What to do if you are stopped or arrested by police

It is important to know your rights if you are stopped by a police or immigration officer or if you are arrested by police. If you are questioned by law enforcement, be polite and respectful. कहिल्यै झूट, तर्क, प्रतिरोध, or run away.

police car in USA
Photo courtesy of Dave Conner/Wikimedia Commons

अमेरिकामा, the police are generally good and want to help you. But you should know your rights. You have rights even if you are not a US citizen. You should know that law enforcement officers may briefly hold and question you if they suspect you were involved in a crime. They might do this even if there are not enough reasons to arrest you.

Your rights if you are stopped in a car or arrested by police while in a car

  • तपाईं कुनै पनि प्रश्नहरूको जवाफ मौन रहने र अधिकार छ.
  • When receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding, जस्तै) you must provide your driver’s license, बीमा, and vehicle registration if requested.
  • को अधिकारी तपाईं कार बाहिर कदम अनुरोध गर्न सक्छ. You should do what they ask.
  • Police are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”
  • You do not have the right to leave if the officer tells you to stay.
  • A pat down is typically a surface search done over your clothes. It can happen if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, तर उसले आफ्नो pockets मार्फत जान सक्नुहुन्छ. खोज मा, they have a more thorough method where they might search under your clothes. तपाईं कानुनी रूपमा दुवै इन्कार गर्न अनुमति.

Your rights if you are arrested by police or taken to a police station

  • If you are arrested by police, you have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer.
  • तपाईं बनाउन अनुमति 3 भित्र फोन कल 3 पक्राउ रही घन्टा.
  • तपाईं आफैलाई बारेमा प्रहरी आधारभूत जानकारी, तर कुनै थप बताउन सक्नुहुन्छ आफ्नो वकील आएको सम्म.
  • जो कोहीले तर आफ्नो वकील संग आफ्नो आप्रवासी स्थिति छलफल छैन.

Your rights if a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • कानुन प्रवर्तन आफ्नो सहमति वा खोज वारंट बिना आफ्नो घर खोजी गर्न अनुमति छैन. A warrant is a legal document that gives them permission to search. तपाईं घर देखि टाढा हुनुहुन्छ भने, प्रहरी आफ्नो घर खोज्न सक्नुहुन्छ भने केही अरू consents.
  • उनीहरूले एक वारंट जबसम्म एक अधिकारी आफ्नो घर प्रविष्ट गरौं हुँदैन.
  • को वारंट एक न्यायाधीश द्वारा हस्ताक्षर गर्नुपर्छ.
  • If an officer insists on entering without a warrant, do not resist. You can say that you do not allow it, त्यसपछि तुरुन्तै एक वकील कल.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion”. This means that they think something illegal might be happening. They also think that showing they are there might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

लागि थप जानकारी मदत गर्न तपाईं आफ्नो अधिकार बुझ्न, तिमी सक्छौ read our “आफ्नो अधिकार थाहा पाउनुहोस” information. It was prepared in partnership with Church World Services, which offers low-cost legal services to immigrants.

Questions and answers about being detained or arrested by police

Here are some answers to questions you may have about being stopped or arrested.

म कानून प्रवर्तन सोधेका प्रश्नहरूको जवाफ छैन?

तपाईं प्रश्नहरूको जवाफ गर्न आवश्यक छैन त तपाईं मौन रहन एक संवैधानिक हक. तपाईं कुनै पनि अधिकारीहरु वा अरू कुनै कुरा छैन. It is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. प्रहरी अधिकारी भन्नुहोस् तपाईं जवाफ दिन रोज्न. तर सधैं आदर र भद्र सकेसम्म हुन.

How should I behave if I am stopped in my car?

Try to move slowly and make sure you always keep your hands visible to the officer. शारीरिक तल एक पेट वा खोज प्रतिरोध छैन. बरु भन्न, “I do not consent to a search.” Ask the officer if you are free to leave, र अधिकारी हो भन्छन् भने, then leave calmly. तर, if the officer says no, you must stay. कहिल्यै भाग्नु, and keep your hands visible all the time.

म कानून प्रवर्तन अधिकारीहरु द्वारा नराम्ररी उपचार छु भने के?

तपाईं आफ्नो जानकारीको लागि अधिकारी जस्तै आफ्नो नाम र ब्याज नम्बर सोध्नु सही छ. तपाईं सकेसम्म ले तस्वीर घाइते छन् भने साक्षी फेला पार्न प्रयास र. एक वकील वा आफ्नो स्थानीय मानव अधिकार संरक्षण कार्यालय कल.

Do I have to show my immigration documents if I am arrested by police?

जो गैर-नागरिक 18 वर्ष वा पुरानो सबै समय मा उनलाई आफ्नो कागजात बोक्नु पर्छ. If you are undocumented and cannot show US immigration documents, तपाईं आफ्नो स्थितिको बारेमा प्रश्नहरूको जवाफ चयन गर्न सक्नुहुन्छ. These questions might include “Are you a citizen?"वा, "तिमी कहाँको हौं?” Do not lie about your status, तर तपाईं जवाफ दिन रोज्न कि सट्टा भन्न.

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The information on this page comes from ACLU, Church World Services, र अन्य विश्वसनीय स्रोतबाट. यो निर्देशन लागि निमित्त र सकेसम्म अक्सर अद्यावधिक. USAHello कानुनी सल्लाह दिन छैन, न त हाम्रो सामाग्री इरादा कुनै पनि कानुनी सल्लाह रूपमा लिइने गरिन्छ. तपाईँलाई नि: शुल्क वा कम लागत वकील वा कानुनी सहायता खोजिरहेको भने, हामी तपाईंलाई मदत गर्न सक्छ निःशुल्क र कम लागत कानुनी सेवा पाउन.

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