He mahara ki ngā rerekētanga ahurea American

Ingarihi hokiNo Ingarihi

Ameliká whai ratou ake tikanga, me te ara o te mahi mea. Ka taea e te reira i te puputu'u mo tauhou. E tauturu i tenei mōhiohio e pā ana ki te hapori, me te ahurea rerekētanga American mahino koe US ahurea.

Americans have their own customs and way of doing things. It can be confusing for newcomers. This information about American society and cultural differences will help you understand US culture.

ahurea Amerika - wahine e rua i ahurea rerekē

american culture - two women from different cultures

Hītori

History

Ko te Hononga o Amerika i kotahi te koroni o Ingarangi. riro te reira i te whenua noa i roto i 1776 i muri i te Revolution American. ka haere mai tetahi atu pakanga nui i roto i te Pakanga Civil, i roto i te 1860. Ameliká i roto i te Pakanga Civil whawhai e pā ana ki ngā tika, tae atu i te tika ki te ake pononga i kawea mai nei i Africa. wetekina nga pononga i, ka puta ke nga ture i.

The United States was once a colony of Britain. It became a free country in 1776 after the American Revolution. Another big conflict came in the Civil War, during the 1860s. Americans in the Civil War fought about rights, including the right to own slaves who were brought from Africa. The slaves were freed, and the laws were changed.

Ko tētahi atu mea nui ki te mohio e pā ana ki te hītori American me rerekētanga ahurea ko e mai Ameliká i ngā maha. Ameliká Maori anake (ka karanga ano Inia) whai tupuna i Amerika. atu Ameliká katoa i tupuna i haere mai i te tahi atu fenua. He tokomaha o ratou i haere mai rite rerenga.

Another important thing to know about American history and cultural differences is that Americans come from many backgrounds. Only Native Americans (also called Indians) have ancestors from America. All other Americans have ancestors who came from other continents. Many of them came as refugees.

Race

Race

No te mea o tenei hītori, He nui i roto i te ahurea American take iwi. ta te ture iwi katoa ko te taua. Ko tetahi o nga rerekētanga ahurea nui i roto i te USA ko e wehe Ameliká ratou i te iwi. e kore e Amelika African whiwhi tonu te taua whai wāhitanga rite toiwhenua. He iti ake i Ameliká ma maha Ameliká kore-ma.

Because of this history, racial issues are important in American culture. The law says people are all the same. But one of the important cultural differences in the USA is that Americans divide themselves by race. African Americans do not always get the same opportunities as whites. Many non-white Americans are poorer than white Americans.

whakapono

Beliefs

He nui atu whakakake o ratou whenua Ameliká. whakaturia ahurea American, me te hapori i runga i te tikanga herekore, tika rite me te manapori. haafaufaa Ameliká te whakaaro o te korero free. te tikanga o tēnei e taea e ratou ki te mea te mea rite ratou e pā ana ki te peresideni. E whakahe ana ratou, ina e te kāwanatanga mea kahore ratou e rite.

Americans are very proud of their country. American culture and society is founded on freedom, equal rights and democracy. Americans value the idea of free speech. This means they are allowed to say what they like about the president. They protest when the government does things they do not like.

Religion

Religion

ta te ture e kore e me te kāwanatanga te whai i tetahi karakia, me te whai te iwi i te tika ki o ratou rerekētanga fakalotú, me te ahurea. Ko te nuinga Ameliká whakanui hararei Karaitiana. Mō 80% o Ameliká mea he Karaitiana ratou, ahakoa iti atu i 40% haere ki te hahi. Ka rite ki Ihirama, whai Karaitiana kotahi te Atua. parau te reira i soko ki te kia atawhai ki o ratou hoa, me te ki te hamani etahi atu ki te faatura.

The law says the government must not follow any religion and people have a right to their religious and cultural differences. But most Americans celebrate Christian holidays. About 80% of Americans say they are Christian, although fewer than 40% go to church. Like Islam, Christianity follows one God. It tells followers to be kind to their neighbors and to treat others with respect.

