Drittijiet LGBT u liġijiet

Ingliż wkollNru Ingliż

Fl-Istati Uniti, Il-persuni LGBT ikollhom drittijiet speċifiċi. Xi drittijiet jiddependu fuq fejn inti tgħix. Aqra dwar id-drittijiet tal-LGBT fuq ix-xogħol, id-drittijiet tad-Djar, u l-liġijiet kontra d-bullying. Taf dwar il-protezzjoni legali għal persuni LGBT.

In the United States, LGBT people have specific rights. Some rights depend on where you live. Read about LGBT rights at work, housing rights, and anti-bullying laws. Find out about legal protection for LGBT people.

A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
Kummerċ ta ' l-IStock/FG
A man showing another man something on his cell phone - LGBT rights
IStock/FG Trade

LGBT stands għal lesbian, omosesswali, Bisexual, u transgender jew transsexual. Aqra dwar LGBT u definizzjonijiet aktar, bħal queer, mistoqsijiet u intersex. Diskriminazzjoni mezzi li jkunu trattati b'mod differenti minħabba l-età tiegħek, is-sess, bejn is-sessi, jew s-sesswalità. Huwa kontra l-liġi fl-USA li jiddiskriminaw kontra persuni mill-Komunità LGBTQ. Iżda mhux kulħadd isegwi l-liġijiet, u l-attitudnijiet lejn il-Komunità LGBT huma differenti kollha l-pajjiż. Huwa importanti li tkun taf x ' huma l-liġijiet fl-Istat tiegħek.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender or transsexual. Read about LGBT and more definitions, such as queer, questioning and intersex. Discrimination means being treated differently because of your age, sex, gender, or sexuality. It is against the law in the USA to discriminate against people from the LGBTQ community. But not everyone follows the laws, and attitudes toward the LGBT community are different all over the country. It is important to know what the laws are in your state.

LGBT drittijiet fuq ix-xogħol

LGBT rights at work

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. Impjegati kollha għandhom id-drittijiet li ġejjin:

Your employer cannot discriminate against you for being LGBT. All employees have the following rights:

  • Tiegħek iħaddem ma jistax seħħ inti biex jitkellmu dwar jekk inti LGBT.
  • L-impjegatur tiegħek ma jistax insult inti jew jagħmlu ċajt dwar l-identità tiegħek.
  • L-impjegatur tiegħek ma jistax jagħmel inti tagħmel aktar xogħol jew jikkastigaw int għax int LGBT.
  • L-impjegatur tiegħek ma jistax nar inti għal qed LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot force you to talk about whether you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot insult you or make jokes about your identity.
  • Your employer cannot make you do more work or punish you because you are LGBT.
  • Your employer cannot fire you for being LGBT.

Lil hinn minn dawn id-drittijiet bażiċi, hemm drittijiet differenti għall-impjegati pubbliċi u privati. Xogħol ta ' impjegati pubbliċi għall-kontea, l-Istat, jew Gvern nazzjonali – per eżempju fi skola pubblika lokali. Xogħol ta ' impjegati privati għal negozji, bħall-fabbriki jew imħażen.

Beyond these basic rights, there are different rights for public and private employees. Public employees work for the county, state, or national government – for example at a local public school. Private employees work for businesses, such as factories or stores.

Liġijiet jipproteġu impjegati pubbliċi minn jiġi sparat tir għall-identità tagħhom. Imma jekk inti taħdem fil-kumpannija privata, impjieg tiegħek jistgħu jkollhom regoli differenti u azzjonijiet dwar fastidju. Meta tistartja l-impjieg tiegħek, tkellem tiegħek Dipartiment tar-riżorsi umani jekk għandek mistoqsijiet. Huma għandhom iżommu l-mistoqsijiet tiegħek u l-informazzjoni privata.

Laws protect public employees from being fired for their identity. But if you work at a private company, your job might have different rules and actions about harassment. When you start your job, talk to your human resources department if you have questions. They will keep your questions and information private.

Impjegati bl-HIV

Employees with HIV

Nies fil-Komunità LGBT jkollhom rati ogħla ta ' l-HIV minn nies dritta. HIV huwa virus kontaġġjuż li attakki tiegħek sistema immuni. Hi tista twassal għal marda msejħa għajnuniet. Persuni bl-HIV bżonn żmien biex tmur għand it-tabib u jieħdu waqfiet jekk huma għajjenin. Tagħmel ħin imħallas biex tmur għall-ħatriet. Inti tista titlob għall-għajnuna jekk inti huma ma jikkontribrixxu sew. Tiegħek boxxla ma jkollux jiġifieri Iva.

