Comida americana

If you are new to the USA, you may want to learn about American food. You have probably noticed that there are many choices! Find out about American food and food at your children’s school. Learn how to introduce Americans to foods from your home country. See ways to handle cultural differences about food.

Group of neighbors around food table at block party
Foto: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Ajustando a comida americana

You may be surprised to see how many choices there are for food in the USA. There are many brands of food in all kinds of packages. Fruits and vegetables can be bought even when they are not in season. You will notice that restaurants serve food from many different cultures. Fast food is popular in the United States. It is easy to get a cheap meal quickly, and even to buy it without getting out of your car.

Unhealthy American food

Many American foods, especialmente de fast foods, in the United States contain sugar or preservatives (ingredients put in food to make it last longer). Many fruits and vegetables are sprayed with pesticides, que são produtos químicos usados nas fazendas que mantém os insetos longe. Seu corpo não pode ser utilizados para estes tipos de alimentos, então você pode se sentir doente no início ou maio começar a ganhar peso. Consuming unhealthful foods is a problem for many Americans, who get overweight and experience health issues. Embora você possa estar animado para experimentar comidas, Você pode optar por fazê-lo gradualmente, para permitir que o seu corpo ajustar.

Restaurant food

If you are trying to eat healthfully and cheaply, you will want to avoid eating at restaurants often. A comida servida nos restaurantes tende a ser menos saudáveis e contém muitas calorias, which are units that measure how much energy a food has. Sorvete, por exemplo, tem muitas calorias. Fruits and vegetables have fewer calories.

American views of immigrant food

Some Americans may not have tried the food you eat in your native country. Nas grandes cidades, there are many ethnic restaurants and so people have more experience of foreign foods. Em cidades menores, with less cultural variety, pessoas podem não ser tão experientes.

Introduce new dishes

A maioria dos americanos estão abertas a tentar novos tipos de cozinhar e vai ficar curioso para experimentar novos pratos. Many Americans participate in “potlucks,” which are social gatherings where everyone brings a dish to share. Potlucks happen at big gatherings or at casual dinners. Isto pode ser uma boa oportunidade para apresentar os outros a sua comida, tanto na escola e situações sociais. You can also invite people over for dinner and serve dishes from your culture. Some people may not be open to trying new food, no entanto, and it is important to respect that.

Food at your children’s school

Students in American schools do not receive breakfast except in some preschools for young children. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

At lunchtime, as crianças podem comprar sua comida ou trazer comida de casa. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, uma vez que muitas escolas servem alimentos insalubres e bebidas açucaradas. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. Estas são pequenas quantidades de comida que comem durante os intervalos entre as aulas. Exemplos incluem frutas, nozes, barras de granola, ou biscoitos.

Help with food costs

Se sua família não tem muito dinheiro, às vezes, a escola irá proporcionar livre (ou mais barato) refeições, incluso café da manhã, para o seu filho. Every school is different, so it is best to talk to your child’s teacher or the school secretary you have any questions.

Other children

There is a possibility that children may make fun of your child for eating unfamiliar food. As crianças mais jovens são, por vezes, medo de coisas novas e acho que outros provocar é o jeito certo de lidar com seus sentimentos. Você deve falar com seu filho sobre isso, Então eles não são surpreso ou muito chateado se isso acontecer. Your child may choose to explain what the food is made out of, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. Se as crianças não estão interessadas, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, Você ou seu filho deve falar com o professor sobre a situação. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

If you are invited to someone’s home for a meal and cannot eat a certain food because of your religion or culture, you should feel comfortable explaining that to your host and hostess. Convém fazer isso antes de ir para o evento. A maioria dos americanos são muito respeitoso com os outros dietas e pode até mesmo fazer perguntas, aprender mais sobre seu estilo de vida. Se você tem comido o suficiente e não quero mais comida, it is not impolite to say, “No thank you, I am full,” even if the host offers it many times.

Taboo or hard-to-find foods

Alguns alimentos que você está acostumado a comer em seu país de origem estão ou não disponíveis ou são tabu. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Alguns tipos de carne, such as horse meat and some organs of animals, Não são vendidos ou comido. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Insects also are not part of the traditional diet, but you can occasionally find them at some ethnic markets.

Na América, dairy products are pasteurized (heated) to kill bacteria, and fresh milk and cheese that do not go through this process cannot be sold. Algumas frutas, como mangostão e askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

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