Рабочие’ права

Также английскийБез английского

В США, все должны относиться справедливо на рабочем месте. У вас есть определенные права, чтобы защитить вас на работе. Работодатели должны следовать законам, иначе они будут оштрафованы или наказаны. Learn more about workers’ права в США.

In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. You have certain rights to protect you at work. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The USA has workers’ законы о правах, которые говорят, сколько денег вы должны сделать. Есть также законы о том, сколько часов вы можете работать и как ваш работодатель относится к вам. Ваш работодатель должен обеспечить безопасные и здоровые место для вас, чтобы работать. Если он или она не, они могут быть наказаны по закону.

The USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

Минимальная заработная плата

Minimum wage

Федеральное правительство принимает законы для всей страны. Правительства штатов принимают законы в своих штатах. Федеральное правительство и каждый штат имеют набор минимальной заработной платы. Минимальная заработная плата является самой низкой суммой, которую работодатели должны платить своим сотрудникам. Федеральная минимальная заработная плата $7.25 в час. Это означает, что любой работодатель в любой точке Соединенных Штатов должен платить вам по крайней мере $7.25 в час. Вы можете узнать больше о работниках’ права и оплаты на многих языках.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

Государственная минимальная заработная плата

State minimum wage

Иногда государство минимальная заработная плата выше, чем федеральный минимальной заработной платы. Например, в штатах Калифорния и Аризона оба имеют минимальную заработную плату $11.00 в час. В этих государствах, работодатели должны платить работникам более высокую сумму. Вы можете найти минимальную заработную плату в вашем штате.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

Минимальной заработной платы и советы

Minimum wage and tips

Советы деньги от клиентов, чтобы поблагодарить вас за вашу услугу. Советы не включены в стоимость услуги или сумму налога. Если вы работаете в ресторане или на работе, где вы получаете советы более $30 в месяц, то вы можете быть использованы в качестве “наконечником работника.” Наконечником сотрудников должны быть выплачены по крайней мере $2.13 в час плюс их советы. Советы должны быть больше, чем $5.12 в час так, что вы по-прежнему зарабатывают федерального минимальной заработной платы $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Есть несколько ресторанов, которые включают чаевые в законопроекте. Когда вы нанимаетесь, ваш босс расскажет вам правила о чаевых. Вы можете прочитать больше о правила для наконечником сотрудников Здесь.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

Равная заработная плата

Equal wages

В некоторых странах, мужчины и женщины получают по-разному. Однако, НАС законы не допускайте этого. Если вы выполняете ту же работу, что и сотрудник, Вы должны быть оплачены же. Вы также должны получить такую же оплату сверхурочных, часы отпуска, и бонусы. Сотрудники должны получать больше только в том случае, если они находятся на разных должностях или делают больше в одном и том же положении. Они также могут быть выплачены больше, если они имеют лучшие навыки или больше опыта в области, они работают в.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

Дискриминации

Discrimination

Законы о дискриминации поощряют работодателей нанимать людей из разных слоев общества и относиться ко всем одинаково. Это незаконно для работодателя, чтобы не нанимать вас из-за:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • Пол
  • Гонка
  • Религия
  • инвалидность: наличие физических проблем или болезни
  • возраст: время 40 или старше
  • национальное происхождение: откуда вы родом
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

Вы можете прочитать больше о законы о видах дискриминации на работе. Сотрудники с ограниченными возможностями дополнительные права under the law.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

Work injuries

Work injuries

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Рабочие’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Право на личную жизнь

Right to privacy

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

Unfair termination

Unfair termination

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ права. Вы можете find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, скажите вашему работодателю. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

Workplace safety

Workplace safety

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Иногда, your job requires you to do something unsafe. Например, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

Подробнее

Learn more



Информация на этой странице происходит от Правительство США и других надежных источников. Она предназначена для руководства и обновляется как можно чаще. USAHello не дают юридические консультации, ни какие-либо из наших материалов, предназначенных для получения как юридической консультации. Если вы ищете бесплатный или недорогой юрист или юридическая помощь, Мы можем помочь вам найти свободно и low-cost юридические услуги.

The information on this page comes from the US government and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

Найти помощь рядом с вами

Используйте FindHello для поиска услуг и ресурсов в вашем городе.

Начните поиск
Была ли полезна эта страница? Да Нет? Смайлик Да Хмуриться лицо Нет
Спасибо за ваш отзыв!