Ki te koe i te Muslim mahi, Ka taea e koe te kōrero ki tō kaiwhakawhiwhi mahi e pā ana ki to koutou whakapono, me te ui mo tetahi wahi ki te inoi i roto i te ra. Ka whakarato hoki maha kura he wāhi mō ki ngā ākonga te inoi.

If you a practicing Muslim, you can talk to your employer about your faith and ask for a place to pray during the day. Many schools will also provide a space for students to pray.

Hararei me whakanui

Holidays and celebrations

Iwi whakanui hararei e whiwhi tahi me ratou hapu, me te i kai kai nui. Ko te hararei nui e Christmas (Hakihea 25) ko Independence Day (Hōngongoi 4). whakanuia Independence Day te ki pahū me barbecues. Eva New Year o (Hakihea 31) Ko tetahi atu whakanui nui. noho te iwi ake te mutunga, ka tatau iho i te wa ra ano te patua e te karaka waenganui po. Halloween (Oketopa 31) Kei te whakanui rite te ra ki te taka ake i roto i nga kakahu rorirori, me te whai ngahau.

People celebrate holidays by getting together with their families and by eating large meals. The biggest holidays are Christmas (December 25) and Independence Day (July 4). Independence Day is celebrated with fireworks and barbecues. New Year’s Eve (December 31) is another big celebration. People stay up late and count down the time until the clock strikes midnight. Halloween (October 31) is celebrated as a day to dress up in funny clothes and have fun.

He tino nui rā whānau. whakanui Ameliká ki mau horo'araa, keke me ngā rōpū. Mau utuafare ki ngā tamariki taitamariki maha ka whai rōpū, me te fakaafe'i noho tata, hoa me hoa ki te whakanui rā whānau.

Birthdays are very important. Americans celebrate with gifts, cake and parties. Families with young children will often have parties and invite neighbors, classmates and friends to celebrate birthdays.

Money

Money

tikanga te ōhanga capitalist e te iwi (e kore kāwanatanga) ake pakihi me ngā ratonga. Healthcare Ko te mahi nui. He nui Farming rawa. He nui a puritia e pakihi maha pāmu.

The capitalist economy means that people (not government) own businesses and services. Healthcare is a big business. Farming is important too. Many farms are big and owned by businesses.

e kore e rangatira Pakihi hiahiatia ki te āwhina i te hapori, engari he tokomaha hanga takoha ki atawhai rohe motu ranei. Ameliká te koha he rota o te moni ki atawhai. He maha hahi me ngā rōpū hapori e whakarato kai, whare, me faufaa ki mau utuafare iti-moni.

Business owners are not required to help the community, but many make donations to local or national charities. Americans donate a lot of money to charities. Many churches and community organizations provide food, housing, and essentials to low-income families.

Ko he atu takitahi ahurea American. Ko tētahi o nga rerekētanga ahurea kia kite koutou ko e kore e te iwi te tikanga faaite ratou moni ki a ratou whānau whānui. kia whiriwhiri ratou ki te koha āwhina i te mau melo o to ratou atu te utuafare hoa ranei ranei, engari e kore e te reira tūmanakohia.

But American culture is more individual. One of the cultural differences you may notice is that people do not usually share their money with their extended family. They may choose to donate or help their extended family members or friends, but it is not expected.

ingoa

Names

E toru ingoa nuinga Ameliká: ingoa tuatahi, ingoa waenganui, me te ingoa whānau (i huaina ano hoki te ingoa whakamutunga). tangohia te ingoa whakamutunga o ratou tane te nuinga o nga wahine ka kia ratou marena, ahakoa pupuri etahi o ratou ake ingoa whakamutunga ranei whakamahi e rua. Ki te he ingoa whakamutunga rerekē atu tou tamaiti i a koe, kia kia hiahiatia koe ki te whakaatu tohu e te tamaiti, ko to koutou tamaiti.

