He aha e nga taumata i roto i te pūnaha mātauranga US? He aha te mea whakanohonga kura?

Ingarihi hokiNo Ingarihi

I roto i te USA, tīmata kura tūmatanui i waenganui i te tau o 4 a 6 me haere tonu tae noa ki 16 ki 18 tau. Ka taea e koe te tukua atu ano koutou tamariki ki te mua-kura i te wawe tau. Ako e pā ana ki te taumata rerekē o te pūnaha mātauranga American. Ako te mea türanga he me pehea te tuu kura tō tamaiti.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

ngā ākonga kura nui

high school students

I raro i te ture US, me haere koe tamariki ki te kura mo te maha etahi o nga tau i waenganui i etahi tau. Ko te tau me te maha o nga tau i rerekē i āhua ki kāwanatanga. taea e koe kitea i roto i nga tau, me te maha o nga tau i roto i to koutou ahua.

Under US law, you children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

Te pūnaha mātauranga i roto i US kura tūmatanui

The education system in US public schools

Whakaakoranga Kōhungahunga

Early childhood education

mātauranga wawe ko te wā e whakamahia ana ki te kōrero e pā ana ki ngā tamariki taitamariki e whai wāhi ki te mātauranga. Ahakoa ka tō tamaiti ko te tamaiti, Ko reira nui ki te āwhina i te pānui i ki a ratou, waiata ki a ratou, ka tauturu ia ratou ako e rua koutou reo tuatahi, me te Ingarihi. He he rangahau e whakaatu ana ngā tamariki e korero rua, neke atu rānei ngā reo (he “Billingual”) whai atu painga atu tamariki e korero kotahi anake te reo. E wātea ana ngā pokapū mātauranga kōhungahunga me pokapū daycare mō kohungahunga i roto i ngā tamariki tau e wha ranei e rima.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

kōhungahunga

Preschool

tauturu kōhungahunga tamariki (tau e toru me te wha) whakawhanake. Ka tīmata ētahi kura tamariki i roto i te kōhungahunga i 2 me te hawhe. tauturu kōhungahunga kia rite mō te kura ratou i tau rima e ono ranei. ka karanga Kotahi kōwhiringa mō te kōhungahunga te Head Tīmata. tamariki kōhungahunga-pakeke i te mau utuafare iti-moni e taea te haere hōtaka Head Tīmata. Head Tīmata Ko te kōhungahunga iti-utu whakahaere e te kāwanatanga. Ka taea e koe te rapu mo te hōtaka Head Tīmata tata koe.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

kura Elementary

Elementary school

te tikanga timata tamariki kura ki te kindergarten (K) i rima tau, me te haere tonu i roto i te kōeke e rima e ono ranei. waiho ratou kura huri noa tau kotahi tekau ranei ma tahi. ako tamariki maha kaupapa i tetahi kaiako i roto i te akomanga kotahi.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

kura waenganui (ka karanga ano te kura nui teina)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

haapii kura waenganui ākonga māka e ono i roto i te waru. Ko ratou a tawhio noa ake kotahi tekau ki te 14. te nuinga o whakawhiti ngā ākonga kura waenganui i te akomanga ki te akomanga. kia whai ratou maha kaiako rerekē i roto i te kotahi ra kura. I roto i te hapori iti, e kore e tamariki whakawhiti kura ki te haere ki te kura waenganui. Ka pupuri i ratou te haere ki te kura a.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

kura High

High school

haere ngā ākonga kura nui i waenganui i nga tau o 14 a te nuinga o 17 ranei 18. Kua whakaritea te akomanga e kaupapa. kia whai maha kaiako te ākonga i roto i te ra kotahi. Ka taea e te tango i ētahi ākonga akomanga matatau. Ka taea e te tango i ētahi ākonga akomanga e taka e ratou mo te mahi ranei mo te kāreti. kura High whai karapu, mahi, hākinakina, whakaritenga mahi-ako, me ētahi atu mahi.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

Kura wāhi i roto i te pūnaha mātauranga American

School placement in the American education system

te tikanga te kura türanga whakatau i roto i nei auroro ka whakanohoia koutou ākonga. Ka taea hoki te tikanga o te reira i te wahi i te kura tuu te ākonga i roto i to ratou kōeke.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

kia kua ngaro tokomaha ngā ākonga manene kura ia i ratou i roto i te puni ranei rere ratou whenua. kia waiho ratou i rerekē ngā taumata kōeke atu te ākonga American angamaheni o te taua tau. ai kia ētahi ākonga i te taumata tiketike-kōeke, engari e ano e kore e korero Ingarihi. kia whai te hunga ākonga raruraru i roto i ngā akomanga uaua noa ako pai ake ratou English. Kura i roto i te US ētahi wā tuu ākonga i roto i te kōeke he.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

Pehea e kura tuu toku tamaiti?

How will schools place my child?

kia tango ngā ākonga te tahi mau whakamātautau i mua i te tīmatanga o te tau kura ranei i te timatanga rawa o te tau kura. kia tuhituhia te whakamātautau. ai ratou i tai'o te pakeke pātai ki te ākonga. Ko reira rerekē hoki nga rohe o te kura.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

Ki te whakaaro koe whakanohoia koutou tamaiti i roto i te kōeke he, Ka taea e koe te kōrero ki te kaiako, tino, ranei nga kaimahi kura e whakamatautauria ka whakanohoia koutou tamaiti.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • A ani i, "He aha i tou whakaaroaro?"Ka taea e te tauturu i te kura mahino koe ratou whakatau.
  • Whakamāramatia he aha whakaaro koutou he he te whakanohonga. kia taea ki te huri i te whakanohonga ratou ki te whakaae ratou ki o koutou take.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

Kia pehea te e te kura whakatau i te piha haapiiraa te taumata e toku tamaiti?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

He maha ngā take i te kura whiriwhiri he taumata mo te ākonga. He take noa enei:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • Pēhea te pai mārama te ākonga Ingarihi ratou kaute whakamātautau ranei
  • tūtohutanga matua / kaitiaki
  • ngä tatau whakamātautau paerewa, rite tika ana
  • Hinaaro ki te whakaoti ohipa wero
  • moni Ākonga hihiri ranei
  • Kaiako tauturu ranei kupu
  • Tauira o te mahi a te ākonga
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

kōeke Same, taumata rerekē

Same grade, different level

kura waenganui, me te tiketike whai akomanga e kua whakaako i ngā taumata rerekē i roto i te kōeke taua. He uaua ētahi me ko etahi māmā. Ko te ingoa o te akoranga ētahi wā whakaahua i te taumata o te uaua. Ko nga kupu huri i runga i te rohe o te kura.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

Ingoa mō ngā akomanga e he māmā ake te whakamahi taumata māmā Ingarihi ranei:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • whakaurunga
  • pūkenga taketake
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

Ingoa mō ngā akomanga i te taumata angamaheni mo te kōeke:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • auau
  • Non-hōnore
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

Ingoa mō ngā akomanga i te taumata teitei matatau ranei:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • hōnore
  • GTE (mātauranga pupū pūkenga)
  • whakanohonga Arā (o)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

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