Ken uw rechten als vluchteling in de VS

Ook EngelsGeen Engels

Vluchtelingen, immigranten, wettelijke permanente bewoners (groene kaarthouders) and US citizens all deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. In de VS, we all have rights. This information is to help you know your refugee rights. At the bottom of this page, you will find links to this information in Nepali, Somalische, French and Arabic.



This information is meant to educate you. Het mag niet op enigerlei wijze beschouwd als juridisch advies. Our intention is for people to be prepared and not scared.

This information is meant to educate you. It should not be in any way considered legal advice. Our intention is for people to be prepared and not scared.

  • Niet-VS. burgers, met inbegrip van wettelijke permanente bewoners, vluchtelingen en asylees, over het algemeen dezelfde rechten hebben als burgers.
  • Als u denkt dat uw rechten zijn geschonden, je moet praten met een advocaat.
  • Als u of uw gezinsleden ooit behoefte aan noodhulp zijn, onmiddellijk bellen 911.
  • Non-U.S. citizens, including lawful permanent residents, refugees and asylees, generally have the same rights as citizens.
  • If you believe your rights have been violated, you should talk to a lawyer.
  • If you or your family members are ever in need of emergency assistance, immediately call 911.

Introductie

Introduction

We leven in moeilijke tijden. Recente acties tegen de hervestiging van de vluchtelingen, vluchtelingen en immigranten in de Verenigde Staten hebben gemaakt angst en zorgen voor veel. Iedereen heeft rechten, met inbegrip van vluchtelingen, asielzoekers in de lidstaten, asylees, immigranten, wettelijke permanente bewoners (groene kaarthouders), U.S. burgers, en individuen in de Verenigde Staten zonder status.

We are living in difficult times. Recent actions against refugee resettlement, refugees and immigrants in the United States have created fear and concerns for many. Everyone has rights, including refugees, asylum seekers, asylees, immigrants, lawful permanent residents (green card holders), U.S. citizens, and individuals in the United States without status.

We allemaal verdienen te worden behandeld met waardigheid en respect, regardless of where we are from or how we pray. We all have rights. This resource is meant to provide refugees with urgently needed information. You must know your rights in response to the important issues facing our communities. This resource is not intended to create fear of law enforcement entities. It is important to understand that emergency service personnel (politie, medical personnel, and firefighters) are available to help any person in an emergency. Always call 911 in an emergency. Know your rights – refugee rights.

We all deserve to be treated with dignity and respect, regardless of where we are from or how we pray. We all have rights. This resource is meant to provide refugees with urgently needed information. You must know your rights in response to the important issues facing our communities. This resource is not intended to create fear of law enforcement entities. It is important to understand that emergency service personnel (police, medical personnel, and firefighters) are available to help any person in an emergency. Always call 911 in an emergency. Know your rights – refugee rights.

Your rights at home

Your rights at home

What if federal agents come to my home to talk to me?

What if federal agents come to my home to talk to me?

There have been reports of agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and/or the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) visiting refugees’ homes to talk to them.

There have been reports of agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and/or the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) visiting refugees’ homes to talk to them.

Hier is wat u kunt doen als iemand probeert te voeren van uw huis:

Here is what you can do if someone tries to enter your home:

Niet open de deur

Do not open the door

Immigratie handhaving of de FBI komen niet in uw huis zonder een waarborg. Als een bevel wordt gepresenteerd, Controleer de datum en handtekening. Als het is ondertekend door een rechter en de datum geldig is, u moet laten en kan uw recht om te zwijgen. Als een warrant is niet gepresenteerd, ze komen alleen als u of iemand anders ze uit te nodigen in.

Immigration enforcement or the FBI can’t come into your home without a warrant. If a warrant is presented, check the date and signature. If it is signed by a judge and the date is valid, you must let them in and can exercise your right to remain silent. If a warrant is not presented, they can only come in if you or someone else invites them in.

Spreek niet

Do not speak

In de VS, u hebt het recht om te zwijgen en niet zeggen bij de politie. Alles wat je zegt kan en zal worden gebruikt tegen u in Hof. U kunt de agenten vertellen, “Ik pleit het vijfde amendement” en spreek niet.

