ່ຽນແປງຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ໃນວົງຈອນຂອງທ່ານ. ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າອາດຈະມີອາການອື່ນໆທີ່ຄວນໄດ້ຮັບການຮັບການປິ່ນປົວ. Learn more about menstruation.

Consult your health care provider if you have big changes in your cycle. They may be signs of other problems that should be treated. Learn more about menstruation.

ແນວໃດຂ້າພະເຈົ້າສາມາດໃຊ້ເວລາດູແລຂອງຕົນເອງໃນເວລາທີ່ຂ້າພະເຈົ້າຖືພາ?

How can I take care of myself when I am pregnant?

ການດູແລ Prenatal ຫມາຍເຖິງການດູແລສຸຂະພາບທີ່ແມ່ຍິງໄດ້ຮັບຈາກທ່ານຫມໍໃນຂະນະທີ່ນາງກໍາລັງຖືພາ.

Prenatal care refers to the health care that a woman receives from a doctor while she is pregnant.

ມັນເປັນສິ່ງສໍາຄັນທີ່ແມ່ຍິງຖືພາເປັນປົກກະຕິຢ້ຽມຢາມທ່ານຫມໍຂອງນາງເພື່ອຮັບປະກັນສຸຂະພາບແລະສຸຂະພາບຂອງເດັກນ້ອຍຂອງນາງນາງ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານກໍາລັງຖືພາ, make sure that you speak to your doctor about when and where you can receive prenatal care.

It is important that a pregnant woman regularly visits her doctor to ensure her health and the health of her baby. If you are pregnant, make sure that you speak to your doctor about when and where you can receive prenatal care.

ຂ້າພະເຈົ້າຈະເປັນແນວໃດຕ້ອງການທີ່ຈະຮູ້ກ່ຽວກັບການຖືພາແລະເກີດລູກ?

What do I need to know about pregnancy and giving birth?

ການຖືພາສາມາດເປັນທີ່ໃຊ້ເວລາທີ່ບໍ່ແນ່ນອນສໍາລັບແມ່ໃຫມ່ຈໍານວນຫຼາຍ, ເຕັມໄປດ້ວຍ lots ຂອງຄໍາຖາມກ່ຽວກັບສິ່ງທີ່ຕ້ອງເຮັດເພື່ອໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າທີ່ທັງສອງແມ່ແລະເດັກນ້ອຍມີສຸຂະພາບ.

Pregnancy can be an uncertain time for many new mothers, filled with lots of questions about what to do to make sure that both mother and baby stay healthy.

MedlinePlus ແມ່ນສະຖານທີ່ດີເພື່ອເລີ່ມຕົ້ນການຊອກຫາສໍາລັບ ຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານສຸຂະພາບທົ່ວໄປກ່ຽວກັບການຖືພາ. Read the summary. Thenchoose links to take you to information on a variety of topics, from how to exercise safely to what happens to your body during pregnancy.

MedlinePlus is a good place to start looking for general health information about pregnancy. Read the summary. Thenchoose links to take you to information on a variety of topics, from how to exercise safely to what happens to your body during pregnancy.

ຢູ່ສຸຂະພາບໃນໄລຍະການຖືພາ

Staying healthy during pregnancy

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານກໍາລັງຖືພາ, ມັນເປັນສິ່ງສໍາຄັນໂດຍສະເພາະທີ່ຈະໃຊ້ເວລາດູແລຂອງສຸຂະພາບຂອງທ່ານ, ລວມທັງການເປັນລະມັດລະວັງກັບສິ່ງທີ່ທ່ານກິນອາຫານແລະດື່ມແລະວິທີທີ່ທ່ານອອກກໍາລັງກາຍ. ເຮັດໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າທ່ານເວົ້າກັບທ່ານຫມໍຂອງທ່ານກ່ຽວກັບຄໍາຖາມຫລືຂໍ້ສົງໄສທີ່ທ່ານອາດຈະມີກ່ຽວກັບວິທີການທີ່ຈະມີສຸຂະພາບ. Learn how to take care of your health during pregnancy.

If you are pregnant, it is particularly important to take care of your health, including being careful with what you eat and drink and how you exercise. Make sure you speak with your doctor about any questions or concerns that you might have about how to stay healthy. Learn how to take care of your health during pregnancy.

Health Information Translations is a website which provides ຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານທີ່ກ່ຽວຂ້ອງກັບການຖືພາແລະເກີດລູກ. Choose the topic that you want to learn about. ຫຼັງຈາກນັ້ນ,, on the next page, choose your language.

Health Information Translations is a website which provides information related to pregnancy and childbirth. Choose the topic that you want to learn about. Then, on the next page, choose your language.

