ຜູ້ອອກແຮງງານ’ ສິດທິ

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

ຢູ່ອາເມລິກາ, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. You have certain rights to protect you at work. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Learn more about workersrights in the USA.

In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. You have certain rights to protect you at work. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The USA has workers’ ກົດຫມາຍສິດທິທີ່ເວົ້າວ່າວິທີການເງິນຫຼາຍປານໃດທ່ານຈະຕ້ອງເຮັດໃຫ້. ກໍຍັງມີກົດຫມາຍກ່ຽວກັບວິທີການຫຼາຍຊົ່ວໂມງທ່ານສາມາດເຮັດວຽກແລະວິທີການນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານປະຕິບັດຕໍ່ທ່ານ. ນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານຕ້ອງໄດ້ສະຫນອງສະຖານທີ່ທີ່ປອດໄພແລະສຸຂະພາບສໍາລັບທ່ານທີ່ຈະເຮັດວຽກ. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

The USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

ຄ່າແຮງງານຂັ້ນຕ່ໍາ

Minimum wage

ລັດຖະບານລັດຖະບານກາງເຮັດໃຫ້ກົດຫມາຍສໍາລັບປະເທດທັງຫມົດ. ລັດຖະບານຂອງລັດເຮັດໃຫ້ກົດຫມາຍຢູ່ໃນປະເທດຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າ. ລັດຖະບານລັດຖະບານກາງແລະທຸກຂອງລັດໄດ້ກໍານົດໄວ້ເປັນຄ່າແຮງງານຕ່ໍາສຸດ. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. ຄ່າແຮງງານຕ່ໍາສຸດລັດຖະບານກາງແມ່ນ $7.25 ຕໍ່ຊົ່ວໂມງ. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 ຕໍ່ຊົ່ວໂມງ. ເຈົ້າ​ສາ​ມາດ learn more about workers’ ສິດທິແລະເງິນໃນຈໍານວນຫຼາຍພາສາ.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

ຄ່າແຮງງານຕ່ໍາສຸດຂອງລັດ

State minimum wage

ບາງເທື່ອກໍມີຄ່າແຮງງານຂອງລັດຂັ້ນຕ່ໍາທີ່ສູງຂຶ້ນກ່ວາຄ່າແຮງງານຂັ້ນຕ່ໍາລັດຖະບານກາງ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 ຕໍ່ຊົ່ວໂມງ. ໃນປະເທດເຫຼົ່ານີ້, ຜູ້ໃຊ້ແຮງງານຕ້ອງຈ່າຍຄ່າພະນັກງານອາກອນສູງສຸດ. ເຈົ້າ​ສາ​ມາດ find the minimum wage in your state.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

ຄ່າແຮງງານຕ່ໍາສຸດແລະຄໍາແນະນໍາ

Minimum wage and tips

ສິ່ງທີ່ຄວນຮູ້ແມ່ນເງິນຈາກລູກຄ້າເພື່ອຂໍຂອບໃຈທ່ານສໍາລັບການບໍລິການຂອງທ່ານ. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານເຮັດວຽກໃນຮ້ານອາຫານຫຼືໃນວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາເປັນບ່ອນທີ່ທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບຄວາມຮູ້ທີ່ປາຍຫຼາຍກ່ວາ $30 ເດືອນ, ຫຼັງຈາກນັ້ນທ່ານສາມາດເຮັດວຽກເປັນ “ພະນັກງານ tipped.” ພະນັກງານ Tipped ຕ້ອງໄດ້ຮັບການຈ່າຍຢ່າງຫນ້ອຍ $2.13 ຕໍ່ຊົ່ວໂມງບວກກັບຄໍາແນະນໍາຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າ. ສິ່ງທີ່ຄວນຮູ້ຕ້ອງຫຼາຍກ່ວາ $5.12 ຕໍ່ຊົ່ວໂມງດັ່ງນັ້ນທ່ານກໍາລັງຍັງໄດ້ຮັບຄ່າແຮງງານຕ່ໍາສຸດລັດຖະບານກາງຂອງ $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees ທີ່ນີ້.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

