Transgender rechten en identificatie

Ook EngelsGeen Engels

Transgender mensen willen meestal hun identificatiekaart of rijbewijs wijzigen wanneer ze van geslachten veranderen. In sommige staten, u hebt het wettelijke recht om dit te doen. Meer informatie over Transgender rechten en het wijzigen van uw ID en geboorteakte.

Transgender people usually want to change their identification card or driver’s license when they change genders. In some states, you have the legal right to do this. Learn about transgender rights and changing your ID and birth certificate.

Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Foto: IStock/GustavoFrazao
Two people smiling and looking into the camera- transgender rights
Photo: IStock/GustavoFrazao

Trans mensen behoren tot een geslacht dat niet overeenkomt met het geslacht waarin ze zijn geboren met. Trans-mensen kunnen identificatie (ID) kaarten, financiële en gezondheidsdossiers, en ander papierwerk dat niet overeenkomt met hun uiterlijk. Dit kan het leven moeilijk maken. Trans mensen kunnen worden gevraagd of ze "liegen" of "doen alsof" in openbare situaties. Hierdoor, veel trans mensen kiezen ervoor om hun naam en geslacht op hun ID te veranderen.

Trans people belong to a gender that does not match the sex they were born with. Trans people might have identification (ID) cards, financial and health records, and other paperwork that do not match their appearance. This can make life difficult. Trans people may be asked if they are “lying” or “pretending” in public situations. Because of this, many trans people choose to change their name and sex on their ID.

Staat van de trans rechten per staat

Trans rights state by state

Elke staat heeft zijn eigen wetten over trans rechten. Deze rechten zijn nog steeds aan het veranderen of worden gedefinieerd op veel plaatsen. Sommige staten laten trans mensen hun geboorteakte en ID wijzigen. Sommige niet. U kijken naar een kaart die toont trans rechten per staat.

Each state has its own laws about trans rights. These rights are still changing or being defined in many places. Some states let trans people change their birth certificate and ID. Some do not. You can look at a map that shows trans rights by state.

Sommige staten beschermen trans-mensen tegen discriminatie. Discriminatie is wanneer mensen oneerlijk worden behandeld vanwege hun identiteit. Andere Staten hebben geen discriminatie wetgeving.

Some states protect trans people from discrimination. Discrimination is when people are treated unfairly because of their identity. Other states do not have discrimination laws.

Uw geboorteakte wijzigen

How to change your birth certificate

De meeste bureaus die het uitgeven van Id's hebben geen bewijs nodig dat je je seks hebt veranderd door middel van chirurgie. Dit omvat het Amerikaanse State Department, die paspoorten en geboortebewijzen uitdelen. In plaats daarvan, u moet aantonen dat u een medische behandeling heeft ondergaan om uw transitie te starten. Dit kan omvatten hormoontherapie of chirurgie om uw uiterlijke verschijning te veranderen. U dit bewijs van uw arts krijgen. Dan u Leer hoe u uw geboorteakte wijzigen.

Most agencies that issue IDs do not need proof that you have changed your sex through surgery. This includes the US State Department, which issues passports and birth certificates. Instead, you will have to provide proof that you have had medical treatment to start your transition. This can include hormone therapy or surgery to change your outward appearance. You can get this proof from your doctor. Then you can learn how to change your birth certificate.

Uw ID wijzigen

How to change your ID

Sommige mensen willen hun naam op hun ID wijzigen. De eerste stap is het invullen van een petitie met de rechtbanken. (Een petitie is een document dat vraagt om een verandering). Dit kan meestal online worden gedaan. U vult formulieren in over uw naamswijziging en laat deze door een rechter beoordelen. U moet mogelijk naar de rechtbank gaan om te praten over de reden dat u uw naam wilt wijzigen. Dit proces kan drie maanden of langer duren.

Some people want to change their name on their ID. The first step is to fill out a petition with the courts. (A petition is a document that asks for a change). This can usually be done online. You will fill out forms about your name change and have them reviewed by a judge. You may need to go to court to talk about the reason you want to change your name. This process can take three months or more.

Wanneer u bent goedgekeurd, u dient voor elk type ID apart contact op te nemen met een kantoor. Bijvoorbeeld, u dient contact op te nemen met de Departement motor voertuigen het rijbewijs wijzigen. U moet meestal een vergoeding betalen om uw naam elke keer te wijzigen. Dit kan honderden dollars kosten.

When you are approved, you will need to contact an office for each type of ID separately. For example, you will need to contact the Department of Motor Vehicles to change your driver’s license. You usually need to pay a fee to change your name each time. This can cost hundreds of dollars.

It can be hard to understand different ID rights and needs. Lambda Legal en de National Center for Transgender Equality can provide you with the materials and information you need.

It can be hard to understand different ID rights and needs. Lambda Legal and the National Center for Transgender Equality can provide you with the materials and information you need.

Healthcare rights

Healthcare rights

All transgender people have some basic healthcare rights.

All transgender people have some basic healthcare rights.

Discriminatie

Discrimination

When a person or place will not serve someone because they are trans, it is discrimination. Doctors and hospitals cannot discriminate. They cannot turn you away because you are trans. They also cannot force you to get procedures you do not want.

When a person or place will not serve someone because they are trans, it is discrimination. Doctors and hospitals cannot discriminate. They cannot turn you away because you are trans. They also cannot force you to get procedures you do not want.

Privacy

Privacy

Transgender people have the right to privacy. If you are trans, your medical records and gender identity are private. Confidential is a word that is also used. This means that no one can share your information without your permission. You can ask doctors not to share your identity with your family, your job, your school, and any other person. If you go to a hospital or clinic, you can ask your doctor not to share your identity with other doctors and staff.

Transgender people have the right to privacy. If you are trans, your medical records and gender identity are private. Confidential is a word that is also used. This means that no one can share your information without your permission. You can ask doctors not to share your identity with your family, your job, your school, and any other person. If you go to a hospital or clinic, you can ask your doctor not to share your identity with other doctors and staff.

Insurance coverage

Insurance coverage

Insurance companies can’t deny you insurance because you are trans. The national law supports trans people who apply for insurance. But you are not guaranteed insurance because you are trans. Companies can tell you no for other reasons.

Insurance companies can’t deny you insurance because you are trans. The national law supports trans people who apply for insurance. But you are not guaranteed insurance because you are trans. Companies can tell you no for other reasons.

Insurance companies have to cover basic services, no matter what your gender is. Bijvoorbeeld, if you are a transgender woman, they cannot say no to a procedure that is “for men.” Insurance companies do not have to cover hormone therapy or gender-affirming surgeries. But people with Medicare are allowed to apply for hormones and gender surgeries. U kunt read more about verzekering, discriminatie, and how to file a complaint.

Insurance companies have to cover basic services, no matter what your gender is. For example, if you are a transgender woman, they cannot say no to a procedure that is “for men.” Insurance companies do not have to cover hormone therapy or gender-affirming surgeries. But people with Medicare are allowed to apply for hormones and gender surgeries. You can read more about insurance, discrimination, and how to file a complaint.

Meer informatie

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Andere bronnen

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