In the USA, you have the right to be silent and not say anything to the police. Anything you say can and will be used against you in court. You can tell the agents, “I plead the Fifth Amendment” and do not speak.

Bel een advocaat

Call a lawyer

There are free and low-cost lawyers who can help you. U kunt find a pro bono lawyer on Immigrationlawhelp.org. And you can contact your local ACLU.

There are free and low-cost lawyers who can help you. You can find a pro bono lawyer on Immigrationlawhelp.org. And you can contact your local ACLU.

Onderteken niet om het even wat

Do not sign anything

Niet tekent u uw naam op alle documenten zonder te spreken met een advocaat.

Don’t sign your name on any papers without talking to a lawyer.

Sterk blijven

Stay strong

Krijgen van een betrouwbare advocaat. Ook, vraag uw community om te pleiten voor u. Als u worden vastgehouden, u kunt mogelijk om borgtocht en worden vrijgegeven. Niet wanhopen.

Get a trustworthy lawyer. Also, ask your community to advocate for you. If you are detained, you may be able to get bail and be released. Don’t give up hope.

Vergeet niet: u hebt het recht om te kiezen om niet te beantwoorden vragen.

Remember: you have the right to choose not to answer any questions.

Uw recht om te reizen

Your right to travel

Can I still travel outside of the USA with refugee status or a green card?

Can I still travel outside of the USA with refugee status or a green card?

We raden mensen uit zes landen – Syrië, Iran, Soedan, Somalië, Jemen en Libië-reizen niet op dit moment, tenzij er zeer dringende of een noodsituatie.

We recommend individuals from six countries – Syria, Iran, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and Libya – do not travel at this time, unless it is extremely urgent or an emergency.

  • There is a high risk of traveling outside the USA for individuals who do not have US citizenship.
  • If you or your loved ones are outside the USA and are planning to return, you should contact an attorney here in the USA before embarking on your journey. De persoon reizen moet ervoor zorgen dat al hun documenten, met inbegrip van een paspoort, groene kaart, of vluchteling reisdocument.
  • Vluchtelingen die doen niet een groene kaart of een Amerikaanse staatsburgerschap niet moet reizen outside of the USA at this time for any reason, zelfs als u niet van de zes genoemde landen.
  • Wet handhaving officieren op de luchthaven en op de haven van posten hebben de autoriteit voert een "routinezoektocht" van alle bagage te vragen u vragen over uw nationaliteit en reisroute. Als u voor een secundaire interview op de luchthaven zijn ingeschakeld, u hebt het recht te verzoeken dat een advocaat. Veel advocaten zich beschikbaar stellen voor dit doel gratis.
  • Als u of iemand die je kent is aangehouden, you can email the International Refugee Assistance Project (IRAP) at airport@refugeerights.org, call your lokale ACLU, and report your or othersexperience to the Amerikaanse immigratie advocaten vereniging (AILA).
  • There is a high risk of traveling outside the USA for individuals who do not have US citizenship.
  • If you or your loved ones are outside the USA and are planning to return, you should contact an attorney here in the USA before embarking on your journey. The person traveling should make sure to have all their documents, including a passport, green card, or refugee travel document.
  • Refugees who do not have a green card or US citizenship should not travel outside of the USA at this time for any reason, even if you are not from the six named countries.
  • Law enforcement officers at the airport and at port of entries have the authority to conduct a “routine search” of all luggage and to ask you questions about your citizenship and travel itinerary. If you are selected for a secondary interview at the airport, you have the right to ask for a lawyer. Many lawyers are making themselves available free of charge for this purpose.
  • If you or someone you know is detained, you can email the International Refugee Assistance Project (IRAP) at airport@refugeerights.org, call your local ACLU, and report your or others’ experience to the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA).

Vergeet niet: If you do travel, you will need to bring your documents with you.

Remember: If you do travel, you will need to bring your documents with you.

Your right to be safe in your community

Your right to be safe in your community

What if I am a victim of harassment in my home or neighborhood?

What if I am a victim of harassment in my home or neighborhood?

