He aha e uara American? He aha te mea nui ki Ameliká?
Mahino uara American, me te ako e pā ana ki te mea he nui ki Ameliká. Pānuitia aha uara Amelika motuhake, taurite, a he i runga i te wā. Ka kite koe i te aha he whakataetae hāngai, me te ōpaki, me te aha Ameliká, fakaengāue, me mea hoko e nui i roto i te USA katoa.
Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.
He aha e uara American?
What are American values?
I roto i to koutou whenua, koe pea i ngā tikanga kaha, me te ahurea e utu koe. I roto i te Hau Amui no Marite, i reira he uara American nui hoki. Ko nga mea e te hunga tino nui ki Ameliká enei.
In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.
Ko tētahi o nga uara matua i roto i te Hononga o Amerika he motuhake. Kei te ētahi wā Independence kīia ki rite individualism. He nui atu whakakake o te faarava'iraa ia'na Ameliká, te taea ki te tango i te tiaki o ratou ranei, a ahu ratou ki te whakaaro kia waiho ia vetahi ê whaiaro-fakafalala rite te pai. A, no te tae te tangata i te whāinga, e te nuinga kitea rite te hua o tona ranei ona ake mahi pakeke. he rerekē atu i roto i te maha atu ahurea e he atu ngā tenei. ahurea Collective ahu ki te kite i lavame'a rite te whakaata o te utuafare taatoa hapori ranei.
One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.
Tenei ko te tauira o te āhua o uara Amelika motuhake:
Here is an example of how Americans value independence:
- tamariki American ahu ki te waiho i te kāinga i mua atu i roto i te tahi atu ahurea. hei tauira, i muri i tu'ite kura nui, neke maha tamariki i ki te haere ki te kāreti ranei tīmata mahi. Ki te haere tonu ratou ki te ora i te kāinga, ai kia ui ratou ki te utu reti ranei whai wāhi ki te whare.
- titau Amelika te tangata e he taea ki te mahi ki te rave i te reira i roto i te tikanga ki te tautoko ia ratou.
- American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
- Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.
tūmataiti uara Ameliká me ratou ake wāhi. I roto i te tahi mau ahurea e hiahia tūmataiti kia kitea rite te mea kino, rite maha Ameliká ki te whai wa anake, me te kia tūmataiti e pā ana ki etahi kaupapa.
Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.
Tenei ko te torutoru āhuatanga e pā ana ki te uara o te tūmataiti American:
Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:
- I roto i te kōrero, He tūmataiti e pā ana ki etahi mea maha Ameliká a kahore e hiahia ki te kōrero e pā ana ki a ratou, pērā i to ratou tau, te nui o te moni kia ratou, ranei ratou tōrangapū, tirohanga fakasekisualé, me te karakia. e kore e rite ētahi iwi e korero e pā ana ki enei kaupapa i roto i te iwi whānui hoki e haapeapea ka meinga reira iwi ki te tautohe ratou. Heoi, ki te whai koe i pātai e pā ana ki enei kaupapa, Ka taea e koe ui tatou. ka waiho te nuinga o Ameliká hari ki te whakaako koe e pā ana ki te āhua o tiro Amelika te ao.
- maha hoatu Ameliká ia atu atu wāhi i roto i ngā āhuatanga tūmatanui atu iwi i roto i te tahi atu ahurea. ahu ratou ki te tu ki te wahi o te takiwa ki waenganui o ratou, tikanga te tawhiti o te ringa maro.
- E rave rahi Ameliká whai ngā taiapa tawhio noa ratou whare ki te whakarite i ratou tūmataiti. Ki te ngaro to koutou tamariki i te pōro atu takawairore ranei i runga i te taiepa o te hoa, Ko reira te tikanga he whakaaro kino ki te peke i runga i te taiepa, me te tiki i te ha'uti. Engari, haere ki te tatau mua, me te patukituki waea te pere ranei. Ki te kahore he waiho kahore whakahoki he tuhipoka i runga i te tatau, tono whakaaetanga ki te tiki i te ha'uti i waenganui i 8am me te 8pm. Ko e rua whakaute, me te haumaru tenei, rite etahi iwi i kuri kaitiaki kia tino paruru o ratou tūmataiti ranei. Me te nuinga kaumatua i roto i ngā rangimarie atu me ata, me te kore e hiahia ki te kia ohorere. Ki te whakatuwhera koe i te kuwaha me kati koe i te reira. Heoi, ki te haere mai koe ki te kuwaha tuwhera, waiho i te reira tuwhera.
