ယူဂိုဆလားဗီးယား: Understanding your students from Yugoslavia and their cultural backgrounds

အင်္ဂလိပ်လည်းအဘယ်သူမျှမအင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာ

မတူကွဲပြားသောကျောင်းသားများကိုဆုံးမဩဝါဒပေးတျောမြားမြားပညာတတ်များသူတို့ကျောင်းသားများကိုအပေါ်အလုံအလောက်ယဉ်ကျေးမှုနောက်ခံသတင်းအချက်အလက်မခံမယူကြဘူးကြောင်းသတင်းပို့. သငျသညျဒုက္ခသည်ကျောင်းသားများကိုဆုံးမဩဝါဒပေးနေတယ်ဆိုရင်, အသစ်ရောက်ရှိလာသောသတိထားဖြစ်ရန်အရေးကြီးပါသည်က’ နောက်ခံ. အောက်ပါအချက်အလက်များကို key ကိုပျေါလှငျခြုံငုံသုံးသပ်ပေးဖို့ရည်ရွယ်သည်, ဒါကြောင့်သင့်ရဲ့ကျောင်းသားတွေနဲ့အတူညှိ၌နေသောယဉ်ကျေးမှုတုံ့ပြန်မှုသင်ကြားမှုမဟာဗျူဟာများဖွံ့ဖြိုး’ ထူးခြားတဲ့သင်ယူမှုစတိုင်များ.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo from Students First Project
Photo from Students First Project
Photo from Students First Project
Photo from Students First Project

ဘာသာစကားFormer Yugoslavia map

LanguageFormer Yugoslavia map

Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Albanian, Bosnian, နှင့်အင်္ဂလိပ်.

Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene, Albanian, Bosnian, and English.

ယင်းစာသင်ခန်း၌ဆုံးမဩဝါဒ

Teaching in the Classroom

Most individuals in the countries that make up the former Yugoslavia are literate, and education is mandated through the 8th grade. The length of the school day and mandatory subjects are very similar to the United States, and children do not get to choose elective courses until late in elementary school or high school. The majority of elementary school teachers are women. After eighth grade is completed, students can opt for vocational school or academically oriented high schools.

Most individuals in the countries that make up the former Yugoslavia are literate, and education is mandated through the 8th grade. The length of the school day and mandatory subjects are very similar to the United States, and children do not get to choose elective courses until late in elementary school or high school. The majority of elementary school teachers are women. After eighth grade is completed, students can opt for vocational school or academically oriented high schools.

School culture is very formal, with students frequently standing up when a teacher enters the room, not engaging with teachers socially, and viewing them with a high level of respect. Students do not question teachers in elementary school, but intellectual confrontation is not uncommon in secondary school or university.

School culture is very formal, with students frequently standing up when a teacher enters the room, not engaging with teachers socially, and viewing them with a high level of respect. Students do not question teachers in elementary school, but intellectual confrontation is not uncommon in secondary school or university.

Although the culture of the region is very collective, students rarely work in groups for projects. High value is placed on learning a foreign language, particularly English or German. Families are proud of their students’ academic success, as it is often seen as the only way out of poverty.

Although the culture of the region is very collective, students rarely work in groups for projects. High value is placed on learning a foreign language, particularly English or German. Families are proud of their students’ academic success, as it is often seen as the only way out of poverty.

Many students who live in small communities must move to the larger cities to attend secondary school. This means families are used to entrusting their students’ education to teachers with minimal family involvement. There is a high value placed on education and succeeding in getting a college degree is challenging and rigorous with a high focus on tests and exams.

Many students who live in small communities must move to the larger cities to attend secondary school. This means families are used to entrusting their students’ education to teachers with minimal family involvement. There is a high value placed on education and succeeding in getting a college degree is challenging and rigorous with a high focus on tests and exams.

မိသားစု / ကျောင်းထိတွေ့ဆက်ဆံရေး

Family/School Engagement

Teachers are held in high esteem, so most parents will value your input and take your advice to heart. Former Yugoslavians are known as a friendly, hospitable people. Individuals from the nations that make up the former Yugoslavia are warm and direct in their communication style and not hesitant to express their emotions or opinions. Kissing on the cheek is a common form of greeting for both men and women.

Teachers are held in high esteem, so most parents will value your input and take your advice to heart. Former Yugoslavians are known as a friendly, hospitable people. Individuals from the nations that make up the former Yugoslavia are warm and direct in their communication style and not hesitant to express their emotions or opinions. Kissing on the cheek is a common form of greeting for both men and women.

Children are given less homework than in the United States and are expected to complete it with minimal supervision. There are fewer after-school sports and activities that children from the former Yugoslavia engage in, instead choosing to play sports recreationally or focus on academics. So parents may need encouragement when it comes to helping with homework and encouragement to attend and help with children’s extracurricular activities. များစွာသောဒုက္ခသည်များမောင်းထုတ်ရန်ပုံကိုသိတစ်ခုသို့မဟုတ်ကားတစ်စီးမှဝင်ရောက်ခွင့်ကင်းမဲ့ကြဘူးဆိုတာကိုသတိရဖို့အရေးကြီးတယ်က, ဒါကြောင့်ကျောင်းကဖြစ်ရပ်များမှသယ်ယူပို့ဆောင်ရေးစိန်ခေါ်မှုတစ်ရပ်ဖြစ်လိမ့်မည်.

