Etiopia: He mahara ki o koutou ākonga i Etiopia me ratou puipuitu'a ahurea

Ingarihi hokiNo Ingarihi

He maha ngä whakaako ngā ākonga kanorau penei, e kore ratou e manako ki nui mōhiohio papamuri ahurea i runga i o ratou ākonga. Ki te kei te whakaako koe i ngā ākonga rerenga, Ko reira nui ki te kia mōhio o tauhou’ papamuri. Kei te auraa i raro i te kōrero ki te whakarato i tētahi tirohanga whānui o ngā matua, na whakawhanake koe rautaki whakaako ahurea aro e te hunga i roto i te rangi ki a koutou ākonga’ kāhua ako ahurei.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo e UNHRC
Photo e UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Map Etiopiana

Ethiopian Map

reo

Language

Amharic ko Ingarihi

Amharic and English

Whakaako ana i roto i te Akomanga

Teaching in the Classroom

Etiopia e tetahi o te rawa taupori matau ki roto i te ao (ki runga 60%). mātauranga Paraimere (kōeke 1 ki 8) he utu, me te i roto i te ariā mātua. mātauranga Tuarua ko ngā kōeke 9-11. uaua He maha ngā ākonga iti-moni ki te urutau ki te ahurea i roto i ngā kura tūmatanui hangaia mō ngā whānau waenganui-piha. Ka rite ki te hua, maturuturu maha ākonga i roto o te kura.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

whai atu whai wāhitanga mātauranga atu mau tamahine Boys. He he he stereotype whānui e te hunga iti matatau atu mau tamaroa mau tamahine, me e te mātauranga kōtiro 'ko te haumi rawakore. Whakahāweatanga me te tūkino tinana ko etahi o nga kotiro e tamataraa kanohi ina haere ratou kura. hapa tokomaha tamariki Etiopiana te rongo ki te mahi, me te ārahi rōpū whai wāhitanga i roto i ngā tautuhinga whakahaere.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

wā nohopuku (kite i raro, i raro i te ahurea) kia waiho te wheako tinana me fakaeongo whakawero mō ngā ākonga.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Family / Kura Engagement

Family/School Engagement

He maha ngā whānau Etiopiana heke ki te mawhiti rawakore engari kitea underemployed ratou kore mahi ranei i muri i haere mai ki te US. He tokomaha te mutunga ake mahi i roto i te ratonga utu iti (rota waka, teihana hau, toa haratau, wharekai, etc.). e kore e maha rerenga mohio pehea ki te pei ranei hapa wāhi ki te waka, kia ka transportation ki ngā kura hei te wero mō ngā mātua e hiahia ana ki te whai wāhi.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Ko te tikanga, oha iwi ia atu ki kihi maha i runga i paparinga e rua. E tukinotia ana te paari, me te whai whakaaro mai ki te faatura tiketike.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

He mea pai ki te mōhio e kua he hītori o te wehenga matawaka Etiopia. I tua atu, He Etiopia wha akomanga pāpori nui, me te kaihe ki NIT tiketike-rangatira i te tihi, aru e NIT iti-rangatira. whakaritea mema kaihe e whanau.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Poikiri Ko te mahi e whai wāhi maha Etiopiana roto ki te urunga ratou aronga toi. Hono rōpū tautoko hapori, me te ōhanga i huaina Kōrero Ka taea hoki whakarei ake aronga toi whenuatanga rerenga '.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Ira, Culture, me te Whānau

Gender, Culture, and Family

whakapono tonu tokomaha Etiopiana e he awhenga ki nga tangata nga wahine. Women e te nuinga o iti mātauranga, me te whai iti haere noa ōhanga. Ko te toa matamua ko te upoko o te kaihanga whare, me te whakatau. E te tikanga e toru ki te wha nga whakatupuranga i te kotahi te whare. whai wāhi tangata i roto i te mahi ā-tinana i waho te whare, me te he wahine i roto i te tiaki o te mahi whare. He kawenga mō te te manaaki mo to ratou mau metua tamariki. Girls i atu kawenga atu tamariki.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

No te mea o te rerekētanga i roto i ngā tūranga ira tangata, Ko maha uaua no te mau utuafare manene Etiopia whakarerekētanga ki te ahurea American. I te tahi taime wheako hoa malí mānukanuka hoki o te pāpori, tōrangapū, ka homai ki nga wahine i roto i te US haere noa ōhanga. I roto i ētahi wā, Kua arahina tenei mānukanuka ki te tutu kāinga ranei whakarere hoki maha whare rerenga Etiopiana i roto i te US.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

me Etiopiana horoi tonu ratou ringa i mua i te kai mai i kainga kai katoa te ki nga ringa i te ngā rihi / paepae. I ngā wā, manuhiri kōkiri kai. I te kai, Ko reira tika ki te wahia injera anake i te wāhi tika i roto i te mua o koutou. Ko reira huatau ki te whai wāhi i roto i te kōrero i te wā e kai mai i te aufauraa i te aro oti ki te kai kei te mohio a rite kino-peu.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

I roto i wā nohopuku Karaitiana (rerekē i takitahi hahi ranei), Ka taea te kai kahore hua kararehe, me taea te pau kore kai ranei inu i te waenganui po ra ano 3:00PM. Ko te ara paerewa o te nohopuku tenei i roto i te wiki, a i runga i Rāhoroi me te Rātapu kia poto ai kahore hua kararehe, ahakoa i reira kahore he wa rāhuitanga i runga i te nohopuku.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

Ngaahi Ma'u'anga Tokoni Kehé

Additional Resources

BRYCS RAUEMI

BRYCS RESOURCES

World Factbook

WORLD FACTBOOK

Refugee BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

Pākete IRC Refugee KAIAKO

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

mua Etiopiana

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

HAUORA

HEALTH

Faaite i to outou Fakakaukau

Share Your Ideas

Ki te whai koe i kōrero ranei mōhiohio atu ranei whakaaro ki te faaite i whakaako ngā ākonga Etiopiana, tēnā īmēra: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

Tangohia to tatou Akoranga mō Educators

Take our Course for Educators

Ki te hiahia koe ki ētahi atu whakangungu i runga i te pehea ki te whakaako rerenga me te manene ākonga, tēnā whakaaro whakauru i roto i to tatou akoranga, Whakaako Refugee me ngā ākonga manene: He Akoranga Online mō Kaiako.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

Tāngia tēnei Information rite te PDF

Print this Information as a PDF

Ka taea e koe te tiki, ka tā i tenei kōtaha äkonga Etiopiana rite te PDF ka pupuri i te reira ano te rauemi i roto i to koutou akomanga.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

I tenei whārangi te āwhina koe? Smiley kanohi Ae mata koromingi No
Mauruuru koe mo tou urupare!