- Kei te nuinga o ngā rūma whakaaro wāhi tūmataiti. E whakangahau noho tata me hoa i roto i te kīhini, whare kai ruma ora ranei. ahu ngā mātua me ngā tamariki ki te whai i to ratou ake rūma, a maha, tamariki American i ia ratou ake rūma.
- In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
- Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
- Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
- Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.
Ko te hunga e te tahi mau hi'oraa tika o te tūmataiti e kia rerekē i roto i to koutou tikanga.
Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.
He maha Amelika rawa hāngai. tikanga o tēnei ratou maha korero koe te mea ratou whakaaro, a ka waiho ratou te ngākau e pā ana ki te aha ratou e hiahia ana. He rangatira te tikanga kite rite he mea pai i roto i Amerika.
Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.
Here te tahi mau hi'oraa o te hangatonu American-kāhua:
Here are some examples of American-style directness:
- I roto i te tahi mau ahurea, Ko reira ware ki te peka ke i te aniraa - hei tauira, ki te ui tangata koutou mo te tina, kia mea koutou ae, engari ka kore e haere ki te tina. I roto i Amerika, Ko reira tata tonu pai ki te mea, “No, engari whakawhetai koe” ranei, “Mauruuru koe, engari i ahau i tetahi atu fafauraa.” Ki te mea koe ae ki ha fakaafe, engari e kore e haere ki te hui, ai te tiki pouri te tangata.
- I roto i te kōrero, ki te te kore ki to koutou whakaaro he American, kia korero ratou ki a koutou. E kore tenei tikanga e kore ratou e rite koe, tika e kia whai ratou i te whakaaro rerekē.
- Ko te whakaaro o “ngaro mata” Ko kore te taua i roto i Amerika. Ko te whakamāoritanga mō “ngaro mata” e kia “whakama,” i te mea iti taumaha. kia Ameliká whakamā ki te e whakahē ratou hanga i te hape e aore, hei tauira. Na kia tohu Ameliká i hape faahapa koutou ranei, te whakaaro noa te reira rite te ako kōrero whai hua ranei.
- I roto i ngā akomanga, Ameliká kia wero ratou kaiako’ whakaaro. I roto i te tahi mau ahurea, Ko reira āhuaatua ki te whakahē ki tou kaiako.
- e kore te mea he ware ki te ani i te tauturu. Ki te ui tetahi hoa hoa ranei koe, ki te hiahia koe i tetahi mea, hiahia pono ratou ki te āwhina i. Ite noa ki te mea, “Ki te haere koe ki te toa, me te koe e haere ana i te karaka, tēnā tiki ahau ake te putea, a ka utu koutou e ahau mo ratou.” ranei, ki te hiahia koe kakahu hotoke mō te tauira, a kihai koutou kei tino wahi ki te hoko a ratou, Ko reira OK ki te ui, “E whai koe i tetahi whakaaro mo te wahi e taea te hoko e ahau koti ngāwari me pūtu mo aku tamariki?” Te nuinga o Ameliká aroha ki te āwhina i, a hiahia iti rawa faaitoitoraa ki hei hoa pai me noho tata.
- In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
- In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
- The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
- In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
- It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.
I roto i te whānui, Ko reira pai ki te mahara e te mea kia puta ware kore e tikanga e ara. e kore e tamata Ameliká ki kia ware - e tika ratou te tika.
In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.
Ko te US Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga ta, “E waihangatia tangata katoa Equal.” I roto i te vairaa mau, etahi iwi i roto i te United States e kore e hamani tonu tangata katoa rite, engari ite maha Ameliká rawa kaha e pā ana ki te whakaaro o te taurite. He maha ngā tauira i roto i te hītori American te wahi kihai i iwi katoa ōrite pēnei i pononga o African American (pango) tangata. Heoi, rite Ameliká ki te whakapono i te whakaaro e kia whai wāhitanga rite iwi katoa. Tenei whakaaro ko te wahi o huaina te mea ko te “Dream American.” oho tokomaha wawe manene ki Amerika ki te whai i te Dream American. whakapono ratou e te mea e mahi pakeke koe, taea e koe te neke ake i roto i te hapori.