Children are given less homework than in the United States and are expected to complete it with minimal supervision. There are fewer after-school sports and activities that children from the former Yugoslavia engage in, instead choosing to play sports recreationally or focus on academics. So parents may need encouragement when it comes to helping with homework and encouragement to attend and help with children’s extracurricular activities. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Mothers would be more likely to attend parent conferences, which are also held several times a year in the former Yugoslavia, so it would be advantageous for you to stress the participation of both parents, or to reach out to the father separately.

Mothers would be more likely to attend parent conferences, which are also held several times a year in the former Yugoslavia, so it would be advantageous for you to stress the participation of both parents, or to reach out to the father separately.

ယဉျကြေးမှု, ကျားနှင့်မိသားစု

Culture, Gender and Family

Due to many years of political conflict, many Bosnian refugees (and others from the former Yugoslavia) stay within their own ethnic or religious groups once in the United States: Serbs, Croats, နှင့်မွတ်စလင် (sometimes called Bosniaks, although not all Bosniaks are Muslim) all have separate communities.

Due to many years of political conflict, many Bosnian refugees (and others from the former Yugoslavia) stay within their own ethnic or religious groups once in the United States: Serbs, Croats, and Muslims (sometimes called Bosniaks, although not all Bosniaks are Muslim) all have separate communities.

If you are unsure of your student’s background and religion, it is a good idea to ask. ယေဘုယျအားဖြင့်, Bosniaks are associated with Islam, Serbians with Eastern Orthodox and Croatians with Catholicism. If you have multiple students or families from this region, be aware of historical mistrust and use the proper terminology when speaking to them.

If you are unsure of your student’s background and religion, it is a good idea to ask. Generally, Bosniaks are associated with Islam, Serbians with Eastern Orthodox and Croatians with Catholicism. If you have multiple students or families from this region, be aware of historical mistrust and use the proper terminology when speaking to them.

The culture is collectivist, and individuals frequently live in the same towns or cities their whole lives, forming deep bonds with their friends and neighbors. Facilitating potlucks or activities where parents of students get to meet each other may be comforting in fostering acceptance and a feeling of community.

The culture is collectivist, and individuals frequently live in the same towns or cities their whole lives, forming deep bonds with their friends and neighbors. Facilitating potlucks or activities where parents of students get to meet each other may be comforting in fostering acceptance and a feeling of community.

Women are responsible for all domestic tasks, including cooking, cleaning, and child rearing. Women who work outside the home generally have lower-paying and lower-status jobs than men, although there is not a stigma about equal education and opportunity (except in some rural and/or traditional communities).

Women are responsible for all domestic tasks, including cooking, cleaning, and child rearing. Women who work outside the home generally have lower-paying and lower-status jobs than men, although there is not a stigma about equal education and opportunity (except in some rural and/or traditional communities).

အပိုဆောင်းအရင်းအမြစ်များ

Additional Resources

BRYCS အရင်းအမြစ်များ

BRYCS RESOURCES

ကမ္ဘာ့မှတ်တမ်းများအရ

WORLD FACTBOOK

ဒုက္ခသည်များနောက်ခံ

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

BOSNIAN AND SERBIAN AMERICANS

BOSNIAN AND SERBIAN AMERICANS

သင့်ရဲ့အကြံပြုချက်များကိုမျှဝေရန်

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching former Yugoslavian students, အီးမေးလ်ပို့ပါ: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching former Yugoslavian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

ပညာပေးဘို့ငါတို့သင်တန်းကိုယူ

Take our Course for Educators

သငျသညျဒုက္ခသည်နှင့်လူဝင်မှုကျောင်းသားများကိုပညာပေးဖို့ဘယ်လိုပိုမိုလေ့ကျင့်သင်တန်းပေးလိုပါလျှင်, ကျွန်တော်တို့ရဲ့သင်တန်းအပ်နှံစဉ်းစားပါ ကျေးဇူးပြု., ပညာပေးဒုက္ခသည်များနှင့်ပြောင်းရွှေ့လာသောလူကျောင်းသားများ: ဆရာများအနေနဲ့အွန်လိုင်းသင်တန်း.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

တစ်ဦးကို PDF အဖြစ်ဤသတင်းအချက်အလက် Print

Print this Information as a PDF

သင်ဤဒေါင်းလုဒ်လုပ်ပြီး print ထုတ်နိုင်ပါတယ် Yugoslavian learner profile PDF အဖြစ်နှင့်သင့်စာသင်ခန်းထဲမှာတစ်ဦးအရင်းအမြစ်အဖြစ်စောင့်ရှောက်.

You can download and print this Yugoslavian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

ဒီစာမျက်နှာအကူအညီနဲ့သငျသညျပွုခဲ့? အပြုံးမျက်နှာ ဟုတ်ကဲ့ မျက်မှောင်ကြုတ်မကျြနှာကို အဘယ်သူမျှမ
သင်၏အကြံပြုချက်အတွက်ကျေးဇူးတင်ပါသည်!