Ħaddiema’ id-drittijiet

Ingliż wkollNru Ingliż

Fl-Istati Uniti, kulħadd għandu jiġi ttrattat b ' mod ġust fuq il-post tax-xog ħol. Għandek ċerti drittijiet biex tipproteġik fuq ix-xog ħol. Min iħaddem għandu jsegwi l-li ġijiet jew ikun immultat jew ikkastigat. Tgħallem aktar dwar il-ħaddiema’ drittijiet fl-Istati Uniti.

In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. You have certain rights to protect you at work. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

L-Istati Uniti għandha ħaddiema’ liġijiet dwar id-drittijiet tal-vot li jgħidu kemm flus trid. Hemm ukoll liġijiet dwar kemm-il siegħa tista ' taħdem u kif l-impjegatur tiegħek. Min iħaddmek għandu jipprovdi post bla periklu u b ' saħħtu biex taħdem. Jekk hu jew hi ma, jistgħu jiġu kkastigati bil-li ġi.

The USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

Paga minima

Minimum wage

Il-Gvern Federali jagħmel liġijiet għall-pajjiż kollu. Il-Gvernijiet tal-Istat jagħmlu liġijiet fl-Istati tagħhom. Il-Gvern Federali u kull Stat għandhom stabbilit paga minima. Il-paga minima hija l-inqas ammont li min iħaddem għandu jħallas lill-impjegati tiegħu. Il-paga minima Federali hija $7.25 fis-sieg ħa. Dan ifisser li kull min iħaddem fi kwalunkwe post fl-Istati Uniti jrid iħallasha mill-inqas $7.25 fis-sieg ħa. tista' Tgħallem aktar dwar il-ħaddiema’ drittijiet tal-vot u ħallas f ' ħafna lingwi.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

Il-paga minima tal-Istat

State minimum wage

Xi kultant il-paga minima mill-Istat hija ogħla mill-paga minima Federali. Pereżempju, l-Istati ta ' California u Arizona it-tnejn għandhom paga minima ta ' $11.00 fis-sieg ħa. F ' dawn l-Istati, min iħaddem għandu jħallas lill-ħaddiema l-og ħla ammont. tista' Sib il-paga minima fl-Istat tiegħek.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

Paga minima u suġġerimenti

Minimum wage and tips

Tips huma flus minn klijenti li Nirringrazzjak għas-servizz tiegħek. It-tips mhumiex inklużi fl-Ispi ża tas-servizz jew l-ammont tat-taxxa. Jekk taħdem f ' ristorant jew f ' impjieg fejn tirċievi pariri ta ' aktar minn $30 fix-xahar, imbagħad inti tista ' tkun impjegat bħala “impjegat b ' tipped.” Impjegati bil-ponta għandhom jitħallsu ta ' l-anqas $2.13 fis-sieg ħa flimkien mal-ponot. It-truf iridu jkunu aktar minn $5.12 fis-sieg ħa sabiex għadek qed taqla ' l-paga minima Federali ta ' $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Hemm xi ristoranti li jinkludu l-ponta fil-kont. Meta tiġi impjegat, il-boxxla tiegħek jgħidlek ir-regoli dwar it-tipping. Tista ' taqra aktar dwar il- ir-regoli għall-impjegati tipped hawn.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

Pagi ndaqs

Equal wages

F ' xi pajjiżi, l-ir ġiel u n-nisa jitħallsu b ' mod differenti. Madankollu, Lilna Liġijiet tħallix dan. Jekk qed tagħmel l-istess xogħol bħala ko-ħaddiem, trid titħallas l-istess. Għandek ukoll tikseb l-istess paga ta ' sahra, sigħat ta ' vaganza, u bonusijiet. L-impjegati għandhom jiksbu aktar jekk ikunu f ' pożizzjonijiet differenti jew jagħmlu aktar fl-istess pożizzjoni. Jistgħu wkoll jitħallsu aktar jekk ikollhom ħiliet aħjar jew aktar esperjenza fil-qasam li jaħdmu.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

Diskriminazzjoni

Discrimination

Il-li ġijiet dwar id-diskriminazzjoni jħeġġu lil min iħaddem biex jimpjega persuni minn sfondi differenti u biex jikkura lil. Huwa illegali għal min iħaddem li ma jimpjegak minħabba:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • bejn is-sessi
  • ir-razza
  • reliġjon
  • Diżabilità: li għandhom problemi fiżiċi jew mard
  • età: qed 40 jew akbar
  • oriġini nazzjonali: fejn ġej minn
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