The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.
I teie mahana atu me te ake iwi ite e kore he pono te American Dream. E rave rahi mau taata rawa pakeke nei mahi kore e whai rawa nui te moni. Pinepine te iwi e haere mai i ngā monū'ia i te wa māmā neke ake i roto i te ao. tonu, te whakaaro o te taurite ko ha konga mahu'inga o US ahurea.
Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.
Here te tahi mau hi'oraa o te taurite i roto i te ahurea American:
Here are some examples of equality in American culture:
• I roto i te āhuatanga ture, kia Ameliká katoa kia ōrite me te whai Ameliká katoa he tika ki te kanohi i te rōia.
• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.
• I roto i te akomanga, kia tukinotia ākonga katoa rite i to ratou kaiako. kia titiro atu No ākonga.
• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.
• kia tukinotia tangata me nga wahine rite, a kahore e tangata tirohia rite pai atu i te wahine. I roto i te vairaa mau, maha wahine kore e tonu i te mana taua rite tangata i roto i te hapori American, rawa i roto i ngā o te nui moni e taea e ratou te hanga.
• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.
• I roto i te Amerika, e kore te mea he nahanaha pāpori ranei pūnaha kaihe kaha tāmau reira. I te tahi taime e hamani koutou iwi e ai titau koe ki te hamani koe ki te faatura hei rite. hei tauira, kia karanga ngā tamariki te pakeke pakeke e ratou ingoa tuatahi. Ki te tupu tenei ki a koutou, tamata ki mahara kahore e te ratou ware, engari to ratou he uara ahurea rerekē.
• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.
• I te tahi taime e korero Ameliká koe pehea ratou hiahia ki te whakatutuki ina whakamōhio ratou ratou. Ki te he kaiako i te tākuta ranei whakamōhio ia rite “Lucy” ranei “Doctor Lucy”, e ko e founga kia whakatutuki koe ia. Ki te whakamōhio ia ia kia rite ki Dr. Wilson, e ko te aha ia pai kia huaina ki.
• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.
Ko reira whai hua ki te mohio, e tonu ai i reira kia aroākapa kitea i roto i te iwi. Ēnei ahu ki te kia hāngai ake i runga i te angitu takitahi: hei tauira, o te tangata mahi, taonga, mātauranga ranei.
It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.
Ko maha ōpaki, me te māhorahora hapori American.
American society is often informal and relaxed.
Ko te tahi mau hi'oraa o Here pehea te Hononga o Amerika, ko te tikanga ōpaki:
Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:
kia taka • Ameliká ore, pērā i te mau patiti tarau ranei noa i te mahi, kura, hahi ranei. A, no te koe te tuatahi tīmata i te mahi, Ko reira he whakaaro pai ki te taka atu ōkawa me ka ki te whiriwhiri e hāngai ana to koutou kakahu ki runga ki te aha te iwi a tawhio noa koutou e mau.
• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.
• A, no te mihi te tangata, ahu Ameliká ki te mea, “hi” ranei, “Hello.” whakamahi e koe te taua mihi kore mea nei e korero koe ki: koutou tama ranei kaiako a tou tama. E kore e te langauge i ngā puka ōkawa me te ōpaki o te mihi.
• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.
• Ameliká ahu ki te karanga tahi i te tahi i to ratou ingoa tuatahi. I roto i te tahi mau āhuatanga, Heoi, Ko reira pai ki te kia atu ōkawa, me te ki te whakamahi i ngā ingoa whakamutunga tae noa e ui koe ki te whakamahi i te ingoa tuatahi - hei tauira, i roto i te āhuatanga pakihi ranei i te kura.
• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.
Ahakoa kia te mea ōpaki o US ahurea maere koe, e kore te reira auraa ki kia ware. I roto i te meka, ki te oha tangata koe ōpaki me karanga koe i tou ingoa tuatahi, reira pea te tikanga whakaaro ratou o koutou i roto i te ara hoa.
While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.
