Me pēhea te ki te tīmata i te pakihi

Ingarihi hokiNo Ingarihi

Kua ake hiahia koe ki te ako ki te tīmata i te pakihi? Whai, me te rere te te mahi he ara nui ki te kia motuhake. Koe ka waiho ano atu mahi i roto i to koutou hapori.

Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Me pēhea te ki te hanga i te pakihi: Information mō te rerenga me te manene kaipakihi

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs

Tenei he kaupae kotahi tekau ki te āwhina ia koe ki te whakatau koe ki te tīmata i te pakihi o to koutou ake.

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

1. Kimihia koutou whakaaro

1. Find your idea

Tīmata ki te whakaaro nui! He mea nui ki te haere mai ki te whakaaro taketake ake. Ko tētahi atu take ki te tīmata i te pakihi, ko te ki te kite koe i te tono hiahia ranei e kore e e te tutaki. Whakahaere rangahau mākete ka korero koe ki te reira te mea he tono mo koutou hua ratonga ranei. Huihuia mōhiohio e pā ana ki te ahumahi, te kiritaki, me nga wahi pai mo koutou ki te tīmata. Tauira o te rangahau mākete he rangahau, uiuinga, a arotahi rōpū.

Start with a great idea! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Arotake i a te whakapai ake o koutou pūkenga

2. Assess and improve your skills

I mua i a koutou te ako e founga ki te tīmata i te pakihi, ui ia outou iho: aha e koutou pūkenga? He aha e rite koe mahi? e kore e haere koe ki te mahi tika ki te hanga te moni, na tiki i tētahi wāhi e whai koe i te moni i roto i. Na pono aromatawai ki te whai koe i te huinga pūkenga e tika ana ki te whakahaere i te kamupene. E whai koe nui te matauranga, me te wheako? Ki te mahi koe, Ka taea e koe ruku ki te mahi me te ako atu rite haere koe haere. Otiia ki te kahore koutou e whai i tetahi pūkenga nui mōhiotanga ranei, i reira e ngā rauemi ki te āwhina ia koe. Ka taea e koe te haere ki tō whare pukapuka ā-rohe ki ngā pukapuka e tono he i runga i te whakahaere pakihi, Ka taea e koe te tango i ngā akomanga ipurangi, a ka taea e koe te whakauru ngā rakahinonga.

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? If you do, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

Kia mataara te ataata e pā ana ki te kaipakihi kai

Watch a video about a food entrepreneur

3. Tuhia he mahere pakihi

3. Write a business plan

He mahere pakihi ko he aratohu e ngā koutou whāinga me pehea whakamahere koe ki te whakatutuki i ratou. He mea nui hoki tāutu reira nga āhuatanga matua o koutou mahere. Ki te hiahia koe moni ki te tīmata, Ka taea e koe te whakaatu i tō mahere pakihi ki te iwi nei kia pai ki te tautoko i a koe pūtea. Ako e founga ki te tuhituhi i te mahere pakihi.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

4. Tangohia te ingoa me te wāhi

4. Pick a name and location

Ka taea e te āwhina tou ingoa koutou te tu i roto i nga mano o te tahi atu pakihi. Ko e founga e taea e koe te tu i roto i te mea ki te whiriwhiri i te ingoa e te ngāwari hoki ki te iwi mahara. He ngāwari ki te mahara, no te korero ratou kiritaki rite ki ta ratou mahi ētahi ingoa (tauira Dover Fish Market). Etahi kia tu i roto i te mea he ratou he poto, me te kōhuatia ratou (tauira Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Ka taea hoki te whiriwhiri i te pepeha, rārangi tautuhinga ranei, e taea e koutou whakaaro hoko ahurei (USP). USP ko te rautaki ka taea e koe te whakamahi ki te wehewehe e koe i te katoa atu. E tika ana kia ahurei ki a koutou, a ka whai koe ki te e taea ki te whakamatau i te reira, ka mahia te reira. Me waiho te reira i te parau poto iwi e taea mahara a kia tuhi i te painga e ka whiwhi i te kiritaki.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

Me hoki koe ki te kitea te wāhi tika. I roto i ētahi wā, pea te wāhi na'ina'i te pai kia e koutou anake te moni i te tuatahi. I roto i te tahi atu te wā, e kore koe e angitu te kore e koe i roto i te wāhi pirimia i reira ka taea e kite te iwi e koe.