  • Your refugee status grants you legal status in the United States, and you have the right to receive the same treatment as US citizens.
  • Your local police are there to serve you as a member of the community and protect you when you need it. Bent u het slachtoffer van een misdrijf, u moet onmiddellijk de politie bellen: 911.
  • If you feel that you are in danger, or if someone is making threats against you or your family, do not try to talk to them or confront them. You should immediately call the police by dialing 911.
  • If you are worried about your safety, talk to someone at your refugee resettlement agency or to a lawyer.
  • Als u denkt u dat of iemand die je kent is een slachtoffer van een misdrijf of gediscrimineerd vanwege uw godsdienst, nationaliteit, of groepslidmaatschap, you should also report it to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).
  • Your refugee status grants you legal status in the United States, and you have the right to receive the same treatment as US citizens.
  • Your local police are there to serve you as a member of the community and protect you when you need it. If you are the victim of a crime, you should immediately call the police: 911.
  • If you feel that you are in danger, or if someone is making threats against you or your family, do not try to talk to them or confront them. You should immediately call the police by dialing 911.
  • If you are worried about your safety, talk to someone at your refugee resettlement agency or to a lawyer.
  • If you believe you or someone you know has been a victim of a crime or discriminated against because of your religion, nationality, or group membership, you should also report it to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).

Vergeet niet: oproep 911 Als u of iemand u weet is in gevaar.

Remember: call 911 if you or someone you know is in danger.

Uw recht uw godsdienst uit te oefenen

Your right to practice your religion

Ik kan mijn geloof zonder vrees voor wordt slachtoffer praktijk?

Can I practice my faith without any fear of being victimized?

U hebt een constitutioneel recht uw godsdienst uit te oefenen. U hebt het recht om naar een plaats van aanbidding, wonen en horen preken en religieuze lezingen, deelnemen aan activiteiten van de Gemeenschap, en bidden in het openbaar. U ondervindt van religieuze discriminatie of zijn doelwit vanwege religie, contact the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR).

You have a constitutional right to practice your religion. You have the right to go to a place of worship, attend and hear sermons and religious lectures, participate in community activities, and pray in public. If you experience religious discrimination or are targeted because of religion, contact the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR).

Vergeet niet: de wet is aan uw zijde om u te beschermen.

Remember: the law is on your side to protect you.

Uw recht om te pleiten voor uw gemeenschap

Your right to advocate for your community

Als een vluchteling, u bent een zeer belangrijke voorstander. Uw stem kan een grote impact hebben, want je een vluchteling bent. U hebt het recht om te:

As a refugee, you are a very important advocate. Your voice can have a great impact because you are a refugee. You have the right to:

  • Oproep en een ontmoeting met verkozen ambtenaren in uw stad, staat, en in het Congres een relatie te ontwikkelen, opvoeden hen over uw bijdrage aan de Gemeenschap, en hun steun voor de hervestiging van de vluchtelingen en de kwesties die u zorg over zoeken.
  • Delen van uw verhaal als een vluchteling te helpen transformeren de openbare verhaal over vluchtelingen.
  • Deelnemen aan uiteenlopende stemmen zoals hervestiging personeel, geloof leiders, werkgevers, militaire veteranen, andere leiders van de vluchteling, en de leden van de ondersteunende gemeenschap om actie te ondernemen samen.
  • Call and meet with elected officials in your town, state, and in Congress to develop a relationship, educate them about your contribution to the community, and seek their support for refugee resettlement and issues you care about.
  • Share your story as a refugee to help transform the public narrative about refugees.
  • Join diverse voices such as resettlement staff, faith leaders, employers, military veterans, other refugee leaders, and supportive community members to take action together.

Vergeet niet: uw stem telt.

Remember: your voice matters.

Wettelijke permanente bewoners die worden beschuldigd van misdaden

Lawful permanent residents who are accused of crimes

Als u nog geen staatsburger bent en u zijn gearresteerd of beschuldigd van een misdaad, Zorg ervoor dat uw advocaat begrijpt uw verblijfsstatus omdat kleine overtredingen kunnen leiden tot uitzetting voor niet-Amerikaanse burgers. Pleiten schuldig als onderdeel van een middel koopje uw rechtspositie in gevaar brengen kan en uiteindelijk tot verwijdering leiden kan.