Most Americans have three names: first name, middle name, and family name (also called last name). Most women take their husband’s last name when they get married, although some keep their own last name or use both. If you have a different last name than your child, you may be required to show proof that the child is your child.

kaumatua

Elders

e kore e kaumatua i te taumata kotahi o te faatura rite te mahi ratou i roto i te maha atu whenua. ahu iwi ki te hoatu atu faatura ki ahorangi whare wānanga, feia faatere o te pakihi, me te iwi whai taonga. pea he whakarerekētanga pakeke mō tauhou pakeke tenei.

Elders do not have the same level of respect as they do in many other countries. People tend to give more respect to university professors, business leaders, and rich people. This may be a hard adjustment for older newcomers.

Time

He tino te ariā o te wā, a ko tetahi o nga rerekētanga ahurea tenei e uaua tauhou ki. whakaturia iwi he wa mo te nuinga o ngā rā. ka waiho ratou he kaupapa wawe ki te kia e ratou i runga i te wā ki a ratou whakarite muri. He nui rawa i roto i ngā tautuhinga mahi me te kura Time.

The concept of time is strict, and this is one of the cultural differences that newcomers struggle with. People set a time for most daily events. They will leave an event early to make sure they are on time to their next appointment. Time is especially important in work and school settings.

whakapā tinana

Physical contact

Tangata me nga wahine te nuinga ruru ringa. Heoi, Ko reira pai hoki ki te wahine peka ki te ruru ringa ranei ki te pa ki te tangata. e kore e tangata pa ki tahi e te tahi rawa maha, ki te kahore hoki wiri ringa ranei pea te tauahi tere. Ko reira pai ki te pa ki nga tangata atu. He pea atu ki te pa ki tetahi tetahi wahine, pērā i te tauahi i to ratou tuatahi kite tetahi ki tetahi ranei ka mea ratou poroporoaki. maha e pa melo o te utuafare, me te awhi i ia atu.

Men and women typically shake hands. However, it is okay for a woman to decline to shake hands or to touch a man. Men do not touch each other very often, except for shaking hands or possibly a quick hug. It is okay to touch other men. Women are more likely to touch one another, such as a hug when they first see one another or when they say goodbye. Family members often touch and hug each other.

Communication

Communication

kia mea te iwi "hi" i roto i te ata ranei malimali engari kaua e kore e tangohia i te rota o te wā ki te oha atu melo o te utuafare i roto i te ata. Ka taea e koe te oha koutou tahi-kaimahi, ka koe tuatahi tae i mahi. ataata iwi, me te mea "whakawhetai koe" he rota.

People may say “hi” in the morning or smile but do not take a lot of time to greet other family members in the morning. You can greet your co-workers when you first arrive at work. People smile and say “thank you” a lot.

Kei te whakamahia Writing mō te kōrero nui, me te mōhiohio. Ki te haina koe i te wahi o te pepa, ka tangohia iwi te pepa rawa tino. Kua hainatia ngā kirimana Ture tuhinga tuhituhia e taea e whakaūtia e te marae.

Writing is used for important and official communication. If you sign a piece of paper, people will take the paper very seriously. Legal contracts are signed written documents that can be enforced by the court.

kai

Eating

Iwi te nuinga kai ki hiriwa (marau, maripi me te koko) te kore e kai ratou hanewiti, hamipeka, ranei kai nohopuku. whakamahi rātou i ō rātou ake pereti me peihana mo ia kai hei utu o te faaiteraa i he peihana ranei pereti. Ki te whai koe i te āheinga i tou whare, Ka taea e koe whakahere kai ratou ratou i runga i te paraharaha motuhake. Ki te kore koe e mōhio ki te he hapori hoki te tangata kotahi ranei te kai, Ka taea e koe te ui.

People mostly eat with silverware (fork, knife and spoon) unless they are eating sandwiches, hamburgers, or fast food. They use their own plate and bowl for each meal instead of sharing one bowl or plate. If you have a guest at your home, you can offer them their food on a separate plate. If you are unsure if food is communal or for one person, you can ask.

