Guide to USCIS naturalization test and interview

The naturalization interview is an important step to becoming a U.S. citizen. It is also known as the naturalization test or citizenship test. Find an overview of what to expect and how to prepare.

Обновленный 15 апреля, 2024

Parts of the interview

At the naturalization interview, a USCIS officer will ask you a series of questions to decide if you can become a U.S. citizen. It has 3 main parts:

  1. Questions about your Form N-400.
  2. An English test to check your ability to speak, read, and write basic English. 
  3. A civics test to check your know U.S. history and government.
USCIS is considering changing some parts of the English and civics tests. If you already have a scheduled interview, these changes should not affect you. We will update this page with more details when they are announced.

Before your interview

  • Confirm the location, date, and time
  • Check directions on how to get there
  • Collect all the required documents
  • Review your Form N-400 answers
  • Study the 100 civics questions
  • Practice using a tablet stylus pen

What to bring

Review the instructions for Form N-400 for a full list of documents to bring to the interview starting on page 11.

You will need to bring:

  • Appointment notice
  • Permanent Resident Card (Green Card)  
  • All valid and expired passport
  • State I.D. (such as a driver’s license)

Other items can include:

  • Original documents requested, such as:
    • Proof of marital status
    • Name change documents
  • Certified copies of court cases
  • Selective service proof (for men 18-26)

There is no official dress code but it is recommended to dress nicely for your interview. 

Arriving at your interview

It is important to arrive early to the field office. This will give you time to pass through a security check. Show your appointment notice to the attendant at the check-in desk. The attendant will take your photo and fingerprints. You will sit in the waiting room until the immigration officer calls you for your interview.

The officer will greet you and direct you to their office, this may include a handshake and smile. In some cases, you may take your test at an information desk or in the waiting room. You will be asked to remain standing and take an oath. You will have to raise your right hand and swear to speak the truth. You will have to give your interview notice, Green Card, passport, and state ID to the officer. 

Form N-400 questions

The officer will review your answers to the questions listed on your Form N-400. They will also ask if there are any changes to your application. These questions help the officer confirm that the information in your application is true and up to date.

Naturalization English test

The English test has three sections:

  1. Speaking — You must show you can speak and understand English.
  2. Reading — You must read 1 out of 3 sentences out loud correctly.
  3. Writing — You must write 1 out of 3 sentences in English correctly.

Naturalization civics test 

The civics test has questions about the United States government and history. There are 100 questions you could be asked. You must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly.


Some people do not have to take the English test or the whole civics test. Some people can take the civics test in their first language using an interpreter. There are also accommodations for people with disabilities.

Learn more about the exemptions and accommodations.

Next: More information on the N-400 questions and English test

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