If you are not yet a citizen and you are arrested or accused of a crime, make sure your lawyer understands your immigration status because minor offenses can result in deportation for non-US citizens. Pleading guilty as part of a plea bargain can jeopardize your legal status and could eventually lead to removal.

Hebt u een strafrechtelijke veroordeling op uw record, het is aanbevolen dat u contact opnemen met een advocaat om al uw opties te begrijpen. Als je bent in staat om een "gereserveerd" of "expunge" uw overtuiging, Dit kon duidelijk uw record, maar de wetten zijn verschillend in elke staat, dus het is best een advocaat over deze kwesties te raadplegen.

If you have a criminal conviction on your record, it is recommended that you contact a lawyer to understand all your options. If you are able to get a “set aside” or “expunge” your conviction, this could clear your record, but the laws are different in each state, so it is best to consult a lawyer about these questions.

Vergeet niet: praat met een advocaat als u wordt beschuldigd van zelfs een kleine criminaliteit.

Remember: talk to a lawyer if you are accused of even a minor crime.

Uw rechten als u geïnterviewd door een federale agent

Your rights if you are interviewed by a federal agent

Agenten van het FBI of DHS kunnen willen met je praten. U hebt het recht om te weigeren om te worden geïnterviewd, maar dit kan worden bekeken met achterdocht. Talk to your lawyer or representative from your resettlement agency first about the interview request.

Agents from the FBI or DHS may seek to talk with you. You have the right to decline to be interviewed, but this can be viewed with suspicion. Talk to your lawyer or representative from your resettlement agency first about the interview request.

If you agree to an interview, you have the right to have an attorney present. You can find legal services from KLINIEK or from AILA.

If you agree to an interview, you have the right to have an attorney present. You can find legal services from CLINIC or from AILA.

  • You can choose the time and place for the interview.
  • You can request to know what the questions will be at the interview and have an interpreter present.
  • Do not give any false information during your interview. You do not have to answer all the questions you are asked, if you are not comfortable.
  • If you are waiting for your family member to be resettled to the U.S., it may take longer, but they still have the same opportunity to apply for resettlement.
  • You can choose the time and place for the interview.
  • You can request to know what the questions will be at the interview and have an interpreter present.
  • Do not give any false information during your interview. You do not have to answer all the questions you are asked, if you are not comfortable.
  • If you are waiting for your family member to be resettled to the U.S., it may take longer, but they still have the same opportunity to apply for resettlement.

Vergeet niet: you MUST NOT give false information during your interview. It will be considered a criminal offense and may result in negative consequences.

Remember: you MUST NOT give false information during your interview. It will be considered a criminal offense and may result in negative consequences.

Be aware of law enforcement surveillance

Be aware of law enforcement surveillance

Entrapment

Entrapment

Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a criminal offense that the person may have otherwise been unlikely to commit. Since undercover agents sometimes may monitor Muslim or immigrant communities, it is important to always maintain situational awareness and consciousness, hold true to your values, and not be lured into activities that could be illegal.

Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a criminal offense that the person may have otherwise been unlikely to commit. Since undercover agents sometimes may monitor Muslim or immigrant communities, it is important to always maintain situational awareness and consciousness, hold true to your values, and not be lured into activities that could be illegal.

Surveillance

Surveillance

You and your families may experience some form of surveillance. The purpose of surveillance is to gather information and the techniques can be categorized into three types: covert, overt, and electronic surveillance:

You and your families may experience some form of surveillance. The purpose of surveillance is to gather information and the techniques can be categorized into three types: covert, overt, and electronic surveillance:

  • Covert surveillance is when the individual is not able to detect someone gathering information on them. This can be done by following the individual from a distance, searching through garbage receptacles left of public property, and using microphones to listen in on conversations.
  • Overt surveillance is visible and is what is being most frequently reported by refugee communities. This type of surveillance can be accomplished by knocking on doors and asking questions, openly talking to neighbors, enz.
  • Electronic surveillance focuses on monitoring internet, website pages, and using listening devices. Algemene, surveillance is a legal process used by local, staat, and federal law enforcement. The specific laws and regulations vary from state to state and it is advised to speak with a lawyer if you feel you are under surveillance.
  • Covert surveillance is when the individual is not able to detect someone gathering information on them. This can be done by following the individual from a distance, searching through garbage receptacles left of public property, and using microphones to listen in on conversations.
  • Overt surveillance is visible and is what is being most frequently reported by refugee communities. This type of surveillance can be accomplished by knocking on doors and asking questions, openly talking to neighbors, etc.
  • Electronic surveillance focuses on monitoring internet, website pages, and using listening devices. Overall, surveillance is a legal process used by local, state, and federal law enforcement. The specific laws and regulations vary from state to state and it is advised to speak with a lawyer if you feel you are under surveillance.

Toezicht op internet-activiteiten

Monitoring of internet activities

Wees voorzichtig niet om websites te bezoeken die mogelijk houden van extremistische ideologieën of deelnemen aan online conversaties met anderen die misschien een radicale overtuigingen.

Be careful not to visit websites that might hold extremist ideologies or engage in online conversations with others who might hold radical views.

Er is vaak een generatiekloof tussen hoe ouders zijn gewend aan het gebruik van het internet en hoe kinderen of jongeren sociale media gebruiken. Praat met uw kinderen en tieners over wat zijn nodig internetsites te bezoeken en wat je verwachten dat ze te vermijden. Bewaken van uw kinderen en tieners activiteiten online en hen niet te bezoeken van websites of deelnemen aan online activiteiten die zou kunnen worden opgevat als problematisch aanmoedigen. Overwegen richtsnoeren tevoren of zelfs met behulp van software die het gebruik ervan kan beperken.

There is often a generation gap between how parents are accustomed to using the internet and how children or youth use social media. Talk to your children and teenagers about what are appropriate internet sites to visit and what you expect them to avoid. Monitor your children and teenagers’ activity online and encourage them not to visit websites or participate in online activity that could be perceived as problematic. Consider setting guidelines ahead of time or even using software that can restrict their use.

There are apps you can use to help parents track their children’s cell phone activities. You can also find out how to monitor your child’s internet usage and get more advice from Teensafe.

There are apps you can use to help parents track their children’s cell phone activities. You can also find out how to monitor your child’s internet usage and get more advice from Teensafe.

Vergeet niet: it is important to be careful about what websites you visit. Do not visit sites with extremist views because the government could think you are connected to terrorism.

Remember: it is important to be careful about what websites you visit. Do not visit sites with extremist views because the government could think you are connected to terrorism.

Additional information and resources

Additional information and resources

There are many organizations that offer helpful information and resources about your rights and ways to keep yourself, uw familie, and your community safe. Helaas, there are also rumors and false information circulating on social media and online communities, as well as scams that seek to take advantage of refugees and other immigrants. Please make sure that you seek information from credible sources, especially when searching for information online.

There are many organizations that offer helpful information and resources about your rights and ways to keep yourself, your family, and your community safe. Unfortunately, there are also rumors and false information circulating on social media and online communities, as well as scams that seek to take advantage of refugees and other immigrants. Please make sure that you seek information from credible sources, especially when searching for information online.

Do you want to read and download this information in your own language? Please select your language below.

Do you want to read and download this information in your own language? Please select your language below.

Download this information in other languages

Download this information in other languages

We prepared these materials in partnership with Church World Services (CWS). CWS has posted the information in four other languages:

We prepared these materials in partnership with Church World Services (CWS). CWS has posted the information in four other languages:



Thank you to Church World Service for preparing these materials to help refugees KNOW YOUR RIGHTS.

Thank you to Church World Service for preparing these materials to help refugees KNOW YOUR RIGHTS.

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

USAHello geeft geen juridisch advies, noch zijn een van onze materialen bestemd om te worden opgevat als juridisch advies. Als u op zoek bent naar een gratis of goedkope advocaat of juridische hulp, Wij kunnen u helpen Vind vrije en lage kosten juridische diensten.

USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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