ພາຍຫຼັງເກີດລູກ

Childbirth

ໃນ ການເຊື່ອມຕໍ່ພາຍຫຼັງເກີດລູກ, ທ່ານສາມາດຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບການປ່ຽນແປງທາງດ້ານຮ່າງກາຍຂອງຮ່າງກາຍຂອງແມ່ຍິງເປັນໄປໂດຍຜ່ານການໃນຂະນະທີ່ກໍາລັງເກີດລູກ. ທ່ານສາມາດອ່ານກ່ຽວກັບສິ່ງທີ່ປະເພດຂອງບັນຫາອາດຈະເກີດຂຶ້ນໃນໄລຍະການອອກແຮງງານແລະສິ່ງທີ່ປະເພດຂອງການດູແລທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດຄາດຫວັງວ່າຈະໄດ້ຮັບຢູ່ໂຮງຫມໍ. ນອກນັ້ນທ່ານຍັງສາມາດອ່ານກ່ຽວກັບວິທີການໃນການວາງແຜນລ່ວງຫນ້າເພື່ອວ່າທ່ານສາມາດມີປະສົບການທີ່ເປັນໄປໄດ້ທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດໃຫ້ເກີດ.

At Childbirth Connection, you can learn more about the physical changes a woman’s body goes through while she is giving birth. You can read about what kind of problems may occur during labor and what kind of care you can expect to receive at the hospital. You can also read about how to plan ahead so that you can have the best possible experience giving birth.

ດີ​ຫຼາຍ contains a lot of useful information for expectant mothers about the signs and symptoms of labor. ນອກຈາກນີ້, ທ່ານສາມາດອ່ານກ່ຽວກັບສິ່ງທີ່ທ່ານອາດຈະປະສົບຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານອອກລູກຢູ່ໂຮງຫມໍ.

Very Well contains a lot of useful information for expectant mothers about the signs and symptoms of labor. Also, you can read about what you might experience if you give birth at a hospital.

ລ້ຽງລູກດ້ວຍນົມ

Breastfeeding

ຫຼັງຈາກທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ໃຫ້ກໍາເນີດ, ລ້ຽງລູກດ້ວຍນົມແມ່ນເປັນວິທີທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່ເປັນອາຫານເດັກເກີດໃຫມ່ຂອງທ່ານເນື່ອງຈາກວ່າມັນມີຈໍານວນຂອງຜົນປະໂຫຍດສຸຂະພາບສໍາລັບແມ່ແລະລູກ. ຊ່ຽວຊານເວົ້າວ່າຖ້າຫາກວ່າເປັນໄປໄດ້, ເດັກນ້ອຍຄວນຈະໄດ້ຮັບການກິນນົມແມ່ຢ່າງຫນ້ອຍຄັ້ງທໍາອິດ 12 ເດືອນຂອງຊີວິດຂອງພວກເຂົາ.

After you have given birth, breastfeeding is a great way to feed your newborn child because it has lots of health benefits for both mother and child. Experts say that if possible, babies should be breastfed for at least the first 12 months of their lives.

Services for low-income pregnant women and new mothers

Services for low-income pregnant women and new mothers

ໃນ​ສະ​ຫະ​ລັດ, ໂຄງການທີ່ເອີ້ນວ່າ ແມ່ຍິງ, ເດັກອ່ອນແລະເດັກນ້ອຍ (WIC) ຊ່ວຍທີ່ມີລາຍໄດ້ຕ່ໍາແມ່ຍິງຖືພາ, ແມ່ແລະເດັກນ້ອຍຊາວຫນຸ່ມຂອງພວກເຂົາ (ເຖິງກັບ 5 ປີ) ສຸຂະພາບ. The Programs WIC ສະຫນອງການຈໍານວນຂອງການບໍລິການ, ລວມທັງການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອທີ່ມີການໃຫ້ນົມລູກ, ຫ້ອງໂພຊະນາ, ແລະຄູປອງທີ່ຈະຊື້ອາຫານໂພຊະນາການສະເພາະໃດຫນຶ່ງອະນຸມັດ.

In the United States, a program called Women, Infants and Children (WIC) helps low-income pregnant women, new mothers and their young children (up to to 5 years old) stay healthy. The WIC Programs offers a number of services, including assistance with breastfeeding, nutrition classes, and coupons to buy certain approved nutritional foods.

ເຈົ້າ​ສາ​ມາດ find WIC in your state. Call the telephone number listed for the WIC agency in your state. Tell them that you want to make an appointment to apply for WIC benefits.

You can find WIC in your state. Call the telephone number listed for the WIC agency in your state. Tell them that you want to make an appointment to apply for WIC benefits.