Mātauranga

Education

Me haere ngā tamariki katoa ki te kura i te ake 5 ki 18. Te nuinga o ngā kaiako he wahine, engari e whakaako maha nga tangata tamariki, rawa. Kura titau te mau metua ki te tiki wāhi i roto i te mātauranga o ā rātou tamariki. Tenei te tikanga e haere ana hui ngā ranei i te kura. Te auraa ra, hoatu te wā ki te whakaoti i kāinga ākonga, a āwhina ratou ki te ako. te āwhina hoki ngā mātua Amerika i roto i te kura kia rite ki tūao.

All children must go to school from ages 5 to 18. Most teachers are women, but many men teach children, too. Schools expect parents to get involved in their children’s education. This means attending meetings or events at the school. It means giving students time to complete homework, and helping them to learn. American parents also help in the school as volunteers.

Ka ako koutou tamariki ki te mahi i roto i ngā rōpū, me ngā kapa. Ka ako ratou ki te haere whakamātautau mō te kāreti. ako tamariki i roto i ngā kura American pehea ki te whakaaro kaikini. Whakaaro arohaehae tikanga tika e ngā ākonga ki te ui whakaaro. Ka rite ki te hua, kia tīmata ngā ākonga ki te ui ratou mau metua. e kore te mea he tohu o te faatura ore tenei. E whakaatu ana te reira i ako ratou he pūkenga nui ki te angitu i roto i te kura, me te mahi.

Your children will learn to work in groups and teams. They will study to pass tests for college. Children in American schools learn how to think critically. Thinking critically means students are expected to question ideas. As a result, students may start to question their parents. This is not a sign of disrespect. It shows they have learned an important skill to succeed in school and work.

hauora

Health

He tokomaha te iwi toro te tākuta mō te tau Taki-ups, kaua ki te tika, ka e mate ratou. Kei te tino whakaute Doctors.

Many people visit the doctor for yearly check-ups rather than just when they are sick. Doctors are very respected.

Ki te kore te kaimahi hauora e kōrero ki a koe e pā ana ki te tiaki hauora o tou melo o te utuafare, kaua tangohia tenei rite te tohu e te ratou ware. ta te ture e kore e whakaaetia e ratou ki te matapaki i te hauora o te manawanui ki ētahi atu iwi te kore tohu te manawanui he puka ki te hoatu whakaaetanga.

If a health worker will not talk to you about your family member’s medical care, do not take this as a sign they are being rude. The law says they are not allowed to discuss a patient’s health with other people unless the patient signs a form to give permission.

tohutohu

Counseling

E tino pai te whakaute kaiwhakatakoto whakaaro. Ko reira tino noa hoki kia Ameliká kite i te kaiwhakatakoto whakaaro ki te tauturu ia ratou i roto i te mate o te melo o te utuafare e aore era atu meatanga pouri me te pakeke. Tata ki te katoa kura he kaiwhakatakoto whakaaro ki te āwhina i te whakatutuki o te ākonga ratou whāinga, pērā i te haere ki te kāreti. Ki te hiahia koutou ākonga kia kite i te kaiwhakatakoto whakaaro, Ka taea e waiho tenei hei awhina nui mo koutou whānau, me te e kore e tikanga tetahi kino mo koutou whānau.

Counselors are very well respected. It is very common for Americans to see a counselor to help them through the death of a family member or other sad and hard events. Almost every school has a counselor to help student’s achieve their goals, such as going to college. If your student needs to see a counselor, this can be a big help for your family and does not mean anything negative for your family.

Malí me te whakarere

Marriage and divorce

I roto i te US, taea anake te marenatia koe ki te tangata kotahi. Ko te vahine ki te ture. He noa a whakaaetia i roto i te United States whakarere.

In the US, you can only be married to one person. Polygamy is against the law. Divorce is common and accepted in the United States.

