နီပေါ: Understanding Nepali culture and your students

အင်္ဂလိပ်လည်းအဘယ်သူမျှမအင်္ဂလိပ်ဘာသာ

မတူကွဲပြားသောကျောင်းသားများကိုဆုံးမဩဝါဒပေးတျောမြားမြားပညာတတ်များသူတို့ကျောင်းသားများကိုအပေါ်အလုံအလောက်ယဉ်ကျေးမှုနောက်ခံသတင်းအချက်အလက်မခံမယူကြဘူးကြောင်းသတင်းပို့. သငျသညျဒုက္ခသည်ကျောင်းသားများကိုဆုံးမဩဝါဒပေးနေတယ်ဆိုရင်, အသစ်ရောက်ရှိလာသောသတိထားဖြစ်ရန်အရေးကြီးပါသည်က’ နောက်ခံ. အောက်ပါအချက်အလက်များကို key ကိုပျေါလှငျခြုံငုံသုံးသပ်ပေးဖို့ရည်ရွယ်သည်, ဒါကြောင့်သင့်ရဲ့ကျောင်းသားတွေနဲ့အတူညှိ၌နေသောယဉ်ကျေးမှုတုံ့ပြန်မှုသင်ကြားမှုမဟာဗျူဟာများဖွံ့ဖြိုး’ ထူးခြားတဲ့သင်ယူမှုစတိုင်များ.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

နီပေါ - a nepali girl and her younger sister

Nepal - a nepali girl and her younger sister

Nepal Map

Nepal Map

ဘာသာစကား

Language

နီပေါ, Newari, Tibet-Burman languages, Indo-Aryan languages, နှင့်အင်္ဂလိပ်

Nepali, Newari, Tibet-Burman languages, Indo-Aryan languages, and English

ယင်းစာသင်ခန်း၌ဆုံးမဩဝါဒ

Teaching in the Classroom

Nepal’s curriculum from the 1950s to the 1970s was influenced by US schools and developed with help from UNESCO. Many teachers are untrained, သို့သော်. Education is not compulsory across the country, but the government does provide free primary education for children of all castes between the ages of five and 12, although most students bore some costs for examinations and had to buy uniforms. The government reported that more than 95% of school-age children attended primary schools.

Nepal’s curriculum from the 1950s to the 1970s was influenced by US schools and developed with help from UNESCO. Many teachers are untrained, however. Education is not compulsory across the country, but the government does provide free primary education for children of all castes between the ages of five and 12, although most students bore some costs for examinations and had to buy uniforms. The government reported that more than 95% of school-age children attended primary schools.

A gender gap in education persisted with a reported two-thirds of adolescent girls in rural areas not attending school. Literacy rates for women were approximately 44.5% as opposed to 71% for men. Many school-age girls do not attend school due to the absence of separate or proper toilets. သို့သော်, according to the State of the World’s Children 2016 report, this gender gap is narrowing. ဥပမာ, ယနေ့တွင် 90% of boys ages 15-24 are literate and 80% of girls 15-25 are literate. လည်း, 62% of girls are enrolled in high school as opposed to 58% of boys who enroll in high school.

A gender gap in education persisted with a reported two-thirds of adolescent girls in rural areas not attending school. Literacy rates for women were approximately 44.5% as opposed to 71% for men. Many school-age girls do not attend school due to the absence of separate or proper toilets. However, according to the State of the World’s Children 2016 report, this gender gap is narrowing. For example, today 90% of boys ages 15-24 are literate and 80% of girls 15-25 are literate. Also, 62% of girls are enrolled in high school as opposed to 58% of boys who enroll in high school.

Despite good progress in enhancing equal access to basic education (grades 1-8), ကလေးများ, especially the poorest, do not continue to post-basic education, and the quality of education at all levels remains a problem. Access, repetition, dropping out and truancy are the remarkable issues in rural areas. Significant segments of the child population are still not attending school. သို့သော်, it is still the generally held belief that education is a gateway for better life and everyday living.

Despite good progress in enhancing equal access to basic education (grades 1-8), children, especially the poorest, do not continue to post-basic education, and the quality of education at all levels remains a problem. Access, repetition, dropping out and truancy are the remarkable issues in rural areas. Significant segments of the child population are still not attending school. However, it is still the generally held belief that education is a gateway for better life and everyday living.

မိသားစု / ကျောင်းထိတွေ့ဆက်ဆံရေး

Family/School Engagement

The most common type of asylum claim from Nepal is one based on fear of harm from the government. Many applicants claim that they have suffered past persecution or fear future persecution on account of their political opinion. It is good to be sensitive as a teacher that parents may have a particular fear of government.

The most common type of asylum claim from Nepal is one based on fear of harm from the government. Many applicants claim that they have suffered past persecution or fear future persecution on account of their political opinion. It is good to be sensitive as a teacher that parents may have a particular fear of government.

များစွာသောဒုက္ခသည်များမောင်းထုတ်ရန်ပုံကိုသိတစ်ခုသို့မဟုတ်ကားတစ်စီးမှဝင်ရောက်ခွင့်ကင်းမဲ့ကြဘူးဆိုတာကိုသတိရဖို့အရေးကြီးတယ်က, ဒါကြောင့်ကျောင်းကဖြစ်ရပ်များမှသယ်ယူပို့ဆောင်ရေးမိဘများပါဝင်ပတ်သက်ရမည်ချင်လျှင်ပင်စိန်ခေါ်မှုတစ်ရပ်ဖြစ်လိမ့်မည်.

It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

In Nepal, people especially women, do not normally shakes hands when they greet one another, but instead press palms together in a prayer-like gesture known “Namaste”. To show gratitude and respect, use both of your hands rather than one when giving or receiving something, even money. It’s seen as a gesture of respect. Among Hindus, avoid touching women and holy men. Raising your voice or shouting is seen as extremely bad manners in Nepal.