People in the LGBT community have higher rates of HIV than straight people. HIV is a contagious virus that attacks your immune system. It can lead to an illness called AIDS. People with HIV need time to go to the doctor and to take breaks if they are tired. You can take paid time off to go to appointments. You can ask for help if you are not feeling well. Your boss does not have to say yes.

Jekk għandek HIV, aktar postijiet tax-xogħol għandhom iżommu l-istatus tiegħek privati. Huma ma jistgħux tell oħra impjegati jew nies barra xogħol jekk inti HIV pożittiv. Imma jekk ix-xogħol tiegħek tkun inqas minn 15 in-nies, tiegħek boxxla ma jkollux għal żżomm dan privati.

If you have HIV, most workplaces have to keep your status private. They cannot tell other employees or people outside of work if you are HIV positive. But if your work has less than 15 people, your boss does not have to keep this private.

Boxxla tiegħek ma jistax nar int għax għandek HIV. Iżda huma jistgħu nar int jekk inti huma morda wisq biex jagħmlu x-xogħol tiegħek. Dan hu vera għall-impjegati pubbliċi u privati kollha.

Your boss cannot fire you because you have HIV. But they can fire you if you are too sick to do your job. This is true for all public and private employees.

Undocumented l-impjegati

Undocumented employees

Jekk inti undocumented, Għandek l- istess id-drittijiet bħala impjegati LGBT. L-aġenzija li jimmonitorja diskriminazzjoni tal-post tax-xogħol ma jistax Ħares lejn iċ-ċittadinanza tiegħek. L-impjegatur tiegħek ma jistax jikkastigaw int jekk inti jirrapurtaw diskriminazzjoni. Din hija l-liġi. Imma lil min iħaddmek jistgħu jirrappurtaw inti għas-servizzi ta ' l-immigrazzjoni. Dan mhux permess, iżda kultant jiġri li. Sib aktar informazzjoni dwar id-drittijiet undocumented fuq ix-xogħol.

If you are undocumented, you have the same rights as other LGBT employees. The agency that monitors workplace discrimination cannot look at your citizenship. Your employer cannot punish you if you report discrimination. This is the law. But your employer might report you to immigration services. This is not allowed, but sometimes it happens. Find more information on undocumented rights at work.

Id-drittijiet LGBT tad-Djar

LGBT rights in housing

dwar 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Id-drittijiet tad-Djar ma jkunux l-istess f ' kull Stat.

About 50% of LGBT people in the United States say that they have been discriminated against when looking for housing. Housing rights are not the same in every state.

Bħalissa, 20 Membri u d-distrett ta ' Columbia jappoġġaw liġijiet li jwaqqfu d-diskriminazzjoni transġeneru. Jekk tikri jew tixtri proprjetà f ' dawk l-Istati:

Currently, 20 states and the District of Columbia support laws that stop transgender discrimination. If you rent or buy property in those states:

  • In-nies ma jistgħux jistaqsu dwar is-sess jew l-orjentazzjoni sesswali tiegħek.
  • Nies ma jistax jixgħel inti bogħod għax int transgender jew gay.
  • Nies ma jistax seħħ inti biex jitlaq għax m ' għandekx transgender jew gay. Jekk għandek kirja jew kuntratt, huwa legali għalik biex twaqqaf.
  • People cannot ask about your gender or sexual orientation.
  • People cannot turn you away because you are transgender or gay.
  • People cannot force you to leave because you are transgender or gay. If you have a lease or contract, it is legal for you to stay.

Homelessness

Homelessness

Persuni LGBT huma aktar probabbli li jkun homeless. Jekk inti huma bħalissa homeless, inti huma mhux biss. Inti tista tfittex għall-kenn li twaqqaf fl-overnight. Tad-Djar LGBT u shelters jista ma tippubblika l-indirizzi tagħhom. Dan huwa li jipproteġi s-sigurtà tal-Poplu li jgħix hemm. Tiegħek l-eqreb ċentru tal-Komunità LGBT jista ' jgħinek issib kenn a li mhix elenkata. Huma jistgħu wkoll jgħinek issib akkomodazzjoni aktar fit-tul.

LGBT people are more likely to be homeless. If you are currently homeless, you are not alone. You can look for a shelter to stay in overnight. LGBT housing and shelters might not publish their addresses. This is to protect the safety of people living there. Your nearest LGBT community center may help you find a shelter that is not listed. They may also help you find more long-term housing.