ຫມົດປະຈໍາເດືອນ

Menopause

ຫມົດປະຈໍາເດືອນເປັນໄລຍະເວລາໃນຊີວິດຂອງແມ່ຍິງໃນເວລາທີ່ນາງຢຸດ menstruating ແລະບໍ່ມີຕໍ່ໄປອີກແລ້ວສາມາດທີ່ຈະມີເດັກນ້ອຍ. Menopause frequently occurs when a woman is in her early 50s, ແຕ່ສໍາລັບແມ່ຍິງບາງ, ມັນສາມາດເກີດຂຶ້ນກ່ອນຫນ້ານີ້.

Menopause is the period in a woman’s life when she stops menstruating and is no longer able to have children. Menopause frequently occurs when a woman is in her early 50s, but for some women, it can happen earlier.

ແມ່ຍິງຫຼາຍຄົນມີປະສົບການປະສົມປະສານຂອງອາທາງດ້ານຮ່າງກາຍໃນທາງລົບໃນໄລຍະຫມົດປະຈໍາເດືອນບາງ. A ທ່ານຫມໍຕາມປົກກະຕິສາມາດຊ່ວຍປິ່ນປົວອາການເຫຼົ່ານີ້. Learn more about menopause.

Many women experience some combination of negative physical symptoms during menopause. A doctor can usually help treat these symptoms. Learn more about menopause.

ຂອງແມ່ຍິງທົ່ວໄປສະພາບສຸຂະພາບ

Common women’s health conditions

ບາງເງື່ອນໄຂທາງການແພດຢ່າງເປັນປະຈໍາໃນແມ່ຍິງກ່ວາຜູ້ຊາຍໃນການ. ໃນຈໍານວນຫຼາຍກໍລະນີ, ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນເງື່ອນໄຂທາງການແພດທີ່ມີຜົນຕໍ່ອະໄວຍະວະການຈະເລີນພັນຂອງແມ່ຍິງ (ເຊັ່ນ: ເຕົ້ານົມຫຼືມະເຮັງປາກມົດລູກ). ອົງການຈັດຕັ້ງຂອງພວກເຮົາ, ຕົວເຮົາເອງ ໃຫ້ຊັດເຈນ, ຂໍ້ມູນຂ່າວສານທີ່ຖືກຕ້ອງວິທະຍາສາດກ່ຽວກັບຮ່າງກາຍຂອງແມ່ຍິງແລະແມ່ຍິງທົ່ວໄປຂອງສະພາບສຸຂະພາບ.

Some medical conditions are more common in women than in men. In many cases, these are medical conditions that affect women’s reproductive organs (such as breast or cervical cancer). Our Bodies, Ourselves provides clear, scientifically accurate information about women’s bodies and common women’s health conditions.

ແມ່ຍິງການຄັດຈ້ອນດ້ານສຸຂະພາບ

Women’s health screenings

Health screenings are tests to check if you have a particular medical condition. ການຄັດຈ້ອນດ້ານສຸຂະພາບທົ່ວໄປປະກອບ:

Health screenings are tests to check if you have a particular medical condition. Common health screenings include:

  • ຄວາມ​ດັນ​ເລືອດ
  • ກະດູກການທົດສອບຄວາມຫນາແຫນ້ນຂອງແຮ່ທາດ
  • ກວດມະເຮັງເຕົ້ານົມ
  • ກວດມະເຮັງປາກມົດລູກ (ຊຶ່ງເອີ້ນກັນວ່າການທົດສອບທີ່ຖືກກະທົບ)
  • ເຊື້ອໂລກເອດສແລະການທົດສອບ STD ອື່ນໆ
  • Blood pressure
  • Bone mineral density test
  • Breast cancer screening
  • Cervical cancer screening (also known as PAP test)
  • HIV and other STD test

You can learn more about these and other common health screenings that doctors recommend for women from the Office of Health ແມ່ຍິງ.

You can learn more about these and other common health screenings that doctors recommend for women from the Office of Women’s Health.

Female genital cutting

Female genital cutting

Female genital cutting (FGC) ເປັນວິທີທີ່ວັດທະນະທໍາໃນບາງປະເທດ. ໃນຂະນະທີ່ມີຈໍານວນຫຼາຍປະຊາຊົນຜູ້ທີ່ມີຄວາມຮູ້ສຶກຢ່າງແຂງແຮງກ່ຽວກັບ FGC ເປັນປະເພນີວັດທະນະທໍາ, it is illegal to perform FGC in the USA. ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບ ຜົນສຸຂະພາບຂອງ FGC.

Female genital cutting (FGC) is a cultural practice in some countries. While there are many people who feel strongly about FGC as a cultural tradition, it is illegal to perform FGC in the USA. Learn more about the health effects of FGC.

ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມ

Learn more

ບໍ່ຫນ້ານີ້ຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານ? ໃບຫນ້າຍິ້ມ Yes ໃບຫນ້າ frown No
ຂໍ​ຂອບ​ໃຈ​ທ່ານ​ສໍາ​ລັບ​ການ​ຕໍາ​ນິ​ຕິ​ຊົມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​!