Ameliká taea e whakataetae, me te maha te mahi pakeke ki te whakatutuki i ō rātou whāinga. maha arata'i Competition Ameliká ki kia tino pukumahi. tiro tokomaha Ameliká whakataetae ko te mea pai.
Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.
Tenei ko te tahi mau hi'oraa o te uara o te whakataetae American:
Here are some examples of the American value of competition:
• whakataetae i roto i te mahi he e tika ana i roto i te wahi nui ki te ōhanga capitalist. tauira pakihi Amerika o he ki te whakataetae mō ngā kiritaki me mo nga utu pai.
• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.
• ka tabula rota o ngā mahi Ameliká. whai wāhi Ahakoa tamariki taitamariki i roto i rota o ngā mahi i waho o te kura, pērā i hākinakina, haapiiraa waiata, me te tūao. I te tahi taime e ite ai e koe kia rite ki Ameliká he “e rere ana a tawhio noa” ki iti te wā mō te olungá. Ko tokomaha Ameliká ite ratou pai ka whiwhi ratou i te rota mahi.
• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.
• Ka taea te kite i whakataetae i roto i te kura, i roto i te wāhi mahi, me i roto i te hākinakina. hei tauira, kia ākonga mahi pakeke ki te whakatutuki i te kōeke pai. I te tahi taime whakataetae tā ngā rōpū, pērā i te timi soka he rōpū ako kura ranei.
• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.
• kia hoki Ameliká “whakataetae” ki a ratou ano. E rave rahi Ameliká mahi pakeke ki te pupuri i te whakapai ake i ta ratou e mea. hei tauira, hinaaro ai ratou ki te whakahaere i te iwi tere atu i ratou wa whakamutunga ranei e hiahia ana kia ratou ki te hoko atu tūemi i to ratou mahi atu i ratou i te tau i mua i.
• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.
whānui, te uara whakanohoia ki runga ki whakataetae kia meinga ki a koutou ite i te tahi ru ahurea, rawa, ki te haere mai koe i te ahurea e ko atu ngātahi atu whakataetae.
Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.
Wā me te kakama
Time and efficiency
Ameliká tuu te rota o te uara i runga i to ratou wa. Ameliká kia ite inoino ki te whakaaro ratou maumauria tangata ranei te tahi mea kua ratou wa. whakamahere ētahi Ameliká atu ratou wa āta, te whakamahi i maramataka rā mō rua ratou iho oraraa, me to ratou oraraa mahi. He he he kupu i roto i Amerika: wā ko te moni. Tenei te tikanga rite maha Ameliká ki te whakamahi i to ratou wa “pai” - e hiahia ana ratou ki te kia te tino mahi i roto i te nui poto o te wā.
Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.
kia kia rerekē i te mea koe e whakamahia ki tenei. A, no te hanga i te mahi pakihi, ai koe whakapau wā whiwhi ki te mohio te tahi atu tangata, pea i te inu tea kawhe ranei. I roto i te Hau Amui no Marite, Ko te maha tenei e kore te take.
This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.
Here te tahi mau fifi i roto i nei hiahia ai koe ki te kia mōhio o te wā:
Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:
- hui, rawa hoki te mahi: kia tamata koe ki te kia i te wā – pea noa 5 meneti wawe.
- Wāhui: Ki te whai koe i whakarite o te tākuta etahi atu ahua o te whakarite ranei, Me koe ki te tae i runga i te wā. kia tonu i koe ki te tatari mo te whakaritea. Heoi, he mea nui e koe i runga i te wā kia whai koe ki te whakahaere anō i te whakaritea ranei.
- Ngohe ki hoa: Ki te karangatia koe ki te whare o te tangata mo te tina, tamata ki te kia i te wā – taea e koe 5 ranei 10 meneti te mutunga, engari ki te he nui i muri atu i taua koe, pea kia karanga koutou, ka kia mohio ratou.
- rōpū: Hoki te rōpū iti, tae i roto 15 meneti o te wa i homai. Hoki te rōpū nui ki te iwi maha, taea e koe 30 ki 40 meneti te mutunga.
- Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
- Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
- Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
- Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.
Ko te ture pai, he e wā e haere koe ki te kia te mutunga, kia karanga koutou, ka kia mohio te tangata e whakatutuki koe e waiho e koe te mutunga. Ki te kore koe e taea e te karanga, kia korero ki a koutou te tangata e pouri koutou mo te mutunga, ina tae koutou.