Tista ' taqra aktar dwar liġijiet dwar it-tipi ta ' diskriminazzjoni fuq ix-xog ħol. L-impjegati b ' diżabilità għandhom drittijiet addizzjonali skont il-li ġi.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

Korrimenti fix-xog ħol

Work injuries

Il-korrimenti jistgħu jiġru lilek waqt li tkun qed taħdem. Jekk tweġġa ' waqt li tkun qed taħdem, huwa importanti ħafna li tgħid lill-mani ġer tiegħek minnufih. Għandek bżonn ukoll li ssib tabib biex tikkura l-ħsara. Ħaddiema’ liġijiet ta ' kumpens jista ' jipproteġi d-drittijiet tiegħek li jkollok. Xi wħud mill-kura u l-pagi tiegħek jistgħu jitħallsu mill-kumpanija tiegħek.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Id-dritt għall-privatezza

Right to privacy

Il-kumpanija tiegħek ma titħalliex tħares lejn l-affarijiet personali tiegħek. Purse seines tiegħek, Boroż, kaxxarizzi tal-ħażna, u briefcases huma biss għalik. Jekk tirċievi posta li għandha ismek fuqu, il-mani ġer tiegħek ma jistax jaqraha.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

Jekk tuża kompjuter għax-xogħol, il-boxxla tiegħek huwa permess li tħares lejn l-emails tiegħek. Jekk tuża mowbajl, xi kumpaniji jitħallew jisimgħu t-telefonati u l-messa ġġi tat-telefon tiegħek. Dan huwa differenti għal kull kumpanija. Qatt m ' għandek tgħid jew tikteb affarijiet negattivi dwar il-kumpanija tiegħek.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

Terminazzjoni inġusta

Unfair termination

Terminazzjoni inġusta tfisser li inti ltqajna sparat għal raġuni illegali. Jekk taħseb li tlift xogħlok minħabba d-diskriminazzjoni, ' korriment tax-xog ħol, jew fastidju, Għandek taħseb biex titkellem ma ' Avukat. Hemm avukati li jgħinu lin-nies b ' ħaddiema’ id-drittijiet. tista' Sib avukati ħielsa u affordabbli li jgħinu lill-immigranti u lir-Refu ġjati.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Jekk taħseb li qed jiġri xi ħaġa illegali fil-post tax-xog ħol, tell tiegħek iħaddem. Jekk min iħaddmek ma jistax jgħin, Ikteb dak li qed jiġri. Jista ' jkollok bżonn din l-informazzjoni aktar tard.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

Sikurezza fuq il-post tax-xog ħol

Workplace safety

Min iħaddmek għandu jaċċerta li l-post tax-xog ħol tiegħek huwa sigur u mingħajr perikli. Il-perikli huma affarijiet li jistgħu jagħmlu ħsara lilek, bħal kimiċi jew għodod jew tagħmir mhux sigur. kultant, xogħlok jeħtieġ li tagħmel xi ħaġa mhux sigura. Pereżempju, ħaddiem tal-kostruzzjoni jista ' jkollu jitla ' fuq bini twil. Skont il-li ġi, l-impjegaturi jridu jgħidulek dwar il-perikli potenzjali fuq il-post tax-xog ħol. Għandhom ukoll iħarrġu inti b ' lingwa li tifhem. Jekk tħoss jew tara xi ħaġa mhix sigura li l-mani ġer tiegħek ma jafx dwar, tgħidilhom. Sib informazzjoni dwar drittijiet ta ' sigurtà fuq il-post tax-xog ħol.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

tgħallem aktar

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L-informazzjoni f ' din il-Pa ġna ġejja Gvern tal-Istati Uniti u sorsi oħra ta ' fiduċja. Li hija maħsuba għall-gwida u huwa aġġornat spiss kemm. USAHello ma jagħtix parir legali, lanqas ma hemm xi tagħna materjali maħsuba li jiġu meħuda bħala parir legali. Jekk inti qed tfittex għal Avukat b'xejn jew bi prezz baxx jew għajnuna legali, Aħna jista ' jgħinek Sib servizzi legali b'xejn u prezz baxx.

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