ຄ່າຈ້າງເທົ່າທຽມກັນ

Equal wages

ໃນບາງປະເທດ, ຜູ້ຊາຍແລະແມ່ຍິງຈະໄດ້ຮັບເງິນທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງ. ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມ, ພວກ​ເຮົາ ກົດຫມາຍ ບໍ່ອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ນີ້. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານກໍາລັງເຮັດວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບການຮ່ວມມືພະນັກງານ, ທ່ານຕ້ອງໄດ້ຮັບການຈ່າຍເງິນດຽວກັນ. ທ່ານກໍ່ຄວນຈະໄດ້ຮັບການຈ່າຍເງິນລ່ວງເວລາດຽວກັນ, ຊົ່ວໂມງພັກ, ແລະ bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

ການຈໍາແນກ

Discrimination

ກົດຫມາຍຈໍາແນກສົ່ງເສີມຜູ້ປະກອບການຈ້າງປະຊາຊົນຈາກພື້ນຖານທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນແລະການປິ່ນປົວທຸກຄົນດຽວກັນ. ມັນແມ່ນຜິດກົດຫມາຍສໍາລັບນາຍຈ້າງມີການບໍ່ຈ້າງທ່ານເນື່ອງຈາກວ່າ:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • gender
  • ເຊື້ອຊາດ
  • ສາສະຫນາ
  • disability: ມີບັນຫາທາງດ້ານຮ່າງກາຍຫຼືເປັນພະຍາດ
  • ອາຍຸສູງສຸດ: ເປັນ 40 ປີຂຶ້ນໄປ
  • national origin: ເຈົ້າ​ມາ​ແຕ່​ໃສ
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

ທ່ານສາມາດອ່ານເພີ່ມເຕີມກ່ຽວກັບ laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

ການບາດເຈັບທີ່ເຮັດວຽກ

Work injuries

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບບາດເຈັບໃນຂະນະທີ່ກໍາລັງເຮັດວຽກ, ມັນເປັນສິ່ງສໍາຄັນຫຼາຍທີ່ຈະບອກຜູ້ຈັດການຂອງທ່ານໃນທັນທີ. ນອກນັ້ນທ່ານຍັງຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງໄດ້ຊອກຫາຫມໍເພື່ອປິ່ນປົວການບາດເຈັບຂອງທ່ານ. ຜູ້ອອກແຮງງານ’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. ບາງສ່ວນຂອງການປິ່ນປົວແລະຄ່າແຮງງານຂອງທ່ານສາມາດໄດ້ຮັບການຈ່າຍເງິນສໍາລັບການບໍລິສັດຂອງທ່ານ.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

ສິດທິໃນການຄວາມເປັນສ່ວນຕົວ

Right to privacy

ບໍລິສັດຂອງທ່ານບໍ່ອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ເບິ່ງສິ່ງທີ່ສ່ວນບຸກຄົນຂອງທ່ານ. purse ຂອງທ່ານ, ຖົງ, lockers ການເກັບຮັກສາ, ແລະ briefcases ແມ່ນພຽງແຕ່ສໍາລັບທ່ານ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບ mail ທີ່ມີຊື່ຂອງທ່ານກ່ຽວກັບມັນ, ຜູ້ຈັດການຂອງທ່ານບໍ່ອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ອ່ານມັນ.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໃຊ້ຄອມພິວເຕີສໍາລັບການເຮັດວຽກເປັນ, ນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານແມ່ນອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ເບິ່ງອີເມວຂອງທ່ານ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານນໍາໃຊ້ໂທລະສັບ, ບາງບໍລິສັດກໍາລັງອະນຸຍາດໃຫ້ຮັບຟັງໂທລະສັບຂອງທ່ານແລະຂໍ້ຄວາມ. ນີ້ແມ່ນແຕກຕ່າງກັນສໍາລັບທຸກບໍລິສັດ. ທ່ານບໍ່ຄວນຈະເວົ້າຫລືຂຽນສິ່ງລົບກ່ຽວກັບບໍລິສັດຂອງທ່ານ.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

ຍົກເລີກບໍ່ຍຸຕິທໍາ

Unfair termination

ຍົກເລີກບໍ່ຍຸຕິທໍາຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບ fired ສໍາລັບເຫດຜົນທີ່ຜິດກົດຫມາຍ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຄິດວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ສູນເສຍວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຂອງທ່ານຍ້ອນການຈໍາແນກ, ການບາດເຈັບທີ່ເຮັດວຽກ, ຫລືລ່ວງລະເມີດ, ທ່ານຄວນຄິດວ່າປະມານໂອ້ລົມກັບທະນາຍຄວາມ. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ ສິດທິ. ເຈົ້າ​ສາ​ມາດ find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຄິດວ່າສິ່ງທີ່ຜິດກົດຫມາຍກໍາລັງເກີດຂຶ້ນໃນບ່ອນເຮັດວຽກຂອງທ່ານ, ບອກກັບນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່ານາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານແມ່ນບໍ່ສາມາດທີ່ຈະຊ່ວຍ, ຂຽນລົງສິ່ງທີ່ເກີດຂຶ້ນ. ທ່ານອາດຈະຕ້ອງການຂໍ້ມູນນີ້ໃນພາຍຫລັງ.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