A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.
I te tahi taime, kia ite koe rite te tangata ko te tino hohoro mahue ranei kei roto i te hohoro ki te waiho. pea tenei no te mea e hiahia ana ratou ki te hei “i runga i te wā” mo ratou whakarite i muri mai. Kāore he tikanga e kore ratou e rite koe.
Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.
Te riroraa i runga i te wā, me te he mōhio o te wā ko te rerekētanga ahurea e hiahia pea koe ki te urutau ki te mea, ki te he te mutunga koe, koe i taea ngaro koutou mahi, mahue koutou wāhui, kino ia ranei ongo o te tangata. Ki te whai koe i te wa pakeke whakatikatika ki te tikanga o te wā American, hinaaro ai koe ki te tiki i te mataaratanga waea ranei e kua he whakaoho ki whakamahara koe o te wa, rawa mō te whiwhi ki te mahi.
Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.
taea Ameliká te rawa arotahi ki runga i to ratou mahi. I te tahi taime te iwi i ētahi atu ahurea whakaaro Ameliká “ora-ki-mahi” he ranei “workaholics.” Tenei te tikanga whakaaro ratou mahi Ameliká rawa nui. Wāhanga o te take he mahi-hāngai Ameliká he hoki te pukumahi, me te kaha te maha kite rite te mea pai. ahu hoki iwi ki te tautuhi i kaha ki a ratou mahi. hei tauira, ka tuatahi te whakatau ia koe te tangata, tetahi o nga pātai tuatahi e ui ai ratou e koe he “He aha e meatia e koutou?” tikanga ratou, “He aha te momo o te mahi mahi mahi koe?”
Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”
maha nga tangata wahine ranei e mahi i te kāinga tango tiaki o te whānau karanga ratou “home-kaihanga” a tika te whakaute mō tenei mahi kia rite ki te nui rite tetahi atu. A, no te whakakī i te tono o te ahua tetahi, Ko reira OK ki te tuhituhi “home-kaihanga” rite te mahi mo te tangata e kore e whai i te mahi te aufauraa i waho te kāinga.
Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.
te pauraa i
Ka rite ki te tauhou ki te Hononga o Amerika, kia ētahi wā whakaaro koutou mea fakamatelié Ameliká - arotahi ki runga i te whai me te hoko mea. Wāhanga o te take mo tenei ko e maha Ameliká whakataetae uara me te mahi. No te mea whakataetae uara Ameliká, e hiahia ana ratou ki te “pupuri ake” ki te hunga huri noa ratou. tikanga o tēnei, hei tauira, ki te ka tou hoa te motokā hou, kia hiahia hoki koe i te motokā hou. karanga Ameliká tenei “E rongoa nei i runga ki nga Joneses.”
As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”
E rave rahi Ameliká mahi uara me te whai i te fakaengāue kaha mahi. tiro tokomaha Ameliká tūemi rauemi pēnei i ngā pouaka whakaata hu ranei rite te ara ki te whakaatu e angitu i te mahi ratou. kia whakaaro Ameliká o ngā tūemi rauemi rite utu mo to ratou mahi pakeke me tautooraa.
Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.
kia tētahi atu Ameliká take ahanoa-hāngai ko no tokomaha Ameliká uara te houtanga me te auaha. Na ara, ki te whai ratou i te waea e mahi, kia kore ai he he waea hou no te mea kua reira āhuatanga hou, me te whakaongaonga. e kore koe e whai ki te ite me whai rota o taonga koe ki te kia faaturahia. kia ite koe ora whakamarie noa tetahi ara hiahia koe ranei, pea te tiaki moni atu mō ngā ohorere, mātauranga me te whakatā, kaua ki te whakapau i runga i ngā ki maongo ētahi atu.
Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.
He kōrero whānui o ngā uara American katoa o te tauākī i runga ake. e kore e pono tonu whānui, engari nga mea e he maha pono. Ko te whāinga o USAHello ko ki te whakarato tukipūtanga ki te āwhina mahino pai koe he aha ai he American kia mahi i roto i te ara e kore koe e matau. Kia mahara, e kore ara, pai atu i te tahi atu ara - rerekē noa.
All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of USAHello is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.
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