In Nepal, people especially women, do not normally shakes hands when they greet one another, but instead press palms together in a prayer-like gesture known “Namaste”. To show gratitude and respect, use both of your hands rather than one when giving or receiving something, even money. It’s seen as a gesture of respect. Among Hindus, avoid touching women and holy men. Raising your voice or shouting is seen as extremely bad manners in Nepal.

In Nepal, the first meal is served around 10:30 နံနက်. and the second shortly after sunset. The slaughter of cows is forbidden, and Nepalese do not eat beef. A custom in Nepal is jutho, which translates as “contaminated” and requires people not to touch others’ food and drink with either their hands or their spoon. When drinking water, Nepalese people will not touch the bottle or glass to their lips so that others can drink from it also. Don’t eat from someone else’s plate or offer food you have taken a bite of.

In Nepal, the first meal is served around 10:30 a.m. and the second shortly after sunset. The slaughter of cows is forbidden, and Nepalese do not eat beef. A custom in Nepal is jutho, which translates as “contaminated” and requires people not to touch others’ food and drink with either their hands or their spoon. When drinking water, Nepalese people will not touch the bottle or glass to their lips so that others can drink from it also. Don’t eat from someone else’s plate or offer food you have taken a bite of.

Another custom is the idea that the foot is ritually dirty and therefore stepping over food or pointing the soles of your feet is disrespectful.

Another custom is the idea that the foot is ritually dirty and therefore stepping over food or pointing the soles of your feet is disrespectful.

ယဉျကြေးမှု, ကျားနှင့်မိသားစု

Culture, Gender and Family

The majority (ကျော်လွန် 80%) of Nepalis are Hindu. 9% are Buddhist, and a significant portion of the population may identify themselves as Buddhist and Hindu, the beliefs of which intermingle without conflict. 4.4% of Nepalis are Muslim and 1.4% ခရစ်ယာန်များမှာ.

The majority (over 80%) of Nepalis are Hindu. 9% are Buddhist, and a significant portion of the population may identify themselves as Buddhist and Hindu, the beliefs of which intermingle without conflict. 4.4% of Nepalis are Muslim and 1.4% are Christian.

One basic concept in Hinduism is that of dharma, or natural law, which holds that people should play their proper and determined role in society. The caste system is an integral part of dharma. Each person is born into a particular caste, whose traditional occupation is graded according to the degree of purity and impurity inherent in it.

One basic concept in Hinduism is that of dharma, or natural law, which holds that people should play their proper and determined role in society. The caste system is an integral part of dharma. Each person is born into a particular caste, whose traditional occupation is graded according to the degree of purity and impurity inherent in it.

The rigidly patriarchal system that dominates Nepal is demonstrated through women’s general subservience to men in virtually every aspect of daily life. While there are exceptions to this among particular ethnic groups, women fulfil traditional roles such as fetching water, doing farm work, and cooking meals.

The rigidly patriarchal system that dominates Nepal is demonstrated through women’s general subservience to men in virtually every aspect of daily life. While there are exceptions to this among particular ethnic groups, women fulfil traditional roles such as fetching water, doing farm work, and cooking meals.

အပိုဆောင်းအရင်းအမြစ်များ

Additional Resources

(မှတ်စု: some of these references are to Bhutanese refugees of Nepalese origin, a larger population group in the United States)

(Note: some of these references are to Bhutanese refugees of Nepalese origin, a larger population group in the United States)

BRYCS အရင်းအမြစ်များ

BRYCS RESOURCES

ကမ္ဘာ့မှတ်တမ်းများအရ

WORLD FACTBOOK

ဒုက္ခသည်များနောက်ခံ

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC ဒုက္ခသည်များဆရာ Packet

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

NEPALESE AMERICANS

NEPALESE AMERICANS

ကျန်းမာရေး

HEALTH

သင့်ရဲ့အကြံပြုချက်များကိုမျှဝေရန်

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Nepalese students, အီးမေးလ်ပို့ပါ: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Nepalese students, please email: info@usahello.org.

ပညာပေးဘို့ငါတို့သင်တန်းကိုယူ

Take our Course for Educators

သငျသညျဒုက္ခသည်နှင့်လူဝင်မှုကျောင်းသားများကိုပညာပေးဖို့ဘယ်လိုပိုမိုလေ့ကျင့်သင်တန်းပေးလိုပါလျှင်, ကျွန်တော်တို့ရဲ့သင်တန်းအပ်နှံစဉ်းစားပါ ကျေးဇူးပြု., ပညာပေးဒုက္ခသည်များနှင့်ပြောင်းရွှေ့လာသောလူကျောင်းသားများ: ဆရာများအနေနဲ့အွန်လိုင်းသင်တန်း.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

တစ်ဦးကို PDF အဖြစ်ဤသတင်းအချက်အလက် Print

Print this Information as a PDF

သင်ဤဒေါင်းလုဒ်လုပ်ပြီး print ထုတ်နိုင်ပါတယ် Nepali learner profile PDF အဖြစ်နှင့်သင့်စာသင်ခန်းထဲမှာတစ်ဦးအရင်းအမြစ်အဖြစ်စောင့်ရှောက်.

You can download and print this Nepali learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

ဒီစာမျက်နှာအကူအညီနဲ့သငျသညျပွုခဲ့? အပြုံးမျက်နှာ ဟုတ်ကဲ့ မျက်မှောင်ကြုတ်မကျြနှာကို အဘယ်သူမျှမ
သင်၏အကြံပြုချက်အတွက်ကျေးဇူးတင်ပါသည်!