Post sigur huwa programm nazzjonali għaż-żgħażagħ li għandhom bżonn l-għajnuna f ' emerġenza u s-sigurtà. Post sigur it-tikketti organizzazzjonijiet bħala "Postijiet bla periklu" fejn persuni LGBT jistgħu jmorru f ' emerġenza. Postijiet jistgħu jiġu libreriji, l-istazzjonijiet tan-nar, servizzi soċjali, u iktar. Huma ser iżommu inti bla periklu u jgħinek. Jekk huma ma jistax jgħinek mal-problema tiegħek, se jsibu xi ħadd ieħor li jistgħu.

Safe Place is a national program for young people who need emergency help and safety. Safe Place labels organizations as ‘Safe Places’ where LGBT people can go in an emergency. Places can be libraries, fire stations, social services, and more. They will keep you safe and help you. If they can’t help you with your problem, they will find someone else who can.

Liġijiet anti-bullying

Anti-bullying laws

Bullying huwa kelma komuni użata biex jitkellmu dwar fastidju. Bullying jinkludi qal affarijiet medju u kull xorta ta ' kuntatt fiżiku mhux mixtieq. Cyberbullying hija meta xi ħadd jibgħat medja jew messaġġi theddid onlajn. Dan normalment iseħħ permezz tal-midja soċjali bħal Facebook.

Bullying is a common word used to talk about harassment. Bullying includes saying mean things and any kind of unwanted physical contact. Cyberbullying is when someone sends mean or threatening messages online. This usually happens through social media such as Facebook.

Bullying jistgħu jiġru lil nies ta ' kull età u hija kwistjoni serja fl-USA. fil 21 Membri u d-distrett ta ' Columbia, huwa kontra l-liġi li bully xi ħadd minħabba sess jew l-orjentazzjoni sesswali tagħhom. Jekk xi ħadd huwa bullying inti xogœol tiegħek, tell tiegħek manager.

Bullying can happen to people of any age and is a serious issue in the USA. In 21 states and the District of Columbia, it is against the law to bully someone because of their gender or sexual orientation. If someone is bullying you in your workplace, tell your manager.

Jekk tifel/tifla tiegħek huwa li jkunu bullied fl-Iskola, inti għandha tkellem lill-għalliema tagħhom. Inti mhux jistgħu jgħixu fi Stat fejn bullying huwa illegali. Imma anke mingħajr dawn il-liġijiet, l-iskejjel għandhom jipproteġu l-istudenti u l-impjegati tagħhom. L-uffiċjali ta ' l-iskola se tkellem il-bully. Jekk il-problema hija serja, il-bully probabbilment se tikseb kkastigati.

If your child is being bullied at school, you should talk to their teacher. You might not live in a state where bullying is illegal. But even without such laws, schools must protect their students and employees. School officials will talk to the bully. If the problem is serious, the bully will probably get punished.

Protezzjoni legali

Legal protection

Organizzazzjonijiet legali jieħdu każijiet għal persuni li esperjenzaw diskriminazzjoni. Hemm organizzazzjonijiet ġenerali u LGBT organizzazzjonijiet. Organizzazzjonijiet LGBT bżonnijiet speċifiċi ta ' appoġġ u jagħmlu ħafna xogħol għall-Komunità LGBT.

Legal organizations take cases for people who have experienced discrimination. There are general organizations and LGBT organizations. LGBT organizations support specific needs and do a lot of work for the LGBT community.

Lambda legali huwa l-akbar LGBT għajnuna legali organizzazzjoni nazzjonali. Il-helpdesk tal-ripressur legali tista ' tirrevedi l-każ tiegħek u jikkonnettjak lir-rappreżentanti lokali.

Lambda Legal is the biggest national LGBT legal aid organization. Lamda Legal’s helpdesk can review your case and connect you to local representatives.

L-ACLU jagħti l-għajnuna legali b'xejn lill-Poplu d-drittijiet tagħhom huma qed abbużata. L-ACLU ma programmi għad-drittijiet tal-LGBT u jirrapreżenta persuni LGBT li kienu nfastidit. Jekk għandek bżonn l-għajnuna legali, Sib l-eqreb post ta ' ACLU.

The ACLU gives free legal help to people whose rights are being abused. The ACLU has programs for LGBT rights and represents LGBT people who have been harassed. If you need legal help, find your nearest ACLU location.

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