Family

Family

ora te nuinga o te iwi anake ki o ratou te mau melo tonu te utuafare - te mau metua, me ngā tamariki, me te tahi mau taime kuí. Anake te ōrau iti o te mau utuafare e ora ki o ratou hapu whānui. Ko te Ko tetahi o nga rerekētanga ahurea tino kitea hoki tauhou i atu sotaiete tuku iho.

Most people live only with their immediate family members – parents and children and sometimes grandparents. Only a small percentage of families live with their extended families. The is one of the most noticeable cultural differences for newcomers from more traditional societies.

Tangata me nga wahine e nui ki te whare e rua. Te nuinga o nga tangata te āwhina ki te ohipa whare pērā i tunu, me te horoi me te tango tiaki o ngā tamariki. Tangata e mahi i enei ohipa e kite tonu rite i roto i te tiaki o to ratou mau utuafare.

Men and women are both important to the household. Most men help with household chores such as cooking and cleaning and taking care of children. Men who do these chores are still seen as in charge of their homes.

Te nuinga o ngā whānau i rua tamariki. E rave rahi mau taata utu ki te tonoa ratou tamariki ki te daycare. Ko reira ki te ture ki te waiho tamariki te kāinga anake, kahore mātakitaki. Ko ano hoki te reira i ki te ture ki te patua tamariki i te pae tino te ako ranei.

Most families have two children. Many people pay to send their children to daycare. It is against the law to leave children home alone without supervision. It is also against the law to hit or physically discipline children.

Women me mau tamahine

Women and girls

I roto i te US, ora tangata me nga wahine, mahi, ka haere tahi ki te kura. Tenei Ko tetahi o te nui ngā rerekētanga ahurea me te whakarerekētanga mō te tahi mau hou. Tangata me nga wahine uru i ngā pāpori rawa. Ko taea e koe te tono ki te whai i te tākuta o te sex taua.

In the US, men and women live, work, and go to school together. This is one of the biggest cultural differences and adjustment for some newcomers. Men and women mix at social events too. But you can request to have a doctor of the same sex.

tonu Girls ki o ratou haapiiraa rite noa mau tamaroa. mau tamaroa American me kotiro te āwhina e rua ki te ohipa. e kore e tūmanakohia kōtiro American ki te whakahaere i whare noa e ratou pakeke kia marena ranei.

Girls continue with their educations just like boys. American boys and girls both help with chores. American girls are not expected to run households until they are adult or get married.

I roto i te US, E tūmanakohia tonu wahine me ngā kōtiro ki te haere ki te mahi me te kura ia e paheke ana ratou.

In the US, women and girls are still expected to go to work and school while they are menstruating.

Women te tikanga mahi i waho te kāinga rite tangata. tango te nuinga wahine tiaki o ratou pēpi i runga i to ratou ake i muri i te kotahi e rua ranei wiki. Me hoatu kaitukumahi wa utu kore atu mo te wiki torutoru, engari ka titau ratou wahine ki hoki ki te mahi rite wawe tonu.

Women usually work outside the home like men. Most women take care of their babies on their own after one or two weeks. Employers must give unpaid time off for a few weeks, but then they expect women to return to work as soon as possible.

mahi

Work

Ētahi tauhou mea kahore ratou e whai i tetahi pūkenga mo te kaimahi American. E kore te mea pono tenei. korero maha tauhou neke atu i te kotahi te reo. He kaha ratou, no te mea kua ora ratou mamae nui. Te nuinga o te ako uara tauhou. He pai ki te ako me te pakeke mahi ratou. Tauhou hanga takoha nui. Koa faaohipa i to tatou rauemi mahi ki te āwhina kitea e koe te mahi, me te angitu i te mahi.

Some newcomers say they do not have any skills for the American workforce. This is not true. Many newcomers speak more than one language. They are strong because they have survived great hardship. Most newcomers value learning. They are willing to study and work hard. Newcomers make important contributions. Please use our work resources to help you find work and succeed at work.

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