You also need to find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Kōwhiri koutou hanganga pakihi

5. Choose your business structure

He maha ngā momo o pakihi i roto i te United States. E ratou whakaritenga rerekē, me te hanganga. Ko te nuinga o te hunga noa e kapu pukapuka rahita, mahi ngātahi, kaporeihana, ka iti kamupene taunahatanga. E katoa o ratou pai me ngā raruraru. Ko te mea nui, ko te ki te matau ki ta o koutou hiahia e me te kōwhiri i te hanganga tika ki te uru koutou hiahia. Ako atu e pā ana ki ngā hanganga pakihi.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Rēhita koutou mahi

6. Register your business

He maha ngā mea e hiahia ana kia koe ki te mahi i ki te rēhita i tō mahi:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Rēhita tou ingoa pakihi ki to koutou ahua, na riro te reira i te hinonga ture, me te (i roto i te nuinga o te wā) Ka mutu etahi atu i roto i te āhua i mahi i mahi i raro i te taua ingoa. Ako e founga ki te rēhita i tō mahi.
  • Te tono mo koutou e hānga ana, me te āhua tau ID tāke. Ka Me koe enei tau ki te hoatu takoha. Kei te karanga a hoki tō tau ID tāke e hānga ana koutou Tau Tāutunga kaituku mahi (He) ka puta e te IRS. Tō tau ID tāke kāwanatanga he hoki te aufauraa i takoha kāwanatanga me te whakaputaina e koutou ahua. (e kore e te kaipupuri kotahi hiahia te tau ID kāwanatanga.) Haere koutou tau ID pakihi.
  • Me He maha pakihi raihana me te tukua e te ki te whakahaere ture. Ako e pā ana ki te āhua me te hānga puka me raihana.
  • E hiahia ana koe ki te tiaki i te ingoa o to koutou kamupene, taonga, ratonga ranei? taea e koe waitohu enei na tangata atu i roto i te United States whakamahi ratou. kia tirohia hoki e koe ki te kia e kore e whakamahi koe i te ingoa Koirä e tetahi pakihi. Ako e pā ana ki tohu.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need licenses and permits to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business. Learn about trademarks.

7. Pūtea koutou kaupapa hou

7. Finance your new venture

Te kimi i te moni ki te pūtea i tō mahi, ko te wero nui mo te kaipakihi. taea ki te whakamahi i ngā rauemi kia koe pēnei i koutou penapena, ranei haumi i te utuafare, me hoa. kia ranei te tono koe mō te pūtea tārewa i te pēke. Ko te wāhi i nei kitea e koe i te pēke tika ki te āwhina i te whakahaere i tō heke mai pūtea, me te whakatuwhera i te pūkete pēke pakihi tenei. taea e koe te pānui i ngā mōhiohio taketake e pā ana ki ngā tahataha a ako e pā ana ki loans.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account. You can read basic information about banks and learn about loans.

8. Kia puaki tou pakihi

8. Open your business

Runga anō i tō mahi, kia hiahia koe i te tari, toa, wāhi wheketere, ranei te tahi atu momo o te whare. kia Me koe ki te whakatau, ki te e hoko koe tukua te wāhi mo koutou mahi ranei.

Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, factory space, or other type of premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

Ka Me koe ki te mahi pakeke ki te whakaturia ake nga mea katoa na te fakamānako reira ki o koutou kiritaki. Kia ara te utu e koe he ngaio ki te āwhina ki a koe te hoahoa i tō toa tari ranei.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

e rapu Kiritaki mō te wheako ina haere ratou hokohoko ranei tae noa ki te tari. Otiia ki te e tika tīmata koe i roto i, Ko reira ara nui atu ki te whai ratonga kiritaki nui.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Kimihia te iwi tika

9. Find the right people

He aha te momo o te kaimahi e hiahia ana koe ki te kawe mai to koutou mahi ki te ora? melo o te utuafare, hoa, a taea hoa pakihi e he rawa nui ina e tīmata koe i roto i. Kia Me koe he tukanga utu ki te kitea atu kaimahi. Ki te tangohia e koe te wa ki te tiki i te iwi tika, ka utu i te reira pānga mo koutou mahi.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Marketing me hoko

10. Marketing and sales

Ko te whakaaro taketake o te mahi ko te ki te hanga i te tahi o te uara, me te hoatu i te reira ki te iwi i roto i te utu mo te moni. Marketing me hoko e tika nga waka o whakawhitiwhiti me te tuku i taua uara ki o koutou kiritaki. Ki te tukua e koe tou hua ratonga ranei ki te kairangi, puta ke, me te ratonga kiritaki pai, ka riro koe kiritaki, me te hanga i te angitu o to koutou mahi!

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

Kia mataara te ataata e pā ana ki te rangatira wharekai

Watch a video about a restaurant owner

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