ຄວາມປອດໄພຂອງຖານທີ່ເຮັດວຽກ

Workplace safety

ນາຍຈ້າງຂອງທ່ານຕ້ອງໃຫ້ແນ່ໃຈວ່າການເຮັດວຽກຂອງທ່ານແມ່ນປອດໄພແລະບໍ່ມີອັນຕະລາຍ. ອັນຕະລາຍແມ່ນສິ່ງທີ່ສາມາດເປັນອັນຕະລາຍທ່ານ, ເຊັ່ນ: ສານເຄມີຫລືເຄື່ອງມືທີ່ບໍ່ປອດໄພຫຼືອຸປະກອນ. ບາງຄັ້ງ, ວຽກເຮັດງານທໍາຂອງທ່ານຮຽກຮ້ອງໃຫ້ທ່ານເພື່ອເຮັດແນວໃດບາງສິ່ງບາງຢ່າງທີ່ບໍ່ປອດໄພ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ພະນັກງານການກໍ່ສ້າງອາດຈະມີການຂຶ້ນໄປເທິງອາຄານສູງ. ພາຍໃຕ້ກົດຫມາຍວ່າດ້ວຍການ, ຜູ້ໃຊ້ແຮງງານຕ້ອງໄດ້ບອກທ່ານກ່ຽວກັບຄວາມອັນຕະລາຍທີ່ອາດມີຢູ່ໃນບ່ອນເຮັດວຽກ. ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າຍັງຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງຝຶກໃຫ້ທ່ານໃນພາສາທີ່ທ່ານເຂົ້າໃຈ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານມີຄວາມຮູ້ສຶກຫຼືເຫັນບາງສິ່ງບາງຢ່າງແມ່ນບໍ່ປອດໄພທີ່ຈັດການບໍ່ໄດ້ຮູ້ກ່ຽວກັບ, ບອກໃຫ້ເຂົາເຈົ້າ. Find information about safety rights at work.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມ

Learn more



The information on this page comes from the ລັດຖະບານສະຫະລັດ ແລະແຫຼ່ງຂໍ້ມູນທີ່ເຊື່ອຖືໄດ້ອື່ນໆ. ມັນມີຈຸດປະສົງສໍາລັບການຊີ້ນໍາແລະມີການປັບປຸງເລື້ອຍໆເປັນໄປໄດ້. USAHello ບໍ່ໃຫ້ຄໍາແນະນໍາທາງດ້ານກົດຫມາຍ, ແຕ່ບໍ່ມີກໍາລັງໃດໆຂອງວັດຖຸຂອງພວກເຮົາມີຈຸດປະສົງທີ່ຈະປະຕິບັດເປັນຄໍາແນະນໍາທາງດ້ານກົດຫມາຍ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານກໍາລັງຊອກຫາສໍາລັບທະນາຍຄວາມຟຣີຫຼືໃນລາຄາຕ່ໍາຫຼືການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອທາງດ້ານກົດຫມາຍ, ພວກເຮົາສາມາດຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານ ຊອກຫາການບໍລິການທາງດ້ານກົດຫມາຍແລະຕ່ໍາຄ່າໃຊ້ຈ່າຍ.

The information on this page comes from the US government and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

ຊອກຫາການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອຢູ່ໃກ້ກັບທ່ານ

ໃຊ້ FindHello ໃນການຊອກຫາບໍລິການແລະຊັບພະຍາກອນໃນຕົວເມືອງຂອງທ່ານ.

ເລີ່ມຕົ້ນຄົ້ນຫາຂອງທ່ານ
ບໍ່ຫນ້ານີ້ຊ່ວຍໃຫ້ທ່ານ? ໃບຫນ້າຍິ້ມ Yes ໃບຫນ້າ frown No
ຂໍ​ຂອບ​ໃຈ​ທ່ານ​ສໍາ​ລັບ​ການ​ຕໍາ​ນິ​ຕິ​ຊົມ​ຂອງ​ທ່ານ​!